# Tagged Questions

**5**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Group structure on an arbitrary completely regular topological space that makes $(x,y)\mapsto xy^{-1}$ continuous at $(1,1)$

Let $(G,\mathcal T)$ be a completely regular topological space. Is there a group structure on $G$ such that the function
$$f:G\times G\to G$$
$$f(x,y)=xy^{-1}$$
is continuous at $(1,1)$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Are infinite groups “locally topologizable”?

Does every infinite group admit a Hausdorff topology such that the multiplication and inverse are continuous at $1$ but $1$ is not an isolated point?
The question is inspired by and related to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Equations and random subgroups in compact groups

EDIT: Here is a more specific question.
Let $G$ be a compact group and let $w$ be a word in $d$ variables. Then the solution set $S$ of the equation of $w=1$ is a closed subset of the product $G^d$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Separation of topological group elements by invariant neighbourhooods

Let $G$ be a topological group that is Hausdorff, that is, for every pair $(g,h)$ of distinct elements of $G$, there exist disjoint open sets $U_g$ and $U_h$ such that $g \in U_g$ and $h \in U_h$.
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$.
Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### The set of (property) elements of a locally compact group is closed

For which properties $(P)$ is the following statement known to be true?
In any locally compact group $G$, the elements of $G$ that satisfy $(P)$ form a closed subset of $G$. In other words, the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Free profinite completions

Let $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$. Which residually finite groups $G$ generated by $m$ elements, have the free profinite group on $n$ generators as their profinite completion?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?

**4**

votes

**3**answers

520 views

### Action of a profinite group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, $p$ a prime number. Put $$ V = \prod_{i \in I} \mathbb{Z}_p$$ a (profinite) group equipped with the product topology (for convenience, $I$ may be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Topological groups defined by completely disconnected subgroups

Can you define a group topology on a group by specifying which subgroups should be discrete with respect to that topology (where a subgroup $S$ of $G$ is discrete if each $s\in S$ has an open ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Locally finite compact groups

I assume all tolpological groups here to be Hausdorff. A group is called locally finite if every finitely generated subgroup is finite. What can be said about a locally finite compact group? Must it ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Is a weakly separable group always Lindelöf?

By "weakly separable" I mean the notion for uniform spaces used by David Wigner and Lawrence Brown: a uniform space is weakly separable if any uniform cover has a countable subcover. For a topological ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

471 views

### Is a left topological group which is a manifold a topological group?

Let $G$ be a left topological group, i.e. a topological space with group operation such that left multiplication $L_g : x \mapsto gx$ is continuous (but right multiplication and inversion are not ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

294 views

### Is any continuous group homomorphism from R to C* an exponential map? [closed]

Consider $\mathbb{R}$ to be an additive topological group, and $\mathbb{C}^{\ast}$ to be a multiplicative topological group.
Is the following statement true?
If so, then how can one prove it?
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

383 views

### subsets of groups which have to be closed no matter what

One example of a subset of a group $G$ which has to be closed in any topology on $G$ compatible with the group operations is a centraliser. Are there any other interesting examples?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Do syndetic sets on amenable semigroups have positive upper density?

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a discrete amenable semigroup, and $\left\{ F_{n}\right\} $
a Folner sequence.
For $S\subset \mathbb{G}$ define the upper density as $D^{\ast
}(S)=\limsup_{n\rightarrow \infty ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Is the kernel of the Bohr compactification minimally almost periodic provided that it is cocompact?

Let $G$ be a locally compact (second countable) group and let
$$
G_0 = \cap \{ \ker\pi : \pi \text{ is a continuous finite-dimensional unitary representation of } G \}.
$$
This is the kernel of the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

312 views

### A Hausdorff abelian group with no character?

Pontryagin Duality for locally compact abliean groups gives plenty of continuous (unitary) characters $\chi : A \to \mathbb{R} / \mathbb{Z}$, but if we do not assume local compactness, can anything be ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Which topological spaces are coset spaces of locally compact groups?

