**-7**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### The P VS NP problem as relates to factoring [closed]

Good Day all,
If someone could prove there is no simple way to factor an integer, and show searching is absolutely required, would that also prove P is not equal to NP?
Thanks in advance for your ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### covering all the points on a real number line [closed]

So my question is really simple (and may be a bit naive):
The claim is "I can cover all the points in a region from their x, y projections by locating a grid in which they lie in and recursively ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$.
We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Other applications of the 'increment' approach

I would like to hear about other instances of the so-called 'increments' approach, first used by Roth to prove that a subset of $\mathbb{N}$ of positive upper density contained infinitely many ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

745 views

### When are maps between topological spaces homotopic?

I wanted to ask if there is any known mehod to quantify 'how many' homotopy classes of maps there are between two given topological spaces $X$, $Y$ (CW-complexes, say).
So far I had the following ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

475 views

### Question about product topology

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}$ is dense without interior point, and for every open interval $I,J\subset\mathbb{R}$, $I\cap S$ is homeomorphic to $J\cap S$.
Is $S\times S$ homeomorphic to $S$?
By Luzin ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Elementary question about Isotopy (in the definition of a Teichmuller space)

Disclaimer - I don't have much experience in topology/complex geometry, so I apologize if what I'm asking is too elementary for this site.
Let $S$ be some orientable surface obtained by removing ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Topological characterisation for a (closed irreducible) hyperbolic 3-manifold

Is there a topological characterisation of what a (closed irreducible) hyperbolic 3-manifold is? I don't know any Riemannian geometry and still want to understand what an exceptional Dehn surgery is. ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What is about nonassociative geometry?

At the end of a conference given by Alain Connes in 2000 (here is a video in French), a member of the audience asked a question. I transcribed and translated it for you below:
Audience: You showed ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

1k views

### The Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens polynomial for prime numbers and differential calculus?

After works of Davis, Matijasevic, Putman and Robinson between 1960 and 1970, we know that every recursively enumerable set of numbers can be represented by a polynomial.
In particular, it's the case ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Fibration in the 3 torus.

The Hopf fibration $S^1\rightarrow S^3\rightarrow S^2$ gives a decomposition of $S^3$ into 2-tori and to circles, so that the tori are foliated by circles of slope 1. If you take the region between ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Is the homeomorphism class of a connected open set of C determined by its fundamental group?

Let $U,U'\subseteq\mathbf{C}$ be two connected open sets such that $\pi_1(U)\simeq\pi_1(U')$.
Q: Does this imply that $U$ is homeomorphic to $U'$?
In the case where the $\pi_1$'s are trivial then ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

372 views

### Embedding Theorem for topological spaces, and in general

There are many examples throughout mathematics of abstracting the formal properties of a "familiar" structure, but then having a theorem stating that all models of the abstract axioms embed into one ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What is the definition of continuity of set-valued functions?

According to the wiki of Kakutani's fixed-point theorem, A set-valued mapping $\varphi$ from a topological space $X$ into a powerset $\wp(Y)$ called upper semi-continuous if for every open set $W ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Does there exist a space X whose suspension is homotopy equivalent to [0,1] rel ends but where X is not contractible?

As pointed out by David White in
when mapping cone is contractible
there exists an acyclic CW-complex $X$ which is not contractible but whose suspension is contractible. Namely, let $a$ and $b$ be ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

427 views

### Picturing a Certain Torus and Klein Bottle

The other day I was explaining orientability to someone and we were walking through some of the statements about orientability on the Wikipedia page on the topic. While I was able to satisfy his ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### On the cardinality of perfect spaces with the countable chain condition

QUESTION: Does every regular perfect space with the countable chain condition have cardinality bounded above by the continuum? Is this at least true for perfectly normal ccc spaces?
Recall that a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

451 views

### Showing a filter with a certain property on the power set of $\mathbb{Z}$ is a one point filter

Let $\mathcal{P}_0(X)$ the Power set of $X$ without the empty set and let $\dot{x}:=\{A\subseteq X: x \in A\}$ the one point filter generated by $x$. Furtermore let $$ \mathcal{A} := \{ f \in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

