The traces tag has no usage guidance.

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### Are Sobolev trace spaces equal from both sides of the boundary?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set and $\Omega'$ the complement of its closure.
Assume $\partial\Omega=\partial\Omega'$.
Are the quotient spaces $W^{1,p}(\Omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

55 views

### Fractional Sobolev spaces and extension by zero

The all-wise Wikipedia suggest (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobolev_space#Extension_by_zero) that for $s > 1/2$ any function from $H^s_0(\Omega)$ can be extended by zero
to whole $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...

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**1**answer

61 views

### Does this time-dependent trace space have a name?

This question is a follow up to this question.
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be an open connected set. For each $t\in \mathbb{R}^+$ let $u_d:\partial\Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ be in ...

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**1**answer

41 views

### Trace spaces on convex polyhedra: compatibility conditions at edges

Let $\Omega$ be a convex polyhedron in $\mathbf{R}^3$ with boundary $\partial\Omega$ consisting of $N$ polygons $\{\Gamma_j\}_{j=1}^N$. It's well known that in general
$$ H^s(\partial \Omega) \neq ...

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102 views

### What is the trace of this operator in $L^\infty$ (if this question make sense)?

Let $\Omega$ be a closed domain in $\mathbb{R}^N$, and $\lambda$ the corresponding Lebesgue measure. We define in $(L^\infty(\Omega), \Vert \cdot \Vert_\infty)$ the following operator :
...

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102 views

### Sobolev trace theorem

Set $Q:=\Omega\times(0,T)\subset\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$,
where $\Omega$ is knows as a bounded domain
with smooth boundary $\partial D$.
We choose any subdomain $D\subset Q$
with smooth boundary $\partial ...

**1**

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**1**answer

94 views

### On the equality Tr(Af) = Tr(fA)

Consider the Hilbert space $H = L^2(\mathbb{R})$, and a bounded operator $A \in B(H)$ which satisfies:
$$
\forall f \in H, \quad Af \text{ is trace class and } Tr(Af) < C \| f \|_{H},
$$
where $f$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### On conductors, levels and traces on quaternion algebras

I am currently working on level issues in the division central simple algebra case, say $D$ over a local non-archimedean field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbf{Q}_p$). Let say that $\mathcal{O}_D$ and ...

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75 views

### Best constant for a trace inequality

Having an open, simply connected set $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^N$ we may ask what is the best constant $C$ (if it exists) in the inequality
$$ \int_{\partial \Omega} u^2 \leq C\int_{\Omega} |\nabla ...

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votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Extensions in parabolic Hölder spaces

Let $\alpha\in ]0,1[,k\in\mathbb{N}.$Let $\Omega$ be a open and bounded subset or $\mathbb{R}^n$ of class $C^{k+\alpha}$.
As one could find in G.M. Troianello "Elliptic Differential Equations and ...

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44 views

### Modified Orthonormal Procrustes Problem

In the general orthonormal Procrustes problem, we want to find an orthonormal matrix $C$ to minimize $\|Y-XC\|_F^2$, where $Y$ is a known $n\times q$ matrix, $X$ is a known $n \times m$ matrix, and ...

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**1**answer

164 views

### A distributional normal derivative for functions in $H^1(\Omega)$

Let $\Omega$ be a smooth bounded domain with $\partial\Omega = \Gamma$. I have read this.
For all $u \in H^1(\Omega)$ such that $-\Delta u = g \in L^2(\Omega)$ in distribution, we can define the ...

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**2**answers

287 views

### Convexity of the Frobenius norm of the product of two matrices

I have the following function for two matrices ${\bf A}$ and ${\bf B}$:
$f({\bf A}, {\bf B}) = \| {\bf Y - XAB} \|_F^2 = trace\{({\bf Y - XAB)}^T({\bf Y - XAB)}\}$
where matrices ${\bf X}_{n \times ...

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votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Categorical interpretation of disjoint cycle notation for tracing permutations

For a natural number $n\in\mathbb{N}$, let $\underline{n}$ denote the finite set $$\underline{n}:=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}.$$
A permutation $\sigma\in Aut(\underline{n})$ can be uniquely written (up to order) ...

