A topological group is a group $G$ together with a topology on the elements of $G$ such that the group operation and group inverse function are both continuous (with respect to the topology).

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23
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966 views

Do all possible trees arise as orbit trees of some permutation groups?

I.Motivation from descriptive set theory (Contains some quotes from Maciej Malicki's paper.) The classical theorem of Birkhoff-Kakutani implies that every metrizable topological group G admits a ...
17
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400 views

The cofinality of $(\mathbb{N}^\kappa,\le)$ for uncountable $\kappa$?

For a partially ordered set $P$, a set $A\subseteq P$ is cofinal if for each element of $P$ there is a larger element in $A$. The cofinality of $P$, ${\rm cof}(P)$, is the minimal cardinality of a ...
14
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960 views

What groups are Lie groups?

We know how to tell if a topological group is a Lie group: this was famously asked by Hilbert and answered gloriously by Gleason, Montgomery and Zippin in the 50s (a locally compact topological group ...
14
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507 views

Closed connected additive subgroups of the Hilbert space

It is a classical result that a closed and connected additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is necessarily a linear subspace. However, this is no longer true in infinite dimension: a very easy example is ...
12
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217 views

A meager subgroup of the real line, which cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero?

Is there a ZFC-example of a subgroup $H$ of the real line $\mathbb R$ such $H$ is meager, has zero Lebesgue measure, but cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero in $\mathbb ...
10
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208 views

Is the quotient map of the action of homeomorphisms on embeddings well-behaved?

It is well known that if $M$ and $N$ are smooth manifolds, the diffeomorphisms $Diff(M)$ act continuously on the smooth embeddings $Emb^{C^\infty}(M,N)$ by precomposition, if both are given the ...
8
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267 views

'Infinitesimal' elements of a topological group

Let $G$ be a topological group, and let $M$ be the intersection of all conjugacy-invariant neighbourhoods of the identity in $G$ (in other words, the set of elements that can be taken arbitarily close ...
8
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422 views

Are there non-reflexive abelian topological groups isomorphic to their second dual?

I posted the following question in a comment at Are there non-reflexive vector spaces isomorphic to their bi-dual? and it got one upvote, but it didn't get an answer, so I'll post it as an ...
7
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257 views

Strange normal subgroups of profinite groups

I am looking for an example of the following situation: $G$ is an infinite profinite group, with a dense normal subgroup $N$. However $N$ does not contain any non-trivial closed normal subgroup of ...
6
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199 views

Two different Thom diagonals in recent literature?

Taking the point of view that a Thom spectrum functor should be a map $Top_{/BGL_1(R)}\to LMod_R$, for $R$ some $\mathbb{E}_n$-ring spectrum, there seem to be two morphisms (in $Top_{/BGL_1(R)}$) that ...
6
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188 views

Is $k(\!(x,y)\!)$ a topological field?

More generally, let $(R,m)$ be a Noetherian local domain with fraction field $K$. The $m$-adic topology turns $R$ into a topological ring. When $R$ is a discrete valuation ring, this topology extends ...
6
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256 views

Approximating a measurable function from a second-countable, locally compact Hausdorff group to a separable Banach space

Let $ G $ be a second-countable, locally compact Hausdorff group and $ B $ a separable Banach space. We say that a function $ f: G \to B $ is Bochner-measurable if and only if it is the everywhere ...
6
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399 views

Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...
5
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116 views

Is a successor to a successor to the trivial group topology on an Abelian group, totally bounded?

Is there an example of an Abelian group $G$ and group topologies $\cal S$ and $\cal T$ on it such that $\cal S$ is an immediate successor to the trivial topology on $G$ (i.e there is no other group ...
5
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76 views

Separation of topological group elements by invariant neighbourhooods

Let $G$ be a topological group that is Hausdorff, that is, for every pair $(g,h)$ of distinct elements of $G$, there exist disjoint open sets $U_g$ and $U_h$ such that $g \in U_g$ and $h \in U_h$. ...
5
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220 views

Examples of a non-Hopfian phenomenon in group theory

I am interested in examples of the following property, where $G$ is a non-discrete locally compact topological group: (*) The open normal subgroups of $G$ have trivial intersection, but $G$ has an ...
5
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178 views

Shrinking Group Actions

This is a repost from stackexchange. I didn't get an answer, so I figured I'd ask it here. Suppose $H\subset G$ is a subgroup of a topological group $G$, and $Y\subset X$ is a subspace of a ...
4
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107 views

When can a locally compact group be approximated by discrete subgroups?