135 views

### Finitely Generated Commutative Z-algebra.

Let $R$ be a commutative, finitely generated $\mathbb{Z}$-algebra, then the nil radical is equal to the Jacobson radical.
I am not able to make much traction on this, nor can I find this result in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Finding a good ordering of $\mathbb{Q}$

Oftentimes in density arguments we let $\{x_n\}$ be a dense sequence and this is sufficient to imply the desired result.
From a research question I am working on I have simplified the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Approximating rational generating functions

Suppose we have a initial segment $x_1,\ldots,x_N$ (for reasonably large $N$) of a sequence of natural numbers $(x_i)$. We have reason to believe the generating function $\sum_{i=0}^\infty x_iX^i$ is ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does the derivative of log have a Dirac delta term?

Dirac writes down the following formula on page 61 of his "Principles of quantum mechanics":
$\frac{d}{dx}\log x = \frac{1}{x} -i\pi\delta(x)$, see http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1947pqm..book.....D ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### P-adic Weierstrass Lemma for several variables

The p-adic Weiestrass lemma asserts that a power series $f(z)$ with coefficients in the ring of integers of a local field can be factored as $π^n·u(z)·p(z)$ where u(z) is a unit in the ring of power ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Are period domains ever contractible

Which simply-connected period domains are contractible?
Examples. Siegel upper-half space? Poincare upper-half plane? Universal cover of a Shimura variety?
Are these contractible?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

264 views

### Name convention for the composition of the preimage of a function and the function itself

Hi, given a function $f:X \rightarrow Y$, not necessarily invertible, is there a conventional name for the function $$g_f := f^{-1} \circ f:X \rightarrow \mathcal{P}(X),$$ where $\mathcal{P}(X)$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### Identity involving Fresnel integrals

In the paper E. Mehlum, Appell and the apple (nonlinear splines in space), Technical
Report No. 1676 (1981), Central institute for industrial research, Oslo (reproduced in the book Mathematical ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

710 views

### Stone–Čech Compactification of $\mathbb{Z}$ with Fürstenberg Topology

The Stone–Čech Compactification of $\mathbb{N}$ as a discrete space has been extensively studied and can be represented using ultrafilters.
Consider $X=(\mathbb{Z},\mathcal{T})$, where $\mathcal{T}$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Continuous functions on path-connected subsets

Let $X$ be a topological space, and $PX$ the space of all paths on $X$. Then let $G\subset X$ be a path-connected subset and $p\in G$ a point. Let $\sigma:G\rightarrow PX$ be a continuous function ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

382 views

### Possible to find a set of log-concave functions with log-concave sums?

While the set of log-convex functions is closed under addition, the set of log-concave functions is not. Yet if $f$ is log-concave, $\ln(k f) = \ln(k)+\ln(f)$, with $k \in \mathbb{R}^+$ constant, is ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

529 views

### sections of tensor product bundle ( tensor product of two vector bundles ) [closed]

Suppose we have a smooth manifold M and E--->M is a vector bundle. A connection on E is a linear map from the set of all smooth section on E into the set of smooth sections of the tensor product of E ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### How to define an “anisotropic vector” for a given object?

Dear experts,
I am looking for a way to define an "alignment vector" (or anisotropy or orientation vector?) for a given geometrical object. I am not sure how to put this into correct technical terms, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Spectral synthesis for central functions on locally compact groups

There is a large literature on harmonic analysis on locally compact group, that
I am just beginning to discover. However I have not seen so far anything that emphasizes the central functions on $G$. A ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### symmetry of generationg function of PDE

We know that for finding the solutions of PDE equations, one of methods is "reduction of PDE", . For nonlinear equation
$v_t=(v^{-4/3}v_x)_x+\lambda v$ how can we compute the generators of Lie ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

335 views

### Limit with theorem of dominated convergence

Let $f\in L^{2,s}(\mathbb{R}^3)=\bigg\lbrace u\bigg|\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}dx\,|u(x)|^2(1+|x|^2)^s<\infty\bigg\rbrace$ ($s>\frac{1}{2}$)
I have to calculate this limit
$$\lim_{|x-y|\to ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Limit of a function in a weighted Sobolev space

