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21
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is it hard to prove that the Euler Mascheroni constant is irrational?

Philosophically why should proving that $\gamma$ is irrational (let alone transcendental) be so much harder than proving $\pi$ or $e$ are irrational?
8
votes
1answer
426 views

On the irrationality measure of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a^{-b^n}$

Pick integers $a, b \ge 2$ and let $\xi_{a,b}$ be the sum of the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a^{-b^n}$. It is known that $\xi_{2,2}$ is transcendental: I learned a proof of this from notes by M. ...
38
votes
2answers
1k views

Numbers that are generic w.r.t. exponentiation

This is a follow-up to my old question Number of distinct values taken by $x\hat{\phantom{\hat{}}}x\hat{\phantom{\hat{}}}\dots\hat{\phantom{\hat{}}}x$ with parentheses inserted in all possible ways. ...
15
votes
2answers
520 views

Numbers with known finite irrationality measure greater than 2

For a real number $\alpha$, let the irrationality measure $\mu(\alpha) \in \mathbb{R}\cup \{\infty\}$ be defined as the supremum of all real numbers $\mu$ such that $$ \left| ...
11
votes
2answers
522 views

For what real $t$ is $\{n^t : n \geq 1\}$ linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$?

It's straightforward that $t$ must be irrational. I have googled many variations of this question and browsed through some books on transcendental number theory. There is much that is said about when ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Transcendency of certain integrals

Let $p$ be an even monic polynomial with rational coefficients of degree at least $4$. Can the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-p(x)}dx$$ be an algebraic number? Is anything known about ...
11
votes
0answers
520 views

Connection between Infinite continued fractions, elliptic integrals and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean. $$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...
9
votes
1answer
582 views

Is $e^p\in\mathbb{Q}_p$ known to be transcendental?

$\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{1}{n!}$ doesn't converge in $\mathbb{Q}_p$, however, $e^p:=\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{p^n}{n!}$ does converge for $p\neq 2$. So my question is, Are ...
5
votes
2answers
685 views

Conjecture on irrational algebraic numbers

Conjecture: For every irrational algebraic number $q$ and natural number $b$, the representation of $q$ on base $b$ contains all the digits $[0,\dots,b-1]$. Questions: Has this conjecture been ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Hermite Lindemann and transcendental reals

This is about compass and straightedge constructions, although I suspect nothing changes if we expand to real numbers algebraic over the rationals. Anyway, let $E$ be the "constructible numbers," ...
0
votes
0answers
133 views

Solution to system of polynomial equations

Suppose $A$ is a set of polynomials:$$P_1(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$ $$P_2(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$ $$\vdots$$ $$P_k(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0$$ is a system of equations with coefficients over $\mathbb{Z}$, and ...
0
votes
0answers
176 views

On the irrationality measure of generalized Stoneham numbers

Pick non-zero integers $a,b,c$ with $a,b \ge 2$ and let $\xi_{a,b,c}$ be the sum of the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a^{-b^n} c^{-n}$ (no restriction is made on the sign of $c$); when $b = c$ and ...