The study of algebraic structures and properties applying to large classes of such structures. For example, ideas from group theory and ring theory are extended and considered for structures with other signatures (systems of basic or fundamental operations).

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Examples of partially permutative left-distributive algebras

An algebra $(X,*)$ that satisfies the identity $x*(y*z)=(x*y)*(x*z)$ is said to be a left-distributive algebra. Let $L:X^{2}\rightarrow X^{2}$ be the mapping defined by $L(x,y)=(x*y,x)$ and let $T:X^{...
7
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1answer
170 views

Posets obtained from a semigroup by the definition $x \leq y \iff x \cdot y = x$

A po-groupoid is a groupoid $\langle A,\cdot\rangle $ such that the relation defined by $$ x \leq y \text{ if and only if } x \cdot y = x $$ is a partial order on $A$, the order related to $\langle ...
3
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59 views

Subdirect product - terminology

Let $A$ and $B$ be algebras of the same type such that the set of all their subdirect products consists of their ordinary product alone. Is there any terminology that describes this situation? I mean ...
6
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2answers
356 views

In what sense are operads “better” than PROPs?

I'm a newcomer to operads so apologies if this is a naive question. The standard picture of an operad is of a collection of $n$-ary operations, thought of as objects with $n$ upward-pointing legs (...
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153 views

Hemi-Semi Direct Product

In the category of racks (similarly quandles), instead of well-known semi direct product, we have hemi-semi direct product construction as seen on Wagemann & Crans. As far as I know, semi direct ...
3
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1answer
116 views

What is known about semigroups that are generated by (cyclic) subgroups?

A semigroup $(A,\cdot)$ that is idempotent (i.e. $a^2=a$ for every element $a\in A$) is naturally generated by its subgroups (every element on itself constitutes a trivial group). I would like to know ...
3
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79 views

Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem for Leibniz algebras

Leibniz algebras can be seen as a non-skew-symmetric generalization of Lie algebras. I have already taken a look at some papers related to Leibniz algebras and extending main results of Lie algebras ...
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135 views

Is the class of Heyting algebras originating from directed graphs a variety?

The category RefGph of reflexive directed graphs is the functor category $\hat{∆}_1=\mbox{Fun}(∆^◦_1,$Set), where $∆_1$ is the simplex category truncated at level 1. Hence the poset Sub(X) of ...
31
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1answer
568 views

Identities of commutators

Let $G$ be a group and set $[x,y]:= x^{-1}y^{-1}xy$ as usual and consider it as a binary operation. Question: Is there a description of the identities that the operation $[.,.]$ satisfies for all ...
7
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1answer
195 views

Monomorphisms in operad algebras

Setup: Let $\mathcal{O}$ be an operad in the category of sets, and let $\mathcal{O}\text{-Alg}$ denote the category of algebras on it (i.e., operad functors $\mathcal{O}\to\mathbf{Set}$. This category ...
6
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1answer
170 views

Heyting algebras originating from directed graphs

The category RefGph of reflexive directed graphs is the functor category $\hat{∆}_1=\mbox{Fun}(∆^◦_1,$Set), where $∆_1$ is the simplex category truncated at level 1. Hence the poset Sub(X) of ...
2
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1answer
392 views

A morphism-revealing category? [closed]

Categories of sets and functions can be considered as subcategories of Set but when considered as subcategories of the category SubSet, of pairs of sets with pairs $(X,S)$, $S\subseteq X$, as objects ...
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4answers
465 views

Representation theorem for modular lattices?

Birkhoff's representation theorem implies that every distributive lattice embeds into the lattice of subsets of a set. Is there also some representation theorem for modular lattices? For example, I ...
5
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67 views

General approaches to extension theorems as Caratheodory

I would like to know if there are some general studies about extension-like theorem, in the sense which i'm going to describe. This paragraph is not rigorous; I just would like the idea to be clear. I ...
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1answer
204 views

Is the word problem decidable for free finitely generated self-square groups?

A self-square group is a group with extra structure, which encodes the fact that the group is isomorphic to its own direct square. To be exact, the group $G$ has a special element $1$, a unary ...
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100 views

Finitely presented algebras with isomorphic semilattices of congruences

Let $\mathbb{T}$ be a finitary algebraic theory. For each $\mathbb{T}$-algebra $A$, let $Q (A)$ be the join semilattice of finitely generated congruences on $A$. There is an evident pushforward ...
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146 views

When are the categories of algebras over props (co)complete?

