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4
votes
2answers
167 views

Question about higher inductive types and computational rules

I have been trying to make my way through the homotopy type theory book, slowly but surely, and I just finished reading this introductory series of 3 articles on hott on ScienceForAll. ...
8
votes
2answers
182 views

How should I be thinking about object classifiers / universal fibrations / universes?

I have been learning about homotopy type theory this summer. I am not a homotopy theorist but I am more comfortable with homotopy theory than I am with type theory, so the way I rationalize many of ...
12
votes
3answers
457 views

Formal/rigorous treatment of (im)predicativity/predicativism

There are several places on the web where one may find quite intuitively understandable accounts of (im)predicativity; here on MO I found two questions with very good detailed answers (Predicative ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Type with $X\rightarrow X\cong X + 1$

In the article Voevodsky’s Univalence Axiom in Homotopy Type Theory, an example is given of how types are not like sets: the existence of a nontrivial (nonzero) type $X$ such that $X\rightarrow ...
5
votes
2answers
486 views

Why is there no product type in simply typed lambda-calculus?

Consider simply typed $\lambda$-calculus that has only the unit type as primitive. We would like to encode the product and the sum types. An encoding of the product type in the untyped ...
4
votes
2answers
237 views

Is there a name for relations with this property, and the category of them?

The following math.stackexchange question asked whether there is a name for a certain sort of relation. I have become interested in the question, and no one suggested a name there, so I am asking ...
12
votes
2answers
725 views

What is the status of (universal) algebra in type theory?

With the recent interest in homotopy type theory as a foundation for mathematics, it seems natural to develop algebra within the framework of type theory. So far, I can't find much literature ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Does “Church's Law” really fail in Extensional Type Theory?

Last year Bob Harper wrote a blog post about the failure of "Church's Law" in Extensional Type Theory[1]. However his statement of the law looks to me more like an internal version of the statement ...
6
votes
1answer
258 views

The independence of path induction

In §1.12 of the Homotopy type theory book, it is mentioned that indiscernibility of identicals is a consequence of path induction. More precisely, for each type $C$ dependent over a type $A$, there is ...
8
votes
2answers
881 views

A (very naive) question about Homotopy Type Theory

In homotopy type theory, homotopy types can be viewed as logical types and it is possible to prove some theorems about them without using any underlying space (no simplicial set, no topological ...
13
votes
2answers
588 views

$\infty$-categorical interpretation of type theory

One can read at several places that Martin-löf type theory should be the internal language of a locally Cartesian closed infinity category, and that the univalence axiom should distinguished infinity ...
16
votes
2answers
888 views

Prospects for reverse mathematics in Homotopy Type Theory

Reverse mathematics, as I mean here, is the study of which theorems/axioms can be used to prove other theorems/axioms over a weak base theory. Examples include Subsystems of Second Order Arithmetic ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

$\Pi$, $\Sigma$, and identity types without $\eta$ in comprehension categories

In comprehension categories, dependent sums are defined as a choice of left adjoints for all reindexing functors along display maps, satisfying a Beck-Chevalley condition. Dependent products are ...
5
votes
0answers
158 views

Feasible Type Theories

I am looking for references about efficient type theories, efficiency in the sense of computational complexity, and type theory in the sense of Martin-Lof's type theories. Has there been any studies ...
8
votes
2answers
736 views

Equivalent form of the Univalence Axiom

I'm reading the new HoTT book and I'm wondering about a potential equivalent form of the Univalence Axiom: $(A \simeq B) \simeq (A = B)$. For simplicity, I'm tacitly working in a fixed universe. It ...
13
votes
3answers
633 views

How do we express measurable spaces using type theory?

A measurable space $(X,\mathcal X)$ consists of a set $X$ equipped with a $\sigma$-algebra of subsets $\mathcal X$. I would like to write computer programs involving measurable spaces, but to the best ...
7
votes
2answers
378 views

Connection between codata and greatest fixed points

This is, I'm afraid, another question that MSE couldn't answer. It's easy to see how inductively-defined data types correspond to least fixed points. Let's take the natural numbers as an example, ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Forcing in Homotopy Type Theory

I apologize if this question doesn't make any sense. I'll just go ahead and delete it if that's the case. But the question is just the title. Is there a notion of forcing in homotopy type theory? ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

prod and sig in COQ

Hello, Apparently in COQ the type prod (with one constructor pair) corresponds to cartesian product and the type sig (with one constructor exist) to dependent sum but how is described the fact that ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Is there research on the notion of co-accessibility?

I want to start off with a disclaimer that I am only a mathematical amateur. Please forgive me for ignorance or any non-standard nomenclature I use here :) Let's start off with some context. Let X ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Natural relations between substitutions

Consider two contexts $\Gamma,\Delta$ (from some background type theory), and substitutions $s_1,s_2:\Gamma\rightarrow \Delta$. In the case of $1$-element contexts, we get that a substitution is ...
9
votes
2answers
563 views

Category of Judgements?

I have been able to find a lot of information on the category of contexts -- for example, the page on syntactic categories at the nLab is a good starting point. However, when I try to find similar ...
4
votes
1answer
522 views

intensional equality in type theory

I want to know why we add an intensional equality in type theory to definitional equality ? What is the aim with this intensional equality ? thanks
6
votes
2answers
274 views

Why no morphisms from the contradictory proposition to the inconsistent context?

