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### Do all possible trees arise as orbit trees of some permutation groups?

I.Motivation from descriptive set theory
(Contains some quotes from Maciej Malicki's paper.)
The classical theorem of Birkhoff-Kakutani implies that every metrizable topological group G admits a ...

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### Can closed compacts in a topological group behave “paradoxically” with respect to unions, intersections, and one-sided translations?

Consider two closed compacts $A$ and $B$ in a topological group $\Gamma$. Let $A'$ be a left translation of $A$ and $B'$ a left translation of $B$:
$A' = aA$,
$B' = bB$.
Suppose it is known that ...

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902 views

### What groups are Lie groups?

We know how to tell if a topological group is a Lie group: this was famously asked by Hilbert and answered gloriously by Gleason, Montgomery and Zippin in the 50s (a locally compact topological group ...

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571 views

### Does ZF prove that topological groups are completely regular?

Let $\mathbf{G} = \langle G,\cdot,\mathcal{T}\;\rangle$ be a topological group. Let $\mathbf{e}$ be the identity element of $\langle G,\cdot \rangle$.
Assume $\{\mathbf{e}\}$ is closed in $\langle ...

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471 views

### Closed connected additive subgroups of the Hilbert space

It is a classical result that a closed and connected additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is necessarily a linear subspace. However, this is no longer true in infinite dimension: a very easy example is ...

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### Haar measurable sets and quotient maps

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff group with a Haar measure $\mu$, let $H$ be a closed normal subgroup of $G$, and let $q: G \to G/H$ be the quotient homomorphism. Let $\nu$ be a Haar measure ...

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### Contractible topological groups

Does there exist a Hausdorff topological group which is contractible and of finite covering dimension but which is not homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ for some $n$?

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### 'Infinitesimal' elements of a topological group

Let $G$ be a topological group, and let $M$ be the intersection of all conjugacy-invariant neighbourhoods of the identity in $G$ (in other words, the set of elements that can be taken arbitarily close ...

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391 views

### Are there non-reflexive abelian topological groups isomorphic to their second dual?

I posted the following question in a comment at
Are there non-reflexive vector spaces isomorphic to their bi-dual? and it got one upvote, but it didn't get an answer, so I'll post it as an ...

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187 views

### Which topological spaces are coset spaces of locally compact groups?

What is a topological characterization of the class of spaces that have the form $G/H$ for a locally compact, Hausdorff group $G$ and a closed subgroup $H$ ?
Such a space $X=G/H$ necessarily ...

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218 views

### Strange normal subgroups of profinite groups

I am looking for an example of the following situation:
$G$ is an infinite profinite group, with a dense normal subgroup $N$. However $N$ does not contain any non-trivial closed normal subgroup of ...

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366 views

### A group allowing exactly 7 group topologies

Is there a group $G$ allowing exactly 7 group topologies on $G$: $\mathcal T_{trivial}, \mathcal T_{discrete}, \mathcal T_1, \mathcal T_2,\mathcal T_3,\mathcal T_4, \mathcal T_5$ with
$$\mathcal ...

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397 views

### Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...

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196 views

### Examples of a non-Hopfian phenomenon in group theory

I am interested in examples of the following property, where $G$ is a non-discrete locally compact topological group:
(*) The open normal subgroups of $G$ have trivial intersection, but $G$ has an ...

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163 views

### Shrinking Group Actions

This is a repost from stackexchange. I didn't get an answer, so I figured I'd ask it here.
Suppose $H\subset G$ is a subgroup of a topological group $G$, and $Y\subset X$ is a subspace of a ...

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### Is every compact monothetic group metrizable?

If $G$ is a compact (Hausdorff) topological group with a dense cyclic subgroup, is it necessarily true that $G$ is first countable? This claim seems to be implicit in a paper that I am reading at the ...

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### Can an acyclic continuum be metrically homogenous? (I'd say: no way! :-)

I asked recently on MO about algebraic structures admitted by topologically homogenous continua like the Hilbert cube $\ I^{\mathbb N}\ $ or the Knaster pseudo-arc. There is a relation between the ...

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### Completion of abelian topological groups

During some exercises I came upon the following questions that I cannot answer myself. Given a topological group $G$ we can build the completion using cauchy sequences and denote this completion by ...

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### A dynamical property of automorphisms of a locally compact group

Let $G$ be a Hausdorff locally compact group and let $\alpha$ be an automorphism of $G$. Say $\alpha$ is (forwards) topologically recurrent if for all $g \in G$ and all neighbourhoods $O$ of $g$, the ...

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### When does a closed inclusion induce a closed inclusion on free topological groups?

Suppose $A$ is a closed subspace of a Tychonoff space $X$. Does the inclusion $i:A\hookrightarrow X$ induce a closed embedding of topological groups on the free (Markov -the unbased version) ...

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### Separation of topological group elements by invariant neighbourhooods

Let $G$ be a topological group that is Hausdorff, that is, for every pair $(g,h)$ of distinct elements of $G$, there exist disjoint open sets $U_g$ and $U_h$ such that $g \in U_g$ and $h \in U_h$.
...

