The terminology tag has no wiki summary.

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### What recent programmes to alter highly-entrenched mathematical terminology have succeeded, and under what conditions do they tend to succeed or fail?

I think we all occasionally come across terminology that we'd like to see supplanted (e.g. by something more systematic). What I'd like to know is, under what circumstances is it reasonable to believe ...

**2**

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**0**answers

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### A category of partially-ordered commutative semirings; name/notation?

Organize $\mathbb{N} \cup \{-\infty\}$ as a semiring $S$ in the max-plus fashion. So in particular, we have $1_S = 0$ and $0_S = -\infty$. Then for every commutative semiring $R$, we get a degree ...

**3**

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355 views

### “countable” topology

Given universal set $U$. Is there any name of the collection of subsets of $U$ (call them quasi-open) satisfying the following axioms:
i) $\emptyset$ and $U$ are quasi-open;
ii) finite intersections ...

**32**

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**2**answers

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### How did “normal” come to mean “perpendicular”?

How and when did the word "normal" acquire this meaning? When I first thought of this, I couldn't really come up with any explanation that wasn't complete speculation -- pretty much all I was able to ...

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**2**answers

399 views

### Origin of the term “generic” in set theory

In set theory, in particular the context of forcing, if $M$ is a model of $\sf ZFC$ and $P\in M$ is a partial order, we say that $G\subseteq P$ is a generic filter (or $M$-generic or generic over $M$) ...

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### What do we call functions that behave like predicate symbols?

Assume a metatheory that supports lambda-abstraction, and an object language that is merely first-order. Now let $\varphi$ denote a formula in the object language with one free variable $x$. Then we ...

**3**

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**1**answer

145 views

### Coxeter groups - Parabolic subgroups

In the theory of Coxeter groups there is the notion of so called parabolic subgroups. I'm wondering is this term just a random name, or there are some historical reasons? Why parabolic?
Thanks.

**4**

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**1**answer

193 views

### What is an element of an iterated tangent bundle?

An element of the tangent bundle $T M$ of a manifold is called a "(tangent) vector". An element of its dual $T^* M$ is called a "covector" or a "1-form". An element of the exterior square ...

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302 views

### Is there a name for a “rigid” sheaf?

Is there a name for the property of a sheaf $\mathcal F$ such that the restriction maps $\mathcal F(V) \to \mathcal F(U)$ are injective when $V$ is connected and $U$ is nonempty?
In other words, this ...

**5**

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**0**answers

228 views

### Primes for which 2 is a primitive root

I am writing a paper in which I keep referring to primes p for which 2 is a primitive root mod p and so I want to give a name for these primes. Is there a name for these primes in the literature ...

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171 views

### Definition of the Moebius Ladder Graph

I found two different definitions of the Moebius Ladder Graph, whose essential difference is, whether the smallest one shall be $K_4$ or $K_{3,3}$.
according to Wikipedia ...

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108 views

### Correspondence between numerical semigroups and polynomials?

A numerical semigroup $A$ is defined as a subsemigroup of the semigroup $(\mathbb{N},+)$ of the positive integers such that the set $\mathbb{N}\setminus A$ is finite. Equivalently (for a subsemigroup) ...

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**1**answer

119 views

### Terminology for the equation $a=a+b$ in commutative semigroups

Let $(S,+)$ be a commutative semigroup. For $a,b\in S$ consider the equation $a=a+b$. Does such a relation between the given $a$ and $b$ have a name? I am currently using such equations quite often ...

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**1**answer

695 views

### Why the name “variety” and the notation “V” for zeroes of polynomials?

The following questions came to my mind while preparing the notes for the first class of (my first) course on algebraic geometry.
Question 1: Is there any motivation for choosing the term "variety" ...

**3**

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**1**answer

214 views

### Colorful model theory

There are a number of concepts in model theory - often situated around Hrushovski's amalgamation method (see for instance http://math.univ-lyon1.fr/~wagner/nijmegen.pdf) - which are colorfully named:
...

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**1**answer

517 views

### Why are they called Specht Modules?

I know that the simple modules of $\mathbb{C}S_n$ are called $\it{Specht}$ $ \it{Modules}$, and they are named after the German Mathematician Wilhelm Specht
because he studied them, but I think these ...

