**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Two Definitions of “Character” of topological groups

When I first met the concept of "characters" of topological groups in Pontryagin's book "Topological groups", it was defined as follows:
Let $G$ be a topological group. A character of $G$ is a ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### (Closures of sets of) operations in topological groups.

Let $G$ be a topological group. For each $n \in \mathbb{Z}$, consider the continuous functions $f_{n} \colon G \to G : x \mapsto x^{n}$, and set $F := \{f_{n} \mid n \in \mathbb{Z}\}$.
Is there a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

633 views

### No non-trivial homomorphism to a group

Here is a question I posted some months ago in Math.SE, and t.b. mentioned to the following question by Florent MARTIN which is somehow related to my question;
Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### A continuous map from a T2 & compact space to a uniform space is uniformly continuous.

Can you recommend some literature that give a proof of this statement, and who allegedly prove it first?
BTW, is there any use of uniform spaces or topological spaces in mathematical (or theoretical) ...

**28**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### morphism from a compact group to Z ?

I wonder if it there exists a topological compact group $G$ (by compact, I mean Hausdorff and quasi-compact) and a non-zero group morphism
$\phi : G \to \mathbb{Z}$ (without assuming any topological ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### When Aut(M) preserves a linear order?

I have a general-type question:
Suppose $M$ is a countable structure that is ultrahomogeneous, i.e. every (partial) isomorphism between finitely generated substructures of $M$ extends to an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Categories with canonical factorizations into products satisfying two particular properties

An old splitting theorem for (Hausdorff) locally compact abelian (LCA) groups says that any LCA group $L$ is isomorphic to a direct product of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_1$, where $L_1$ contains a compact-...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Does the weak approximation theorem hold for general topological fields?

The weak approximation theorem states that given a field $F$ and nontrivial inequivalent absolute values $|\cdot|_1,\ldots,|\cdot|_n,$ and letting $F_i$ denote $F$ with the topology from $|\cdot|_i$, ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

769 views

### Does ZF prove that topological groups are completely regular?

Let $\mathbf{G} = \langle G,\cdot,\mathcal{T}\;\rangle$ be a topological group. Let $\mathbf{e}$ be the identity element of $\langle G,\cdot \rangle$.
Assume $\{\mathbf{e}\}$ is closed in $\langle G,\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

492 views

### Complete metrics in locally compact topological groups

Hello,
I am trying to show that every metrizable locally compact topological group admits a complete metric generating the topology of the group

**0**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### Basic question on minimal flows

I know that minimal flows are actions for which no proper closed invariant subsets exist, but I am unclear how to understand this concept.
If a coset flow on a quotient space Gamma/S is ergodic, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### A restatement, in terms of the semi-group product of the left-invariant completion of a Polish group, of http://mathoverflow.net/questions/71389

This is a re-statement, of sorts, of Is there a relational countable ultra-homogeneous structure whose countable substructures do not have the amalgamation property?, so far unanswered.
Let $G$ be a ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Finite dimensional vector spaces over a complete but not-necessarily-valued field

I'm essentially reopening this old question of Ricky Demer which was never fully answered.
Essentially the original question: Suppose we have a topological field $F$ which is complete, Hausdorff, and ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

284 views

### When does a LCA group not contain a (closed) infinite cyclic subgroup?

If $G$ is an LCA (locally compact abelian) group, is there any 'nice' sufficient (or preferably necessary and sufficient) criteria for when $G$ does not contain a closed (and hence discrete in the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Haar measure for large locally compact groups

In this answer, Gerald Edgar mentions that Haar measure is naturally defined on the $\sigma$-algebra of Baire sets (the smallest $\sigma$-algebra that contains all the compact $G_\delta$ sets) of a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### Topology on extensions of topological groups

Let $G$ and $H$ be two topological groups and let $\mathcal{E}:0 \to G \to E \to H \to 0$ be an extension of abstract groups.
Is there a way to introduce a topology on $E$ such that $\mathcal{E}$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

357 views

### Lie (and topological) group extensions of $\mathbb{R}^2$ by $\mathbb{R}$

What are all the non-split Lie (and topological) group extensions $0 \to \mathbb{R} \to G \to \mathbb{R}^2 \to 0$? Here, $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{R}^2$ are regarded as Lie (and topological) groups ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Shrinking Group Actions

