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**15**

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**1**answer

304 views

### A nice subcategory of the category of measurable spaces

Is there some notion of "nice" measurable spaces and "nice" maps between them which satisfies the following properties?
The real line equipped with the Lebesgue $\sigma$-algebra is nice.
Any ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Resources on a smooth topos containing complex analytic/holomorphic geometry

In this question Urs Schreiber mentioned there are models in synthetic differential geometry of complex analytic geometry.
First of all: When Urs writes complex analytic geometry, does he mean ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Lie functor preserves “surjections” in synthetic differential geometry?

In classical finite-dimensional differential geometry, the Lie functor preserves surjections, sending a surjective Lie group homomorphism to a surjective Lie algebra homomorphism.
As pointed out ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Jets in synthetic differential geometry

As I understand it from Kostecki's notes, the $k$-jet $j^k f$ of a function $f: R^n \to R^m$ should be the map $$f^{D_k(n)} : {(R^n)}^{D_k(n)} \to (R^m)^{D_k(n)},$$
where $$D_k(n) = \{(x_1, \ldots, ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### Axiom of choice as zero dimensionality

In the paper Quantifiers and Sheaves by Lawvere, at the bottom of the second page, the author writes:
"... the condition that every epi splits, which geometrically we would call 0-dimensionality ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

442 views

### Variant of Conceptual Completeness

Let $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{D}$ be pretopoi, and let $f: \mathcal{C} \rightarrow \mathcal{D}$ be a pretopos functor (that is, a functor which preserves finite coproducts, finite limits, and ...

**27**

votes

**0**answers

661 views

### Grothendieck's “List of classes of structures”

In Lawvere's article Comments on the Development of Topos Theory, the author writes:
Similarly, Grothendieck and others unerringly recognized which kinds of mathematical structures are 'preserved ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

843 views

### A geometric theory of Blueprints? (Algebras over the field with one element)

In my attempt to tackle the various approaches of defining algebraic geometry over $\mathbb F_1$, I was just reading through Lorscheid's paper The geometry of blueprints. I certainly like the idea a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### What is an Elementary “Homotopy, Model” Topos?

Context:
Def (Rezk): A (Grothendieck) homotopy topos is a homotopy left exact Bousfield localization of the model category of simplicial presheaves sPsh(C) on a small simplicial category C.
Thm ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Topos Theory, internal Heyting Algebra

Given a topos $\mathcal{E}$ with subobject classifier $\Omega$.
If we denote by $N\Omega$ the former of all local operators on $\Omega$, that is, Lawvere–Tierney topologies of $\mathcal{E}$, it is ...

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vote

**0**answers

135 views

### Coinduction in a presheaf topos?

Fix a presheaf topos $\mathcal{E}\triangleq \mathbf{Set}^{\mathcal{C}^\mathsf{op}}$. Then, for any object/presheaf $X:\mathcal{E}$, I can define the presheaf of relations on $X$ as ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Joyal's construction of the spectrum of a commutative ring

I am trying to understand bits and pieces of Lawvere's article Continuously Variable Sets; Algebraic Geometry = Geometric Logic. I'm not doing very well.
I know this is a lot to ask, but basically, I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### smooth topos as generalized smooth space

I'm interested in generalized smooth spaces. I know there are several spaces such as Deffeological space, Frölicher space, Chen space, etc... and there are some papers compare them. However, I haven't ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Geometric morphism of $\infty$ topos

I have a very simple question regarding geometric morphisms of $\infty$ topoi, but have been unable to find the answer in Lurie's HTT (although it seems likely that its there somewhere and I just ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### A confusion about covering flatness

I'm reading this entry on nLab. But I'm confusing with the notion of covering-flatness. More precisely, I meet some trouble when I try to show that the $Sets$-valued flatness is a special case of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Finite covers in complex analytic geometry

Given a complex manifold or complex analytic space, one has the standard notion of open set. There are two different Grothendieck topologies that one can define using this notion, one where covers ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Making the conceptual leap from locales to Grothendieck topologies?

I find the definition for locales and sheaves on locales to be straightforward, but I'm stumbling over the idea of a Grothendieck topology. Is there a nice way to see roughly how the latter ...