Suppose P is a (colored) prop in a closed symmetric monoidal locally presentable category C. Is the category Alg_P of algebras over P in C locally presentable? It seems that one can relatively easy ...
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1answer
144 views

Is every $n$-ary semigroup a subalgebra of an algebra derived from a binary semigroup?

Let $(A,f)$ be an $n$-ary semigroup ($n \ge 2$). Then there exists a ($2$-ary) semigroup $(\overline A,*)$ with an inclusion homomorphism $A \hookrightarrow \overline A$ such that that the restriction ...
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1answer
224 views

Fuzzy logic of Godel

In Gödel logic, is conjunction definable from implication, negation , and disjunction? We know that conjunction in that logic is not definable from negation and implication.
2
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204 views

Can such categorical notion of action be formalized?

I'm wondering if it's possible to find an universal construction for a general concept of action for (single-sorted?) finite product sketches, such that one of those is "acting" on the second in the ...
3
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1answer
161 views

Is the variety of algebras $(A,*,+)$ that satisfy $(x*y)+(y*z)=(x+y)*(y+z)$ generated by its finite algebras?

The finite algebras $(A,*,+)$ that satisfy the identity $(x*y)+(y*z)=(x+y)*(y+z)$ are precisely the algebras such that the one-dimensional cellular automata produced by $*$ and $+$ are commutative ...
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98 views

Generalizing disjointness

The following definition generalizes set-theoretic disjointess: Definition 0. (Autonomy). Given a Lawvere theory $\mathsf{T}$, a $\mathsf{T}$-algebra $X$, and an indexed family $S$ of subalgebras ...
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156 views

How distributive are the bad Laver tables?

Suppose that $n\in\omega\setminus\{0\}$. Then define $(S_{n},*)$ to be the algebra where $S_{n}=\{1,...,n\}$ and $*$ is the unique operation on $S_{n}$ where $n*x=x$ $x*1=x+1\,\text{mod}\, n$ and if ...
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232 views

Does every Lawvere theory arise in this way?

By a Lawvere theory, I mean a finite-product category $\mathsf{T}$ equipped with a distinguished object, such that every object of $\mathsf{T}$ can be expressed as a finite product of the ...
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164 views

“Generalized theory of polynomials” for a given commutative Lawvere Theory

I am trying to understand Nikolai Durov's "New Approach to Arakelov Geometry" right now and it got me thinking about a particular thing. Let $R$ be a commutative, associative ring with unit. We can ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Ultraproducts and subobjects of projectives

Usually the question whether the class of projective algebras in a given variety is closed under taking subalgebras seems to be quite hard. In varieties with well understood dual geometry (e. g. ...
18
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2answers
541 views

Why is every variety of bands determined by a single identity?

A band is a semigroup where every element is idempotent: $a a = a$. A collection of bands is a variety if it is closed under taking subobjects (subsemigroups), quotient objects (images of ...
5
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206 views

Universal anti-Horn classes?

Is there published work about universal anti-Horn classes? Anti-Horn formulas are also sometimes known as dual Horn. See also related question Is there any research of universal algebras axiomatized ...
7
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1answer
107 views

A decision problem for clones

E. Post proved that there are only countably many clones on a two-element set (classes of operations closed under superposition and containing all projections). All these clones are finitely ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Mal'cev “rational equivalence” and model theory

In Universal Algebra, it is possible to say that two presentations denote the "same" kind of algebraic structures, if the two corresponding varieties are "rationally equivalent" (Mal'cev 1958). In ...
3
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191 views

What algebraic identities does the iteration of forcing operation satisfy?

Let $G$ be the set of all formulas $\phi(x)$ in the language of such that $ZFC\vdash\exists x\phi(x)$ exists, $ZFC\vdash\phi(x)\rightarrow``x\,\textrm{is a complete Boolean algebra}"$, $ZFC\vdash``\...
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2answers
649 views

Primitive Recursive Arithmetic via Universal Algebra

From the wikipedia article on Primitive Recursive Arithmetic (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primitive_recursive_arithmetic): "Primitive recursive arithmetic, or PRA, is a quantifier-free ...
10
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4answers
585 views

The groupoid of algebraic expressions and proofs

Fix a set of variables $V$, and suppose we're given a presentation of a monosorted algebraic theory, with variable symbols taken from $V$. For the sake of example, suppose the presentation consists of ...
13
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2answers
456 views

Contexts and notations for composing asymmetric simplices

Imagine the elements of a group-like structure as puzzle pieces with essential two sides, an IN-side and an OUT-side. You can compose two such pieces in two obvious ways: Now consider triangular ...
13
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3answers
490 views

Is the Amitsur-Levitzki identity essentially unique?

