A topological group is a group $G$ together with a topology on the elements of $G$ such that the group operation and group inverse function are both continuous (with respect to the topology).

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4
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1answer
78 views

A non locally compact group of finite topological dimension?

Is there a topological group which is Hausdorff, first countable, locally connected and has finite topological dimension, yet fails to be locally compact?
3
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0answers
30 views

Can approximately periodic functions be perturbed to periodic functions on a locally compact group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $H\subset G$ a closed and cocompact subgroup. I wish to consider bounded continuous functions from $G$ to $\mathbb{C}$ that are periodic in the following strong ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Discrete spectrum and almost periodicity

According to Vershik, an ergodic invertible measure-preserving transformation $T$ on a Lebesgue space $X$ has discrete spectrum if and only if for every bounded measurable function $f\colon X \to ...
9
votes
6answers
2k views

What is a good book on topological groups?

I am looking for a good book on Topological Groups. I have read Pontryagin myself, and I looked some other in the library but they all seem to go in length into some esoteric topics. I would love ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

The fibration map $Diff(M) \rightarrow Emb(N,M)$

Let $M$ be a non-compact manifold, equipped with a (closed?) submanifold $N\subset M$. The action of $Diff(M)$ on the set of embeddings $N\hookrightarrow M$ induces a map $$ Diff(M) \rightarrow ...
18
votes
2answers
983 views

Is every compact topological ring a profinite ring?

There are a lot of compact (Hausdorff) groups, whereas every compact field is finite. What about rings? Is there a classification theorem for compact rings? If you take a cofiltered limit of finite ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Subgroups of finite non-zero Haar measure of abelian locally compact groups

Is it true that every subgroup of finite non-zero Haar measure of an abelian locally compact group should be open and compact? This is obviously true for the case of discrete abelian groups. Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Discrete subgroup of centralizer of transvections in isometries acts properly discontinuously

My question will rely on a clarification of a proof, which I simply don't understand. Let us denote by $X$ a pseudo-riemannian symmetric space and define $$ Z_{\mathrm{Iso}\left(X\right)}G(X) = \{\, ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Kind of multiplicative total boundedness in Hausdorff compact rings

Let $(R,\cal T)$ be a unital Hausdorff compact topological ring and let $A$ be an open subset of $R$ containing $1$. Is there a finite set $B$ with $AB=R$?
6
votes
0answers
199 views

Two different Thom diagonals in recent literature?

Taking the point of view that a Thom spectrum functor should be a map $Top_{/BGL_1(R)}\to LMod_R$, for $R$ some $\mathbb{E}_n$-ring spectrum, there seem to be two morphisms (in $Top_{/BGL_1(R)}$) that ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Not normal connected component of a right topological group

Let $\cal T$ be a locally compact topology on a group $G$ and $(x,y)\mapsto xy^{-1}$ be continuous at $(1,1)$ and for every $a\in G$, $x\mapsto xa$ be continuous everywhere with respect to $\cal T$. ...
8
votes
1answer
129 views

Embedding abelian cancellative Hausdorff topological semigroups into abelian Hausdorff topological groups

An abelian cancellative semigroup embeds (via a semigroup monomorphism) into an abelian group. What about an abelian cancellative Hausdorff topological semigroup that does not embed (via a ...
13
votes
8answers
3k views

Haar measure on a quotient, References for.

I remember reading Weil's "Basic Number Theory" and giving up after a while. Now I find myself thinking of it(thanks to some comments by Ben Linowitz). Right from the very beginning, Weil uses the ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

When can a locally compact group be approximated by discrete subgroups?

This question is about partitioning a (locally) compact group into cells by using discrete subgroups. Let $G$ be a locally compact group. (I am really most interested in the case where $G$ is a ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Abelian extremely amenable group?

Is there a nontrivial commutative Hausdorff topological group that is extremely amenable? Recall that a topological group is called extremely amenable if any continuous action on a compact ...
6
votes
0answers
189 views

Is $k(\!(x,y)\!)$ a topological field?

