# Tagged Questions

This tag is to be used only when re-tagging highly(!) off-topic questions where none of the actual tags would make sense; all actual tags the questioner has used are removed and something is needed to have some tag, which is enforced by the software, so this tag is used. However note that this tag ...

1answer
2k views

### Counting trailing zeros for factorials [closed]

This question is not homework, just asked out of curiosity. I wondered how many zeroes could be found at the end of $1990!$ . I computed something that seemed to work and found out 439. So I computed ...
4answers
1k views

### Explanation for gamma function in formula for $n$-ball volume

It is well-known that the volume of the unit ball in n-space is $\pi^{n/2}/\Gamma(n/2+1)$. Do you know of a proof which explains this formula? Any proof which does not treat the cases $n$ even and $n$ ...
2answers
687 views

### Bounds on remainder term of power series of elementary functions

This is mainly a question about the remainder term of power series for elementary functions. I'm very interested in aspects of calculating or computing elementary operations and functions, by which I ...
4answers
2k views

### Does the derivative of log have a Dirac delta term?

Dirac writes down the following formula on page 61 of his "Principles of quantum mechanics": $\frac{d}{dx}\log x = \frac{1}{x} -i\pi\delta(x)$, see http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1947pqm..book.....D ...
8answers
3k views

### The shortest path in first passage percolation

Consider a square planar grid. (The vertices are pair of points in the plane with integer coordinates and two vertices are adjacent if they agree in one coordinate and differ by one in the other.) ...
5answers
1k views

### What is $\sum (x+\mathbb{Z})^{-2}$?

This is a simple question, but its been bugging me. Define the function $\gamma$ on $\mathbb{R}\backslash \mathbb{Z}$ by $$\gamma(x):=\sum_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}\frac{1}{(x+i)^2}$$ The sum converges ...
0answers
1k views

### integer solutions of $(n!+1)=m^2$

Consider $4!=24$, if you add one you get $25=5^2$. The same occurs with $5! = 120 = 11^2 - 1$, and $7! = 5040 = 71^2 - 1$. Are there other solutions of the equation $n!+1 = m^2$? I verified that no ...
0answers
827 views

### Area Under Generalized Parabolas and Hyperbolas without Calculus

This is shorter and more specific version of certain questions about a rather simple quadrature method. The answers I got were great but not what I asked. The terms in the title for $y=x^p$ look ...
1answer
239 views

### Fundamental lemma: why is the transfer factor a power of q

Let $k$ be a finite field of sufficiently large characteristic, $F = k((t))$ and $\mathfrak{o} = k[[t]]$. Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group defined over $\mathfrak{o}$. Roughly stated, for sake ...
1answer
1k views

1answer
212 views

### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$. We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...
1answer
2k views

### The Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens polynomial for prime numbers and differential calculus?

After works of Davis, Matijasevic, Putman and Robinson between 1960 and 1970, we know that every recursively enumerable set of numbers can be represented by a polynomial. In particular, it's the case ...
0answers
302 views

### Symmetric matrices with $\rho(A)\gg\|A\|_\infty$

For a symmetric real matrix $A$, denote by $\rho(A)$ the spectral radius of $A$, and by $\sigma(A)$ the largest absolute row sum of $A$; that is, $\sigma(A)=\max_i \sum_j |a_{ij}|$, where $a_{ij}$ are ...
2answers
1k views

1answer
507 views

### Question about product topology

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}$ is dense without interior point, and for every open interval $I,J\subset\mathbb{R}$, $I\cap S$ is homeomorphic to $J\cap S$. Is $S\times S$ homeomorphic to $S$? By Luzin ...
2answers
335 views

### Elementary question about Isotopy (in the definition of a Teichmuller space)

Disclaimer - I don't have much experience in topology/complex geometry, so I apologize if what I'm asking is too elementary for this site. Let $S$ be some orientable surface obtained by removing ...
1answer
299 views