This question is about partitioning a (locally) compact group into cells by using discrete subgroups. Let $G$ be a locally compact group. (I am really most interested in the case where $G$ is a ...
4
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51 views

Almost invariance in compact quotients of locally compact groups

While trying to get an analogue of Weiss's monotiling result for amenable residually finite groups in the topological setting, I face the following problem. Let $G$ be a locally compact amenable ...
4
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360 views

Examples of a topological semidirect product

Let $G$ be a compact topological group, and $\operatorname{Aut}(G)$ the group of autohomeomorphisms of $G$. I have proved some (topological) results about the holomorph $G\leftthreetimes ...
4
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73 views

Topological systems of imprimitivity

Let $G$ be a group acting by homeomorphisms on a topological space $X$. $G$ is topologically transitive if every open $G$-invariant subset of $X$ is empty or dense. Here is an attempt to define ...
4
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112 views

Is every compact monothetic group metrizable?

If $G$ is a compact (Hausdorff) topological group with a dense cyclic subgroup, is it necessarily true that $G$ is first countable? This claim seems to be implicit in a paper that I am reading at the ...
4
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389 views

Completion of abelian topological groups

During some exercises I came upon the following questions that I cannot answer myself. Given a topological group $G$ we can build the completion using cauchy sequences and denote this completion by ...
4
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93 views

A dynamical property of automorphisms of a locally compact group

Let $G$ be a Hausdorff locally compact group and let $\alpha$ be an automorphism of $G$. Say $\alpha$ is (forwards) topologically recurrent if for all $g \in G$ and all neighbourhoods $O$ of $g$, the ...
4
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2k views

Fourier transforms via Kurzweil-Henstock integral on locally compact commutative groups

Is it possible to define Fourier transforms on locally compact commutative groups using the Kurzweil-Henstock integral instead of the Lebesgue integral?
3
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9 views

Can approximately periodic functions be perturbed to periodic functions on a locally compact group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $H\subset G$ a closed and cocompact subgroup. I wish to consider bounded continuous functions from $G$ to $\mathbb{C}$ that are periodic in the following strong ...
3
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53 views

Kind of multiplicative total boundedness in Hausdorff compact rings

Let $(R,\cal T)$ be a unital Hausdorff compact topological ring and let $A$ be an open subset of $R$ containing $1$. Is there a finite set $B$ with $AB=R$?
3
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52 views

Why are the convolvers in the bicommutant of the pseudo-measures? ($CV_p(G)\subseteq PM_p(G)''$)

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. For $1<p<\infty$ let $\lambda_p:G\to\mathcal{B}(L^p(G))$ (resp. $\rho_p:G\to\mathcal{B}(L^p(G))$) be the left (resp. right) regular representation. $CV_p(G)$ ...
3
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134 views

Group topologies on $\Bbb Z$ with dense open sets in $\Bbb T$

Let $\Bbb Z$ be embedded in the circle group $\Bbb T$ by an irrational rotation and regard $\Bbb Z$ as a subgroup/subspace of the topological group $\Bbb T$. Are there group topologies $\mathcal A$ ...
3
votes
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330 views

Topological proof of a result in Logic

I proved the result below using logic. My questions: Can this theorem be proved by purely topological means? Do you know any theorems that either can be used to prove the same result, or which give ...
3
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139 views

Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?
3
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433 views

Existence of $n$-connected topological groups with $m$-dimensional action extending that of $GL(m)$ on $\mathbb{R}^m$

I'll first state the question as concisely as I can and then provide some motivation. Consider two positive integers $m$ and $n$ such that $m < n+2$. Does there exist a topological group $G$ ...
3
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210 views

When Aut(M) preserves a linear order?

