**3**

votes

**0**answers

603 views

### Necklaces and the generating function for inversions

The problem of Necklaces is well-known, i.e "The number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads $N(n,a)$" can be calculated:
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Necklace.html
Let us ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Symmetric invariants of a Schur Module

Let $V\cong\mathbb C^n$ be a complex vector space of dimension $n$. Let $\lambda\in\mathbb Z^r$ be a generalized integer partition $\lambda_1\ge\cdots\ge\lambda_r$ with $r\le n$. Denote by $\mathbb ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### counting the number of ordered pairs in a permutohedron

Recall that a permutohedron is a graph on the set of permutations $S_n$ with an edge between $\sigma$ and $\tau$ if they differ by one adjacent transposition: $\tau = (i,i+1) \circ \sigma$ for some $i ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### What is natural about the well-known bijection between conjugacy classes and irreps of a symmetric group?

Symmetric groups possess a well-known bijection between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations. More precisely, both sets are indexed by Young diagrams.
Question: To what extent is this ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

133 views

### A Simple Bijective Proof Of Stanley's Hook-Content Formula for Hook Shapes

this is my first post on math overflow so I hope it goes well. I believe I have a fairly simple bijective proof for Stanley's Hook-Content Formula in the case of hook shapes. I wanted to see if ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

183 views

### Minimal *-idempotents for the group algebra of the symmetric group

There is a well-known construction of minimal idempotents in the group algebra of the symmetric group $\mathbb C[S_n]$ using row symmetrizers and column antisymmetrizers. But these idempotents are ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Geometric interpretation of table with permutations and inversions

Let $T(n,k)$ is the number of permutations of numbers $1, ..., n$ and each of the permutations has $k$ inversions. We can consider a table for $T(n,k)$ for some $n$ and $k$. For eg.
$n=1,...,6$, ...

**35**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What to do now that Lusztig's and James' conjectures have been shown to be false?

Lusztig and James provided conjectures for dimensions of simple modules (or decomposition numbers) for algebraic groups and symmetric groups in characteristic $p$. These conjectures have been ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### The Simultaneous Conjugacy Problem in the symmetric group $S_N$

We are interested in the following notions in the case $G=S_N$, the symmetric group on
$\{1,\dots,N\}$.
Fix a group $G$ and a number $d$. For $(g_1,\dots,g_d)\in G^d$ and $x\in G$, define
...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### A general formula for the number of conjugacy classes of $\mathbb{S}_n \times \mathbb{S}_n$ acted on by $ \mathbb{S}_n$

$\def\S{\mathbb{S}}$ Dear all,
So I have $\S_n$ acting on $\S_n \times \S_n$ via conjugacy. That is:
for $g \in \S_n, (x,y) \in \S_n \times \S_n$: $g(x,y) = (gxg^{-1},gyg^{-1}).$
Is there a general ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### Permutation character of the symmetric group on subsets of certain size

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, thereby inducing an action on the set $$\wp_k(n)=\{\: A\subseteq[n] \::\: \#A=k \:\}$$ of subsets of cardinality $k$, simply by $$(g,A)\mapsto ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

534 views

### Conjectural identities for Young symmetrizers and Young-Jucys-Murphy elements

The following questions I have found in my own notes from about 3 years ago. Unfortunately, I lost much of the context; I believe I made these conjectures reading Okounkov-Vershik, arXiv:0503040v3, ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

558 views

### Why is the right permutohedron order (aka weak order) on $S_n$ a lattice?

This is one of those things I never expected to be hard until I tried to prove it. Why is the right permutohedron order (a.k.a. weak Bruhat order, a.k.a. weak order -- not to be confused with the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Expression of basis vectors of permutation modules in different bases.

This is a cross-post from math.se, because I did not get any answer there:
Write $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$. For a partition $\lambda\vdash n$, I will write $[\lambda]$ for the Specht module that ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Cyclic Permutations - but not what you think

This question is not about elements of $S_n$ that consist of a single $n$-cycle, though naturally it's related.
Instead, consider permutations modulo the action of $(123\ldots n)$. That is, we ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

381 views

### A $q$-analogue of Foulkes' character related to alternating permutations

My paper "Alternating permutations and symmetric functions" at
http://math.mit.edu/~rstan/papers/altenum.pdf enumerates certain
classes of alternating permutations, such as those whose inverse is
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

317 views

### Representations of S_n induced from centralizers of elements

Does anyone have a reference for a good description of representations of $S_{n}$ obtained by inducing up from $C_{S_{n}}(\pi)$, for some element $\pi$ of $S_{n}$? (I'd prefer an efficient ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

460 views

### Structure of the adjoint representation of a (finite) group (Hopf algebra) ?

Every group acts on itself by conjugation $h \mapsto g h g^{-1}$. Respectively considering functions on a group we obtain a linear representation.
Question 1: what is known about this representation ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### What groups of symmetry are most suited for filling uniformely a spherical 3D space, whilst possessing the lowest possible surface-to-volume ratio?

