**0**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Inductive vs projective limit of sequence of split surjections

Let
$$
A_1\twoheadrightarrow
A_2\twoheadrightarrow
A_3\twoheadrightarrow
A_4\twoheadrightarrow
\cdots
$$
be an inductive sequence of countable abelian groups, the connecting homomorphisms of which are ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

191 views

### Branch locus of a 6:1 cover of the grassmannian G(1,3)

Given a general quartic surface $S$ in $\mathbf{P}^3$, there is a natural 6:1 surjective map
$\phi: Hilb^2(S) \to G(1,3)$ sending $\{P,Q\}$ to the line through them in $\mathbf{P}^3$.
Can you ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Existence of open dense subset in a Lie group

Let $G=S\cdot R$ be a Levi-Malcev decomposition of a connected complex Lie group
and $\Gamma$ a discrete subgroup of $G$ such that the subgroups
$\Gamma_g := \Gamma\cap (gSg^{-1})$ are finite for all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

367 views

### The PDE $u_t=u_{xx}-u_{yy}$: The simplest linear second-order PDE that isn't elliptic, parabolic, or hyperbolic.

I know that there have been several questions on here and stackexchange about linear PDE's which don't fall into the standard classification, but I had a more focused question which I haven't seen ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

575 views

### Area Under Generalized Parabolas and Hyperbolas without Calculus.

This is shorter and more specific version of certain questions about a rather simple quadrature method. The answers I got were great but not what I asked. The terms in the title for $y=x^p$ look ...

**27**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### Covering maps in real life that can be demonstrated to students

Edit: I've really enjoyed everyone's examples (especially the pictures!), but I was mostly looking for a general theorem. For instance, a similar statement to mine is, Can the mapping cylinder of ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### If d/dx is an operator, on what does it operate?

If $\frac{d}{dx}$ is a differential operator, what are its inputs? If the answer is "(differentiable) functions" (i.e., variable-agnostic sets of ordered pairs), we have difficulty distinguishing ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### example of a concave function with $\lim_{x\to 0^+}\frac{g(x)}{-x\ln x}=\infty$ which fullfills some additional condition

I'm looking for the example of a concave function $g\colon [0,1]\mapsto \mathbb{R}$, with $g(0)=0$, for which
$\lim\limits_{x\to 0^+}\frac{g(x)}{-x\ln x}=\infty$ and
$\lim\limits_{x\to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### name for a class of functions

I would like to ask whether is used some name for functions $g:A\to\mathbb{R}$, $A\subset \mathbb{R}$, for which $$\exists \lambda>1:\;\; \lim_{x\to 0^+}\frac{\lambda g(x)}{g(\lambda x)}>1.$$

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### concave functions of different behaviour in the neighbourhood of 0 from Shannon function

I'm looking for an example of a concave function $g\colon [0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$, $g(0)=0$ such that:
$$\liminf_{x\to 0^+}\frac{g(x)}{-x\ln x}\neq \limsup_{x\to 0^+}\frac{g(x)}{-x\ln x}.$$
Moreover is ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

945 views

### Integrating Powers without much Calculus

I'll jump into the question and then back off into qualifications and context
Using the definition of a definite integral as the limit of Riemann sums, what is the best way (or the very good ways) ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

655 views

### Connection between properties of Dynamical and Ergodic Systems

Hi All
While studying Topological and Ergodic Dynamics, I've got quite preplexed by the different Properties a system might have (minimality, regionally recurring, transitivity, mixing, ergodic, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

203 views

### Average weighted value of a linear functional over increasing bounded subsets of Z^n

Say you're working within the finite-dimensional free Z-module $\mathbb{Z}^n$, and you want to impose a "norm" on this module. By a "norm" I mean a function $\|·\|: \mathbb{Z}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ which ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Poincaré lemma in infinite dimensions

Hi everyone,
Is the Poincaré lemma true in infinite dimensions?
Here's a precise statement:
Let $X$ be a Banach (or maybe Hilbert) vector space, $U$ a simply connected open set in $X$. Is it true ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Foliation over characteristic positive

Ekedahl wrote about foliation in characteristic positive, over the field $/frac{Z}{pZ}$ as a subsheaft of the tangent sheaft, that is closed over involution and $p$-power, My question is if there ...