More generally, let $(R,m)$ be a Noetherian local domain with fraction field $K$. The $m$-adic topology turns $R$ into a topological ring. When $R$ is a discrete valuation ring, this topology extends ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Every norm-decreasing algebra morphism $L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ comes from a group representation

In section 8 of this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0611833v3 the author proves the following: If $E$ is a reflexive Banach space, $G$ a locally compact group and $\pi:L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ a ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Why are the convolvers in the bicommutant of the pseudo-measures? ($CV_p(G)\subseteq PM_p(G)''$)

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. For $1<p<\infty$ let $\lambda_p:G\to\mathcal{B}(L^p(G))$ (resp. $\rho_p:G\to\mathcal{B}(L^p(G))$) be the left (resp. right) regular representation. $CV_p(G)$ ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Almost invariance in compact quotients of locally compact groups

While trying to get an analogue of Weiss's monotiling result for amenable residually finite groups in the topological setting, I face the following problem. Let $G$ be a locally compact amenable ...
12
votes
0answers
217 views

A meager subgroup of the real line, which cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero?

Is there a ZFC-example of a subgroup $H$ of the real line $\mathbb R$ such $H$ is meager, has zero Lebesgue measure, but cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero in $\mathbb ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Distal actions on coset spaces

Let $H$ be a group acting by homeomorphisms on a Hausdorff space $X$. Say the action is distal if for all $(x,y) \in X \times X$, if the set $\{(hx,hy) \mid h \in H\}$ accumulates at a diagonal point ...
11
votes
1answer
226 views

A generalization of residual finiteness to topological groups

Consider the following generalization of residual finiteness to topological groups. A locally compact Hausdorff group $G$ is called residually compact if for every compact $K \subseteq G$ there is a ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Can we Characterise Rings of Continuous Functions?

Suppose $K$ is some nice space, for example $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$. Let $X$ be a set and $C$ a ring of functions $X \to K$. Is there any way to determine, from the algebraic structure of $C$, ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Left introversion operators associated to function spaces on semigroups

I am stuck on the following question for quite sometime now. Please help, any comment is welcome. Let $S$ be a topological semigroup and $\mathcal{F}$ be a translation invariant, conjugate closed ...
6
votes
4answers
886 views

Topological structure of SO(n) as a product

I’m interested in the question for which $n$ the special orthogonal group is homeomorphic to the product $$ \mathrm{SO}(n) \approx S^{n-1} \times \mathrm{SO}(n-1). $$ Allen Hatcher [1, p. 293 f.] ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

The evaluation fibration of a transitive, effective topological group action

Does anybody know a reference to the following fact? If $G$ is a topological group acting transitively and effectively on a space $X$, then the evaluation map $G \rightarrow X$, $g \mapsto g \cdot ...
17
votes
0answers
400 views

The cofinality of $(\mathbb{N}^\kappa,\le)$ for uncountable $\kappa$?

For a partially ordered set $P$, a set $A\subseteq P$ is cofinal if for each element of $P$ there is a larger element in $A$. The cofinality of $P$, ${\rm cof}(P)$, is the minimal cardinality of a ...
25
votes
1answer
733 views

Can closed compacts in a topological group behave “paradoxically” with respect to unions, intersections, and one-sided translations?

Consider two closed compacts $A$ and $B$ in a topological group $\Gamma$. Let $A'$ be a left translation of $A$ and $B'$ a left translation of $B$: $A' = aA$, $B' = bB$. Suppose it is known that ...
28
votes
1answer
1k views

A group allowing exactly 7 group topologies

Is there a group $G$ allowing exactly 7 group topologies on $G$: $\mathcal T_{\text{trivial}}, \mathcal T_{\text{discrete}}, \mathcal T_1, \mathcal T_2,\mathcal T_3,\mathcal T_4, \mathcal T_5$ with ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Topologically finitely generated residually finite group

Suppose that $G$ is a topologically finitely generated profinite group, and let $H$ be a subgroup of countably infinite index. Is $H$ necessarily topologically finitely generated with the subspace ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Abelian subgroups of the automorphism group of a totally disconnected LCA group

I am interested in the following question. Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are LCA groups and $B$ acts continuously on $A$ by topological automorphisms. If $f$ is a Schwartz function on $A$, then we want to ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

What's the topology on the mapping space $Map_H(G, Y)$ when $G$ is not finite

When $G$ is a finite group and $H$ a closed subgroup of it, the sets of right cosets $H\backslash G$ has the discrete topology on it. Let $Y$ be a $H-$space. We have the $G-$homeomorphism ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

Can each non-open analytic subgroup of a Polish abelian group be covered by countably many closed Haar null subsets?

