**2**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Looking for software that computes intersection numbers (Heegaard Diagrams)

As a part of my research I am working with intersection matrices of Heegaard diagrams. Is there some software that could help me compute such matrices for some examples?
Thanks.

**2**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### Dimension of the homology group with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$

I asked this on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get a single answer.
Charles Weibel writes in his survey of homological algebra
Riemann defined a surface $S$ to be $(n + 1)$-fold
connected ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

160 views

### Contractibility of union of smooth rational curves in famillies

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to S$ be a family of smooth surfaces containing a subfamily $\mathcal{Y} \subset \mathcal{X}$ proper, flat over $S$ parametrizing contractible curves in $\mathcal{X}$ satisfying ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

170 views

### Random metrics on compact orientable surfaces

Hello everyone,
Let $S_g$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g \geq 2$, and let $\mathcal{A}$ be the set of $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ Riemanniann metric on $S_g$ endowed with the topology of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Fixing a proof of the systolic inequality for higher genus surfaces

I'm currently learning some stuffs about systolic inequalities. While reading the relevant sections (p329 to 340) in Berger's Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry, I noticed a gap in one of the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### Surface Laplace-Beltrami without coordinates, exterior calculus?

Let $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be an immersion of a surface $M$. For pedagogical purposes (i.e., I'm teaching a class!) I am looking for an expression for the scalar Laplace-Beltrami operator ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

386 views

### Description of regular covering maps between surfaces.

This is an improved and hopefully a more precise version of the question Covering spaces of surfaces.
Question: Given a regular covering map $\pi:\Sigma_g\to\Sigma_h$, where $\Sigma_n$ denotes a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

413 views

### What is the homotopy type of the space of simple closed curves isotopic to a given one?

For surfaces there are many statements along the lines of: if two simple closed curves are homotopic, they are isotopic. I'm interested in such questions for families of curves.
More precisely, let ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Covering spaces of surfaces

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a surface of genus $g\ge 2$, and let $\Sigma_k$ be an $m$-sheeted covering
space of $\Sigma_g$. It is known that $k=m(g-1)+1$.
An example of such a covering space is a regular ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

430 views

### Do the following set of Dehn twists generate the mapping class group?

If $S$ is the surface illustrated below, do the Dehn twists about the red curves generate the mapping class group $\operatorname{MCG}(S,\partial S)$?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

182 views

### surfaces dominated by a product of curves

I would like to know for which projective smooth surfaces over a finite field there exists a dominant rational map from a product of curves to the surface

**2**

votes

**1**answer

579 views

### Parallel translation on surfaces

Parallel translation of a vector along a geodesic in a surface is characterized by the following three properties:
The vector being transported moves continuously.
It has constant norm.
It maintains ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

414 views

### Lagrangian Kleinian bottles

I remember some talks some time ago about proofs of nonexistence of Lagrangian Kleinian bottles in C^2 for the standard symplectic structure, mentioning that this were the only compact surface for ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

591 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Morse theory in TOP and PL categories?

Apparently there are topological and piecewise linear versions of Morse theory. I would like to know of references that treat these topics.
How is a Morse function defined for compact manifolds (with ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Classification of surfaces and the TOP, DIFF and PL categories for manifolds

A surface is simply a 2-manifold. The classification theorem for compact connected surfaces (with boundary) is commonly regarded in the categories TOP, DIFF and PL. Well known proofs (e.g. via ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Representing groups with two generators as graph automorphisms

Suppose we have a group $G$ which can be generated by two elements $x$, $y$. Call $H$, $K$, $L$ the subgroups of $G$ generated by $x$, $y$ and $y^{-1}x^{-1}$, respectively.
With these data, we can ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What is parameterization of the trefoil knot surface in R³?

What is a parameterization, say (x(u,v),y(u,v),z(u,v)), of the trefoil knot surface in R³ whose cross-section can be circular or, in general, elliptic?
Thanks!

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Naive definition of surface area doesn't work?