I am looking for the closest known approximate solution to Kelvin foams problem that would obey a spherical symmetry.
One alternative way of formulating it: I am looking for an equivalent of ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Making the branching rule for the symmetric group concrete

This question concerns the characteristic $0$ representation theory of the symmetric group $S_n$. I'm a topologist, not a representation theorist, so I apologize if I state it in an odd way.
First, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

272 views

### The Jantzen-Schaper theorem

Does anybody have an electronic copy of Schaper's PhD thesis:
K.D. SCHAPER, â€˜Charakterformeln fur Weyl-Moduln und Specht-Moduln in Primcharacteristikâ€™,
Diplomarbeit, Bonn, 1981.
I would like to ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

568 views

### How do most people write permutations?

I'd like to know how people prefer to write permutations, or elements of the symmetric group $S_n$ for $n\ge0$.
The most natural way to define a permutation in $S_n$ is as a bijection on the set ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Sarrus determinant rule: references, extensions

SEEKING REFERENCES FOR SARRUS' RULE AND EXTENSIONS
An undergraduate came to me with an identity for 4x4 determinants that is actually correct:
$\det(A)=h(A)+h(RA)+h(R^{2}A)$
where R cyclically ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### How many ways can a given permutation be obtained as a product of k 2-cycles?

Let $\sigma_1, \ldots, \sigma_b$ be all the 2-cycles in $S_n$. (So, $b = \binom{n}{2}$.) Given $\pi \in S_n$, what is known about how many ways $\pi$ can be obtained as a product of $k$ (not ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

855 views

### Number of Permutations?

Edit: This is a modest rephrasing of the question as originally stated below the fold: for $n \geq 3$, let $\sigma \in S_n$ be a fixed-point-free permutation. How many fixed-point-free permutations ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

466 views

### Word length in the symmetric group

Let $n \geq 1$ and let $H_n$ be a 2-Sylow subgroup of the symmetric group $\mathrm{Sym}(2^n)$. Let also consider the cycle $\gamma_n = (1, \ldots, 2^n)$ of order $2^n$.
If we assume moreover that ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

806 views

### Has Reifegerste's Theorem on RSK and Knuth relations received a slick proof by now?

For the notations I am using, I refer to the Appendix at the end of this post.
Here is what, for the sake of this post, I consider to be Reifegerste's theorem:
Theorem 1. Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### A generalization of an old group problem [closed]

Here is an old exercise in group theory: (1) If $G$ is a group of order $2n$ with $n$ odd then $G$ is not simple and in fact $G$ has a normal subgroup of order $n$. I am going for one straight ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

335 views

### What are the relation between Rep(G) and Rep(S_n)?

Let G be a finite group. We know it can be written as a subgroup of S_n. On the other hand, people sometimes say Rep(G) --- the category of all finite dimensional representations, are more interesting ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

577 views

### universality of Macdonald polynomials

I have been recently learning a lot about Macdonald polynomials, which have been shown to have probabilistic interpretations, more precisely the eigenfunctions of certain Markov chains on the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Littlewood Richardson rule and seminormal basis of Specht modules

Background
Seminormal Basis of Specht modules of $\mathfrak{S}_n$
Let $\lambda$ be a partition of $n$. A $\lambda$-tableau is a
bijection $\mathfrak{t}:\lambda \to \{1,2,...,n\}$. We say a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### On Applications of Murnaghan Nakayama Rule

This question is crossposted at math.stackexchange here and may be beyond the usual scope of the site. The question is located below. In short, I am looking for an accessible explanation of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

602 views

### some confusion about the explicit construction of irreducible representations of $S_n$

In this book chapter, the irreducible representations of the symmetric group $S_n$ is given in terms of polytabloids of a Ferrer's diagram $\lambda$, defined as
$e_t = \sum_{\pi \in C_t} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Combinatorics of index sets multiplicities in characters of symmetric groups

