The terminology tag has no wiki summary.

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### Why the term “geometric” rough path?

A "geometric" rough path is a rough path such that $Sym(\mathbb{X}_{s,t})=\frac{1}{2}X_{s,t}\otimes X_{s,t}$. For example the Ito rough path is not geometric because ...

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### Why do people use “formal calculation” to describe informal calculations?

Many times, I see the word formal being used to describe a calculation that is not rigorous. I would think that such calculations should rather be termed informal than formal. What is the explanation ...

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177 views

### Variations on the Mellin and Dirichlet transforms

There are a number of variations on the Laplace transform that turn up all over math. Some examples:
$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)e^{-st} dt$ - The Laplace transform
$\sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...

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491 views

### Define “Mathematics Colloquium”?

I'm now a member of my department's colloquium committee. Our task is to make a great colloquium series. I thought that the first step would be to come up with an appropriate definition of ...

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160 views

### name for an intermediate notion between huge and 2-huge

I am employing a large cardinal notion that has been used explicitly before, and I am wondering if someone has given it a good succinct name.
A cardinal $\kappa$ is huge if there is an elementary $j ...

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251 views

### Is there a name for this space?

I'm just asking if there is a name for the space of functions on $\mathbb R^n$ whose norm is defined by
$$ \|f\|=\|\hat f\|_{L^p} $$
for $p\in [1,\infty]$. I find it handy to give it a name when ...

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130 views

### Products between metrics in a product of manifolds

In the "Einstein Manifold" book written by Arthur Besse, chapter 16, there is a notation of a manifold composed by the Cartesian product between two others:
$(M_1\times M_2, f^p(g_1 \times g_2))$
...

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332 views

### Terminology for metrics?

For some reason, I'm currently interested in the following relation - let $d,\delta$ be two metrics on some space $X$. We call the metrics _______ if there are some constants $C,E>0$ such that for ...

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### What is the name for the subring of the Grothendieck ring of a bialgebra spanned by one-dimensional representations?

Let $B$ be a finite dimensional bialgebra over a field $\Bbbk$. Let $\mathcal G_0(B)$ be the ring whose underlying additive group is generated by isomorphism classes $[V]$ of finite dimensional ...

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127 views

### Is there a name for the function on $TTM$ swapping the 2nd and 3rd coordinates?

I'm not so good on geometry, so I fear this is a relatively basic question.
For any $N \in \mathbb{N}$, let us identify the tangent bundle of $\mathbb{R}^N$ with $\mathbb{R}^{2N}$ in the obvious ...

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118 views

### Fixed area, largest mass — is there a name?

Let $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and let $s_k(x)$ denote the sum of the $k$ largest entries of $x$. The function $s_k(x)$ is well-known to be convex and is often used in optimization, such as
...

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820 views

### Who coined “mob” and “clan” and why these words?

A mob is a word used for a topological semigroup which is a Hausdorff space. A clan is a compact connected mob with a two-sided identity element.
Who used these words with these meanings first and ...

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**1**answer

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### Is there a name for the level-sets of the signed distance function to a set in a metric space?

$\newcommand \X {\mathcal{X}}$
$\newcommand \sd {d_{\rm sign}}$
Let $(\X, d)$ be a metric space and define the distance between a point $x \in \X$ and a set $S \subset X$ by $d(x,S) = \inf_{y \in S} ...

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139 views

### Why the 'S' in S-procedure/S-lemma?

The S-procedure (also called as S-lemma) is a technique from V. A. Yakubovich that is used to relax a system of quadratic inequalities to a linear matrix inequality problem. It is used largely in ...

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262 views

### Why is a matrix pencil called a pencil?

I'm trying to understand the historical context behind the word pencil in matrix pencils, or pencil of curves so on.
I am aware that even Gantmacher 1959 has this terminology however I don't know ...

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### Definition of submaximal (group) topology

By [3] (or [2]), a submaximal group topology on a group is the infimum of all maximal group topologies on it.
By [4], a submaximal topological space is one with all dense subsets open.
By [1], a ...

