**2**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### Triangulations of translation surfaces whose edges are shorter than the diameter

Let $S$ be a compact translation surface (i.e. a surface endowed with a singular flat metric such that singular points are locally isometric to a cone of angle an integer multiple of $2\pi$, and that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

119 views

### Some questions about ruled surfaces defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

definitions:
A non-singular complex projective surface $S$ is a ruled surface if it is birationally equivalent to $C\times_{\text{Spec} \mathbb C}\mathbb P^1_{\mathbb C}$ where $C$ is a non-singular ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Symplectic form on moduli space of connections

Let $M$ be the moduli space of flat $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ connections on a compact oriented surface, and $\alpha$ the natural symplectic form on it.
Is there any known construction of a bundle with a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

265 views

### Symmetry on a sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the sphere $S^2$. Suppose there exists $C>0$ such that for all $R \in SO(3)$, the area of every nonempty connected component of $\{x\in S^2: u(x)> u(Rx)\}$ is at ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### Geodesic flow on infinite surfaces

The geodesic flow on a compact hyperbolic surface (i.e. a surface with a riemannian metric of constant curvature $-1$) has been well-studied, in particular it has been known for a long time that it is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

382 views

### Besides the tracioid are there other surfaces of revolution that have a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $ R^3 $ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### How to approximate volumes of m-dimensional manifolds with m-dimensional polyhedra

The areas of a sequence of polyhedra approaching a surface need not approach the area of the surface, but there are theorems guaranteeing that this be so. (T. Rado, On the Problem of Plateau, Chapter ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

411 views

### Do all combinatorially distinct fundamental polygons correspond to surfaces?

The topology of a closed surface can be constructed
by identifying edges of a fundamental polygon of an
even number $2n$ of edges.
Labeling the edges and using $\pm 1$ exponents to indicate
direction,
...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### Approximating homeomorphisms of 2-disk by diffeomorphisms

Any homeomorphism of a compact surface can be approximated by diffeomorphisms.
Is there a parametrized version of this result, where the parameter space is an $n$-disk?
In other words, if $S$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Sutured Manifolds and minimal genus

Is there a result relating sutured manifolds and surfaces of minimal genus? perhaps someone has a very clever point of view of these two notions that can share.
In other matters, do we know how to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Elliptic surfaces with different Kodaira symbols

Are there examples of surfaces $E$ of Kodaira dimension one that have two elliptic fibrations $p,q:E\to C$ over some curve $C$ such that $p$ has semi-stable fibres but $q$ has an additive fibre?
Can ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Third variation of area of a minimal surface

There is a formula for the third variation of area on page 96 of Nitsche's book,
Lectures on Minimal Surfaces, vol. 1 (English version). He says at the bottom of the
page it is good for normal ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

292 views

### Symmetry on a sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the sphere $S^2$. Suppose there exists $C>0$ such that for all $R \in SO(3)$, the area of every connected component of $\{x\in S^2: u(x)> u(Rx)\}$ is at least ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### Triple bubble conjecture: Natural candidate?

Is there a standard natural candidate surface for
the shape that encloses three given volumes
in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and has minimal surface area?
I know the planar triple bubble conjecture was ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

58 views

### Is there a way to make MAGMA work with surfaces over weighted projective spaces?

Is there a way to use MAGMA to study surfaces defined over a weighted projective space (by "study" I mean computing e.g. invariants (e.g. $p_a$, $p_g$), singularities, etc)? For example, I was trying, ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Surfaces with many (but not solely) closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a closed surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
let's say of genus zero.
I seek examples of $S$ with the following property:
If one selects a random any point $p$ on $S$, and a random
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Locally trivial deformations of surfaces with quotient singularities

Let us consider the surface $\mathbb{A}^{2}/\mu_{6}$ where the action is given by
$$
\begin{array}{ccc}
\mu_{6}\times\mathbb{A}^{2} & \longrightarrow & \mathbb{A}^{2}\\
(\epsilon,x_{1},x_{2}) ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

558 views

### Space of embeddings of circle in a surface

Let $S$ be a compact oriented surface of genus at least $2$ (possibly with boundary). Let $X$ be a connected component of the space of embeddings of $S^1$ into $S$.
Question : what is the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

262 views

### Realizing homology classes on surfaces with boundary by simple closed curves

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact oriented surface with boundary. Assume that the genus of $\Sigma$ is positive. We say that an element $h \in H_1(\Sigma)$ can be realized by a simple closed curve if there ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

246 views

### Explicit computation of the action of a Dehn twist on the fundamental group of a surface

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g$. Now let $p\in S$ and $\gamma$ a closed simple curve on $S$ disjoint from $p$. It is not very difficult to compute the action of a Dehn twist along ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Some facts about cut-locus

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemmanian manifold diffeomorphic to $S^2$.
S.B.Myers says "the cut-locus of every point $x\in M$ is a finite tree."
How the set of point can be a tree? ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Integral of Square of Mean Curvature

Let us assume $\text{H}$ is the mean curvature of a compact surface in $\mathbb E^3$ and $g$ is its genus.
When $g$ is arbitrary, we have $\int_{\mathbb S^2}\text{H}^2dV=4\pi$ and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Homotopy versus path-homotopy on punctured surface

I have some problems with homotopies.
The situation is this:
Let $X$ be a surface, which is homeomorphic to a 2-Sphere with a finite number (at least 3) of points removed (equivalently, an open ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

271 views

### How to compute the normals to Costa's minimal surface?

I am trying to draw Costa's minimal surface in high resolution using the PovRay raytracer. For this I need to compute points on the surface as well as the normals. It is relatively easy to compute the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Find a simple closed curve in $S$ which represents a commutator in $\pi_1 S$