Hi everyone.
I'm pondering the following question: I have a Coxeter group $(W,S)$ of type $A_{n-1}$, i.e. the symmetric group $W=Sym(n)$ with the neighbour transpositions as generating set $S=\lbrace ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### On generalization of Wigner semi circle

I want to analyse noise model for a matrix M whose entries are not real numbers. The matrix is a collection of N permutation matrices of size nxn i.e, M is NnxNn. Because its a collection of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

428 views

### What is the length of the shortest law of $S_n$?

What is the length of the shortest word $w\in F_2$ such that $w(x,y)$ is trivial for every $x,y\in S_n$?
There is a simple argument showing that we must have $\ell(w)\geq n$. See here for instance. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Representations of Sym(n) and SL_d

Irreducible representations of the symmetric group Sym$(n)$, and degree-$n$ algebraic representations of SL$_d(\mathbb C)$ for $d\ge n$, can both be classified by Young diagrams with $n$ boxes.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### Next smallest dimension of Specht Module after $(n)$, $(1^n)$, $(n-1,1)$ and $(2,1^{n-2})$

In representation theory of $S_n$, we know that for $n \geq 9$, the only Specht modules $S^\alpha$ of dimension $f^\alpha < {n-1 \choose 2} - 1$ are:
$S^{(n)}$ and $S^{(1^n)}$ with dimension $1$, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Dimension of Specht Modules $S^\lambda$

In the study of representation theory of $S_n$, we know that the irreducible characters of $\chi_\lambda$ of $S_n$ are indexed by partitions $\lambda \vdash n$. There are several methods in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Decomposition of $\mathrm{End}(V)$ as $S_n\times S_n$-module

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional, complex vector space and set $\newcommand{\Gl}{\mathrm{Gl}}G:=\Gl(V)\times\Gl(V)$. Let $E:=\mathrm{End}(V)$ and consider its coordinate ring $\mathbb C[E]$, the space ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

210 views

### $\lambda$-rings and hopf-rings

The direct sum of complex representation rings $R_*\oplus R\Sigma_n$, for $\Sigma_n$ the $n$th symmetric group is also the free $\lambda$-ring on one generator. Here, we take a product obtained from ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

332 views

### A basis for Schur functors

Suppose $V$ is a finite-dimensional vector space (over $\mathbb{C}$) and $\lambda$ is a partition of $n$ (not necessarily the dimension). Let $S^\lambda(V)=(V^{\otimes n})_\lambda$ be the $\lambda$'th ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

619 views

### Largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles

The largest permutation group without 2-cycles is $A_n$, which has size $n!/2$. I think the largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles is much smaller, but I can't figure out if it should ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

552 views

### How to solve a system of equations over permutations?

Imagine you have a $n\times n$ matrix filled in with permutations over $n$ elements. Now you pick one permutation from each row randomly starting from the first row and by multiplying them get a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

478 views

### Cyclic Subgroups of the Symmetric Group

If we write a partition $n=k_1+...+k_r$, then we can create a $(k_1,...,k_r)$-cycle in $S_n$ with order equal to the least common multiple of the $k_i$'s. It is clear that every cyclic subgroup will ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Identity involving partitions coming from representations of alternating groups

It is not difficult to show that the number of conjugacy classes in the alternating group $A_n$ is given by
classes in the alternating group = no. of even partitions + no. of self-transpose ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

613 views

### The Weyl group of $SL(2, F)$

Let $G= SL(2, F)$, given a torus $T$, the Weyl group with respect to $T$ is defined to be $W=N(T)/Z(T)$, the quotient of the normalizer $N(T)$ of the torus by the centralizer $Z(T)$ of the torus.
My ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

438 views

### Algorithm for reducing words in a Coxeter group

Let $W$ be a Coxeter group with set of simple reflections $S$. Suppose that I have chosen a preferred reduced decomposition for every element of $W$. Given an arbitrary word in the alphabet $S$, is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### 2 Possible Generalizations of Cayley's Theorem?

I'm wondering about the following 2 generalizations of Cayley's Theorem (every group embeds in a symmetric group). If these are known to be true/false, references would be appreciated.
1) (Weak ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Distances on generalizations of the symmetric group

I'm a computer vision student, and I'm looking for some symmetric group literature guidance. I'm going to provide some context, and finally ask two questions.
The Cayley distance and other distances ...