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### Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?

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### When Aut(M) preserves a linear order?

I have a general-type question:
Suppose $M$ is a countable structure that is ultrahomogeneous, i.e. every (partial) isomorphism between finitely generated substructures of $M$ extends to an ...

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### Justification of the convolution operation of $L^1(G)$ functions where $G$ is a LCA group (measurability)

Suppose $G$ is a locally compact abelian Hausdorff group (LCA), and $\lambda$ is the Haar measure on it. We all know the convolution of two $L^1(\lambda)$ functions $f$ and $g$ on $G$ is defined as
...

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310 views

### Topological proof of a result in Logic

I proved the result below using logic. My questions:
Can this theorem be proved by purely topological means?
Do you know any theorems that either can be used to prove the same result, or which give ...

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78 views

### Free profinite completions

Let $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$. Which residually finite groups $G$ generated by $m$ elements, have the free profinite group on $n$ generators as their profinite completion?

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### Sigma-compactness in Furstenberg paper

I've been reading the classical Furstenberg paper "The structure of distal flows", where the author claims he is working with an arbitrary locally compact group $T$. Nevertheless, the proof of Lemma ...

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### Almost conjugation-invariant neighborhoods of units in locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact topological group with unity $e$ and left Haar measure $m$. Let also $g\in G$ be a given element and $U$ a neighborhood (of compact closure) of $e$.
I am interested to ...

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### Continuity of inversion and composition in certain topological groups

For $k\in\Bbb{N}$ ($k\geqslant 1$) and $\alpha\in]0,1]$, let $H_{k,\alpha}([0,1])$ be the group of orientation preserving $C^{k,\alpha}$ diffeomorphisms of the closed unit interval $[0,1]$. We furnish ...

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### Is every regular paratopological group completely regular?

This problem is presented as an open problem 1.31. on p.26 of Arhangel'skii-Tkachenko, Topological groups and related structures. Is this problem still open?
Dusan

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### a free topological product of topological semigroups?

Much work has be done on describing the topology of free products of topological groups (Graev, Morris, Katz, etc). Could anybody hint me any results on free topological products of topological ...

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### From positive definite function to Følner sequence --— a question on amenability and nuclearity

We know that amenability of countable discrete group $\Gamma$ has many equivalent characterizations. In particular, there are two: a) there is a sequence of finitely supported positive definite ...

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### does s.e.s 0->A->B->C->0 of profinite groups imply C=B/A and A<B topologically?

Assume $A, B, C$ are profinite groups and $0\to A\to B\to C\to 0$ is an exact sequence of continuous maps. Which of the following assertions follows?:
(i) the subspace-topology induced on $A$ via ...

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### Intersection of cocompact closed normal subgroups

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff topological group.
Definition A closed normal subgroup $H \unlhd G$ is called cocompact if $G/H$ is compact with respect to the quotient topology.
Note ...

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### Why groups that admit Folner Sequences are amenable

I've been looking at Folner's Condition recently, and I'm struggling to find a proof for why the existence of a Folner sequence on a locally compact group implies that it is amenable (and the converse ...

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### Finite topological dimension x local compactness

Of course, the two notions are independent one from the other, but often one of them implies the other under some additional hypotheses. For instance:
A topological vector space is finite dimensional ...

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### exotic compact group

Let $G$ be compact (and Hausdorff) group, $\mu$ be Haar measure on $G$. Is it always true that $(G,\mu)$ is a standard probability space (Lebesgue-Rokhlin space)? It is so if (a priori not iff) the ...

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### The set of (property) elements of a locally compact group is closed

For which properties $(P)$ is the following statement known to be true?
In any locally compact group $G$, the elements of $G$ that satisfy $(P)$ form a closed subset of $G$. In other words, the ...

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### Semi-continuity of injectivity radius

Let $H$ be a locally compact second countable topological group and $X$ be a locally compact second countable space. Assume that $H$ acts continuously on $X$ and that for every $x$, $H_x=\{h \in H ; ...

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### Existence of $n$-connected topological groups with $m$-dimensional action extending that of $GL(m)$ on $\mathbb{R}^m$

I'll first state the question as concisely as I can and then provide some motivation.
Consider two positive integers $m$ and $n$ such that $m < n+2$. Does there exist a topological group $G$ ...

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### A continuous map from a T2 & compact space to a uniform space is uniformly continuous.

Can you recommend some literature that give a proof of this statement, and who allegedly prove it first?
BTW, is there any use of uniform spaces or topological spaces in mathematical (or theoretical) ...

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### classifying continuous functions on the $ax+b$ subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb R)$

Let $G$ be 'ax+b' topological group i.e subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb R)$ containing $2\times 2 $ matrices of type $\{\left(\begin{matrix} a&b\\\0&1\end{matrix}\right): a\neq 0\; a,b\in \mathbb ...