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26 views

### Terminology for conditions on the negation of relations.

Suppose you have a relation $R$ and you want to impose the condition upon the relation $\lnot R$ that it be (e.g.) transitive. What would be a good terminology in this case? Would $counter transitive$ ...

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### Intuitive meaning of benign subgroup

Disclaimer! This is a copy of a question I posted on M.SE!
I still think the question belongs there but I'm not getting any answers so I'm dublicating with slight changes:
I've been studying a proof ...

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146 views

### Term for vertex connected to every other vertex in a graph

Do you know a good common term for the operation of connecting a new vertex v to every vertex in a graph G (or a term for such vertex v)?
The ones I know give me poor search results:
a nice word ...

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107 views

### Does this symmetrization operator have a name? Any theory?

Consider a function $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ of $n$ complex variables. Define
$$f_{\mathrm{symm}}(x_1,\ldots,x_n) =
2^{-n}\sum_{\varepsilon_1,\ldots,\varepsilon_n=\pm 1}
...

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133 views

### Is there a standard notation for off-diagonal transpose?

Given a matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d\end{pmatrix}$,
its transpose, obviously, is $A^T=\begin{pmatrix}a&c\\b&d\end{pmatrix}$.
But is there a conventional way of notating the matrix
...

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431 views

### Why is “The Higman Rope Trick” thus named?

I'm studiyng Higman's Embedding Theorem, and a fundamental part of the proof is the following lemma:
If R is a benign normal subgroup of finitely generated group F, then F/R can be embedded in a ...

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### Who first talked about “holes” in homology?

The question Why do the homology groups capture holes in a space better than the homotopy groups? and many others here use the idea that homology counts the ``holes'' in a space. The comments on this ...

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### Continuous-piecewise-linear versus piecewise-linear

Some authors use the term "continuous piecewise-linear" where other authors use the shorter term "piecewise-linear" (with continuity tacit).
I'd be interested in people's thoughts about this ...

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### Why are they called 'pernicious' numbers?

The definition of a pernicious number:
In number theory, a pernicious number is a positive integer where the Hamming weight (or digit sum) of its binary representation is prime.
The meaning of ...

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357 views

### Why is this group called “The Holomorph of a group”

Many years ago I found in google the notation "Holomorph of group". It is the semi direct product of $G$ with $Aut(G)$. Why is the term "Holomorph" used here, while it is usually used for complex ...

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### Has this construction, which builds a symmetric multicategory from a commutative monoid, been described or studied anywhere, and if so, where?

Whenever $R$ is a commutative ring, write $R[x^{(n)}]$ for the set of all $p \in R[x]$ such that $p$ is a monic polynomial of degree $n$. Then $R[x^{(n)}]$ is not closed under sums, nor does it ...

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### Is there a standard name for this poset

I've run into the following poset and I would expect it has a standard name. Let $n\geq k\geq 0$. Then $P_{n,k}$ consists of all $k$-element subsets of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ ordered by $X\leq Y$ if ...

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### Terminology question for maps between posets

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two poset (partially ordered sets) and $\phi : P \to Q$ an order-preserving function.
I would like to know whether there is a name and perhaps a different characterizations of such ...

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### What is this graph property: number of vertices it takes to see every vertex?

I am wondering what the name is for the following graph property: given a graph $G$ what is the smallest cardinality of $A\subseteq G$ such that every $v\in G$ is connected to some vertex of $A$? I am ...

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### Polar Coordinate Systems on Manifolds [closed]

Is there agreement on how to interpret $r$ and $\varphi$ on a manifold if a reference point and a reference direction are given, or, put differently, does the definition of a reference point and, of a ...

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861 views

### A generalized diagonal?

A simple question. Let $ f:X\to Y $ be a function and let $ E_f:=\{(x, y): f (x)=f (y)\}\subset X\times X $. What is the name of the set $ E(f) $? It would be nice to have some reference also. It ...

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### How would you call a variety that is locally a complete intersection up to defect c?

Let $X$ be an equidimensional variety of dimension $n$ over a field that can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in $P^N$ (for a large enough $N$; we ...