What is a topological characterization of the class of spaces that have the form $G/H$ for a locally compact, Hausdorff group $G$ and a closed subgroup $H$ ?
Such a space $X=G/H$ necessarily ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Is the product of closed subgroups in a locally compact group locally compact? [closed]

Let $A$ and $H$ be closed subgroups of a $\sigma$-compact locally compact group $G$. Assume further that $A$ is abelian. Is the group $AH$ locally compact subgroup in the subspace topology?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

254 views

### Mean value theorems for the Haar integral?

Let $G$ be a compact topological group (feel free to add hypotheses if necessary). Is there any mean value theorem for its (normalized to 1) Haar integral?
In general, are there mean value theorems ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

190 views

### does s.e.s 0->A->B->C->0 of profinite groups imply C=B/A and A<B topologically?

Assume $A, B, C$ are profinite groups and $0\to A\to B\to C\to 0$ is an exact sequence of continuous maps. Which of the following assertions follows?:
(i) the subspace-topology induced on $A$ via ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

131 views

### Intersection of cocompact closed normal subgroups

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff topological group.
Definition A closed normal subgroup $H \unlhd G$ is called cocompact if $G/H$ is compact with respect to the quotient topology.
Note ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Start with a topological group, take the meet of the two uniformities, and take the topology. Is the result again a topological group? [xpost from math.SE]

And what else can be said, if so?
(Original math.SE post)
In more detail: Say $(G,\mathscr{T})$ is a topological group. It has a left uniformity $\mathscr{L}$ and a right uniformity $\mathscr{R}$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### A dynamical property of automorphisms of a locally compact group

Let $G$ be a Hausdorff locally compact group and let $\alpha$ be an automorphism of $G$. Say $\alpha$ is (forwards) topologically recurrent if for all $g \in G$ and all neighbourhoods $O$ of $g$, the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### Strange normal subgroups of profinite groups

I am looking for an example of the following situation:
$G$ is an infinite profinite group, with a dense normal subgroup $N$. However $N$ does not contain any non-trivial closed normal subgroup of ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

559 views

### Commutator of algebraic subgroups is connected

Let $G$ be an algebraic group over an
algebraically closed field. If $H$ and
$K$ are closed subgroups and one of
them is connected, then their
commutator $[H,K]$ is also connected.
Is ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

891 views

### $\pi_1$ Sequence of Topological Groups

Consider a connected topological group $G$ (not necessarily Lie). You have some maps $G\times G\to G$, such as projection to either summand, or multiplication $(g,h)\mapsto gh$. Now let's look at a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

349 views

### Finiteness theorems for profinite groups

Let $G$ be a profinite group which fits in the following short exact sequence:
$$
1\rightarrow N\rightarrow G \rightarrow K\rightarrow 1
$$
Assume that $N$ is a pro-$p$ group and that $K$ is ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

250 views

### 'Infinitesimal' elements of a topological group

Let $G$ be a topological group, and let $M$ be the intersection of all conjugacy-invariant neighbourhoods of the identity in $G$ (in other words, the set of elements that can be taken arbitarily close ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Examples of a non-Hopfian phenomenon in group theory

I am interested in examples of the following property, where $G$ is a non-discrete locally compact topological group:
(*) The open normal subgroups of $G$ have trivial intersection, but $G$ has an ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

903 views

### Two Definitions of “Character” of topological groups

When I first met the concept of "characters" of topological groups in Pontryagin's book "Topological groups", it was defined as follows:
Let $G$ be a topological group. A character of $G$ is a ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

899 views

### (Closures of sets of) operations in topological groups.

Let $G$ be a topological group. For each $n \in \mathbb{Z}$, consider the continuous functions $f_{n} \colon G \to G : x \mapsto x^{n}$, and set $F := \{f_{n} \mid n \in \mathbb{Z}\}$.
Is there a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

517 views

### No non-trivial homomorphism to a group

Here is a question I posted some months ago in Math.SE, and t.b. mentioned to the following question by Florent MARTIN which is somehow related to my question;
Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### morphism from a compact group to Z ?

