A surface is a two-dimensional topological manifold. The term can also be used to describe a smooth surface, depending on the context.

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8
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2answers
1k views

Connected sum of surfaces

I'm looking for a detailed reference about connected sums. I'd like it to contain a proof that a connected sum of connected surfaces is independent - up to homeomorphism - of the various choices ...
2
votes
2answers
339 views

Contraction of curves on surfaces

Assume we have a surface $S$ (smooth if you want), and a map $f: S \to V$ that contracts a curve $C \subset S$. What condition would give a factoring of $f$ through a contraction $c: S \to V'$ ...
1
vote
2answers
268 views

Abelian subgroups of ball quotient

Let $X$ be a compact complex surface of general type which a ball quotient. Is it true that $\pi_{1}(X)$ can not contain ${\mathbb{Z}}^{2}$ as a subgroup? What kind of infinite abelian groups can ...
2
votes
1answer
753 views

How to rigorously prove that simple closed curves on a surface are primitive closed curves ?

Let me first state the definitions : A not-nullhomotopic closed curve / loop $c$ on an orientable surface $X,c:[0,1]\to X$ is called simple closed curve is $c|[0,1)$ is injective and [ $c(0)=c(1) ] ...
3
votes
2answers
455 views

Surface fitting with convexity requirement

Hi all, Consider a cloud of points in 3D space (x,y,z). The data is well-behaved, once plotted the surface looks like some sort of spheroid. I assumed a form for the fitting function f(x,y,z) = c1 ...
3
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2answers
290 views

Moving a canonical divisor on a normal surface away from the singular locus

In a previous question Moving a Weil divisor on a normal surface away from a finite set of closed points I probably asked for too much. As J.C. Ottem pointed out, it is not always possible to move a ...
2
votes
3answers
377 views

Moving a Weil divisor on a normal surface away from a finite set of closed points

Let $Y$ be a normal surface and let $X$ be a closed subscheme of codimension 2, i.e., $X$ is a finite set of closed points. Let $D$ be a Weil divisor on $Y$. Question. Does there exist a Weil ...
1
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0answers
150 views

Is -(E,E) greater or equal to 2 for a minimal resolution

I'm quite confused by the terminology minimal resolution and minimal model. Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a minimal resolution of singularities, where $Y$ is a normal surface. Let $E$ be an ...
4
votes
1answer
711 views

intersection number

I vaguely recall the following fact that I'd like to use in my research. It should be easy to see that this holds (if it does) but I can't seem to prove it. Let $p:X\longrightarrow S$ be a (regular) ...
2
votes
2answers
389 views

The exceptional locus of a minimal resolution of singularities

Let X be a surface. (A surface is an excellent integral normal separated 2-dimensional scheme.) Let $\psi:Y\longrightarrow X$ be a minimal resolution of singularities and let $E$ be an irreducible ...
1
vote
1answer
572 views

Hirzebruch surfaces

I am sorry for too naive and stupid question, How can I express the 2nd Hirzebruch surface, $F_{2}$ in terms of $SO(3)$. Can F_{2} be realizable as the total space of a bundle over $\mathbb{R}_{+}$ ...
1
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2answers
681 views

Names of certain surfaces

Are there any generally used names for the following algebraic and nonalgebraic surfaces? Any references to literature where the surfaces are studied are also appreciated. Surface I. Implicit ...
1
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4answers
527 views

What is the quantity 2(handles)+crosscaps called?

It is well-known that up to homeomorphism, the complete set of orientable surfaces is $\lbrace S_g : g=0,1,\dots \rbrace$, where $S_g$ is the sphere with $g$ handles. The complete set of ...
1
vote
2answers
344 views

Can one obtain surfaces with interesting invariants as resolutions of singular surfaces?

(Perhaps a not very well defined question) Let $(S_t)_t$ be a (flat) family of compact complex surfaces. Assume the generic member is smooth while $S_0$ has isolated singularities. As the simplest ...
15
votes
2answers
988 views

Simple curves on non-orientable surfaces.

Given an element in the (first) homology group of a surface, I would like to know if it can be represented as a simple closed curve. For orientable surfaces, this is well-known, but I wasn't able to ...
15
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5answers
918 views

Is a rhombus rigid on a sphere or torus? And generalizations.

If a rectangle is formed from rigid bars for edges and joints at vertices, then it is flexible in the plane: it can flex to a parallelogram. On any smooth surface with a metric, one can define a ...
1
vote
0answers
288 views

Abel-Jacobi map for regular fibered surfaces.

Let $f:C\to S$ be a regular fibered surface where $S=Spec(R)$, $R=dvr$. Assume $C$ has smooth geometrically integral generic fibre $C_K$. We also assume the existence of a section $x\in C(S)$. Let ...
3
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1answer
231 views

Removing intersections of curves in surfaces

Let $C_1, \dots, C_n$ be a family of disjoint simple curves in a surface $\Sigma$. If $C$ is any simple curve in $\Sigma$, it turns out that we can map $C$ to a curve $C'$ (via a homeomorphism of ...