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35
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is there such a close resemblance between the unitary representation theory of the Virasoro algebra and that of the Temperley-Lieb algebra?

For those who aren't familiar with the Virasoro or Temperley-Lieb algebras, I include some definitions: • The (universal envelopping algebra of the) Virasoro algebra is the $\star$-algebra ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

Why are subfactors interesting?

I get asked this question a lot, and am not very happy with any of the answers. Vaguely I think of subfactor theory as a generalization of representation theory of groups. That is, if you have a ...
18
votes
1answer
644 views

Fuss-Catalan algebras and non-commutative Hilbert schemes

Hello, this is a question regarding Reineke's paper "Cohomology of non-commutative Hilbert schemes", http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0306185, and more precisely the formula on page 4 there (at $n=1$), ...
17
votes
7answers
3k views

Why are fusion categories interesting?

In the same vein as Kate and Scott's questions, why are fusion categories interesting? I know that given a "suitably nice" fusion category (which probably means adding adjectives such as "unitary," ...
15
votes
1answer
361 views

Denseness of inner automorphisms inside automorphisms of hyperfinite type III_1 factor

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite type $III_1$ factor, and let $Aut(R)$ be its group of automorphisms, equipped with the $u$-topology (topology of pointwise convergence on the predual). An automorphism ...
14
votes
7answers
1k views

ubiquity, importance of path algebras

I work in planar algebras and subfactors, where the idea of path algebras on a graph (alternately known as graph algebras, graph planar algebras, etc.) is quite useful. The particular result I'm ...
13
votes
3answers
721 views

Categorifying the Reals via von Neumann Algebras?

So one way to categorify the natural numbers is to replace them with vector spaces. Then the dimension of the vector space reproduces the natural number. More generally you can categorify integers to ...
13
votes
1answer
975 views

Endomorphism of type III factor: can it satisfy $\phi\circ\phi = \phi\oplus\phi$?

I'm still trying to get some feeling about this question... Given Jesse Peterson's answer to this question (he showed that $\phi\circ\phi\sim\phi$ is impossible), I suspect that the following is also ...
12
votes
3answers
492 views

Does every Frobenius algebra in a monoidal *-category give a Q-system?

Suppose that C is a fusion C*-cateogry and that A is an irreducible Frobenius algebra object in C, is there always a Frobenius algebra A' isomorphic to A such that A' is a Longo Q-system (that is the ...
12
votes
1answer
401 views

Can the minimal index of a subfactor take all values in {4cos^2(pi/n);n=3,4,5,…} u [4,infinity]?

Given a subfactor $N\to M$ and a conditional expectation $E:M\to N$, there is a numerical invariant $Ind(E)$ associated to to this situation, called the index of $E$. The possible values of $Ind(E)$ ...
12
votes
1answer
748 views

Non-“weakly group theoretical” integral fusion categories?

Is there an integral fusion category of global dimension $210$, such that the simple objects have dimensions $\{1,5,5,5,6,7,7\}$ and the following fusion matrices? $\small{\begin{smallmatrix} 1 & ...
12
votes
0answers
233 views

Subfactors of $L(F_{\infty})$

It is a well known result that any subfactor of the hyperfinite $II_{1}$ factor is hyperfinite. I wonder if there is any finite index version of this for free group factors. In particular is it true ...
11
votes
6answers
832 views

How do I describe a fusion category given a subfactor?

I felt like following up on Kate's question. There were some good motivational answers there. Given a pair of factors M < N, there is a standard way to construct a 2-category whose objects are M ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors: Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...
11
votes
1answer
286 views

A question about maximal subgroups

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H_1,\ldots, H_n$ a set of maximal subgroups of $G$. Let $\delta_{H_i}$ be delta functions with support on $H_i$, and let $A$ be the commutative algebra generated by ...
10
votes
3answers
755 views

Subfactor summer reading list

Many people I talk to lament the nonexistence of a coherent source for learning the theory of subfactors. Could someone suggest a nice (ordered) list of books/papers to work through to obtain a ...
10
votes
2answers
284 views

What is known about arbitrary subfactors of integer index?

Let $N\subset M$ be an inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors of finite index, $[M:N]<\infty$. I would be mostly interested in the hyperfinite case, $N\simeq M\simeq R$, but let us just take them ...
9
votes
1answer
326 views

Do subgroups have “two sided bases”?

Let $H\leq G$ be an inclusion of finite groups. Define a map $E\colon \mathbb{C}[G]\to \mathbb{C}[H]$ to be the $\mathbb{C}$-linear extension of $$ E(g)=\begin{cases} g &\text{if } g\in H\\\ 0 ...
9
votes
0answers
255 views

Unitary structures on fusion categories

A unitary fusion category is a fusion category with a $C^*$-tensor structure. Hence, in principle, a fusion category could have more than one unitary structure. Does exist a fusion category with more ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Short Introduction to Planar Algebras

Are there any good short expositions of planar algebras out there? I am interested primarily in seeing the main definition and some explicit examples.
8
votes
4answers
362 views

Possible values of the index for subfactor inclusions coming from conformal nets

This question is related to Can the minimal index of a subfactor take all values in {4cos^2(pi/n);n=3,4,5,...} u [4,infinity]? I was wondering what one knows for the special case of conformal nets ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

The cyclic subfactors theory: a quantum arithmetic?

Context: First recall some results: - Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type $II_{1}$ factor $R$ (Jones 1980). - A Galois correspondence for depth 2 irreducible subfactors ...
8
votes
0answers
235 views

Are there only finitely many maximal subfactors of a fixed finite index ?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. Question: are there only finitely many maximal subfactors of a fixed finite ...
8
votes
0answers
496 views

Pimsner-Popa Bases

Let $N\subset M$ be a finite index $II_1$-subfactor. Let $B=\{b_i\}$ be a finite orthonormal (Pimsner-Popa) basis for $M$ over $N$. Let $d=[M\colon N]^{1/2}$. It is well known that $B_1=\{d b_{i_1} ...
7
votes
2answers
276 views

Is there a subfactor construction involving 2-groups?

