# Tagged Questions

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### Centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element

What is the centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element in the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface? Is it cyclic? If so, where can I find a proof?
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### Analytic function avoiding elements of the modular group

A friend recently told me the following two facts, for which he cannot recall a proof or a reference (but he remembers seeing them in the literature): Let $f$ be a holomorphic function mapping the ...
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### Quick references/sources for the hyperbolic Riemann Surfaces with boundary

Hello, Here I am asking for a reference for the universal cover of hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with geodesic boundaries. For example, I want to know how the universal cover/fundamental domain of ...
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### Teichmuller Theory question : Beltrami forms on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces whose lifts are smooth upto the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$

Hello, my question is related to Teichmuller Theory. Let $D$ be the open unit disk and $X=D/{\Gamma}$ be a hyperbolic Riemann surface of the Fuchsian group $\Gamma$. In Teichmuller theory, we have ...
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### For which surfaces is Penner's conjecture known to be true?

Robert Penner has proven that, if $A=\{a_1,\dots, a_n\}$ and $B=\{b_1,\dots, b_m\}$ are multicurves in a surface $S$ that together fill $S$, then any product of positive powers of Dehn twists along ...
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### Boundary regularity of quasiconformal homeomorphisms of the unit disk ?

Hello, I asked this question before, but didn't get any response, so I took the liberty of asking once again , with slightly modified version of the question: Consider an orientation-preserving ...
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### What is / are the softwares to use to draw surfaces of the form of a two or three-holed torus , or torus, or torus with cusps attached to it?

I am trying to draw surfaces with complete hyperbolic structures and surfaces which are topologically tori. The hyperbolic surfaces I need to draw are torus with one or two holes on it, or torus with ...
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### Identification of conformal classes of pos def quadratic forms on R^2 with unit ball

One of the lemmas at the foundation of Teichmuller theory is as follows. Let $Q(x,y)$ be a positive definite quadratic form. Then there exists unique $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$ and $\mu \in \mathbb{C}$...
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### Two questions from Hubbard's Teichmuller theory book Vol I, P. 130 , Thm 4.4.1, ( QC maps )

I was studying Theorem 4.4.1 from John H. Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory, vol I, Theorem 4.4.1 ( P. 129 ) which states : Let $X,Y$ be two hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with hyperbolic metrics $d_X,d_Y$ ...
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### Is there a concept of Combined Teichmuller space for surfaces with both geodesic boundary and punctures/cusps

If we take a sequence of compact hyperbolic Riemann surface with k geodesic boundary components such that the lengths of the geodesic boundary components go to zero, then in the "limit", we should get ...
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### Why use Teichmuller representatives?

In p-adic mathematics, what is the advantage of using Teichmuller representatives over using just the numbers 0,1,2,...,p-1 ? In either case, the norm is the same. In either case, all the points are ...
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