**78**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### What do the stable homotopy groups of spheres say about the combinatorics of finite sets?

The Barratt-Priddy-Quillen(-Segal) theorem says that the following spaces are homotopy equivalent in an (essentially) canonical way:
$\Omega^\infty S^\infty:=\varinjlim~ \Omega^nS^n$
...

**35**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What to do now that Lusztig's and James' conjectures have been shown to be false?

Lusztig and James provided conjectures for dimensions of simple modules (or decomposition numbers) for algebraic groups and symmetric groups in characteristic $p$. These conjectures have been ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What are the applications of immanants?

Definitions of determinant:
$det(A) = \sum_{\sigma \in S_n}(-1)^{\operatorname{sgn} \sigma}\prod_{i}a_{i, \sigma(i)}$
and permanent:
$perm(A) = \sum_{\sigma \in S_n}\prod_{i}a_{i, \sigma(i)}$
...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

594 views

### Is there an easy description of the structure of this infinite group?

Let $S_\infty$ denote the full symmetric group on countably many points and index the points by $\mathbb{N}$. For any weight (for lack of a better name) function $w:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb R^+$, ...

**18**

votes

**6**answers

674 views

### Why is the right permutohedron order (aka weak order) on $S_n$ a lattice?

This is one of those things I never expected to be hard until I tried to prove it. Why is the right permutohedron order (a.k.a. weak Bruhat order, a.k.a. weak order -- not to be confused with the ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Why are Jucys-Murphy elements' eigenvalues whole numbers?

The Jucys-Murphy elements of the group algebra of a finite symmetric group (here's the definition in Wikipedia) are known to correspond to operators diagonal in the Young basis of an irreducible ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### An n!xn! determinant.

Let us consider the matrix $A$ with its rows and columns enumerated by the elements of $S_n$ with $A_{\sigma\tau}=x^{c(\sigma\tau^{-1})}$ where $c()$ is the number of cycles in a permutation's ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

700 views

### An n!-dimensional representation of the symmetric group S_{n+2}

I have come across a sequence of representations $V_n$ of the symmetric group $S_{n+2}$ which has the property that restricting the action $S_n \subset S_{n+2}$ gives the regular representation:
$$ ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

470 views

### What is the length of the shortest law of $S_n$?

What is the length of the shortest word $w\in F_2$ such that $w(x,y)$ is trivial for every $x,y\in S_n$?
There is a simple argument showing that we must have $\ell(w)\geq n$. See here for instance. ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

950 views

### Has Reifegerste's Theorem on RSK and Knuth relations received a slick proof by now?

For the notations I am using, I refer to the Appendix at the end of this post.
Here is what, for the sake of this post, I consider to be Reifegerste's theorem:
Theorem 1. Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

691 views

### Conjectural identities for Young symmetrizers and Young-Jucys-Murphy elements

The following questions I have found in my own notes from about 3 years ago. Unfortunately, I lost much of the context; I believe I made these conjectures reading Okounkov-Vershik, arXiv:0503040v3, ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### A general formula for the number of conjugacy classes of $\mathbb{S}_n \times \mathbb{S}_n$ acted on by $ \mathbb{S}_n$

$\def\S{\mathbb{S}}$ Dear all,
So I have $\S_n$ acting on $\S_n \times \S_n$ via conjugacy. That is:
for $g \in \S_n, (x,y) \in \S_n \times \S_n$: $g(x,y) = (gxg^{-1},gyg^{-1}).$
Is there a general ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Rhombus tilings with more than three directions

The point of this question is to construct a list of references on the following subject: Fix vectors $v_1$, $v_2$, ..., $v_g$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, all lying in a half plane in that cyclic order. I am ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### roots of permutations

Consider equation $x^2=x_0$ in symmetric group $S_n$, where $x_0\in S_n$ is fixed. Is it true that for each integer $n\geq 1$, the maximal number of solutions (square roots) has identity permutation? ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

641 views

### Largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles

The largest permutation group without 2-cycles is $A_n$, which has size $n!/2$. I think the largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles is much smaller, but I can't figure out if it should ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

713 views

### Diagonalizing some matrices arising from Fourier transform on $S_n$.

Consider the function $f$ on $S_n$ which equals $1/n$ on all adjacent transpositions $(i,i+1)$, where we let $n+1 = 1$, and $0$ otherwise, and its Fourier transform $\hat{f}(\rho)$ evaluated at the ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