By a result of Laczkovich ('Analytic subgroups of the reals' Proc AMS Vol 126 (1998)), any non-open analytic subgroup of a Polish locally compact group can be covered by countably many closed Haar ...
4
votes
0answers
2k views

Fourier transforms via Kurzweil-Henstock integral on locally compact commutative groups

Is it possible to define Fourier transforms on locally compact commutative groups using the Kurzweil-Henstock integral instead of the Lebesgue integral?
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Just-not-nilpotent-by-compact quotient of a locally compact group

It is known (and not complicated to prove) that for a finitely generated not virtually nilpotent group $G$, we can pass to a quotient $G/N$ of $G$, such that the quotient is just not virtually ...
4
votes
0answers
362 views

Examples of a topological semidirect product

Let $G$ be a compact topological group, and $\operatorname{Aut}(G)$ the group of autohomeomorphisms of $G$. I have proved some (topological) results about the holomorph $G\leftthreetimes ...
2
votes
0answers
177 views

Is $1+T$ a topological generator for $Z_{p}[[T]]$? [closed]

Consider the ring of formal power series $\mathbb{Z}_p[[T]]$ (where $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denotes the ring of $p$-adic integers) with the topology in which a neighborhood basis for $0$ is given by the ideals ...
9
votes
1answer
336 views

Which topological spaces are coset spaces of locally compact groups?

What is a topological characterization of the class of spaces that have the form $G/H$ for a locally compact, Hausdorff group $G$ and a closed subgroup $H$ ? Such a space $X=G/H$ necessarily ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

In a topological group $G$ with its lower uniformity, if $G$ is locally totally bounded, is its completion locally compact?

There has been work done on groups whose lower uniformity (or Roelcke uniformity) is totally bounded, e.g. the orthogonal group on a Hilbert space. This condition is equivalent to saying the lower ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Can an acyclic continuum be metrically homogenous? (I'd say: no way! :-)

I asked recently on MO about algebraic structures admitted by topologically homogenous continua like the Hilbert cube $\ I^{\mathbb N}\ $ or the Knaster pseudo-arc. There is a relation between the ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

Is a successor to a successor to the trivial group topology on an Abelian group, totally bounded?

Is there an example of an Abelian group $G$ and group topologies $\cal S$ and $\cal T$ on it such that $\cal S$ is an immediate successor to the trivial topology on $G$ (i.e there is no other group ...
3
votes
0answers
433 views

Existence of $n$-connected topological groups with $m$-dimensional action extending that of $GL(m)$ on $\mathbb{R}^m$

I'll first state the question as concisely as I can and then provide some motivation. Consider two positive integers $m$ and $n$ such that $m < n+2$. Does there exist a topological group $G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Is the sumset of two Haar positive closed subsets of a Polish group non-meager?

A famous Steinhaus theorem says that if measurable subsets $A,B$ of a locally compact topological group $G$ have positive Haar measure, then the difference $AA^{-1}$ is a neighborhood of the unit and ...
12
votes
3answers
391 views

If G is a sequential topological group, must G x G be sequential?

Using standard definitions, the topological space $Y$ is sequential if for each nonclosed $A \subset Y$, there exists a convergent sequence $a_{1}$ , $a_{2}$,...$\rightarrow b$ so that $a_{n} \in A$ ...
9
votes
1answer
259 views

Meager subgroups of compact groups

Suppose we have an infinite compact (Hausdorff) group $G$, and a subgroup $H\leq G$ which is meagre. Can $H$ always be covered by a countable family of nowhere dense sets $H_n$ such that $H_n^2$ is ...
10
votes
1answer
284 views

Contractible topological groups

Does there exist a Hausdorff topological group which is contractible and of finite covering dimension but which is not homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ for some $n$?
9
votes
1answer
194 views

Haar measurable sets and quotient maps

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff group with a Haar measure $\mu$, let $H$ be a closed normal subgroup of $G$, and let $q: G \to G/H$ be the quotient homomorphism. Let $\nu$ be a Haar measure ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Isometry Group of real Hilbert space?

Does the isometry group of a real separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space have two connected components? Or, conversely, is the there even a Kuiper's theorem in the real case? How does the ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

A group topology which commutes with closed subgroups

For a topological group $(G,\mathcal T)$ and a subgroup $H\le G$, we say $\mathcal T$ and $H$ are permutable if for every neighborhood $U$ of $1$, there is a neighborhood $V$ of $1$ with $VH\subseteq ...
6
votes
2answers
303 views

Baire Category Theorem for complete uniform spaces

The version of the Baire Category Theorem I have in mind is the statement that a countable intersection of dense open subsets of a complete metric space is dense. The question is: is it likewise ...