I have a function $f(x)$ in the space $H^{2,-s}(\mathbb{R}^3)$; have this limit sense
$$\lim_{|x-y|\to 0} f(x)$$
? ($y$ is a fixed point)
If i have $f$ in $H^2$ I can say that
$$\lim_{|x-y|\to 0} ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Extension divergence-free, curl-converging vector field

Hi.
Consider a smooth open Set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and a bounded sequence of vector fields $(u_n)_n \in L^2(\Omega)$ having $0$ divergence. I know how to extend this sequence to the whole ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### Is there a closed form expression/series expansion for $\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} e^{az+b^2z^2}\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)dz$ ?

I've been trying to find a closed form expression/series expansion for the following integral without success:
$$F(a,b)=\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

282 views

### Homotopy Equivalences and Induced Correspondences between Fibre Bundles

Suppose that $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a homotopy equivalence of manifolds. Given a manifold $F$, the pullback construction for $f$ yields a correspondence between isomorphism classes of fibre bundles ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### A uniformity with a countable base is a pseudometric uniformity.

I need a proof for this proposition:
If a uniformity $\mathfrak U$ on $X$ has a
countable fundamental system of
entourages, then it can be defined by
a pseudometric on $X$.
which is the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Computing a point of refraction

Oddball question: say I want to travel from $(a, b)$ where $b > 0$ to $(c, d)$ where $d < 0$ using the shortest path, where I can travel at velocity $v_1$ in the upper half-plane and at velocity ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

421 views

### Is this min not less than a min

Let $\mathbf{D}$ be the unit disk, is
$$\inf_{\begin{array}{c}
v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\in\mathbf{D},\\
v_{0}\in\mbox{convexhull}\left(v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\right)
\end{array}}\max_{0\le ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

743 views

### Derivative of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function

Hello everyone!
I have a question about the derivative of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function. Considering the gamma function and the incomplete gamma function
\begin{eqnarray}
...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Group or manifold ? [closed]

I have a question in seeing this
$$U(n)=\frac{U(n)}{U(n-1)} * \frac{U(n-1)}{U(n-2)}*\cdots *\frac{U(2)}{U(1)}*U(1)$$
So, group U(n) is written as product of quotient spaces.
Is quotient space, for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### How do minimal polynomials relate?

How does the idea of a "minimal polynomial" for a matrix (i.e. for a matrix $A$, the polynomial, $\mu (x)$, of least degree, such that $\mu (A) =0$) relate the the "minimal polynomial" for some ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### How to specify a finite group up to inner automorphism?

I want some finite set of data to which I can canoically associate a "group up to inner automorphism", and which can be constructed canoically from a "group up to inner automorphism". I have a few ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### How many flavors should a notational system offer for rank-1 tensors?

The notation for tensors is like the plumbing in a very old Vermont farmhouse. It may once have been intentionally designed, but after that it just evolved. As an example, it seems that depending on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Homotopy groups of K3

Let X be a K3 surface and $Y=X/\mathbb{Z}_2$, an Enrique surface.
Long exact sequence of homotopy groups corresponding to fiberaion $\pi:X\to Y$, says that $\pi_2(X)=\pi_2(Y)$, while we know $H_2(X)$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

411 views

### Properties of a rational function of multiple variables

Suppose you are given a multivariable rational function f(x0,x1,x2,x3,..,xn), so the only four operation are +,-,*,/.
Assume that all constants and exponents are integers within certain range.
I ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Permanent of a matrix of odd integers

It is clear that the permanent of an $n\times n$ matrix which entries are odd integers, is an even number, as it is the sum of $n!$ odd numbers. I am interested in finding the highest power of $2$ ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

804 views

### Hopf Algebra for a physicist

Hello,
for my bachelor's thesis I need to understand the Hopf Algebra of Feynman Diagrams. As I have only litte knowledge in Algebra by now I wanted to ask where I could start and what preknowledge I ...