# Tagged Questions

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### When does symmetry in an optimization problem imply that all variables are equal at optimality?

There are many optimization problems in which the variables are symmetric in the objective and the constraints; i.e., you can swap any two variables, and the problem remains the same. Let's call such ...
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### Angle Maximizing the Distance of a Projectile

It is well-known that to maximize the horizontal distance traveled by a projectile fired from the ground at a given speed, one should fire it at a $45^\circ$ angle. What's less-known, though not too ...
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### The Symmetry of a Soccer Ball

Let $P$ be a polyhedron which satisfies the following three conditions: $P$ is built out of regular hexagons and regular pentagons. Three faces meet at each vertex. $P$ is topologically a sphere. ...
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### Mathematics of quasicrystals

I want to study quasicrystals from mathematical point of view, but I'm having hard time finding materials about it. If you could suggest me some books, articles or papers, I would be glad.
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### Highly symmetric 6-regular graph with 20 vertices

I'm interested in (node/edge-)symmetric 6-regular graphs on 20 vertices and 60 edges, especially ones with a A5/icosahedral/dodecahedral symmetry group and especially their chromatic number. So far I ...
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### Who first introduced the functional definition of symmetry?

Who first introduced the definition of symmetry using functions explicitly? (That is, for instance, a symmetry of a subset $X$ of the plane is a function $F$ from the plane to the plane that preserves ...
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### Parameterizing rotations of a cube

For $g\in\mathrm{SO}(3),S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3,$ define $g\cdot S:=\{g\cdot p : p\in S\}.$ In words, if $g$ is a rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$, $g\cdot S$ is the set of elements of $S$ rotated by $g$. ...
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### Non-degeneracy of ground state in quantum mechanics

In non-relativistic quantum mechanics, what are the necessary conditions on the potential (or on the hamiltonian in general) for the ground state to be non-degenrate?
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### Differential operators preserving the space of harmonic functions (aka higher symmetries of the Laplacian)

The article http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0206233 (published in Ann. of Math. (2) 161 (2005), no. 3) deals with linear differential operators $D$ for which there exists another linear differential ...
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### Symmetry of function defined by integral

(Originally posed in Math.SE in Jan 2013. Received no complete answers as of yet.) Define a function $f(\alpha, \beta)$, $\alpha \in (-1,1)$, $\beta \in (-1,1)$ as  f(\alpha, \beta) = \int_0^{\...
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### Non-inherited symmetries of shadows of point sets

Sometimes a point set in Euclidean space may have a shadow with an unexpected symmetry. The purpose here is to ask when this happens or when it doesn't happen (in some generality). This requires a ...
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### Find the axis of symmetry in a point cloud

I have some dataset which describes a spherical cloud of points in 4D space. Actually, the coordinates of the points are the coefficients of unit quaternions, so you get the idea on what the data is ...
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### True or false: if a set of 2D points has valid symmetry axes, then at least one of them is equal to a principal component vector

I posted this question on math.stackexchange but got no answer, so I decided to post it here instead. Sorry about the impreciness, not professional mathematician here. Let's assume we have a set of ...
1answer
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### Is it true that Sym[P]!=0 and Sym[Q]!=0 implies Sym[PQ]!=0 ?

Let $P,Q$ be homogenous polynomials in variables $x=x_1,\dots,x_n$ resp. $y=y_1,\dots,y_m.$ We know that $Sym_x[P]$ and $Sym_y[Q]$ are not identically zero. Does it follow that $Sym_{x \cup y}[PQ]$ ...
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