Consider Higher order predicate logic over dependent type theory (DPL) as defined in Chapter 11 of B. Jacobs's book "Categorical Logic and Type Theory" (though I think this question applies to ...
8
votes
2answers
261 views

Categorical semantics of W-types

Jacob's book titled "Categorical Logic and Type Theory" gives a nice description of Π and Σ types as adjunctions to substitution functors induced by display maps. Is there a similar ...
8
votes
2answers
310 views

Reduction rules for inductive types

(I'm not sure if I should post this here rather than at Theoretical Computer Science, I've found a lot of type theory related questions on MathOverflow) I'm working in Martin-Löf type theory with ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

What are categorical models of W-types in intensional type theory?

I'm familiar with container functors and older work by Dybjer on categorical models for W-types in the extensional theory, but I was looking for some similar semantics in the intensional case.
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the theory of polynomials?

We all know what polynomials are, along with their elementary properties and many effective algorithms for different representations of polynomials. The question here is more of a universal algebra ...
5
votes
1answer
911 views

categorifying induction in homotopy type theory

In trying to understand homotopy type theory, I stumbled upon the following silly question, which is likely to be trivial for the experts. Let $B=\sqcup_{n\in\Bbb N} BS_n$, which I'd like to think of ...
16
votes
2answers
882 views

Surreal Numbers as Inductive Type?

Prompted by James Propp's recent question about surreal numbers, I was wondering whether anyone had investigated the idea of describing surreal numbers (as ordered class) in terms of a universal ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

How true are theorems proved by Coq?

Less tongue in cheek, is it known what the relative consistency is for theorems proved with an automatic theorem prover? Of course this depends somewhat on what assumptions one makes with respect to ...
4
votes
1answer
468 views

What fails when using call/cc as realizer of the Peirce formula

Define the axiom constants $p_{A,B}^{((A\rightarrow B)\rightarrow A)\rightarrow A}$ as realizers of the Peirce formula, and $f_A^{\bot\rightarrow A}$ as realizers of the Ex Falso Quodlibet. Then ...
-1
votes
5answers
794 views

finding cutting edge papers and books

Hi all, what are the best strategies to find cutting edge papers and books on a field of mathematics? .. Example: 2-3 years ago I had to analyze a time series. I found a paper and showed that to ...
5
votes
3answers
557 views

What do I call type theory without Curry-Howard?

Is there a word I can say which will convey to type theorists that I am not thinking about types as propositions? Background: as a category theorist, I am mostly interested in type theories as a ...
4
votes
3answers
483 views

Can a typing judgment admit essentially different derivations?

In any sort of type theory, there are a bunch of rules for constructing derivations of typing judgments such as $x:A,\; y:B(x) \;\vdash\; z:C(x,y)$. (I intend to include also judgments of the form ...
3
votes
0answers
193 views

An elegant formulation for typed sets

Fix a poset $T$, which we'll think of as a set of "types," interpreting $a \leq b$ as "$a$ is more general than $b$." Construct a category of TSet as follows. Objects: Pairs ($X$, $\tau : X ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Relation between different definitions of types [closed]

Is there any connection between the definition of type in model theory and the definitions from type theory? Is there any explanation why the same term is used for these notions, maybe in the ...
6
votes
4answers
663 views

What is the intuitive meaning of star and box in a pure type system?

The systems of the λ-cube have the axiom $\star:\square$. I've listed a few meanings that the Curry-Howard isomorphism gives to $t : T$ below. What are the intuitive meanings of $\star$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
854 views

What is a semigroup or, what do I do with that associativity proof?

Mathematically, I know what a semigroup is: It is a set S along with an associative binary operation $* : S \times S \rightarrow S$. So far, so good. From a computational perspective, one can ...
10
votes
4answers
828 views

Reference request for type theory

I am interested in learning the theory of types, especially in how they can provide a foundation to mathematics different to sets and how they can avoid self-referential paradoxes by stipulating that ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the manner of inconsistency of Girard's paradox in Martin Lof type theory

I am aware that assigning the type of Type to be Type (rather than stratifying to a hierarchy of types) leads to an inconsistency. But does this inconsistency allow the construction of a well-typed ...
6
votes
4answers
745 views

Can dependent sums be encoded as dependent products?

Please forgive any unorthodox notation or obvious errors here... I'm trying to get an intuition for dependently typed languages, so I'm starting out by seeing which analogies I can take from the ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

What notions of universe does predicative type theory admit?

Palmgren (1997), On universes in type theory, discusses work of several theorists that provide what we might call a family of Large Universe Axioms (LUAs) for predicative type theory, culminating in ...
6
votes
2answers
632 views

Recursively dependent types?

Is there such a thing as "recursively dependent types"? Specifically, I would like a dependent type theory containing a type $A(x)$ which depends on a variable $x: A(z)$, where $z$ is a particular ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

What is lambda calculus related to?

So I'm not much of a math guy but I've really enjoyed programming in Lisp and have become interested in the ideas of lambda calculus which it is based. I was wondering if anyone had a suggestion ...