The terminology tag has no wiki summary.

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### Does any one know what this problem is called? [on hold]

We are given finite sets A and B and a set S⊆P(A). The members of S may have arbitrary intersections with one another and their union is not necessarily A. We wish to determine whether there is a ...

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578 views

### Term for “uncheckable constructions”

Is there a term for "uncheckable geometric constructions"?
Say, Angle Trisection and Doubling the Cube are checkable;
i.e., if the answer is given one can do finite Compass-and-straightedge ...

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**1**answer

327 views

+50

### Between compact and locally uniform: What is the name of this convergence?

Let $X$ be a topological space, $(Y,d)$ a metric space, $f\in Y^X$, and $(f_n)$ a sequence in $Y^X$ with the following property:
For every $x_0\in X$ and every $\varepsilon>0$, there exist a ...

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**1**answer

71 views

### Standard names and methods for this type of fitting minimization

In material science research, we have come across the following type of problem.
Given a m by n matrix A, a m vector b, and error tolerance $\varepsilon$, we want to do this minimization
$$\eqalign{
...

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42 views

### Name for generalization of bivariate weighted-homogeneous polynomials

A polynomial $f = \sum_j c_j X^{\alpha_j}Y^{\beta_j}\in\mathbb K[X,Y]$ is said weighted-homogeneous if there exist $p$, $q$ and $d$ (where $p$ and $q$ are not both $0$) such that ...

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42 views

### Combination of convex and multiplicative structures

Combination of linear and multiplicative structures gives an algebra. What if instead of a linear structure one has a convex one? Is there a term for this?
A natural example is provided, for ...

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**1**answer

147 views

### Optimal definition of “paving by affine spaces”?

Cell decompositions have been used in topology for a long time as a tool in computing cohomology, but the notion in algebraic geometry and arithmetic geometry of paving by affine spaces (or "affine ...

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122 views

### Characteristic Varieties and Associated Varieties

Two notions that occur often in representation theory seem to be that of a "characteristic variety" and that of an "associated variety". The former term seems exclusive to D-module theory while the ...

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**1**answer

138 views

### Uniformizing a relation on ordered sets

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are (complete) ordered sets. Suppose $R\subseteq A\times B$, and
$f(a)=\inf\{b : (a,b)\in R\}$
$g(b)=\inf\{a : (a,b)\in R\}$
then what can we call $f$ and $g$? Perhaps there is ...

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250 views

### Partial inverse of a matrix - or does it have its own name?

In my calculations I need to use something which is "between" a matrix and its inverse. That is, I invert only some dimensions. I am interested if it has an established name.
That is, a matrix (here ...

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**1**answer

82 views

### Name for (function, set) pairs?

Right now I'm working on a topological graph theory problem. To prove a theorem I introduced some objects. Has anyone heard of something similar before? I would like to call them by the right name.
...

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91 views

### terminology: “complex” and “sequence” in homological algebra

It appears that the terms "complex" and "sequence" are used synonymously in homological algebra.
But there seem to be collocations (in the linguistic sense) that prefer one of those words. For ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### Name for series $\sum f_n x^n / (n! (n+k)!)$

Let $(f_n)_{n\ge0}$ be a real sequence. Then $\sum f_n {x^n \over n!}$ is called the exponential generating function of $(f_n)$.
Let $k\ge0$ be a nonnegative integer. If we add another factorial ...

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194 views

### What do you call a fixed point theorem for a mapping from a subset of a space to the whole space?

There are a number of fixed point theorems in which we have a map from some subset of a (metric, topological, ...) space to the whole space. (Usually, there is some condition regarding the behavior ...

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**1**answer

240 views

### Decomposition vs filtration vs stratification

Are there accepted/standard definitions of "decomposition", "filtration", and "stratification" of a topological space (or of a manifold, or of an algebraic variety) $X$?
I tend to understand ...

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276 views

### Does this property of a first-order structure imply categoricity?

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a first-order structure over a relational language and let $\kappa$ be an infinite cardinal. Lets say that $\mathfrak{A}$ has the $\kappa$-property if for every structure ...