**3**

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**1**answer

351 views

### What is the correct preposition? (And is there one?)

I just stumbled upon a linguistic problem I wasn't able to resolve via web search. Suppose we're given some geometric set $A$ and subset $B\subset A$. Isn't there a compact way of saying that there ...

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70 views

### Terminology for real closure relative to a normal number field?

A real subfield $R\subseteq F$ of any number field has (finitely many) maximal real intermediate fields $R\subseteq R'\subseteq F$. Can I call such an $R'$ a real closure of $R$ relative to $F$?
...

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141 views

### Why is a spectrum (in topology) called a spectrum? [duplicate]

The title says it all, I guess. Thank you for your answers.

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**0**answers

154 views

### Earliest use of the term “linearly reductive”?

Recently a number of MO questions have referred to a "linearly reductive group", usually in a way that is out of focus. It's unclear to me why this terminology is so popular, since over a field of ...

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**3**answers

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### Why aren't fields called “bodies” instead?

The discrepancy regarding the names of commutative division algebras in German and English has always startled me. In English they are called fields, whereas their original German name is KĂ¶rper ...

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**2**answers

269 views

### Why the term “monad” in homological algebra?

Which is the origin and the reason for the choice of the term "monad" in the sense of homological algebra?
Does this concept have any relation whatsoever to the "monads" from category theory?

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**1**answer

385 views

### Origin of the term “weight” in representation theory

In representation theory, there are the related concepts of weights and roots. Since both are kinds of generalised eigenvalues, and eigenvalues are roots of e.g. the characteristic polynomial, the ...

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### Terminology question in model category theory

This is a terminology question. That will help me to write down my papers. In Marc Olschok's PhD available here (I cannot find it anymore on the Internet so it is in my webpage, the original URL is ...

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### Nesting big-O with big-Omega $O(g(\Omega(h(n))))$: is it $O$ for all $\Omega$ or for one $\Omega$?

I want to express the following statement about a function $f(n)$: there exists $f_\Omega\in\Omega(h(n))$ such that $f\in O(g(f_\Omega(n))$. What's the correct notation for this? Is it $f\in ...

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190 views

### Slice-category-like terminology question

Let $\mathcal C$ be a category, and consider a new category $\mathcal C'$ with
$Obj(\mathcal C') := \{$pairs $(X \in Obj(\mathcal C), T \in End_{\mathcal C}(X)) \}$
$Hom_{\mathcal ...

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**2**answers

236 views

### Is there a name for relations with this property, and the category of them?

The following math.stackexchange question asked whether there is a name for a certain sort of relation. I have become interested in the question, and no one suggested a name there, so I am asking ...

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**1**answer

95 views

### Inverses of two-argument functions with respect to one argument

I asked a shorter version of this question at math.stackexchange.com four days ago but it hasn't gotten any answers or comments.
Consider a function $f : A \times B \to C$ and two inverses, each with ...

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**1**answer

281 views

### Is “ultracompact” taken?

Almost-huge cardinals are characterizable in terms of coherent towers of supercompactness measures, with a certain property of the direct limit model (see Kanamori's book). A useful large cardinal ...

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152 views

### Terminology for a Partition of a Set which Includes Empty Sets

Mostly I see a partition of a set A defined as a collection of non-empty disjoint sets whose union is A.
I see one reference that allows empty sets to be included in the partition: ("Potter, M. "Set ...

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### “Extended” Weil Cohomology Theories

According to Wikipedia, a Weil cohomology theory is a functor from the category of smooth projective varieties over a field $k$, to graded algebras over a field $K$ of characteristic zero, together ...

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158 views

### What is this structure called?

(I'm not entirely sure what to tag this; feel free to retag.)
While thinking about automata (specifics below), I ran into the following phenomenon:
A cofunction system is a pair of sets $X, A$, ...

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326 views

### Terminology for blowups in algebraic geometry

This is a partial duplicate of this Stack Exchange question which unfortunately got no answer.
All schemes are Noetherian and of finite type, although they need not be normal.
With $Z \subset X$ a ...