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### Integrating factors and integrability of an ODE system

The following argument is from a paper about the Bendixson-Dulac Theorem.
Consider a smooth differential equation on the plane
$$
x'=g(x,y),\quad y'=h(x,y).
$$
Suppose there exists a function ...

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### The Euler characteristic of Hilbert series

The Hilbert series of a graded vector space $V=\bigoplus_{n\mathbb Z}V_n$ is the (ordinary) generating function of the dimensions of its homogeneous components, $h_V(t)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}t^n\dim ...

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### What is the standard name of an edge-graph

Given a graph $G=(E,V)$, I construct a graph $G'$ where the vertices of $G'$ are given by the edges of $G$ and say that two edges of $G$ are neighbors in $G'$ if they have a common vertex.
Is there a ...

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### Properties and name of some polynomials

I have encountered in a problem some polynomials given by $P_k(x) = \prod_{j=0}^{k-2} (kx-j)$. I need to understand if these polynomials are known, and if they have certain special properties, as ...

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### Intersection of nonzero prime ideals is zero — does it have a name?

The Rabinowitch trick (in Eisenbud's Commutative Algebra with a view toward Algebraic Geometry, page 132) says that $R$ (commutative unital ring) is Jacobson if and only if for every prime ideal $P ...

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674 views

### Term for “uncheckable constructions”

Is there a term for "uncheckable geometric constructions"?
Say, Angle Trisection and Doubling the Cube are checkable;
i.e., if the answer is given one can do finite Compass-and-straightedge ...

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416 views

### Between compact and locally uniform: What is the name of this convergence?

Let $X$ be a topological space, $(Y,d)$ a metric space, $f\in Y^X$, and $(f_n)$ a sequence in $Y^X$ with the following property:
For every $x_0\in X$ and every $\varepsilon>0$, there exist a ...

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### Standard names and methods for this type of fitting minimization

In material science research, we have come across the following type of problem.
Given a m by n matrix A, a m vector b, and error tolerance $\varepsilon$, we want to do this minimization
$$\eqalign{
...

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### Name for generalization of bivariate weighted-homogeneous polynomials

A polynomial $f = \sum_j c_j X^{\alpha_j}Y^{\beta_j}\in\mathbb K[X,Y]$ is said weighted-homogeneous if there exist $p$, $q$ and $d$ (where $p$ and $q$ are not both $0$) such that ...

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### Combination of convex and multiplicative structures

Combination of linear and multiplicative structures gives an algebra. What if instead of a linear structure one has a convex one? Is there a term for this?
A natural example is provided, for ...

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216 views

### Optimal definition of “paving by affine spaces”?

Cell decompositions have been used in topology for a long time as a tool in computing cohomology, but the notion in algebraic geometry and arithmetic geometry of paving by affine spaces (or "affine ...

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### Characteristic Varieties and Associated Varieties

Two notions that occur often in representation theory seem to be that of a "characteristic variety" and that of an "associated variety". The former term seems exclusive to D-module theory while the ...

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### Uniformizing a relation on ordered sets

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are (complete) ordered sets. Suppose $R\subseteq A\times B$, and
$f(a)=\inf\{b : (a,b)\in R\}$
$g(b)=\inf\{a : (a,b)\in R\}$
then what can we call $f$ and $g$? Perhaps there is ...

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351 views

### Partial inverse of a matrix - or does it have its own name?

In my calculations I need to use something which is "between" a matrix and its inverse. That is, I invert only some dimensions. I am interested if it has an established name.
That is, a matrix (here ...

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### Name for (function, set) pairs?

Right now I'm working on a topological graph theory problem. To prove a theorem I introduced some objects. Has anyone heard of something similar before? I would like to call them by the right name.
...

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### terminology: “complex” and “sequence” in homological algebra

It appears that the terms "complex" and "sequence" are used synonymously in homological algebra.
But there seem to be collocations (in the linguistic sense) that prefer one of those words. For ...

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### Name for series $\sum f_n x^n / (n! (n+k)!)$

Let $(f_n)_{n\ge0}$ be a real sequence. Then $\sum f_n {x^n \over n!}$ is called the exponential generating function of $(f_n)$.
Let $k\ge0$ be a nonnegative integer. If we add another factorial ...