**83**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### What do the stable homotopy groups of spheres say about the combinatorics of finite sets?

The Barratt-Priddy-Quillen(-Segal) theorem says that the following spaces are homotopy equivalent in an (essentially) canonical way:
$\Omega^\infty S^\infty:=\varinjlim~ \Omega^nS^n$
...

**59**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Is ${\rm S}_6$ the automorphism group of a group?

The automorphism group of the symmetric group $S_n$ is $S_n$ when $n$ is not $2$ or $6$, in which cases it is respectively $1$ and the semidirect product of $S_6$ with the (cyclic) group of order $2$. ...

**37**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### What to do now that Lusztig's and James' conjectures have been shown to be false?

Lusztig and James provided conjectures for dimensions of simple modules (or decomposition numbers) for algebraic groups and symmetric groups in characteristic $p$. These conjectures have been ...

**26**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What are the applications of immanants?

Definitions of determinant:
$\det(A) = \sum_{\sigma \in S_n}(-1)^{\operatorname{sgn} \sigma}\prod_{i}a_{i, \sigma(i)}$
and permanent:
$\mathrm{per}(A) = \sum_{\sigma \in S_n}\prod_{i}a_{i, ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

623 views

### Is there an easy description of the structure of this infinite group?

Let $S_\infty$ denote the full symmetric group on countably many points and index the points by $\mathbb{N}$. For any weight (for lack of a better name) function $w:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb R^+$, ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

404 views

### Nekrasov-Okounkov hook length formula

I am now reading the paper An explicit expansion formula for the powers of the Euler Product in terms of partition hook lengths by Guo-Niu Han. The author rediscovered what he calls Nekrasov-Okounkov ...

**18**

votes

**6**answers

800 views

### Why is the right permutohedron order (aka weak order) on $S_n$ a lattice?

This is one of those things I never expected to be hard until I tried to prove it. Why is the right permutohedron order (a.k.a. weak Bruhat order, a.k.a. weak order -- not to be confused with the ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Why are Jucys-Murphy elements' eigenvalues whole numbers?

The Jucys-Murphy elements of the group algebra of a finite symmetric group (here's the definition in Wikipedia) are known to correspond to operators diagonal in the Young basis of an irreducible ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

742 views

### An n!-dimensional representation of the symmetric group S_{n+2}

I have come across a sequence of representations $V_n$ of the symmetric group $S_{n+2}$ which has the property that restricting the action $S_n \subset S_{n+2}$ gives the regular representation:
$$ ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

864 views

### Conjectural identities for Young symmetrizers and Young-Jucys-Murphy elements

The following questions I have found in my own notes from about 3 years ago. Unfortunately, I lost much of the context; I believe I made these conjectures reading Okounkov-Vershik, arXiv:0503040v3, ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### An n!xn! determinant.

Let us consider the matrix $A$ with its rows and columns enumerated by the elements of $S_n$ with $A_{\sigma\tau}=x^{c(\sigma\tau^{-1})}$ where $c()$ is the number of cycles in a permutation's ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

532 views

### What is the length of the shortest law of $S_n$?

What is the length of the shortest word $w\in F_2$ such that $w(x,y)$ is trivial for every $x,y\in S_n$?
There is a simple argument showing that we must have $\ell(w)\geq n$. See here for instance. ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Has Reifegerste's Theorem on RSK and Knuth relations received a slick proof by now?

For the notations I am using, I refer to the Appendix at the end of this post.
Here is what, for the sake of this post, I consider to be Reifegerste's theorem:
Theorem 1. Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Cohomology of configuration space as a representation of the symmetric group

Let $X_n$ be the space of $n$ distinct labeled points in $\mathbb{R}^3$, which is equipped with an action of the symmetric group $S_n$. It is well known that the total cohomology of $X_n$ is ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Rhombus tilings with more than three directions

The point of this question is to construct a list of references on the following subject: Fix vectors $v_1$, $v_2$, ..., $v_g$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, all lying in a half plane in that cyclic order. I am ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

390 views

### Okounkov-Vershik approach to representation theory of $S_n$

This is a rather soft question. I was wondering if someone could explain on a fundamental and intuitive level, what the Okounkov-Vershik approach to representation theory of $S_n$ is all about. It's ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### Minimal maximal subgroup of the symmetric group