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102 views

### Star shaped sets with a midpoint

Suppose $U$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which is star shaped with respect to $p\in U$. I'll call $p$ a midpoint of $U$ if for any line $\ell$ through $p$, the point $p$ is the midpoint of the ...

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108 views

### Name of Property $t=st \text{ and } s=ts$

What is the name of the property shared by a pair of functions $s,t$ with $$t=st \text{ and } s=ts$$
( Main example: relation-valued domain and range operations on relations, via ...

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### What recent programmes to alter highly-entrenched mathematical terminology have succeeded, and under what conditions do they tend to succeed or fail?

I think we all occasionally come across terminology that we'd like to see supplanted (e.g. by something more systematic). What I'd like to know is, under what circumstances is it reasonable to believe ...

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### A category of partially-ordered commutative semirings; name/notation?

Organize $\mathbb{N} \cup \{-\infty\}$ as a semiring $S$ in the max-plus fashion. So in particular, we have $1_S = 0$ and $0_S = -\infty$. Then for every commutative semiring $R$, we get a degree ...

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374 views

### “countable” topology

Given universal set $U$. Is there any name of the collection of subsets of $U$ (call them quasi-open) satisfying the following axioms:
i) $\emptyset$ and $U$ are quasi-open;
ii) finite intersections ...

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### How did “normal” come to mean “perpendicular”?

How and when did the word "normal" acquire this meaning? When I first thought of this, I couldn't really come up with any explanation that wasn't complete speculation -- pretty much all I was able to ...

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454 views

### Origin of the term “generic” in set theory

In set theory, in particular the context of forcing, if $M$ is a model of $\sf ZFC$ and $P\in M$ is a partial order, we say that $G\subseteq P$ is a generic filter (or $M$-generic or generic over $M$) ...

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183 views

### What do we call functions that behave like predicate symbols?

Assume a metatheory that supports lambda-abstraction, and an object language that is merely first-order. Now let $\varphi$ denote a formula in the object language with one free variable $x$. Then we ...

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**1**answer

172 views

### Coxeter groups - Parabolic subgroups

In the theory of Coxeter groups there is the notion of so called parabolic subgroups. I'm wondering is this term just a random name, or there are some historical reasons? Why parabolic?
Thanks.

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215 views

### What is an element of an iterated tangent bundle?

An element of the tangent bundle $T M$ of a manifold is called a "(tangent) vector". An element of its dual $T^* M$ is called a "covector" or a "1-form". An element of the exterior square ...

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### Is there a name for a “rigid” sheaf?

Is there a name for the property of a sheaf $\mathcal F$ such that the restriction maps $\mathcal F(V) \to \mathcal F(U)$ are injective when $V$ is connected and $U$ is nonempty?
In other words, this ...

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238 views

### Primes for which 2 is a primitive root

I am writing a paper in which I keep referring to primes p for which 2 is a primitive root mod p and so I want to give a name for these primes. Is there a name for these primes in the literature ...

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### Definition of the Moebius Ladder Graph

I found two different definitions of the Moebius Ladder Graph, whose essential difference is, whether the smallest one shall be $K_4$ or $K_{3,3}$.
according to Wikipedia ...

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### Correspondence between numerical semigroups and polynomials?

A numerical semigroup $A$ is defined as a subsemigroup of the semigroup $(\mathbb{N},+)$ of the positive integers such that the set $\mathbb{N}\setminus A$ is finite. Equivalently (for a subsemigroup) ...

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### Terminology for the equation $a=a+b$ in commutative semigroups

Let $(S,+)$ be a commutative semigroup. For $a,b\in S$ consider the equation $a=a+b$. Does such a relation between the given $a$ and $b$ have a name? I am currently using such equations quite often ...

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704 views

### Why the name “variety” and the notation “V” for zeroes of polynomials?

The following questions came to my mind while preparing the notes for the first class of (my first) course on algebraic geometry.
Question 1: Is there any motivation for choosing the term "variety" ...