**3**

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**1**answer

372 views

### Derivative of trace of pseudo inverse

Given three matrices $A$ (broad), $B$ and $C$, I'd like to find the derivative of
\begin{align}
f = \textrm{tr} \{BA^+\} + \textrm{tr} \{B(A^+)^TCA^+B^T\}
\end{align}
with respect to $A$, where ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Nuclear vs Integral operators on Hilbert spaces

Consider the Hilbert space $L_2=L_2[0,1]$. Is it true that for each nuclear (trace-class) operator on $L_2$ there exists a function $K\in L_1(L_2)$ such that
$$Tf = \int\limits_0^1 K(s) f(s) ...

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524 views

### Trace of Inverse matrix from Cholesky

This question was somewhat answered here: Fast trace of inverse of a square matrix. However, I feel like there was no complete answer wrt the Cholesky case.
I have the matrix $\Sigma=LL^T$. Is there ...

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**1**answer

227 views

### reference request: trace/lifting operator for $L^{\infty}$ data in bounded $\Omega\subset R^d$

I know the answer to my question must be somewhere in the literature. Probably in [Adams-Fournier], [Dautray-Lions] or something alike, but I don't have access to a library right now so I'll ask ...

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118 views

### Bound on integral of elliptic theta function

I need to prove that the following bound is true. I thought this might follow from the inversion property of the theta function, as the infinite sum in the integrand is precisely ...

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votes

**2**answers

416 views

### Trace of n-th root of unity in cyclotomic extension of p-adic rationals

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and $p$ be any prime. Denote by $\mathbb Q_p$ the $p$-adic numbers. For a field extension $L/K$ denote by $Tr_{L/K}$ the corresponding trace function.
Let $\zeta_n$ be a primitve ...

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178 views

### Trace Theorem for $p=\infty$

I am considering the Sobolev space $W^{1,\infty}(\Omega)$ on a bounded Lipschitz domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$. I am wondering whether the trace theorem holds in this case with constant one ...

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votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Trace of finitely generated projective module

Let $k$ be a field and $A$ a $k$-algebra with unit. The trace module is
$$
T(A)=A/[A,A],
$$
where $[A,A]$ is the left $A$-module generated by all elements of the form $ab-ba$ for $a,b\in A$. The ...

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votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Does trace handle composition in a traced symmetric monoidal category?

Suppose that $(C,\otimes,I)$ is a traced symmetric monoidal category (TSMC) with symmetrizor $\sigma$ and trace $Tr$. Given two morphisms $f\colon A\to B$ and $g\colon B\to C$, I can tensor them to ...

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**1**answer

329 views

### traces of sobolev spaces under additional assumptions

Let $p\in [1,\infty]$, $\Omega$ an open bounded domain with (smooth, if necessary) boundary $\partial \Omega$.
Is there a subspace $X\subset L^p(\Omega)$ - a simply describable space, ideally a ...

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301 views

### Probability distribution function for singular value sum of Gaussian random matrix

Let $\mathbf{X}$ be an $N \times N$ random matrix with IID Gaussian entries. They can be standard normal, but $N$ is not large: that is $N$ $<$ 6, typically. Call its singular value decomposition ...

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167 views

### Estimate the diagonal of a Cholesky factor…?

I'm computing several hundred Cholesky factorizations of large, sparse matrices, and I'm really only doing Cholesky factorization because I need to know the diagonal elements of the Cholesky factor L. ...

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**1**answer

330 views

### solving trace norm equality [closed]

Problem Formulation
under what conditions can we solve $\mathrm{trace}(\mathbf{AB})=0$ ? or more specifically, when will $\mathrm{trace}(\mathbf{AB})=0$ implies that $\mathrm{trace}(\mathbf{B})=0$.
...

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**1**answer

513 views

### Expected value of trace of matrix inverse

Given a $N\times K$ matrix $A$ of full rank with $ K < N $, a diagonal matrix $D$ and knowing that $E[D]=bI_N$, where $E[\cdot]$ is the expected value and $I_N$ is the $N\times N$ identity matrix ...

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261 views

### tracial triples

Say that a triple of real numbers $(a,b,c)$ is a realizable triple if there are matrices $A,B\in SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ such that $tr (A)=a$, $tr (B)=b$, and $tr (AB)=c$. Question: what is the shape of the ...

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280 views

### An expression with an alternating trilinear form, written in terms of the determinant and a symmetric bilinear form

I am trying to understand a line from MacLachlan/Reid's The Arithmetic of Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds (it's in 3.4 if you have the book), that seems it should be elementary but I can't seem to find where ...