### Topological characterisation for a (closed irreducible) hyperbolic 3-manifold

Is there a topological characterisation of what a (closed irreducible) hyperbolic 3-manifold is? I don't know any Riemannian geometry and still want to understand what an exceptional Dehn surgery is. ...
1answer
208 views

### Fibration in the 3 torus.

The Hopf fibration $S^1\rightarrow S^3\rightarrow S^2$ gives a decomposition of $S^3$ into 2-tori and to circles, so that the tori are foliated by circles of slope 1. If you take the region between ...
1answer
267 views

### Is the homeomorphism class of a connected open set of C determined by its fundamental group?

Let $U,U'\subseteq\mathbf{C}$ be two connected open sets such that $\pi_1(U)\simeq\pi_1(U')$. Q: Does this imply that $U$ is homeomorphic to $U'$? In the case where the $\pi_1$'s are trivial then ...
2answers
1k views

### Moving one family of commuting self-adjoint operators to another without losing commutativity on the way

This is actually not a question of mine, so I'll be short on motivation and say nothing beyond that if this were true, a few fancy harmonic analysis techniques that a colleague of mine used in proving ...
1answer
444 views

### Does there exist a space X whose suspension is homotopy equivalent to [0,1] rel ends but where X is not contractible?

As pointed out by David White in when mapping cone is contractible there exists an acyclic CW-complex $X$ which is not contractible but whose suspension is contractible. Namely, let $a$ and $b$ be ...
4answers
456 views

### Picturing a Certain Torus and Klein Bottle

The other day I was explaining orientability to someone and we were walking through some of the statements about orientability on the Wikipedia page on the topic. While I was able to satisfy his ...
1answer
162 views

### Finitely Generated Commutative Z-algebra.

Let $R$ be a commutative, finitely generated $\mathbb{Z}$-algebra, then the nil radical is equal to the Jacobson radical. I am not able to make much traction on this, nor can I find this result in ...
6answers
7k views

### Angle Maximizing the Distance of a Projectile

It is well-known that to maximize the horizontal distance traveled by a projectile fired from the ground at a given speed, one should fire it at a $45^\circ$ angle. What's less-known, though not too ...
1answer
232 views

### Finding a good ordering of $\mathbb{Q}$

Oftentimes in density arguments we let $\{x_n\}$ be a dense sequence and this is sufficient to imply the desired result. From a research question I am working on I have simplified the example/...
1answer
104 views

### Approximating rational generating functions

Suppose we have a initial segment $x_1,\ldots,x_N$ (for reasonably large $N$) of a sequence of natural numbers $(x_i)$. We have reason to believe the generating function $\sum_{i=0}^\infty x_iX^i$ is ...
0answers
128 views

### P-adic Weierstrass Lemma for several variables

The p-adic Weiestrass lemma asserts that a power series $f(z)$ with coefficients in the ring of integers of a local field can be factored as $π^n·u(z)·p(z)$ where u(z) is a unit in the ring of power ...
1answer
189 views

### Are period domains ever contractible

Which simply-connected period domains are contractible? Examples. Siegel upper-half space? Poincare upper-half plane? Universal cover of a Shimura variety? Are these contractible?
1answer
296 views

### Name convention for the composition of the preimage of a function and the function itself

Hi, given a function $f:X \rightarrow Y$, not necessarily invertible, is there a conventional name for the function $$g_f := f^{-1} \circ f:X \rightarrow \mathcal{P}(X),$$ where $\mathcal{P}(X)$ ...
1answer
516 views

### Identity involving Fresnel integrals

In the paper E. Mehlum, Appell and the apple (nonlinear splines in space), Technical Report No. 1676 (1981), Central institute for industrial research, Oslo (reproduced in the book Mathematical ...
2answers
796 views

### Stone–Čech Compactification of $\mathbb{Z}$ with Fürstenberg Topology

The Stone–Čech Compactification of $\mathbb{N}$ as a discrete space has been extensively studied and can be represented using ultrafilters. Consider $X=(\mathbb{Z},\mathcal{T})$, where $\mathcal{T}$ ...
2answers
378 views