# Tagged Questions

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### Limiting set theory using symmetry

[Cross-posted from here] If my understanding is correct, naive set theory needs to be restricted in order to avoid paradoxes including the Russell paradox. Typically, the restriction is expressed in ...
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### Highly symmetric 6-regular graph with 20 vertices

I'm interested in (node/edge-)symmetric 6-regular graphs on 20 vertices and 60 edges, especially ones with a A5/icosahedral/dodecahedral symmetry group and especially their chromatic number. So far I ...
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### Angle Maximizing the Distance of a Projectile

It is well-known that to maximize the horizontal distance traveled by a projectile fired from the ground at a given speed, one should fire it at a $45^\circ$ angle. What's less-known, though not too ...
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### “Box Nodes” in Directed Graphs with Paired IO Symmetry

Consider directed graphs where all nodes have 2 inputs and 2 outputs. If we design a box with N inputs and N outputs, what is the smallest number of nodes it must contain to satisfy “pair symmetry” (...
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### Using symmetries of a r.v.'s distribution to boost samples and possibly do variance reduction

Suppose, for example, you are simulating samples from a (multivariate) Gaussian with mean zero and covariance $\Gamma=BB^T$. If you had generated a sample $x$, you could generate more (dependent) ...
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### Mathematics of quasicrystals

I want to study quasicrystals from mathematical point of view, but I'm having hard time finding materials about it. If you could suggest me some books, articles or papers, I would be glad.
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### Does graph asymmetry imply all eigenvalues of the graph Laplacian are simple?

It is well known that 1) if there exists a non-trivial automorphism of a graph $G$ with corresponding permutation matrix $P$ then if $(v,\lambda)$ is an eigenvector-eigenvalue pair of the graph ...
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### When does symmetry in an optimization problem imply that all variables are equal at optimality?

There are many optimization problems in which the variables are symmetric in the objective and the constraints; i.e., you can swap any two variables, and the problem remains the same. Let's call such ...
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### Name this periodic tiling

Hello MO, I've been working on a problem I'm working on in ergodic theory (finding Alpern lemmas for measure-preserving $\mathbb R^d$ actions) and have found some neat tilings, that I presume were ...
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### Noether's Theorem in Quantum Mechanics

In classical mechanics: If a Lagrangian L is preserved by an infinitesimal change in the state space variables qi -> qi + εKi(q) leads to only second order change in the Lagrangian:  0 = \...
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### Is it true that Sym[P]!=0 and Sym[Q]!=0 implies Sym[PQ]!=0 ?

Let $P,Q$ be homogenous polynomials in variables $x=x_1,\dots,x_n$ resp. $y=y_1,\dots,y_m.$ We know that $Sym_x[P]$ and $Sym_y[Q]$ are not identically zero. Does it follow that $Sym_{x \cup y}[PQ]$ ...
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### Non-inherited symmetries of shadows of point sets

Sometimes a point set in Euclidean space may have a shadow with an unexpected symmetry. The purpose here is to ask when this happens or when it doesn't happen (in some generality). This requires a ...
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### Differential operators preserving the space of harmonic functions (aka higher symmetries of the Laplacian)

The article http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0206233 (published in Ann. of Math. (2) 161 (2005), no. 3) deals with linear differential operators $D$ for which there exists another linear differential ...
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### Non-degeneracy of ground state in quantum mechanics

In non-relativistic quantum mechanics, what are the necessary conditions on the potential (or on the hamiltonian in general) for the ground state to be non-degenrate?