The question is pretty much in the title: What is the maximal subgroup of $S_d$ of maximal index (so minimal size)? A slight variant (I am not sure if it leads to a different answer) is: what if we ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### roots of permutations

Consider equation $x^2=x_0$ in symmetric group $S_n$, where $x_0\in S_n$ is fixed. Is it true that for each integer $n\geq 1$, the maximal number of solutions (square roots) has identity permutation? ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### A general formula for the number of conjugacy classes of $\mathbb{S}_n \times \mathbb{S}_n$ acted on by $ \mathbb{S}_n$

$\def\S{\mathbb{S}}$ Dear all,
So I have $\S_n$ acting on $\S_n \times \S_n$ via conjugacy. That is:
for $g \in \S_n, (x,y) \in \S_n \times \S_n$: $g(x,y) = (gxg^{-1},gyg^{-1}).$
Is there a general ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

676 views

### Largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles

The largest permutation group without 2-cycles is $A_n$, which has size $n!/2$. I think the largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles is much smaller, but I can't figure out if it should ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### factorization of the regular representation of the symmetric group

Let $\mathbb{C}[S_n]$ be the regular representation of the symmetric group $S_n$, and let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be the vector representation.
Question: Does there exist a representation $V$ (of dimension ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

598 views

### Connected components $0-1$ matrices

Let $M$ be a $0-1$ matrix.
Here a matrix has one component means we can traverse from a matrix entry $(i,j)$ which is $1$ to any other one by moving step of $(i\pm1,j),(i,j\pm1),(i\pm1,j\pm1)$ where ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

722 views

### Diagonalizing some matrices arising from Fourier transform on $S_n$.

Consider the function $f$ on $S_n$ which equals $1/n$ on all adjacent transpositions $(i,i+1)$, where we let $n+1 = 1$, and $0$ otherwise, and its Fourier transform $\hat{f}(\rho)$ evaluated at the ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

446 views

### Where do stable Kronecker coefficients live “in nature”?

Background:
For a partition $\lambda$, let $\lambda[N] = (N - |\lambda|, \lambda_1, \lambda_2, \lambda_3, \dots)$, also let $\chi_\lambda$ be the corresponding irreducible character of the symmetric ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

907 views

### Number of squares in a finite group

This was asked at MSE but never answered.
Let $G$ be a finite group and denote by $sq(G)$ the number of squares in $G$ i.e. the number of elements in $G$ which possess a square root. For example, if
...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Cyclic Permutations - but not what you think

This question is not about elements of $S_n$ that consist of a single $n$-cycle, though naturally it's related.
Instead, consider permutations modulo the action of $(123\ldots n)$. That is, we ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

732 views

### Branching rule from symmetric group $S_{2n}$ to hyperoctahedral group $H_n$

Embed the hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ into the symmetric group $S_{2n}$ as the centralizer of the involution $(1, 2) (3, 4) \cdots (2n-1, 2n)$ (cycle notation). Label representations of $S_{2n}$ by ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Making the branching rule for the symmetric group concrete

This question concerns the characteristic $0$ representation theory of the symmetric group $S_n$. I'm a topologist, not a representation theorist, so I apologize if I state it in an odd way.
First, ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Can a large transitive permutation group need many generators?

let $G$ be a transitive permutation group acting on $\{1, \ldots, n\}$, and let $d(G)$ be the minimal number of generators of $G$. Is it true, that for $n\rightarrow\infty$ we have ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

430 views

### The Simultaneous Conjugacy Problem in the symmetric group $S_N$

We are interested in the following notions in the case $G=S_N$, the symmetric group on
$\{1,\dots,N\}$.
Fix a group $G$ and a number $d$. For $(g_1,\dots,g_d)\in G^d$ and $x\in G$, define
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How ugly is the isomorphism R[GxH] = R[G] (X) R[H] for groups G, H?

Clearly, when $G$ and $H$ are two finite groups, and $V$ and $W$ are two representations of $G$ and $H$, respectively, then $V\otimes W$ is a representation of the group $G\times H$. It is a ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### What Is The Minimal Monomial of the Symmetric Group?