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### How to call a point in a space having the property that there is essentially one $\omega$-sequence converging to it?

Consider the point $x=\langle \omega_1,\omega\rangle$ in the Tychonov plank $(\omega_1 + 1)\times(\omega + 1)$. Then there is essentially only one sequence (of length $\omega$) converging to it, ...

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107 views

### A generalization of quasi-identities

In universal algebra, a variety is axiomatized by identities $t \approx s$ between terms $t$ and $s$. More general are quasi-varieties that are axiomatized by quasi-identities of the form $$u_1 ...

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**1**answer

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### Where does the name “Reynolds operator” come from?

I always found it strange that, in the context of invariant and representation theory,
averaging over the group is called the "Reynolds operator". As far as I know the work of Reynolds was in fluid ...

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**1**answer

155 views

### Pairs of paths with the same source and target

Commutative diagrams usually express path equivalences in a category and thus involve pairs of paths in a category with the same source and target.
General diagrams - in categories resp. category ...

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**1**answer

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### Name for a Specific Type of Non-Symmetric Bilinear Form

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space, with some choice of basis $\{e_i\}_{i \in I}$. With respect to an idempotent bijection $B:I \to I$, define a bilinear form by
$$
g = \sum_{i=1}^N ...

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**1**answer

228 views

### Why stationary sets were named such?

My question is about terminology:
Do you know why stationary sets were named such?
Going over the following MO question about the intuition behind stationary sets, the only compelling argument I can ...

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### What are Moschovakis cardinals?

The question is exactly that of the title: what are Moschovakis cardinals?
Background. In a recent answer to the question, "Are there examples of statements that have been proven whose consistency ...

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**1**answer

199 views

### Terminology question for poset maps

Is there a standard name for order-preserving maps $f\colon P\to Q$ of posets with the property that the image of a lower set is a lower set, or equivalently if $q\leq f(p)$ then there exists $p'\leq ...

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### term for a rectangle with a bounded aspect ratio

I am writing a peper about dividing a shape into rectangles, where the main issue is to make sure that the rectangles have a limited aspect ratio. I am looking for a clear, unambiguous term for such ...

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### choosing between the two ways to tropicalize

When tropicalizing a subtraction-free expression (see Do all subtraction-free identities tropicalize?), is it more common to replace addition by max or by min?
Related issues:
Is there a name for ...

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**1**answer

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### Hilbert's Finiteness Theorem for connected semisimple Lie groups in Weyl's “Classical Groups”

First of all, sorry for using this account. Somehow I can't login to my previous one anymore and am thus using the account associated to my MSE one. Also, I already asked the question on MSE, but ...

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### Hilbert's Finiteness Theorem for connected semisimple Lie groups over $\mathbb{C}$ in Weyl's “Classical Groups” [duplicate]

In Nagata's "Lectures on the 14th problem of Hilbert" I found a reference to Weyl's "Classical Groups". Nagata writes that Weyl gives a positive answer to the original problem
If ...

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### Terminology question: maximal non-branching directed paths

Is there any special word for a maximal non-branching directed path in a network or diforest?
To be 100% precise, by "maximal non-branching directed path" I mean a path $P=x_1,x_2,\ldots$ (maybe ...

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### Who introduced the terms “equivalence relation” and “equivalence class”?

Consider that the question does not concern the origin of the ideas of equivalence relation and equivalence class. It exactly concerns the origin of the terms "equivalence relation" and "equivalence ...

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239 views

### Name and notation for a binary operation

Is there a standard name or standard symbol for the binary operation that combines $x$ and $y$ to give $xy/(x+y)$, or equivalently $1/(1/x+1/y)$? (At least the expressions are equivalent if we ignore ...

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### Term for “Directed acyclic graph with exactly one sink and one source”

There's a theorem/lemma that states that a finite directed acyclic graph (DAG) has at least one sink and at least one source. Is there a term for a (finite) DAG with exactly one sink and one source?
...

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287 views

### Question about tetrahedron decomposition

Are there tetrahedra which can be subdivided into three parts similar to the original? I believe this would require splitting one face into three parts. I know some types of tetrahedron for which this ...