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3
votes
1answer
121 views

Is $\omega^\frac{1}{\omega} > n \forall n \in \mathbb{N}$?

I was thinking about $log(\omega)$ which appears to be $\{\mathbb{N}|\omega^{\frac{1}{n}}\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\stackrel{?}{=}\omega^\frac{1}{\omega}$. Intuitively, there's the idea that, if the highest ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Extension to real number system [closed]

Suppose you have equation involving a number $s$ $s^2+ 1 = 0$, to solve it one needs to treat $s$ as complex number $s = \pm i$, and introduce $i$ as imaginary unit. Now suppose you have equation ...
12
votes
0answers
267 views

Is the universality of the surreal number line a weak global choice principle?

I'd like to consider the principle asserting that the surreal number line is universal for all class linear orders, or in other words, that every linear order (including proper-class-sized) linear ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Ordinals which embed in surreal subfields

If $k$ is an ordered field, the least ordinal $s(k)$ which doesn't embed in $(k,<)$ is regular. This is because every interval of an ordered field embeds in every infinite interval so given a ...
8
votes
2answers
593 views

Surreal compactness

In a comment here, Joel David Hamkins said: ...I think perhaps every set-sized open cover of a bounded interval in the surreals has a finite subcover, but there are proper class open covers with ...
9
votes
1answer
306 views

Pontryagin dual of the surreal numbers?

Has any work been done on the Pontryagin dual of the surreal numbers (suitably topologized)? I have not been able to find anything and am not sure if this is still unknown. Alternatively, has this ...
16
votes
2answers
461 views

Nice sign-expansions of special surreal numbers

What is the "right" surreal generalization of the fact that a real number $r$ is rational if and only if its sign-expansion is eventually periodic? I can think of more than one natural way to ...
1
vote
0answers
231 views

Nimbers and Surreal Numbers [closed]

I have been researching Combinatorial Game Theory. One common theme is the assignment of values to games in order to classify the game as a win for a specific player. One such way is class of surreal ...
5
votes
1answer
360 views

Is it possible to evaluate Connect 4 positions with Combinatorial Game Theory?

The surreal numbers in Combinatorial Game Theory only work for certain classes of games (e.g. they must satisfy normal play convention). This rules out even reasonable games with fairly ...
10
votes
3answers
244 views

First-order definable bijection between $P(On)$ (or $No$) and $V$? (Is this equivalent to $V = HOD$?)

It is known that locally one can ``code'' any set in the von Neumann universe $V$ by a set of ordinals. But can one do this globally? In other words, is there a first-order definable bijection ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Transcendence degree of the surreals over the subfield generated by the ordinals

Consider the Grothendieck ring $K[\Omega]$ of the semiring $\Omega$ of all ordinals under the operations of natural sum and product. Its quotient field $K(\Omega)$ is naturally a subfield of the ...
7
votes
2answers
680 views

Does this construction yield the surreal numbers?

There are two simple constructions for creating arbitrarily large non-Archimedean ordered field extensions of the reals. First given such a field one may consider rational functions over that field ...
3
votes
0answers
376 views

More information on Kruskal's treatment of Surreal numbers as an asymptotic behavior of a real valued function

The only way that I could think about Surreal numbers is how Conway defined them inductively, with the two axioms and so on. I can't find any information about Kruskal's point of view and would very ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

An application of surreal numbers towards fast-growing ordinal functors?

The surreal numbers $\mathbb{SN}$ form a class of numbers introduced by J.H. Conway, which behave as an ordered field (even if technically it is not a set). In particular, Conway showed that every ...
7
votes
1answer
382 views

Surreal numbers, ultrapowers of $\Bbb R$, ordinal-valued functions and the slow-growing hierarchy

Philip Ehrlich's paper “The Absolute Arithmetic Continuum and the Unification of All Numbers Great and Small”, The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (1) 2012, pp. 1-45. claims as a theorem that, in NBG, ...
2
votes
0answers
174 views

Is a certain group, derivable from the surreal numbers, isomorphic to the surreal numbers?

Let's treat $\mathbf{No}$ as a group under addition, and forget its field structure for a little bit. I will define a "maximally Archimedean subgroup" of $\mathbf{No}$ as a subgroup which is ...
14
votes
2answers
872 views

Is it possible to generalize functions like $x^y, \ln x, \sin x, \arctan x$ to surreal numbers or surcomplex numbers?

Is it possible to generalize functions like $x^y, \ln x, \sin x, \arctan x$ to surreal numbers or surcomplex numbers? Which of their properties and relations (e.g. usual trig identities) will still ...
3
votes
1answer
615 views

Surreal numbers and large cardinals

This is a question in two parts about the interaction of surreal numbers and large cardinals, in both cases just a request for references on the subject. Part 1 is about foundations. Much of the ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

Are Conway's omnific integers the Grothendieck group of the ordinals under commutative addition?

This is a question in two parts. Say that $\mathbf{On}$ is the proper class of all ordinal numbers in ZFC. We can define a binary operator over $\mathbf{On}$ which corresponds to the commutative ...
15
votes
1answer
862 views

Integration in the surreal numbers

In the appendix to ONAG (2nd edition), Conway points that the definition of integration (using Riemann sums as left and right options) gives the "wrong" answer : $\int_0^\omega \exp(t)\thinspace ...
4
votes
1answer
434 views

Definable map from all the ordinals to the surreal numbers with a dense image?

I'm trying to understand analogies and disanalogies between ${\Bbb R}$, the reals numbers, and ${\bf No}$, the surreal numbers. ${\Bbb R}$ admits countable dense sets such as the rationals. This ...
6
votes
3answers
474 views

Uniformizing the surcomplex unit circle

Is the multiplicative Group of surcomplex numbers of modulus 1 isomorphic to the additive Group of the surreal numbers modulo the sub-Group of surreal integers? And, do Norman Alling's surreal ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Surreal exponentiation — are the varying definitions equivalent? If not, is there agreement on which ones are better?

The surreal numbers are sometimes introduced as a place where crazy expressions like $(\omega^2+5\omega-13)^{1/3-2/\omega}+\pi$ (to use the nLab's example) make sense. The problem is, there seem to ...
10
votes
2answers
710 views

Constructing the surreal numbers as iterated Hahn series

A theorem due to N. Alling (Foundations of Analysis over Surreal Number Fields, §6.55) states that the surreal numbers are isomorphic, as an ordered and valued field, to the field of Hahn series with ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

A question about J.H. Conway's SURREAL NUMBERS

My quesion is: What set theory are the mathematicians who are developing the theory of these numbers working in-or are they, in fact, working outside any of the standard set theories?. Each surreal ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Surreal Numbers and Set Theory

Hello, I looked through MathOverflow's existing entries but couldn't find a satisfactory answer to the following question: What is the relationship between No, Conway's class of surreal numbers, and ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Surreal Numbers as Inductive Type?

Prompted by James Propp's recent question about surreal numbers, I was wondering whether anyone had investigated the idea of describing surreal numbers (as ordered class) in terms of a universal ...
23
votes
5answers
3k views

Where do surreal numbers come from and what do they mean?

I know about Conway's original discovery of the surreal numbers by way of games, as well as Kruskal's way of viewing surreal numbers in terms of asymptotic behavior of real-valued functions, leading ...