This is a repost from stackexchange. I didn't get an answer, so I figured I'd ask it here.
Suppose $H\subset G$ is a subgroup of a topological group $G$, and $Y\subset X$ is a subspace of a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

499 views

### On homeomorphic compact connected topological groups

I wish to thank Professor Claudio Gorodski for his very helpful
answers to my question on the webcite:
If compact connected Lie groups are homeomorphic as topological space, are they isomorphic as Lie ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

281 views

### Have a general mean of an amenable group a kind of Fubini's property ?

Recently in my investigations I faced a problem related to amenable groups.
I have no idea if my question is suitable for this site, but after ask some collegues in my department I decided to try to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Finite topological dimension x local compactness

Of course, the two notions are independent one from the other, but often one of them implies the other under some additional hypotheses. For instance:
A topological vector space is finite dimensional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

201 views

### exotic compact group

Let $G$ be compact (and Hausdorff) group, $\mu$ be Haar measure on $G$. Is it always true that $(G,\mu)$ is a standard probability space (Lebesgue-Rokhlin space)? It is so if (a priori not iff) the ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

973 views

### What groups are Lie groups?

We know how to tell if a topological group is a Lie group: this was famously asked by Hilbert and answered gloriously by Gleason, Montgomery and Zippin in the 50s (a locally compact topological group ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

889 views

### Criteria for topologically finitely generated profinite groups

Q1: Do we have a criterion which allows us to say when is a profinite group $G$ topologically finitely generated?
For example, if $G$ is topologically finitely generated then, for a fixed integer $N$,...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

712 views

### Topologically split extensions of topological groups

Let $1 \to N \to G \to H \to 1$ be a short exact sequence of topological groups. Such an exact sequence is said to be topologically split if $G$ is $N \times H$ as a
topological space.
Can someone ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

693 views

### On closed totally disconnected subgroups of connected real Lie groups

So the following statement seems to be obvious but I don't see how to prove it:
Q: How does one prove that a closed totally disconnected subgroup of a connected real Lie group is discrete?
Note that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Picking a representative in a continuous way

I'm hoping for some ideas/pointers here. I'm experimenting with a Livschitz theorem for functions on a locally compact Abelian group, where the periodic orbit sums take values in a closed subgroup.
...

**24**

votes

**0**answers

977 views

### Do all possible trees arise as orbit trees of some permutation groups?

I.Motivation from descriptive set theory
(Contains some quotes from Maciej Malicki's paper.)
The classical theorem of Birkhoff-Kakutani implies that every metrizable topological group G admits a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

708 views

### Examples of totally disconnected, locally compact non-sigma-compact groups

I am looking for examples of totally disconnected, locally compact groups, which are not sigma-compact. For a start any such an example would do, so that I can a feeling for those groups and how to ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Compact open topology on $\mathrm{Homeo}(X)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be topological spaces. Define the compact open topology on the set $\mathrm{M}(X,Y)$ of continuous maps from $X$ to $Y$ via the subbase $[K,O]$ of all maps $f:X\rightarrow Y$ s.t. $f(K)...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Are measurable homomorphisms $ (\Bbb{C},+) \to (\Bbb{C},+) $ or $ (\Bbb{C},+) \to (\Bbb{C},*) $ continuous, and do they admit an explicit description?

I am interested in generalizations of the following fact (known as automatic continuity, as pointed out below). I am especially looking for references to papers dating back to 1920’s. I feel that ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Which principlal bundles are locally trivial?

If $H$ is a closed subgroup of a topological group $G$, then the orbit map $G\to G/H$ is a principal bundle, yet somewhat surprisingly, it need not be locally trivial.
In the wikipedia article on ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

959 views

### When do isometric actions exist?

Let $X$ be a metrizable topological space and $G$ be a locally compact group. Given a continuous (left) action of $G$ on $X$, is there a metric on $X$, compatible with the topology, for which the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### Epimorphisms have dense range in TopHausGrp?