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231 views

### Colorful model theory

There are a number of concepts in model theory - often situated around Hrushovski's amalgamation method (see for instance http://math.univ-lyon1.fr/~wagner/nijmegen.pdf) - which are colorfully named:
...

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### Why are they called Specht Modules?

I know that the simple modules of $\mathbb{C}S_n$ are called Specht Modules, and they are named after the German Mathematician Wilhelm Specht because he studied them, but I think these modules were ...

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365 views

### What is the correct preposition? (And is there one?)

I just stumbled upon a linguistic problem I wasn't able to resolve via web search. Suppose we're given some geometric set $A$ and subset $B\subset A$. Isn't there a compact way of saying that there ...

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### Terminology for real closure relative to a normal number field?

A real subfield $R\subseteq F$ of any number field has (finitely many) maximal real intermediate fields $R\subseteq R'\subseteq F$. Can I call such an $R'$ a real closure of $R$ relative to $F$?
...

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### Why is a spectrum (in topology) called a spectrum? [duplicate]

The title says it all, I guess. Thank you for your answers.

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### Earliest use of the term “linearly reductive”?

Recently a number of MO questions have referred to a "linearly reductive group", usually in a way that is out of focus. It's unclear to me why this terminology is so popular, since over a field of ...

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### Why aren't fields called “bodies” instead?

The discrepancy regarding the names of commutative division algebras in German and English has always startled me. In English they are called fields, whereas their original German name is Körper ...

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275 views

### Why the term “monad” in homological algebra?

Which is the origin and the reason for the choice of the term "monad" in the sense of homological algebra?
Does this concept have any relation whatsoever to the "monads" from category theory?

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**1**answer

400 views

### Origin of the term “weight” in representation theory

In representation theory, there are the related concepts of weights and roots. Since both are kinds of generalised eigenvalues, and eigenvalues are roots of e.g. the characteristic polynomial, the ...

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### Terminology question in model category theory

This is a terminology question. That will help me to write down my papers. In Marc Olschok's PhD available here (I cannot find it anymore on the Internet so it is in my webpage, the original URL is ...

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### Nesting big-O with big-Omega $O(g(\Omega(h(n))))$: is it $O$ for all $\Omega$ or for one $\Omega$?

I want to express the following statement about a function $f(n)$: there exists $f_\Omega\in\Omega(h(n))$ such that $f\in O(g(f_\Omega(n))$. What's the correct notation for this? Is it $f\in ...

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193 views

### Slice-category-like terminology question

Let $\mathcal C$ be a category, and consider a new category $\mathcal C'$ with
$Obj(\mathcal C') := \{$pairs $(X \in Obj(\mathcal C), T \in End_{\mathcal C}(X)) \}$
$Hom_{\mathcal ...

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### Is there a name for relations with this property, and the category of them?

The following math.stackexchange question asked whether there is a name for a certain sort of relation. I have become interested in the question, and no one suggested a name there, so I am asking ...

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### Inverses of two-argument functions with respect to one argument

I asked a shorter version of this question at math.stackexchange.com four days ago but it hasn't gotten any answers or comments.
Consider a function $f : A \times B \to C$ and two inverses, each with ...

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**1**answer

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### Is “ultracompact” taken?

Almost-huge cardinals are characterizable in terms of coherent towers of supercompactness measures, with a certain property of the direct limit model (see Kanamori's book). A useful large cardinal ...

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### Terminology for a Partition of a Set which Includes Empty Sets

Mostly I see a partition of a set A defined as a collection of non-empty disjoint sets whose union is A.
I see one reference that allows empty sets to be included in the partition: ("Potter, M. "Set ...

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### “Extended” Weil Cohomology Theories

According to Wikipedia, a Weil cohomology theory is a functor from the category of smooth projective varieties over a field $k$, to graded algebras over a field $K$ of characteristic zero, together ...

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### What is this structure called?

(I'm not entirely sure what to tag this; feel free to retag.)
While thinking about automata (specifics below), I ran into the following phenomenon:
A cofunction system is a pair of sets $X, A$, ...