**17**

votes

**1**answer

487 views

### What is the length of the shortest law of $S_n$?

What is the length of the shortest word $w\in F_2$ such that $w(x,y)$ is trivial for every $x,y\in S_n$?
There is a simple argument showing that we must have $\ell(w)\geq n$. See here for instance. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Representations of Sym(n) and SL_d

Irreducible representations of the symmetric group Sym$(n)$, and degree-$n$ algebraic representations of SL$_d(\mathbb C)$ for $d\ge n$, can both be classified by Young diagrams with $n$ boxes.
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

540 views

### Permutation character of the symmetric group on subsets of certain size

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, thereby inducing an action on the set $$\wp_k(n)=\{\: A\subseteq[n] \::\: \#A=k \:\}$$ of subsets of cardinality $k$, simply by $$(g,A)\mapsto ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Next smallest dimension of Specht Module after $(n)$, $(1^n)$, $(n-1,1)$ and $(2,1^{n-2})$

In representation theory of $S_n$, we know that for $n \geq 9$, the only Specht modules $S^\alpha$ of dimension $f^\alpha < {n-1 \choose 2} - 1$ are:
$S^{(n)}$ and $S^{(1^n)}$ with dimension $1$, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Dimension of Specht Modules $S^\lambda$

In the study of representation theory of $S_n$, we know that the irreducible characters of $\chi_\lambda$ of $S_n$ are indexed by partitions $\lambda \vdash n$. There are several methods in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Decomposition of $\mathrm{End}(V)$ as $S_n\times S_n$-module

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional, complex vector space and set $\newcommand{\Gl}{\mathrm{Gl}}G:=\Gl(V)\times\Gl(V)$. Let $E:=\mathrm{End}(V)$ and consider its coordinate ring $\mathbb C[E]$, the space ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### A basis for Schur functors

Suppose $V$ is a finite-dimensional vector space (over $\mathbb{C}$) and $\lambda$ is a partition of $n$ (not necessarily the dimension). Let $S^\lambda(V)=(V^{\otimes n})_\lambda$ be the $\lambda$'th ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

645 views

### Largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles

The largest permutation group without 2-cycles is $A_n$, which has size $n!/2$. I think the largest permutation group without 2-cycles or 3-cycles is much smaller, but I can't figure out if it should ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

445 views

### Littlewood Richardson rule and seminormal basis of Specht modules

Background
Seminormal Basis of Specht modules of $\mathfrak{S}_n$
Let $\lambda$ be a partition of $n$. A $\lambda$-tableau is a
bijection $\mathfrak{t}:\lambda \to \{1,2,...,n\}$. We say a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

700 views

### Cyclic Subgroups of the Symmetric Group

If we write a partition $n=k_1+...+k_r$, then we can create a $(k_1,...,k_r)$-cycle in $S_n$ with order equal to the least common multiple of the $k_i$'s. It is clear that every cyclic subgroup will ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

613 views

### How to solve a system of equations over permutations?

Imagine you have a $n\times n$ matrix filled in with permutations over $n$ elements. Now you pick one permutation from each row randomly starting from the first row and by multiplying them get a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Identity involving partitions coming from representations of alternating groups

It is not difficult to show that the number of conjugacy classes in the alternating group $A_n$ is given by
classes in the alternating group = no. of even partitions + no. of self-transpose ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

574 views

### Algorithm for reducing words in a Coxeter group

Let $W$ be a Coxeter group with set of simple reflections $S$. Suppose that I have chosen a preferred reduced decomposition for every element of $W$. Given an arbitrary word in the alphabet $S$, is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### 2 Possible Generalizations of Cayley's Theorem?

