2
votes
1answer
705 views

How to rigorously prove that simple closed curves on a surface are primitive closed curves ?

Let me first state the definitions : A not-nullhomotopic closed curve / loop $c$ on an orientable surface $X,c:[0,1]\to X$ is called simple closed curve is $c|[0,1)$ is injective and [ $c(0)=c(1) ] ...