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votes

**0**answers

66 views

### W-types and inverse image functor

All sheaf topoi have W-types and in fact there's an explicit construction given by Benno van den Berg & Ieke Moerdijk, but the construction is quite involved.
I would like to know whether the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

222 views

### Why do some people adamantly insist on 'toposes' instead of 'topoi'? [closed]

I've heard that several category and topos theorists, first and foremost Johnstone (see the comments to this question) adamantly insist on 'toposes' as the plural of 'topos'. I was wondering whether ...

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votes

**3**answers

410 views

### Brouwer's theorem for the Cauchy reals

Brouwer famously proved, using principles motivated by intuitionistic choice sequences, that every function $\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ is continuous. In Sheaves in geometry and logic (section VI.9), ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Grothendieck toposes in (very) weak foundation

There is on the nLab page "Grothendieck topos" a part about the theory of Grothendieck toposes in weak foundation.
It claims that the equivalence for a category between the Giraud's axioms and being ...

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votes

**2**answers

893 views

### The formal p-adic numbers

The real numbers can be defined in two ways (well, more than two, but let's stick to these for now): as the Cauchy completion of the metric space $\mathbb{Q}$ with its usual absolute value, or as the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### Can hypercompletion be an essential localization?

The subcategory of hypercomplete objects in an ∞-topos is a left-exact-reflective subcategory by the remarks after 6.5.2.8 of Higher topos theory, i.e. its inclusion functor has a left-exact left ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Can hypercomplete objects be coreflective?

The subcategory of hypercomplete objects in an ∞-topos is a left-exact-reflective subcategory by the remarks after 6.5.2.8 of Higher topos theory. Can it ever happen that this subcategory is ...

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vote

**1**answer

244 views

### Etale cohomology and topological invariance

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X_0 \subset X$ a subscheme defined by a nilpotent ideal. Denote by $i:X_0 \to X$ the closed immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf sheaf on ...

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vote

**0**answers

75 views

### a topos without an underlying boolean topos

I remember an example of a topos that does not have an underlying Boolean topos.
My problem is, I cannot find where I saw it.
The solution is supposed to have Setf and Set, and the objects of the ...

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votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Ordinals in constructive mathematics ? (references)

I'm looking for references presenting a constructive treatment of the theory of ordinals. By constructive I mean valid in the internal logic of a topos (so no axiom of choice and no law of excluded ...

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votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Representing topoi by topological groupoids

i was reading an article written by Butz and Moerdijk (https://www.math.uu.nl/publications/preprints/984.ps.gz) and i have a problem in understanding their proof of theorem $5.1$ (The one in which ...

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votes

**2**answers

471 views

### When is the category of small (pre)sheaves a(n elementary) topos?

When $C$ is essentially small, the presheaf category $[C^\mathrm{op},\mathsf{Set}]$ is the free cocompletion of $C$. The presheaf category $[C^\mathrm{op},\mathsf{Set}]$ is also a topos.
When $C$ is ...

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vote

**0**answers

95 views

### is sufficient cohesion equivalent to the connectedness of subobject classifier?

I'm following Lawvere article Axiomatic Cohesion.
He states (Proposition VI.4) that sufficient cohesion is equivalent to the connectedness of subject classifier, but I can't follow the proof. I can't ...

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**0**answers

170 views

### Relationship between coherent toposes/coherent logic and coherent sheaves

I've heard it claimed that the adjective "coherent" in logic/topos theory (i.e. coherent logic, coherent toposes, coherent categories) was adopted to fit in with the terminology of coherent sheaves in ...

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**0**answers

79 views

### Cohomology of discrete group with compact support

This is closely related to a previous question on the topic, but hopefully adds some motivation.
Let $G_{/\mathbf Q}$ be a semisimple group, $K\subset G(\mathbf R)$ a maximal compact subgroup, and ...

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votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Definition of internal field objects

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category with finite limits and a strictly initial object $\mathbf{0}$. The final object is denoted by $\mathbf{1}$. I propose the following definition of a field object ...