I'm wondering about the following 2 generalizations of Cayley's Theorem (every group embeds in a symmetric group). If these are known to be true/false, references would be appreciated.
1) (Weak ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Distances on generalizations of the symmetric group

I'm a computer vision student, and I'm looking for some symmetric group literature guidance. I'm going to provide some context, and finally ask two questions.
The Cayley distance and other distances ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

661 views

### Necklaces and the generating function for inversions

The problem of Necklaces is well-known, i.e "The number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads $N(n,a)$" can be calculated:
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Necklace.html
Let us ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Dual of a Specht module

For a partition $\mu$ of $n$, let $S^{\mu}$ be the associated Specht module, defined over $\mathbb{Z}$. For any field $k$, we can tensor $S^{\mu}$ with $k$ to get a representation $S^{\mu}_k$ of the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

420 views

### A product identity for partitions

For a partition $\lambda=(\lambda_1\ge \lambda_2\ge \dots)$, let
$m_\lambda=\prod_i (\lambda_i-\lambda_{i+1})!$ be the product of factorials of consecutive differences and let $v_\lambda=\prod_{i | ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

391 views

### Schur Weyl duality for sl_n representations

Consider a finite dimensional vector space $V$ and the general linear group $GL(V)$ acting on it. Both $GL(V)$ and the symmetric group $S_d$ act on the tensor product of $d$ copies of $V$, and by Weyl ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

673 views

### Derived functors of symmetric powers

What do the derived functors of the symmetric powers look like? I understand that this is related to the homology of the symmetric groups, but I don't know a reference for that.
Namely, I'm ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

701 views

### The Weyl group of $SL(2, F)$

Let $G= SL(2, F)$, given a torus $T$, the Weyl group with respect to $T$ is defined to be $W=N(T)/Z(T)$, the quotient of the normalizer $N(T)$ of the torus by the centralizer $Z(T)$ of the torus.
My ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Partitions limit shape and LDP

Hello!
I am trying to understand the paper of Dembo-Vershik-Zeitouni, Large deviations for integer partitions. I am only interested in Theorem 2, which deals with the case of the uniform ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### Finding a maximal tableau for a sum of Jucys-Murphy Elements

Let $X \in \mathbb{C}[S_n]$ be an element of the group algebra of $S_n$ expressible as the sum of some Jucys-Murphy elements. Then let $\lambda$ be any irreducible representation of $S_n$, with the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

342 views

### What are the relation between Rep(G) and Rep(S_n)?

Let G be a finite group. We know it can be written as a subgroup of S_n. On the other hand, people sometimes say Rep(G) --- the category of all finite dimensional representations, are more interesting ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

237 views

### $\lambda$-rings and hopf-rings

The direct sum of complex representation rings $R_*\oplus R\Sigma_n$, for $\Sigma_n$ the $n$th symmetric group is also the free $\lambda$-ring on one generator. Here, we take a product obtained from ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

393 views

### Partial order on partitions and symmetric group algebra

Let $n$ be a natural number. Consider a set $\Lambda_n$ of partitions of $n$ into a sum of natural numbers, like $n = \lambda_1 + \cdots +\lambda_k$ (A set of small lambdas representing a partition is ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

592 views

### Generalizing the Fundamental Theorem of Symmetric Polynomials

The fundamental theorem of symmetric polynomials tells us that the ring $\mathbb{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]^{S_n}$ of symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables is generated (without relations) by the elementary ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Faithful transitive actions by large groups on small sets

How large is the largest transitive subgroup of $S_n$ other than itself and $A_n$? In particular, does its size grow at least exponentially in $n$?

**17**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### An n!xn! determinant.

Let us consider the matrix $A$ with its rows and columns enumerated by the elements of $S_n$ with $A_{\sigma\tau}=x^{c(\sigma\tau^{-1})}$ where $c()$ is the number of cycles in a permutation's ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

617 views

### universality of Macdonald polynomials

I have been recently learning a lot about Macdonald polynomials, which have been shown to have probabilistic interpretations, more precisely the eigenfunctions of certain Markov chains on the ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

706 views

### An n!-dimensional representation of the symmetric group S_{n+2}

I have come across a sequence of representations $V_n$ of the symmetric group $S_{n+2}$ which has the property that restricting the action $S_n \subset S_{n+2}$ gives the regular representation:
$$ ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Why are Jucys-Murphy elements' eigenvalues whole numbers?

The Jucys-Murphy elements of the group algebra of a finite symmetric group (here's the definition in Wikipedia) are known to correspond to operators diagonal in the Young basis of an irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

193 views

### Formula for the “integral form” action of Iwahori-Hecke algebra on the standard basis for Specht modules

Is there a formula somewhere in the literature for the action of the generators $T_1,\ldots,T_{n-1}$ of the Iwahori-Hecke algebra on the standard basis of its Specht modules? It is well-known that the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Restriction of characters of hyperoctahedral groups.

The hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ has several descriptions; as a wreath product; as signed permutation matrices; as the Weyl group of type $B_n$ or $C_n$. In all these descriptions it is apparent that ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Rhombus tilings with more than three directions

The point of this question is to construct a list of references on the following subject: Fix vectors $v_1$, $v_2$, ..., $v_g$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, all lying in a half plane in that cyclic order. I am ...

**77**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### What do the stable homotopy groups of spheres say about the combinatorics of finite sets?

The Barratt-Priddy-Quillen(-Segal) theorem says that the following spaces are homotopy equivalent in an (essentially) canonical way:
$\Omega^\infty S^\infty:=\varinjlim~ \Omega^nS^n$
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Two ways of generalizing factorials via symmetric groups

By the Bruhat decomposition of $GL(n, \mathbb{F}_q) / B_n$ we know that $$[n]! = \sum_{ \sigma \in S(n)} q^{l(\sigma)}$$ where $[n]! = \prod_{j=1}^n (1+q + \cdots + q^{j-1})$ and $l(\sigma)$ is the ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

601 views

### Is there an easy description of the structure of this infinite group?

Let $S_\infty$ denote the full symmetric group on countably many points and index the points by $\mathbb{N}$. For any weight (for lack of a better name) function $w:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb R^+$, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

611 views

### Tensor products of permutation representations of symmetric groups.

I am looking for a reference for the following fact which must be classical (which makes it harder, for me, to track a reference down). I am interested because there are similar (more complicated) ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

466 views

### Difference between orthogonal form and seminormal form

Frequently in the literature on Hecke algebras for the symmetric group and their generalisations, one encounters references to Young's seminormal form and Young's orthogonal form. I have a good ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

518 views

### What is known about the centraliser of the Hecke algebra in the affine Hecke algebra?

This question is a sequel to
66602
The Hecke algebra is the quotient of the group algebra of the braid group of type $A_n$ by quadratic relations and the affine Hecke algebra is the quotient of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

510 views

### Interpreting the Garnir relations in terms of the Yang-Baxter equation

One possible construction of the Specht modules goes as follows.
Given a partition $\lambda$ of $n$, we can write down Young's seminormal form for the representation of $S_n$ corresponding to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Picking $n$ so that certain Schur functors of the standard representation of $S_n$ are linearly independent

Let $V_n$ be the standard permutation representation of the symmetric group $S_n$, and let $\mathbb{S}_{\lambda}$ denote the Schur functor associated to the partition $\lambda$.
Let $\lambda$ range ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What are the applications of immanants?

Definitions of determinant:
$det(A) = \sum_{\sigma \in S_n}(-1)^{\operatorname{sgn} \sigma}\prod_{i}a_{i, \sigma(i)}$
and permanent:
$perm(A) = \sum_{\sigma \in S_n}\prod_{i}a_{i, \sigma(i)}$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

816 views

### Irreducible decomposition of tensor product of irreducible $S_n$ representations

Are there well known results on the irreducibles in the decomposition of tensor products of irreducible $S_n$ representations? I would also like to know of some references where I can find formulas ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

505 views

### Lie algabra of symmetric group

It's easy to see that the descending central series of a group induces a graded Lie algebra .(see for example Serre's Harvard lectures or Magnus-Solitar book). I think in general this can be ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Cyclic Permutations - but not what you think

This question is not about elements of $S_n$ that consist of a single $n$-cycle, though naturally it's related.
Instead, consider permutations modulo the action of $(123\ldots n)$. That is, we ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Frobenius norms of Fourier coefficients of the symmetric group

Suppose $f \colon S_n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is some weighted collection of permutations. We want to understand how "well-spread" $f$ is. Our first test is its actions on singletons - are the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

449 views

### Convolution on symmetric group Sn

I have question regarding convolution of functions (say
g and h) defined on Sn. In Fourier space this is equivalent to IFT(G.H),
where G = FT(g) and H = FT(h).
Fast Fourier transforms (Clausen's FFT) ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

574 views

### sum of the character of the symmetric group

Suppose $\mu$ is a fixed partition of $n$ of length $l(\mu)$, and I was encountered with the following sum, namely
$\sum_{\nu} \chi_{\nu}(\mu)$.
I did some calculation using the character table that ...