A first stab at a definition of surface area might go like this:
Let S be a surface. Select finitely many points from S and make a bunch of triangles having these points as vertexes. Add up the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Connected sum of surfaces

I'm looking for a detailed reference about connected sums. I'd like it to contain a proof that a connected sum of connected surfaces is independent - up to homeomorphism - of the various choices ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

368 views

### Contraction of curves on surfaces

Assume we have a surface $S$ (smooth if you want), and a map $f: S \to V$ that contracts a curve $C \subset S$. What condition would give a factoring of $f$ through a contraction $c: S \to V'$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

272 views

### Abelian subgroups of ball quotient

Let $X$ be a compact complex surface of general type which a ball quotient. Is it true that $\pi_{1}(X)$ can not contain ${\mathbb{Z}}^{2}$ as a subgroup? What kind of infinite abelian groups can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How to rigorously prove that simple closed curves on a surface are primitive closed curves ?

Let me first state the definitions :
A not-nullhomotopic closed curve / loop $c$ on an orientable surface $X,c:[0,1]\to X$ is called simple closed curve is $c|[0,1)$ is injective and [ $c(0)=c(1) ] ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

478 views

### Surface fitting with convexity requirement

Hi all,
Consider a cloud of points in 3D space (x,y,z). The data is well-behaved, once plotted the surface looks like some sort of spheroid. I assumed a form for the fitting function f(x,y,z) = c1 ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Moving a canonical divisor on a normal surface away from the singular locus

In a previous question Moving a Weil divisor on a normal surface away from a finite set of closed points I probably asked for too much. As J.C. Ottem pointed out, it is not always possible to move a ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

425 views

### Moving a Weil divisor on a normal surface away from a finite set of closed points

Let $Y$ be a normal surface and let $X$ be a closed subscheme of codimension 2, i.e., $X$ is a finite set of closed points.
Let $D$ be a Weil divisor on $Y$.
Question. Does there exist a Weil ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

151 views

### Is -(E,E) greater or equal to 2 for a minimal resolution

I'm quite confused by the terminology minimal resolution and minimal model.
Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a minimal resolution of singularities, where $Y$ is a normal surface.
Let $E$ be an ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

722 views

### intersection number

I vaguely recall the following fact that I'd like to use in my research. It should be easy to see that this holds (if it does) but I can't seem to prove it.
Let $p:X\longrightarrow S$ be a (regular) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

446 views

### The exceptional locus of a minimal resolution of singularities

Let X be a surface. (A surface is an excellent integral normal separated 2-dimensional scheme.)
Let $\psi:Y\longrightarrow X$ be a minimal resolution of singularities and let $E$ be an irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

592 views

### Hirzebruch surfaces

I am sorry for too naive and stupid question,
How can I express the 2nd Hirzebruch surface, $F_{2}$ in terms of $SO(3)$. Can F_{2} be realizable as the total space of a bundle over $\mathbb{R}_{+}$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

693 views

### Names of certain surfaces

Are there any generally used names for the following algebraic and nonalgebraic surfaces? Any references to literature where the surfaces are studied are also appreciated.
Surface I. Implicit ...

**0**

votes

**4**answers

547 views

### What is the quantity 2(handles)+crosscaps called?

It is well-known that up to homeomorphism, the complete set of orientable surfaces is $\lbrace S_g : g=0,1,\dots \rbrace$, where $S_g$ is the sphere with $g$ handles. The complete set of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

346 views

### Can one obtain surfaces with interesting invariants as resolutions of singular surfaces?

(Perhaps a not very well defined question)
Let $(S_t)_t$ be a (flat) family of compact complex surfaces. Assume the generic member is smooth while $S_0$ has isolated singularities. As the simplest ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Simple curves on non-orientable surfaces.

Given an element in the (first) homology group of a surface, I would like to know if it can be represented as a simple closed curve. For orientable surfaces, this is well-known, but I wasn't able to ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Is a rhombus rigid on a sphere or torus? And generalizations.

If a rectangle is formed from rigid bars for edges and joints
at vertices, then it is flexible in the plane: it can flex
to a parallelogram.
On any smooth surface with a metric, one can define a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

295 views

### Abel-Jacobi map for regular fibered surfaces.

Let $f:C\to S$ be a regular fibered surface where $S=Spec(R)$, $R=dvr$. Assume $C$ has smooth geometrically integral generic fibre $C_K$. We also assume the existence of a section $x\in C(S)$. Let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Removing intersections of curves in surfaces

Let $C_1, \dots, C_n$ be a family of disjoint simple curves in a surface $\Sigma$. If $C$ is any simple curve in $\Sigma$, it turns out that we can map $C$ to a curve $C'$ (via a homeomorphism of ...