I am interested in the following problem : decide if a certain element of the fundamental group can be represented by a simple closed curve. The general case has already been asked and answered on MO ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

539 views

### Geodesics on the twisted pseudosphere (Dini's surface)

I wonder how difficult it is to compute geodesics on Dini's Surface,
a twisted pseudosphere?
Here is one parametrization, from
Alfred Gray's Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

327 views

### Action of $\pi_1(S)$ on its commutator subgroup

Let $G$ be a group. It acts canonically on its derived subgroup by conjugation. Can on describe the orbits of this action when $G$ is the fundamental group of a compact orientable surface of genus $g ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Costa's minimal surface and the structure of lungs

Seeing this image of Costa's minimal surface
(MathWorld image)
made me wonder if the fine-grained structure
of the human lung is somehow composed of pieces of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Looking for software that computes intersection numbers (Heegaard Diagrams)

As a part of my research I am working with intersection matrices of Heegaard diagrams. Is there some software that could help me compute such matrices for some examples?
Thanks.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

215 views

### Dimension of the homology group with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$

I asked this on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get a single answer.
Charles Weibel writes in his survey of homological algebra
Riemann defined a surface $S$ to be $(n + 1)$-fold
connected ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Contractibility of union of smooth rational curves in famillies

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to S$ be a family of smooth surfaces containing a subfamily $\mathcal{Y} \subset \mathcal{X}$ proper, flat over $S$ parametrizing contractible curves in $\mathcal{X}$ satisfying ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### Random metrics on compact orientable surfaces

Hello everyone,
Let $S_g$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g \geq 2$, and let $\mathcal{A}$ be the set of $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ Riemanniann metric on $S_g$ endowed with the topology of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Fixing a proof of the systolic inequality for higher genus surfaces

I'm currently learning some stuffs about systolic inequalities. While reading the relevant sections (p329 to 340) in Berger's Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry, I noticed a gap in one of the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

390 views

### Surface Laplace-Beltrami without coordinates, exterior calculus?

Let $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be an immersion of a surface $M$. For pedagogical purposes (i.e., I'm teaching a class!) I am looking for an expression for the scalar Laplace-Beltrami operator ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

338 views

### Description of regular covering maps between surfaces.

This is an improved and hopefully a more precise version of the question Covering spaces of surfaces.
Question: Given a regular covering map $\pi:\Sigma_g\to\Sigma_h$, where $\Sigma_n$ denotes a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

318 views

### What is the homotopy type of the space of simple closed curves isotopic to a given one?

For surfaces there are many statements along the lines of: if two simple closed curves are homotopic, they are isotopic. I'm interested in such questions for families of curves.
More precisely, let ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Covering spaces of surfaces

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a surface of genus $g\ge 2$, and let $\Sigma_k$ be an $m$-sheeted covering
space of $\Sigma_g$. It is known that $k=m(g-1)+1$.
An example of such a covering space is a regular ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

385 views

### Do the following set of Dehn twists generate the mapping class group?

If $S$ is the surface illustrated below, do the Dehn twists about the red curves generate the mapping class group $\operatorname{MCG}(S,\partial S)$?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

174 views

### surfaces dominated by a product of curves

I would like to know for which projective smooth surfaces over a finite field there exists a dominant rational map from a product of curves to the surface

**2**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### Parallel translation on surfaces

Parallel translation of a vector along a geodesic in a surface is characterized by the following three properties:
The vector being transported moves continuously.
It has constant norm.
It maintains ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

309 views

### Lagrangian Kleinian bottles

I remember some talks some time ago about proofs of nonexistence of Lagrangian Kleinian bottles in C^2 for the standard symplectic structure, mentioning that this were the only compact surface for ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

572 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Morse theory in TOP and PL categories?

Apparently there are topological and piecewise linear versions of Morse theory. I would like to know of references that treat these topics.
How is a Morse function defined for compact manifolds (with ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Classification of surfaces and the TOP, DIFF and PL categories for manifolds

A surface is simply a 2-manifold. The classification theorem for compact connected surfaces (with boundary) is commonly regarded in the categories TOP, DIFF and PL. Well known proofs (e.g. via ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Representing groups with two generators as graph automorphisms

Suppose we have a group $G$ which can be generated by two elements $x$, $y$. Call $H$, $K$, $L$ the subgroups of $G$ generated by $x$, $y$ and $y^{-1}x^{-1}$, respectively.
With these data, we can ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

884 views

### What is parameterization of the trefoil knot surface in R³?

What is a parameterization, say (x(u,v),y(u,v),z(u,v)), of the trefoil knot surface in R³ whose cross-section can be circular or, in general, elliptic?
Thanks!

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Connected sum of surfaces

I'm looking for a detailed reference about connected sums. I'd like it to contain a proof that a connected sum of connected surfaces is independent - up to homeomorphism - of the various choices ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

336 views

### Contraction of curves on surfaces

Assume we have a surface $S$ (smooth if you want), and a map $f: S \to V$ that contracts a curve $C \subset S$. What condition would give a factoring of $f$ through a contraction $c: S \to V'$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

266 views

### Abelian subgroups of ball quotient

Let $X$ be a compact complex surface of general type which a ball quotient. Is it true that $\pi_{1}(X)$ can not contain ${\mathbb{Z}}^{2}$ as a subgroup? What kind of infinite abelian groups can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

747 views

### How to rigorously prove that simple closed curves on a surface are primitive closed curves ?

Let me first state the definitions :
A not-nullhomotopic closed curve / loop $c$ on an orientable surface $X,c:[0,1]\to X$ is called simple closed curve is $c|[0,1)$ is injective and [ $c(0)=c(1) ] ...