428 views

### Where do stable Kronecker coefficients live “in nature”?

Background:
For a partition $\lambda$, let $\lambda[N] = (N - |\lambda|, \lambda_1, \lambda_2, \lambda_3, \dots)$, also let $\chi_\lambda$ be the corresponding irreducible character of the symmetric ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Making the branching rule for the symmetric group concrete

This question concerns the characteristic $0$ representation theory of the symmetric group $S_n$. I'm a topologist, not a representation theorist, so I apologize if I state it in an odd way.
First, ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

666 views

### Branching rule from symmetric group $S_{2n}$ to hyperoctahedral group $H_n$

Embed the hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ into the symmetric group $S_{2n}$ as the centralizer of the involution $(1, 2) (3, 4) \cdots (2n-1, 2n)$ (cycle notation). Label representations of $S_{2n}$ by ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### Connected components $0-1$ matrices

Let $M$ be a $0-1$ matrix.
Here a matrix has one component means we can traverse from a matrix entry $(i,j)$ which is $1$ to any other one by moving step of $(i\pm1,j),(i,j\pm1),(i\pm1,j\pm1)$ where ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How ugly is the isomorphism R[GxH] = R[G] (X) R[H] for groups G, H?

Clearly, when $G$ and $H$ are two finite groups, and $V$ and $W$ are two representations of $G$ and $H$, respectively, then $V\otimes W$ is a representation of the group $G\times H$. It is a ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### What Is The Minimal Monomial of the Symmetric Group?

In the symmetric group $S_n$ what is the shortest sequence $c_1,\ldots,c_k\in S_n$ such that, for all $x\in S_n$ the following product of conjugates of $x$:
$$x^{c_1}x^{c_2}\ldots x^{c_k}$$
equals the ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Cyclic Permutations - but not what you think

This question is not about elements of $S_n$ that consist of a single $n$-cycle, though naturally it's related.
Instead, consider permutations modulo the action of $(123\ldots n)$. That is, we ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### Reference request: The stable Kronecker ring is isomorphic to the ring of symmetric polynomials

Background
For $\lambda$ any partition and $n$ a positive integer, write $\lambda[n]$ for the sequence $(n - |\lambda|, \lambda_1, \lambda_2, \ldots, \lambda_r)$. For $n$ large enough, this is a ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

402 views

### A $q$-analogue of Foulkes' character related to alternating permutations

My paper "Alternating permutations and symmetric functions" at
http://math.mit.edu/~rstan/papers/altenum.pdf enumerates certain
classes of alternating permutations, such as those whose inverse is
...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

876 views

### Number of Permutations?

Edit: This is a modest rephrasing of the question as originally stated below the fold: for $n \geq 3$, let $\sigma \in S_n$ be a fixed-point-free permutation. How many fixed-point-free permutations ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

649 views

### How do most people write permutations?

I'd like to know how people prefer to write permutations, or elements of the symmetric group $S_n$ for $n\ge0$.
The most natural way to define a permutation in $S_n$ is as a bijection on the set ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

332 views

### The Simultaneous Conjugacy Problem in the symmetric group $S_N$

We are interested in the following notions in the case $G=S_N$, the symmetric group on
$\{1,\dots,N\}$.
Fix a group $G$ and a number $d$. For $(g_1,\dots,g_d)\in G^d$ and $x\in G$, define
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Restriction of characters of hyperoctahedral groups.

The hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ has several descriptions; as a wreath product; as signed permutation matrices; as the Weyl group of type $B_n$ or $C_n$. In all these descriptions it is apparent that ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Nekrasov-Okounkov hook length formula

I am now reading the paper An explicit expansion formula for the powers of the Euler Product
in terms of partition hook lengths by Guo-Niu Han. The author rediscovered what he calls ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Two ways of generalizing factorials via symmetric groups

By the Bruhat decomposition of $GL(n, \mathbb{F}_q) / B_n$ we know that $$[n]! = \sum_{ \sigma \in S(n)} q^{l(\sigma)}$$ where $[n]! = \prod_{j=1}^n (1+q + \cdots + q^{j-1})$ and $l(\sigma)$ is the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

661 views

### Derived functors of symmetric powers

What do the derived functors of the symmetric powers look like? I understand that this is related to the homology of the symmetric groups, but I don't know a reference for that.
Namely, I'm ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

649 views

### On Applications of Murnaghan Nakayama Rule

This question is crossposted at math.stackexchange here and may be beyond the usual scope of the site. The question is located below. In short, I am looking for an accessible explanation of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Littlewood Richardson rule and seminormal basis of Specht modules

Background
Seminormal Basis of Specht modules of $\mathfrak{S}_n$
Let $\lambda$ be a partition of $n$. A $\lambda$-tableau is a
bijection $\mathfrak{t}:\lambda \to \{1,2,...,n\}$. We say a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is a Specht module?