In the symmetric group $S_n$ what is the shortest sequence $c_1,\ldots,c_k\in S_n$ such that, for all $x\in S_n$ the following product of conjugates of $x$:
$$x^{c_1}x^{c_2}\ldots x^{c_k}$$
equals the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Reference request: The stable Kronecker ring is isomorphic to the ring of symmetric polynomials

Background
For $\lambda$ any partition and $n$ a positive integer, write $\lambda[n]$ for the sequence $(n - |\lambda|, \lambda_1, \lambda_2, \ldots, \lambda_r)$. For $n$ large enough, this is a ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

419 views

### A $q$-analogue of Foulkes' character related to alternating permutations

My paper "Alternating permutations and symmetric functions" at
http://math.mit.edu/~rstan/papers/altenum.pdf enumerates certain
classes of alternating permutations, such as those whose inverse is
...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

901 views

### Number of Permutations?

Edit: This is a modest rephrasing of the question as originally stated below the fold: for $n \geq 3$, let $\sigma \in S_n$ be a fixed-point-free permutation. How many fixed-point-free permutations ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

480 views

### Problems which use S₄ → S₃

I need examples of problems which use, directly or indirectly, the homomorphism $S_4\to S_3$ in the solution (its kernel is $\mathbb{Z}_2\oplus\mathbb{Z}_2$).
Obvious candidates:
Lagrange resolvent ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

880 views

### How do most people write permutations?

I'd like to know how people prefer to write permutations, or elements of the symmetric group $S_n$ for $n\ge0$.
The most natural way to define a permutation in $S_n$ is as a bijection on the set ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

496 views

### What is the probability that two random permutations have the same order?

I am interested in the orders of random permutations. Since the law of the logarithm of the order of a permutation converges to a normal law (for instance Erdös-Turan Statistical group theory III), ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Invariant ring of $S_5$

The irreducible representations of the Symmetric group $S_5$ are classified by the partitions of $5$. For the standard representation which corresponds to the partition (4,1) the ring of invariants is ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

303 views

### Characters of permutation groups

Let $N$ be a fixed positive integer, and denote by $C(m)$ the number of
permutations on an $N$-element set that have exactly $m$ cycles (counting
$1$-cycles). Then it is in the literature that the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

655 views

### Generalizing the Fundamental Theorem of Symmetric Polynomials

The fundamental theorem of symmetric polynomials tells us that the ring $\mathbb{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]^{S_n}$ of symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables is generated (without relations) by the elementary ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

803 views

### On Applications of Murnaghan Nakayama Rule

This question is crossposted at math.stackexchange here and may be beyond the usual scope of the site. The question is located below. In short, I am looking for an accessible explanation of the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is a Specht module?

I'm studying the structure of the Specht module for $S_n$ and I would like to know if there is some generalizations of this structure for Weyls groups or Coxeter groups.
Also, I'm interest to know ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Restriction of characters of hyperoctahedral groups.

The hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ has several descriptions; as a wreath product; as signed permutation matrices; as the Weyl group of type $B_n$ or $C_n$. In all these descriptions it is apparent that ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

381 views

### Is there a non-explicit characterization of the Specht modules?

It is a basic fact about the symmetric group $S_n$ that its irreducible representations are indexed by partitions of $n$.
My question is, can the association between partitions and irreps be ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Linear relations among permutation matrices

Given a permutation $\sigma\in S_n$, let $P_\sigma$ denote the corresponding $n\times n$ permutation matrix. It is easy to see that for $n=3$, there is only one linear relation up to scaling given by ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Two ways of generalizing factorials via symmetric groups

By the Bruhat decomposition of $GL(n, \mathbb{F}_q) / B_n$ we know that $$[n]! = \sum_{ \sigma \in S(n)} q^{l(\sigma)}$$ where $[n]! = \prod_{j=1}^n (1+q + \cdots + q^{j-1})$ and $l(\sigma)$ is the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

744 views

### Derived functors of symmetric powers

What do the derived functors of the symmetric powers look like? I understand that this is related to the homology of the symmetric groups, but I don't know a reference for that.
Namely, I'm ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

509 views

### Littlewood Richardson rule and seminormal basis of Specht modules

Background
Seminormal Basis of Specht modules of $\mathfrak{S}_n$
Let $\lambda$ be a partition of $n$. A $\lambda$-tableau is a
bijection $\mathfrak{t}:\lambda \to \{1,2,...,n\}$. We say a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Permutation character of the symmetric group on subsets of certain size

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, thereby inducing an action on the set $$\wp_k(n)=\{\: A\subseteq[n] \::\: \#A=k \:\}$$ of subsets of cardinality $k$, simply by $$(g,A)\mapsto ...