**30**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Can pure mathematics harness citizen science?

Having just finished Michael Nielsen's book "Reinventing Discovery", I find myself wondering if there are ways that pure mathematics research can engage the public in the way that GalaxyZoo or Foldit ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

166 views

### Is the canonical morphism $\mathbb A^n \to\mathbb A^{n-1}$ a projective morphism? [closed]

Let $\mathbb A^n$ be the n-dimensional affine space over a field K (algebraically closed if that makes it easier), so $\mathbb A^n= \text{Spec }K[x_1,...,x_n]$, and $\mathbb A^{n-1}$ the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

257 views

### Space filling curve to simplify vector addition? [closed]

Since points on a euclidean plane can be represented by one coordinate on a space-filling curve, is there any curve such that if two vectors $(x_0,y_0)$ and $(x_1,y_1)$ were represented by $a$ and ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

452 views

### On the image of a G_\delta set under a continuous bijection

Let $X, Y$ be two metric spaces and $f$ be a continuous bijection (i.e. one-to-one map) from $X$ to $Y$. Let $E$ be a $G_{\delta}$ subset of $X$. I want to know weather the image $f(E)$ is also a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### stackification commutes with finite limits?

Suppose we work on the Grothendieck site $\mathcal{C}$ of all schemes in the fpqc topology. If it helps it is also fine with me to work only over affine schemes.
Let us denote the category of stacks ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Relation between measure of sets

Is it true that, given a space $X$ and a probability measure $\mu$ on it, given some sets $A, B \subset X$ and a finite number of disjoint sets $C_{\sigma}$ such that $\bigcup_{\sigma} C_{\sigma} =X$, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Integral inequality

Let $X$ be the d-dimensional hypercube $X=[0,1]^d$ and let $f$ and $g$ be such that $f(x) = 1$ if $x \in A$ and $0$ otherwise, $g(x)=1$ if $x \in B$ and $0$ otherwise, where $A$ and $B$ are generic ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

**0**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### tensorproduct, p-adic groupring

Suppose there is a cyclic group $G$ and a prime $p$. Why can one write
$$ \mathbb{Z}_p[G] \cong \mathbb{Z}_p \otimes _\mathbb{Z} \mathbb{Z}[G]$$
Is this some theorem which has a name?
Thanks for ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

483 views

### Function (/matrix) to generate linearly independent vectors.

Hi,
I want to whether there is a vector generating function (/matrix) such that it can generate a m-dimensional vector which will always be linearly independent of the set of m-dimensional vectors ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve

The Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve $C$, $Hilb^2(C)$, has a natural structure of ruled surface, given by the map $f:Hilb^2(C) \to C$ such that $f(P,Q)=P+Q$.
What can we say about the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

481 views

### Is the hyperspace of the Hilbert cube homeomorphic to the Hilbert cube

Question: Is the hyperspace of the Hilbert cube $H=[0,1]^\mathbb {N}$ homeomorphic to $H$?
Remarks and definitions:
1) The Hilbert cube $H$ is a compact metric space, where the metric is given by ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Hardy theorem on elementary functions

Say we have two elementary functions (see http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ElementaryFunction.html for the definition) $f_1,f_2\colon [0,\infty)\mapsto \mathbb{R}$ such that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### (Non)-exoticness of a diffeomorphism of a sphere

Suppose you have a standard sphere $S^n$ and a "standard" $S^{n-2}\subset S^n$. I am really thinking about $S^{n}\subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ the usual sphere, and $S^{n-2}=S^n\cap \{x_0=x_1=0\}$. Let ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Checking whether this would be bounded

It may be better to post this question here. Assume that $M$ is an $m$ by $m$ ($m$ is an even number) symmetric
positive-semi-definite matrix with exactly $m/2$ positive eigenvalues
and every entry of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### Computing the limit of a certain recursively defined sequence

The following is not exactly a research question (it was originated from manufacturing of exercises for calculus), and has no other motivation than explaining a phenomenon. I apologize if it is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### How many 3-flip Mobius strip knots are there?

