# Tagged Questions

**6**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$.
Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Free profinite completions

Let $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$. Which residually finite groups $G$ generated by $m$ elements, have the free profinite group on $n$ generators as their profinite completion?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?

**4**

votes

**3**answers

520 views

### Action of a profinite group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, $p$ a prime number. Put $$ V = \prod_{i \in I} \mathbb{Z}_p$$ a (profinite) group equipped with the product topology (for convenience, $I$ may be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Locally finite compact groups

I assume all tolpological groups here to be Hausdorff. A group is called locally finite if every finitely generated subgroup is finite. What can be said about a locally finite compact group? Must it ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Irreducible representations of compact groups

Let G be a compact group (or even profinite - Galois group). Let $V$ be a vector space over the field ${\mathbb F}_p$ with $p$ elements, $p$ a finite prime, such that $V$ is a contable product of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Layman question: A dense subgroup with completion not isomorphic to the big (pro-p) group?

This is unlikely a research level question... one that would be answered in a blink of an eye, rather...it is an (early) exercise from the book "Analytic Pro-p groups". But since no reply was received ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### Are finite index subgroups of inertia closed?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of the $p$-adic numbers. $G_K$ be its absolute Galois group and $I_K$ the inertia subgroup. Are finite index subgroups of $I_K$ closed in its profinite topology?
By a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Strongly Complete Profinite Groups.

I've been reading about profinite groups and have encountered the notion of strong completeness. I.e. that a profinite group $G$ is strongly complete if it is isomorphic to it's profinite completion ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

190 views

### does s.e.s 0->A->B->C->0 of profinite groups imply C=B/A and A<B topologically?

Assume $A, B, C$ are profinite groups and $0\to A\to B\to C\to 0$ is an exact sequence of continuous maps. Which of the following assertions follows?:
(i) the subspace-topology induced on $A$ via ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Strange normal subgroups of profinite groups

I am looking for an example of the following situation:
$G$ is an infinite profinite group, with a dense normal subgroup $N$. However $N$ does not contain any non-trivial closed normal subgroup of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

348 views

### Finiteness theorems for profinite groups

Let $G$ be a profinite group which fits in the following short exact sequence:
$$
1\rightarrow N\rightarrow G \rightarrow K\rightarrow 1
$$
Assume that $N$ is a pro-$p$ group and that $K$ is ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

900 views

### Two Definitions of “Character” of topological groups

When I first met the concept of "characters" of topological groups in Pontryagin's book "Topological groups", it was defined as follows:
Let $G$ be a topological group. A character of $G$ is a ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

675 views

### Is every compact topological ring a profinite ring?

There are a lot of compact (Hausdorff) groups, whereas every compact field is finite. What about rings? Is there a classification theorem for compact rings? If you take a cofiltered limit of finite ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

473 views

### index of a closed subgroup of a profinite group

In the book "profinite groups, arithmetic, and geometry" of Shatz, the index $(G:H)$ of a closed subgroup $H$ of a profinite group $G$ is defined to be the supernatural number $lcm\big((G/U):(H/(H\cap ...

**24**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Why are free groups residually finite?

Why is it that every nontrivial word in a free group (it's easy to reduce to the case of, say, two generators) has a nontrivial image in some finite group? Equivalently, why is the natural map from a ...