I wonder if it there exists a topological compact group $G$ (by compact, I mean Hausdorff and quasi-compact) and a non-zero group morphism
$\phi : G \to \mathbb{Z}$ (without assuming any topological ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### classifying continuous functions on the $ax+b$ subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb R)$

Let $G$ be 'ax+b' topological group i.e subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb R)$ containing $2\times 2 $ matrices of type $\{\left(\begin{matrix} a&b\\\0&1\end{matrix}\right): a\neq 0\; a,b\in \mathbb ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### When does a LCA group not contain a (closed) infinite cyclic subgroup?

If $G$ is an LCA (locally compact abelian) group, is there any 'nice' sufficient (or preferably necessary and sufficient) criteria for when $G$ does not contain a closed (and hence discrete in the ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

686 views

### Criteria for topologically finitely generated profinite groups

Q1: Do we have a criterion which allows us to say when is a profinite group $G$ topologically finitely generated?
For example, if $G$ is topologically finitely generated then, for a fixed integer ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

858 views

### Do all possible trees arise as orbit trees of some permutation groups?

I.Motivation from descriptive set theory
(Contains some quotes from Maciej Malicki's paper.)
The classical theorem of Birkhoff-Kakutani implies that every metrizable topological group G admits a ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

411 views

### Epimorphisms have dense range in TopHausGrp?

Consider the category of Topological Groups with continuous homomorphisms. Then a continuous homomorphism $f:G\rightarrow H$ with dense range is an epimorphism. Is the converse true? If not, what ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

688 views

### Non-isomorphic two-transitive permutation groups with isomorphic point stabilizers

The permutation groups $A = PSL(2,7)$ with its natural action on the projective line $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{F}_7)$ and $B = A\Gamma L(1,8)$ with its natural action on the affine line $\mathbb{F}_8$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Locally compact abelian groups

First, some preliminaries:
Define an "LCA group" to be a locally compact Hausdorff abelian topological group.
Define "smooth manifold" in a way that requires Hausdorffness, but not connectedness or ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

963 views

### Irreducible unitary representations of locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $\mu$ be a left Haar measure. We know
that $\mu$ is unique up to a scalar in $\mathbf{R}_{>0}$. I don't know so much about unitary representations of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

473 views

### index of a closed subgroup of a profinite group

In the book "profinite groups, arithmetic, and geometry" of Shatz, the index $(G:H)$ of a closed subgroup $H$ of a profinite group $G$ is defined to be the supernatural number $lcm\big((G/U):(H/(H\cap ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

500 views

### orbits in locally compact group

As everyone knows if $x\in S^1$, then the set $\{ x^n \}$ is either finite or dense. Under which condition is true for any other locally compact group, i.e if $G$ is a locally compact group, and $x\in ...

**36**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Does homeomorphic and isomorphic always imply homeomorphically isomorphic?

Let $(G,\cdot,T)$ and $(H,\star,S)$ be topological groups such that
$(G,T)$ is homeomorphic to $(H,S)$ and $(G,\cdot)$ is isomorphic to $(H,\star)$.
Does it follow that $(G,\cdot,T)$ and ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

636 views

### Is there a group homeomorphic to but not homeomorphically isomorphic to the circle group?

Let $Circ$ be the topological group
$(\{z\in \mathbb{C} : \overline{z}\cdot z = 1\},\cdot , \{U\in 2^{\{z\in \mathbb{C} : \; \overline{z}\cdot z \, = \, 1\}} : \{z\in \mathbb{C} : \overline{z}\cdot z ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### existence of charaterization of amenable groups by complementation?

Recall that we say that a closed space $F$ of a Banach space $E$ is complemented if there exists a contractive projection $P$ from $E$ onto $F$.
Do you know a charaterization of discrete amenable ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

512 views

### Congruence Subgroups as Open Subgroups of the Modular Group Under the Right Topology

It occurred to me that a subgroup of the modular group $\Gamma$ is a congruence subgroup iff it contains a subgroup of the form $\Gamma(N)$, while a subgroup of a general topological group is open iff ...

**24**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Why are free groups residually finite?

Why is it that every nontrivial word in a free group (it's easy to reduce to the case of, say, two generators) has a nontrivial image in some finite group? Equivalently, why is the natural map from a ...