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**0**answers

297 views

### The topos for forcing in computability theory

My understanding is that forcing (such as Cohen forcing) can be described via a topos. For example this nlab article on forcing describes forcing as a "the topos of sheaves on a suitable site."
My ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

583 views

### Existence of internal toposes/inner models in a topos

It has been known for some time that one can define a topos as a model of a (finitary) essentially algebraic theory (or in other words, can be defined internal to any category with finite limits). In ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Site dependance of the Cech weak equivalences on simplicial sheaves

Let $\mathcal{T}= sh(C,J)$ a Grothendieck topos of sheaves over a (ordinary) site.
One endows the category of simplicial presheaves over $C$ with the "Rezk-Lurie" model structure: that is we start ...

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**0**answers

85 views

### Relationship between tangent spaces and tangent categories for smooth topoi

Let $\mathscr E$ be a smooth topos, where I am using the terminology of nLab. In particular that imples the existence of a line object $R$ and an "infinitesimally thickened point", which is an object ...

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votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Synthetic vs. classical differential geometry

To provide context, I'm a differential geometry grad student from a physics background. I know some category theory (at the level of Simmons) and differential and Riemannian geometry (at the level of ...

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**0**answers

78 views

### A dual notion to Lawvere-Tierney operators for geometric surjections?

A geometric embedding into a Grothendieck topos can be characterised by giving the Lawvere-Tierney topology that induces it. This lets us reduce questions about subtoposes to more elementary ...

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votes

**1**answer

452 views

### The real numbers object in Sh(Top)

If $X$ is a sober topological space, the real numbers object in the topos $\mathrm{Sh}(X)$ is the sheaf of continuous real-valued functions on $X$. This is proven very explicitly in Theorem VI.8.2 of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Atlas of a manifold as a Sheaf

--Hopefully this question does not dublicate another--
In this question Tom Goodwillie pointed out, that the 'atlas part' of
the definition of a smooth manifold can be redefined in terms of
sheaves. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

112 views

### right adjoint functor for closed immersion of topoi

Let $i\colon (X,A)\rightarrow (Y,B)$ be a closed immersion of ringed topoi. Does functor $i_*\colon Mod(A)\rightarrow Mod(B)$ have a right adjoint?

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votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Do non-subcanonical Grothendieck topologies always induce a category of fractions?

Suppose that $\mathscr{C}$ is a (possibly higher) category and $J$ is a Grothendieck topology which is not subcanonical. Denote the composite
$$\mathscr{C} \hookrightarrow ...

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61 views

### Sheaves, colimits and closure

I am considering the sheaf topos $\mathbf{Sh}(\mathfrak{X})$ on a topological space $\mathfrak{X}$.
Limits in this category are constructed pointwise, as in presheaves. Colimits, however, are not ...

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**0**answers

115 views

### When does prolongation preserve sheaves?

Suppose that $(C,J)$ and $(D,K)$ are two Grothendieck (possibly $\infty$-)sites and $f:C \to D$ is a functor such that $$f^*:Psh(D) \to Psh(C)$$ sends sheaves to sheaves. Under what conditions will ...

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103 views

### Non-degenerate limits of topoi

Let $\mathcal{E}$ be an elementary topos with natural numbers object $\mathbb{N}$, and let $\mathbb{C}$ be a cofiltered internal category in $\mathcal{E}$. Suppose we have a diagram of shape ...

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votes

**1**answer

372 views

### What information is lost in $X \to \mathrm{Sh}(X)$?

Given a topological space or site $X$. Construct $\mathrm{Sh}(X)$ - the sheaves on $X$ with values in $\mathrm{Set}$. Is it known what information is lost in this procedure?
Thanks, Adrian.

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votes

**2**answers

709 views

### Modern versions of Verdier's hypercovering theorem?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a small category equipped with a terminal object $1$ and a Grothendieck topology. (Assume $\mathcal{C}$ also has pullbacks, if it is more convenient.) The following is a ...

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**1**answer

436 views

### Is it possible for a theorem to be constructive only in a non-constructive metatheory?

There are several theorems in category-theoretic logic which say something like, "any proposition in X logic that is provable in topos logic assuming (the law of excluded middle and) the axiom of ...

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54 views

### Validity of equations in a topos bis

I clarify my previous question with a simple example. It is also a simpler (and more general) question whose resolution resolves the previous question on interpreting a theory in another.
The ...