I'm studying the structure of the Specht module for $S_n$ and I would like to know if there is some generalizations of this structure for Weyls groups or Coxeter groups.
Also, I'm interest to know ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

517 views

### Permutation character of the symmetric group on subsets of certain size

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, thereby inducing an action on the set $$\wp_k(n)=\{\: A\subseteq[n] \::\: \#A=k \:\}$$ of subsets of cardinality $k$, simply by $$(g,A)\mapsto ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

512 views

### Explicit computation of induced modules of semidirect products with the symmetric group

I've gotten stuck in a project I have been working on, essentially on the following combinatorial question about the symmetric group.
One can obtain a 1-dimensional representation $M^n_c$ of the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

548 views

### Algorithm for reducing words in a Coxeter group

Let $W$ be a Coxeter group with set of simple reflections $S$. Suppose that I have chosen a preferred reduced decomposition for every element of $W$. Given an arbitrary word in the alphabet $S$, is ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

617 views

### Can this nested sum be expressed in terms of generalized harmonic numbers and the cycle index polynomials of the symmetric groups?

For a paper I was working on recently I needed to find the value of the following sum:
$$S(n,k) = \sum_{i_1 = 1}^n \sum_{i_2 = i_1+1}^n \cdots \sum_{i_k=i_{k-1}+1}^n \frac{1}{i_1 i_2 \cdots i_k}.$$
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

348 views

### Representations of S_n induced from centralizers of elements

Does anyone have a reference for a good description of representations of $S_{n}$ obtained by inducing up from $C_{S_{n}}(\pi)$, for some element $\pi$ of $S_{n}$? (I'd prefer an efficient ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Dual of a Specht module

For a partition $\mu$ of $n$, let $S^{\mu}$ be the associated Specht module, defined over $\mathbb{Z}$. For any field $k$, we can tensor $S^{\mu}$ with $k$ to get a representation $S^{\mu}_k$ of the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Sarrus determinant rule: references, extensions

SEEKING REFERENCES FOR SARRUS' RULE AND EXTENSIONS
An undergraduate came to me with an identity for 4x4 determinants that is actually correct:
$\det(A)=h(A)+h(RA)+h(R^{2}A)$
where R cyclically ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

612 views

### universality of Macdonald polynomials

I have been recently learning a lot about Macdonald polynomials, which have been shown to have probabilistic interpretations, more precisely the eigenfunctions of certain Markov chains on the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

800 views

### Irreducible decomposition of tensor product of irreducible $S_n$ representations

Are there well known results on the irreducibles in the decomposition of tensor products of irreducible $S_n$ representations? I would also like to know of some references where I can find formulas ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

567 views

### Generalizing the Fundamental Theorem of Symmetric Polynomials

The fundamental theorem of symmetric polynomials tells us that the ring $\mathbb{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]^{S_n}$ of symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables is generated (without relations) by the elementary ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

568 views

### Word length in the symmetric group

Let $n \geq 1$ and let $H_n$ be a 2-Sylow subgroup of the symmetric group $\mathrm{Sym}(2^n)$. Let also consider the cycle $\gamma_n = (1, \ldots, 2^n)$ of order $2^n$.
If we assume moreover that ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

502 views

### Interpreting the Garnir relations in terms of the Yang-Baxter equation

One possible construction of the Specht modules goes as follows.
Given a partition $\lambda$ of $n$, we can write down Young's seminormal form for the representation of $S_n$ corresponding to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

839 views

### schur Weyl duality in positive characteristic

Let $S_k$ be the symmetric group. Let $F$ be an algebraically closed field. Let $Rep(S_k)$ be the category of representations of $S_k$ over $F$.
Let $Rep(GL_n(F))$ be the category of algebraic ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### Decomposition of $\mathrm{End}(V)$ as $S_n\times S_n$-module

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional, complex vector space and set $\newcommand{\Gl}{\mathrm{Gl}}G:=\Gl(V)\times\Gl(V)$. Let $E:=\mathrm{End}(V)$ and consider its coordinate ring $\mathbb C[E]$, the space ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Finding a maximal tableau for a sum of Jucys-Murphy Elements

Let $X \in \mathbb{C}[S_n]$ be an element of the group algebra of $S_n$ expressible as the sum of some Jucys-Murphy elements. Then let $\lambda$ be any irreducible representation of $S_n$, with the ...