Consider the category of Topological Groups with continuous homomorphisms. Then a continuous homomorphism $f:G\rightarrow H$ with dense range is an epimorphism. Is the converse true? If not, what ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

742 views

### Non-isomorphic two-transitive permutation groups with isomorphic point stabilizers

The permutation groups $A = PSL(2,7)$ with its natural action on the projective line $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{F}_7)$ and $B = A\Gamma L(1,8)$ with its natural action on the affine line $\mathbb{F}_8$ ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Why is the dual of a torus the same as its fundamental group?

The set of continuous homomorphisms from a torus ${\mathbb T}^n = ({\mathbb R}/{\mathbb Z})^n \to {\mathbb R}/{\mathbb Z}$ can be identified with ${\mathbb Z}^n$ if we assign to each $k = (k_1, \ldots ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Locally compact abelian groups

First, some preliminaries:
Define an "LCA group" to be a locally compact Hausdorff abelian topological group.
Define "smooth manifold" in a way that requires Hausdorffness, but not connectedness or ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Topological Groups and Families of Pseudometrics

The topology on a topological group is generated by a family of pseudometrics. The only proof I know passes through uniform spaces (by which I mean the entourage definition): A topological group has ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Irreducible unitary representations of locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $\mu$ be a left Haar measure. We know
that $\mu$ is unique up to a scalar in $\mathbf{R}_{>0}$. I don't know so much about unitary representations of ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is every compact topological ring a profinite ring?

There are a lot of compact (Hausdorff) groups, whereas every compact field is finite. What about rings? Is there a classification theorem for compact rings? If you take a cofiltered limit of finite ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

819 views

### When is the group of homeomorphisms of a compact space locally compact?

When is the group of homeomorphisms of
a compact space locally compact?
I am interested in finding out when the group of homeomorphisms of a compact topological space $X$ (with appropriate ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### index of a closed subgroup of a profinite group

In the book "profinite groups, arithmetic, and geometry" of Shatz, the index $(G:H)$ of a closed subgroup $H$ of a profinite group $G$ is defined to be the supernatural number $lcm\big((G/U):(H/(H\cap ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

950 views

### Compact Topological Group Properties [closed]

I feel I want to understand it better. I know that for every cover there's a finite subcover but what can you say about it's group properties?
I'm stuck on this homework problem where we were asked:
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

433 views

### Are there non-reflexive abelian topological groups isomorphic to their second dual?

I posted the following question in a comment at
Are there non-reflexive vector spaces isomorphic to their bi-dual? and it got one upvote, but it didn't get an answer, so I'll post it as an ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

513 views

### Closed connected additive subgroups of the Hilbert space

It is a classical result that a closed and connected additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is necessarily a linear subspace. However, this is no longer true in infinite dimension: a very easy example is ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

535 views

### orbits in locally compact group

As everyone knows if $x\in S^1$, then the set $\{ x^n \}$ is either finite or dense. Under which condition is true for any other locally compact group, i.e if $G$ is a locally compact group, and $x\in ...

**43**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Does homeomorphic and isomorphic always imply homeomorphically isomorphic?

Let $(G,\cdot,T)$ and $(H,\star,S)$ be topological groups such that
$(G,T)$ is homeomorphic to $(H,S)$ and $(G,\cdot)$ is isomorphic to $(H,\star)$.
Does it follow that $(G,\cdot,T)$ and $(H,\star,S)...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

680 views

### Is there a group homeomorphic to but not homeomorphically isomorphic to the circle group?

Let $Circ$ be the topological group
$(\{z\in \mathbb{C} : \overline{z}\cdot z = 1\},\cdot , \{U\in 2^{\{z\in \mathbb{C} : \; \overline{z}\cdot z \, = \, 1\}} : \{z\in \mathbb{C} : \overline{z}\cdot z ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Fundamental groups of topological groups.

Let $G$ be a topological group, and $\pi_1(G,e)$ its fundamental group at the identity. If $G$ is the trivial group then $G \cong \pi_1(G,e)$ as abstract groups. My question is:
If $G$ is a non-...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

694 views

### Which groups can be recovered from their unitary dual?

Note: in this post, every topological group under consideration is assumed to be Hausdorff.
Given a locally compact abelian group, one can construct its dual group, i.e. its group of (unitary) ...