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42
votes
11answers
4k views

Why are matrices ubiquitous but hypermatrices rare?

I am puzzled by the amazing utility and therefore ubiquity of two-dimensional matrices in comparison to the relative paucity of multidimensional arrays of numbers, hypermatrices. Of course ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Geometrical meaning of the Ricci Tensor and its Symmetry

Let $M$ be a smooth, pseudo-Riemannian manifold with $\dim(M) \ge 2.$ Let $\nabla$ be any affine connection on $M$. No reason for it to be the Levi-Civita connection. All we assume is that it has zero ...
10
votes
2answers
962 views

Who coined the name tensor and why?

Who coined the name "tensor" and why? What does the word "tensor" really mean, not the mathematical definition?
8
votes
3answers
298 views

Best known bounds on tensor rank of matrix multiplication of 3×3 matrices

Years ago I attended a conference where they taught us that matrix multiplication can be represented by a tensor. The rank of the tensor is important, because putting it into minimal rank form ...
8
votes
4answers
726 views

Is there anyway to rewrite a partial differential equation using language of differential forms, tensors, etc?

My question is: usually, a partial differential equation, for example, those coming from physics, is written in a language of vector calculus in a local coordinate. Is there anyway (or any algorithm) ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

A generalization of Boolean matrix multiplication for order-3 tensors

The Boolean matrix product of two 0-1 $n \times n$ matrices $A$ and $B$ is the matrix $C$ defined as $$C[i,j] = \vee_{k=1}^n (A[i,k] \wedge B[k,j]).$$ If $A = B$ and the matrix is an adjacency matrix ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Hessian as a tensor, multi-dimensional taylor series, and generalizations

The Hessian matrix $\{\partial_i \partial_j f \}$ of a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ depends on the coordinate system you choose. If $x_1,\cdots,x_n$ and $y_1,\cdots,y_n$ are two sets of ...
4
votes
2answers
492 views

Indexed tensor manipulation CAS

hello. I am looking for tensor manipulation software that would allow me: declare indices declare results of contraction (or simplification rules) allow algebraic simplifications and expansion ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Maxwell Stress Tensor and Equations in Mathematician's Language [closed]

In my language, a differential two-form on $\mathbb{R}^4$ (viewed as a differentiable manifold with coordinates $t,x,y,z$) is a differentiable choice at each point of an alternating bilinear function ...
3
votes
1answer
681 views

Representation theory of (anti)self-dual tensors

I am using usual physics notations and I guess the physics motivations of this question are obvious. Let a basis of the $SO(n,m)$ Lie algebra be denoted by $S^{\mu \nu}$ and the Lie algebra be, ...
2
votes
1answer
586 views

Taylor's series for Lie groups

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be two (matrix) Lie groups, with $L(G_1)$ and $L(G_2)$ their respective Lie algebras. I am interested to know if there is a well developed theory to approximate a (sufficiently) ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

How many flavors should a notational system offer for rank-1 tensors?

The notation for tensors is like the plumbing in a very old Vermont farmhouse. It may once have been intentionally designed, but after that it just evolved. As an example, it seems that depending on ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Any one know the results of tensor decomposition by hypergraph partitioning?

Tucker Decomposition and CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) Decomposition are two widely used tensor decomposition methods. However, when we model the hypergraph into tensor, what's the connection between the ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Number of linear independent equations

Is there any general rule to find the number of linearly independent equations such that $$L_i(T_{\mu\nu},\partial_\eta T_{\mu\nu},\partial_\omega\partial_\eta T_{\mu\nu},...)=0$$ where $L_i$ is a ...
1
vote
0answers
198 views

How to find the tensor product of modules that we don't know a basis for them?

Hi I know how to calculate some easy tensor products like $\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z} \otimes_{\mathbb{Z}} \mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}\cong_{\mathbb{Z}} \mathbb{Z}/(m,n)\mathbb{Z} $ or $F[X] \otimes_{F} F[Y] ...
1
vote
0answers
240 views

tensor/hypermatrix analogues of $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$?

Please excuse me if this question turns out to be incredibly silly for one reason or another. Are there tensor/hypermatrix analogues of $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ that are interesting? What I'm mainly ...
0
votes
2answers
462 views

Tensor algebra question [closed]

1)Why embedding of ( not necessarily finite-dimensional) vector spaces $V\rightarrow W$ produces embedding of tensor algebras $T(V)\rightarrow T(W)$. I can prove it using Hamel basis in $W$ but is ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

How does a high order tensor irreducible decompose? [closed]

I know the two tensor case, but how about high order?
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Geometric interpretation of tracing [closed]

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Is it true that for any symmetric 2-tensor $\alpha$ we have: $Trace_g(\alpha)=1/\omega_n\int_{S^{n-1}}\alpha(V,V)dvol(V)$ where $w_n$ is the volume of $S^{n-1}$? ...
0
votes
1answer
321 views

A property on the Green-St Venant strain tensor

Green-St Venant strain tensor is defined by $E(u)={1\over 2}[\nabla u+(\nabla u)^T+(\nabla u)^T\nabla u]$, where $\nabla u$ is the displacement gradient. Show that $u\in H^1(\Omega), E(u)\in ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Null vector fields given Bondi metric

I'm trying to understand how to compute the null future-directed vector fields if I have a given (Bondi) metric $g=-e^{2\nu}du^{2}-2e^{\nu+\lambda}dudr+r^{2}d\Omega$ with $d\Omega$-standard metric ...
0
votes
0answers
168 views

Metric tensor of total space in trivial bundles

Hi everyone, sorry if my question may be wrong (i'm an engineer not a mathematician!). I was wondering, given a total space E of a trivial bundle, such that E=MxF, where $gm_{ij}$, and $gf_{ij}$ are ...
0
votes
0answers
193 views

Decomposition of order-3 tensors over the complex numbers

This is a question about decomposition of order-3 tensors. The survey Tensor Decompositions and Applications give a good account of recent developments in this area. Let $T$ be an order-3 tensor, ...