Take a clock-wise 3-flip mobius strip,
Cut it down the middle and then let the ribbon cross itself 6 times.
This forms a framed knot of which there are many.
Get the knot diagram.
I've found ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

414 views

### concave function with sublinear growth

Does there exist a concave, increasing function $h\colon[0,\infty)\to\mathbb{R}$ such that
$\lim_{x\to\infty} h(x)=\infty$
$\lim_{x\to\infty} h(x)/x=0$
There exist sequences of positive numbers ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

333 views

### The used symbols for equality and equivalence

Background: I am currently developing a general purpose programming language which allows formal verification (i.e. correctness proofs) of programs. During the development it came out that a lot of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

250 views

### Jacobian and determinants

Start with variables $(a_1, a_2, a_3, … a_n)$ and transform it to the system $(x_1, x_2, x_3, … x_n)$ where the xi’s are the solutions to $x^n + a_1x^{n-1} + a_2x^{n-2} + a_3x^{n-3} +…+ a_n$. The ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

322 views

### kapranov's realization of $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ over other fields

Kapranov gave a very nice desciption, over $\mathbb{C}$ of the moduli space of stable pointed rational curves $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ as a series of blow-ups of $P^{n-3}$. Does this, or a similar result, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Algebraic integers in skew fields

Hi everyone,
let $D$ be a skew field, which is finite dimensional over its center $k$. Assume that $k$ is a number field, and let $\mathcal{O}_D$ be the set of elements $z\in D$ which are roots of a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

112 views

### A question about smoothness

$f$ is a smooth function on $[0,+\infty)$ and $f(x)>0$ for all $x>0$. Then does the following equivalence hold :
$\phi(x,y)=f(\sqrt{x^2+y^2})$ is smooth if and only if $f^{(k)}(0)=0$ for all ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Euler characteristic and universal cover

Let $M$ be a compact manifold, let $\tilde{M}$ be its universal cover, and suppose that the Euler characteristic $\chi(\tilde{M})=0$.
My question is: does this imply that $\chi(M)=0$?
This is clear if ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

443 views

### A closed connected component in a topological space does not contain any path-connected subset?

Does there exist such a non-trivial closed connected component U of some connected topological space X or a non-trivial connected topological space X that do not contain any non-trivial path-connected ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

583 views

### Independence of Leibniz rule and locality from other properties of the derivative?

The following is meant to be an axiomatization of differential calculus of a single variable. To avoid complications, let's say that $f$, $g$, $f'$, and $g'$ are smooth functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Topology of K3 as a sum of two abelian fibrations.

Let $E$ be a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ at 9-points in the bases locus of a pencil of elliptic curves (A $T^2$ fibration over $S^2$).
K3 surfaces is obtained by removing a fiber from two copies of $E$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### question about higher geometric stacks

I have a naive question I am asking. Given a higher geometric stack X in the sense of Simpson, Toen etc is it true that there is an affinization Spec Gamma(O_X) such that Hom(X, Spec(A))= ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Invariant lattice of algebraic surface.

Given an algebraic surface $S$ with action of a finite group $G$. Is it true that the invariant lattice $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})^G$ is generated by elements pulled back from the $H^2(X/G,\mathbb{Z})$ (or ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

364 views

### What are the applications of Dowker's theorem?

Let $R \subset X \times Y$ be any relation between sets $X$ and $Y$. CH Dowker constructed two simplicial complexes $K$ and $L$ associated to $R$:
a simplex in $K$ consists of finitely many elements ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

258 views

### Azimuthal and polar integration of a 3D Gaussian

Numerical evaluation of the following integral of a 3D gaussian $G$ seems to result in a 1D Gaussian $g$:
$$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{\pi}G(R,\phi,\theta)\sin\theta\ \text{d}\theta \ \text{d}\phi= ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

609 views

### Multivariable Calculus Lecture Ideas

I am teaching a course in multivariable calculus this semester. We are covering the basics about $\mathbb{R}^n$, including dot products and cross products, curves, and quadric surfaces. After that ...

**7**

votes

**11**answers

2k views

### A function that is defined everywhere but has unknown values [closed]

For pedagogical purposes I am looking for a function $\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$ that is defined everywhere but has most of its values unknown. Although such a function cannot be simple by definition, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### What grows faster? [closed]

What grows faster: Busy Beaver function, TREE function or BEAF largest resursive functions (legions, lugions, lagions...)?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

325 views

### A question on an intuitive way to look at stacks

I am reading the chapter "Introducing Algebraic Stacks" in The Stacks Projects to get a feeling for them. There is a small point that throws me off. They denote $\mathcal{M}_{1, 1}$ the moduli stack ...