I have a general-type question: Suppose $M$ is a countable structure that is ultrahomogeneous, i.e. every (partial) isomorphism between finitely generated substructures of $M$ extends to an ...
2
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124 views

Every norm-decreasing algebra morphism $L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ comes from a group representation

In section 8 of this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0611833v3 the author proves the following: If $E$ is a reflexive Banach space, $G$ a locally compact group and $\pi:L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ a ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Distal actions on coset spaces

Let $H$ be a group acting by homeomorphisms on a Hausdorff space $X$. Say the action is distal if for all $(x,y) \in X \times X$, if the set $\{(hx,hy) \mid h \in H\}$ accumulates at a diagonal point ...
2
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101 views

Selecting dense diagonals in $\Bbb T^2$

Let $p$ be a prime number and let $G=\bigcup_{n\in \Bbb N}\{\exp(k\frac{2\pi i}{p^n})\mid k\in \Bbb Z\}$ be a Prüfer group. For homomorphisms $f,g:G\to G$ let $H_{f,g}=\{(f(x),g(x))\mid x\in G\}$. ...
2
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221 views

Justification of the convolution operation of $L^1(G)$ functions where $G$ is a LCA group (measurability)

Suppose $G$ is a locally compact abelian Hausdorff group (LCA), and $\lambda$ is the Haar measure on it. We all know the convolution of two $L^1(\lambda)$ functions $f$ and $g$ on $G$ is defined as ...
2
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0answers
98 views

Free profinite completions

Let $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$. Which residually finite groups $G$ generated by $m$ elements, have the free profinite group on $n$ generators as their profinite completion?
2
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126 views

Sigma-compactness in Furstenberg paper

I've been reading the classical Furstenberg paper "The structure of distal flows", where the author claims he is working with an arbitrary locally compact group $T$. Nevertheless, the proof of Lemma ...
2
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0answers
137 views

Almost conjugation-invariant neighborhoods of units in locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact topological group with unity $e$ and left Haar measure $m$. Let also $g\in G$ be a given element and $U$ a neighborhood (of compact closure) of $e$. I am interested to ...
2
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0answers
172 views

Finite topological dimension x local compactness

Of course, the two notions are independent one from the other, but often one of them implies the other under some additional hypotheses. For instance: A topological vector space is finite dimensional ...
1
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0answers
62 views

Subgroups of finite non-zero Haar measure of abelian locally compact groups

Is it true that every subgroup of finite non-zero Haar measure of an abelian locally compact group should be open and compact? This is obviously true for the case of discrete abelian groups. Thanks.
1
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62 views

Not normal connected component of a right topological group

Let $\cal T$ be a locally compact topology on a group $G$ and $(x,y)\mapsto xy^{-1}$ be continuous at $(1,1)$ and for every $a\in G$, $x\mapsto xa$ be continuous everywhere with respect to $\cal T$. ...
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0answers
40 views

In a topological group $G$ with its lower uniformity, if $G$ is locally totally bounded, is its completion locally compact?

There has been work done on groups whose lower uniformity (or Roelcke uniformity) is totally bounded, e.g. the orthogonal group on a Hilbert space. This condition is equivalent to saying the lower ...
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0answers
97 views

Hausdorff topologies on Q

Is there any description known of the Hausdorff topologies on $\mathbb{Q}$ compatible with the group operations?
1
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0answers
28 views

countably-infinite-index subgroup of a strongly complete profinite group

If $H$ is a strongly complete profinite group and $K$ is a dense countably-infinite-index subgroup, then I'm assuming a proper finite-index subgroup of $K$ could still be dense in $H$. Is there any ...
1
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0answers
67 views

Topologically finitely generated residually finite group

Suppose that $G$ is a topologically finitely generated profinite group, and let $H$ be a subgroup of countably infinite index. Is $H$ necessarily topologically finitely generated with the subspace ...
1
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0answers
43 views

a free topological product of topological semigroups?

Much work has be done on describing the topology of free products of topological groups (Graev, Morris, Katz, etc). Could anybody hint me any results on free topological products of topological ...
1
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0answers
177 views

From positive definite function to Følner sequence --— a question on amenability and nuclearity

We know that amenability of countable discrete group $\Gamma$ has many equivalent characterizations. In particular, there are two: a) there is a sequence of finitely supported positive definite ...
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196 views

does s.e.s 0->A->B->C->0 of profinite groups imply C=B/A and A<B topologically?

Assume $A, B, C$ are profinite groups and $0\to A\to B\to C\to 0$ is an exact sequence of continuous maps. Which of the following assertions follows?: (i) the subspace-topology induced on $A$ via ...