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416 views

### Boundedness of the derivative of the trace of an H^1 function

As a research preface, this question is linked to a problem of increasing magnetism in Ginzburg-Landau equations that I have distilled for the purpose of getting to the bottom of this technical ...

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**1**answer

561 views

### Trace inequality for matrices with determinant 1

Let $A$ and $B$ be two matrices with $\det(A)=\det(B)=1$. Does it follow that
$\sqrt{\mathrm{tr}(A^TB^TBA-I)}\le\sqrt{\mathrm{tr}(A^TA-I)}+\sqrt{\mathrm{tr}(B^TB-I)}$
I suspect that this can be ...

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**1**answer

51 views

### Is the trace of a Lyaponov transform of a semistable matrix always nonpositive?

Let $A$ be a semistable real matrix (i.e. the real parts of all the eigenvalues of $A$ are nonnegative). Let $P$ be a positive definite matrix.
Is it always true that
$\text{trace}{A^{T}P+PA} ...

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**1**answer

313 views

### Trace over the zeros with real part 1/2 Only

If RH is not true, we have that Weil's explicit formula still holds:
$$ \sum_{\gamma} h(\gamma) = h(i/2)+h(-i/2)-2 \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{ \Lambda(n)}{ \sqrt n}g(logn)+\frac{1}{2\pi} ...

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975 views

### Trace in an Infinite dimensional space [closed]

How do we define trace of an infinite dimensional space? How one can compute the trace of an infinite dimensional matrix?

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4k views

### tr(ab) = tr(ba)?

It is well known that given two Hilbert-Schmidt operators $a$ and $b$ on a Hilbert space $H$, their product is trace class and $tr(ab)=tr(ba)$. A similar result holds for $a$ bounded and $b$ trace ...

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**1**answer

250 views

### Ends as a “cotrace” operation on profunctors

As mentioned here, there is a trace operation on the monoidal category of profunctors given by taking coends: for any profunctor $F : A\times X \nrightarrow B \times X$, there is a profunctor $Tr^X(F) ...

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2k views

### When is an integral transfrom trace class?

Given a measure space $(X, \mu)$ and a measurable integral kernel $k : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the operator
$$ K f(\xi) =\int_{X} f(x) k(x,\xi) d \mu(x),$$
the operator $K$ is Hilbert ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### trace(xy)=trace(yx) in full generality

It is well known that, for square matrix $x$ and $y$, we have $\operatorname{tr}(xy)=\operatorname{tr}(yx)$. Here of course the trace of a matrix is just the sum of the elements of the diagonal.
The ...

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415 views

### In what sense do the categorical trace and coend count fixed points?

According to the nlab, the categorical trace of a 1-endomorphism $F:C\to C$ in a 2-category is the set hom$(1_C, F)$ of global elements of $F$. If $F$ is a functor in the 2-category Cat, the ...

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284 views

### Bounds on operator 2-norms on partial traces of linearly related operators

Consider an arbitary positive semidefinite operator ρ, acting on ℂA ⊗ ℂB ⊗ ℂC, for A,B,C finite. Also, let P be an orthogonal projector on ...

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3k views

### Geometric interpretation of characteristic polynomial

The coefficients of lowest and next-highest degree of a linear operator's characteristic polynomial are its determinant and trace. These have well-known geometric interpretations. But what about its ...

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19k views

### Geometric Interpretation of Trace

This afternoon I was speaking with some graduate students in the department and we came to the following quandry;
Is there a geometric interpretation of the trace of a matrix?
This question ...

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**2**answers

608 views

### Get rid of tr() in SVM kernel trick

I designed a kernel function (to be used within SVM) which has the expression $tr(AB)$ in it. For efficient implementation of this, I was wondering if I could write $tr(AB)$ as an inner product: ...

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608 views

### Extremum under variations of a traceless matrix

Sorry for my precedent tentative, I was a little hasty:
Ok, I think I'd better put the original problem:
I have an action of three fields: $A$ which is the spin-connection, $B$ an skew-symmetric ...

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717 views

### Non-conjugate words with the same trace

Let n>=2, p a large prime, G = SL_n(Z/pZ).
If n=2, there are words that, while not conjugate in the free group, do have identical trace in G. For example, tr(g h^2 g^2 h)= tr(g^2 h^2 g h) for all g, ...