Let us consider the matrix algebra. $Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$. The Amitsur-Levitzki identity states that for any matrices $X_1, X_2, ..., X_{2n} \in Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$ the sum $\Sigma_{\sigma \in S_{2n}} ...
3
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1answer
232 views

Is the equational theory of commutative vN regular rings decidable?

I wanted to check whether $A(x,y):=\frac{xy}{x+y}$ is an associative operation in every commutative vN regular ring. Now $A(-1,A(1,1))=A(-1,\frac{1}{2})=1\neq 0 =A(0,1)=A(A(-1,1),1)$. On the other ...
5
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2answers
283 views

About a construction of Borel $\sigma$-algebra associated to a lattice

Let $(\mathcal{A}, \cup, \cap)$ a lattice (with minimum and maximum elements $\bot$ and $\top$). Let $X\subset \mathcal{A}$ a generator set (a set of minimal cardinality that generate $\mathcal{A}$ i....
10
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3answers
634 views

Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$ with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$. One possible definition for the ...
3
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0answers
93 views

Pseudovarieties of monoids

All (pseudo)varieties considered here are (pseudo)varieties of monoids. It is known that any (finite or infinite) monoid that satisfies the identities \begin{equation} xhxyty = xhyxty, \quad xhytxy=...
1
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1answer
175 views

Two questions about axiomatic rank of groups

Let $G$ be a group and $V=Var(G)$ be the variety generated by $G$. Suppose the axiomatic rank of $V$ is $n$. Let $Id(V)$ be the set of all identities of $V$. 1- Can we say that every element of $Id(V)...
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1answer
130 views

When are the congruence lattices nicer?

This is a purely idle question, but one I'm increasingly interested the more thought I put into it: For $\mathcal{A}$ a universal algebra (that is, nonempty set together with some named functions), a ...
2
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0answers
117 views

Non-finitely based varieties and pseudovarieties

The variety of semigroups defined by $B=\Big\{(x^py^p)^2=(y^px^p)^2:p \text{ is prime}\Big\}$ is non-finitely based (Isbell, 1970). Is the pseudovariety defined by $B$ also non-finitely based? More ...
2
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1answer
146 views

Algebraic objects and lifts of their represented functors

I've seen the following theorem around in various forms: To give an object $A \in \mathcal{C}$ the structure of a $\Omega$-algebra object in $\mathcal{C}$ is equivalent to giving a lift of the ...
5
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1answer
268 views

The word problem of the free left distributive algebra on one generator

A left distributive algebra is a set $A$ together with a binary operation, $\cdot$, satisfying $a\cdot(b\cdot c)=(a\cdot b)\cdot(a\cdot c)$. One important example of left distributive algebras arises ...
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1answer
106 views

Is quasivariety generated by all perfect graphs finitely axiomatizable?

Fix logic $L$ with equality and a binary relation symbol $E$. The class of graphs can be identified with the class of models of the universal first-order Horn $L$-sentences $\forall x,y\; E(x,y) \...
2
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1answer
109 views

Which algebraic theories have the property that $\mid$ is antisymmetric for all free algebras?

Let $T$ denote an algebraic theory. Terminological Question. Let $X$ denote a $T$-algebra. Is there a name for the preorder $\mid$ defined on $X$ by asserting that $a \mid b$ iff there is a term ...
3
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2answers
178 views

Finite lattices whose number of join-irreducibles does not exceed its height

In a finite distributive lattice $L$ one has $height(L) = |J(L)|$ i.e. the size of the largest chain equals the number of join-irreducible elements. Briefly, this follows by arranging the subposet $J(...
3
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1answer
154 views

Is the following a sufficient condition for being a primal algebra?

I have a question regarding universal algebra and, in particular, primal algebras: Suppose that A is a finite simple algebra with no proper subalgebra, no automorphism except the identity map, with a ...
10
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3answers
526 views

Are norms intrinsically $\mathbb{R}$-valued?

Another way of phrasing this: are there any viable definitions of something which is norm-like but whose range is in a linearly ordered rig (for example) rather than $\mathbb{R}$? I have searched a ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Dualities between varieties and quasivarieties at the finite level

Suppose one has two locally finite quasivarieties $\mathcal{V}$ and $\mathcal{W}$. Further suppose that: $\mathcal{V}$ is a variety. The finite algebras $\mathcal{V}_f$ are dually equivalent to $\...