I seem to recall that there is a straightforward subfactor construction that yields fusion categories given by G-graded vector spaces and representations of G, for finite groups G. Is there an ...
7
votes
2answers
408 views

endomorphism of factor: can it be idempotent up to congugacy?

Let $M$ be a factor, and let $\phi:M\to M$ be an irreducible endomorphism ("irreducible" means that the relative commutant of $\phi(M)$ in $M$ is trivial). Let's also assume that $\phi$ is not ...
7
votes
1answer
149 views

realizing fusion categories as subfactors of the hyperfinite

Let R be the hyperfinite II_1 or the hyperfinite III_1 factor (pick which ever one you prefer), and let Bim(R) denote the tensor category of R-R-bimodules. This question is inspired by the recent ...
7
votes
2answers
627 views

How can I prove that a sequence of squares of graph norms is never cyclotomic?

The norm of a graph is the largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix. I'll write ||G|| for the norm of G. Now, fix some graph ...
7
votes
1answer
652 views

Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive. Proof: see below. Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...
7
votes
3answers
275 views

What are the intermediate subfactors of the tensor product of two maximal subfactors?

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two maximal subfactors. Their tensor product, the subfactor $(N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2)$, admits four obvious intermediate ...
7
votes
0answers
281 views

Is there a finite-index finite-depth II$_1$ subfactor which is more than $7$-super-transitive?

Background: See Noah and Emily's posts on subfactors and planar algebras on the Secret Blogging Seminar. There are plenty of examples of $3$-super-transitive (3-ST) subfactors; Haagerup, $S_4 < ...
6
votes
2answers
289 views

Are subfactor planar algebras hard to classify at index 6?

Given a finite index inclusion, $N\subset M$, of $II_1$ factors we can construct two towers of finite dimensional algebras known as the $\textit{standard invariant}$. For low index, this has allowed ...
6
votes
2answers
210 views

What is the subfactor planar algebra of type $\tilde{A}_n$, of index 4?

As I understand it, there is a subfactor whose principal graph is the affine Dynkin diagram $\tilde{A}_n$. Since every vertex has two neighbors, does that mean the space of 1-boxes is two dimensional? ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

von Neumann automorphisms: does convergence on a dense algebra imply $u$-convergence?

Let $M$ be a separable von Neumann algebra and let $A$ be a (von Neumann-)dense *-subalgebra. Suppose that $\alpha,\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\dots$ are automorphisms of $M$, such that for every $a \in A$, $$ ...
6
votes
1answer
577 views

Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring. A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...
6
votes
1answer
614 views

subfactor of finite rank but infinite index: is this possible?

A subfactor $N\subset M$ is essentially the same thing as an $N$-$M$-bimodule. I'll recall the basic definitions in the language of bimodules, and I hope that subfactor people will excuse me. ...
6
votes
0answers
125 views

Is it true that there are exactly two conjugacy classes of order two elements in Out(R)?

In the title, $R$ stands for the hyperfinite III1 factor. An order two element $\alpha\in Out(M)$ ($M$ any factor) has an invariant $c(\alpha)\in H^3(\mathbb Z/2,S^1)=\mathbb Z/2$. Q: Is $c$ the ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

How well do we know relative commutants in $L(\mathbb{F}_\infty)$?

Let $H=K_1\oplus K_2$ be infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. Voiculescu's free Gaussian functor gives us free group factors $L(H)$, $L(K_1)$, $L(K_2)$ acting on the full Fock space $\Gamma(H)$ and, ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there an infinite depth irreducible finite index maximal subfactor (other than Temperley Lieb) ?

A subfactor $N \subset M$ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M$. Is there an infinite depth irreducible finite index maximal subfactor (other than ...
5
votes
1answer
529 views

Subfactor theory and Hilbert von Neumann Algebras

There seem to be intimate connections between the different definitions of von Neumann module. The two that I'm aware of are Hilbert von Neumann modules and correspondences (in the sense of Connes). I ...
5
votes
1answer
286 views

representing tensor-C*-categories in BIM

Given a factor M (=von Neumann alg. with center ℂ), let us write BIM for the ⊗-C*-category of M-M-bimodules. Which ⊗-C*-categories can one faithfully embed into BIM? ⓵ Are ...
5
votes
1answer
380 views

Is there a trivial construction of the trace on the Jones basic construction?

Let $N$ be a type $II_{1}$-factor with trace $\tau$, and $B$ a von Neumann subalgebra. The existence of the semifinite trace on the Jones basic construction $\langle N, e_{B} \rangle$ is reasonably ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-Hölder theorem for groups: Theorem (Jordan-Hölder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...
5
votes
1answer
701 views

Subspaces of a Subfactor

Is the following true? Let $\mathcal N \subset \mathcal M$ be a subfactor. There is a bijective correspondence between the ultraweakly closed subspaces of $\mathcal M$ that are bimodules over ...
5
votes
0answers
222 views

generators for Hecke algebra quotients

What are generators for the kernel of the (k,r)-quotient of the Hecke algebras of type A? Are just the two projections onto the reps. corresponding to Young digarams with 1-row of length r-k+1 and ...
4
votes
2answers
299 views

Invertibility of the planar algebra-subfactor correspondence

In Jones's paper "Planar Algebras I", Theorem 4.2.1 establishes that an extremal finite index subfactor admits a spherical C*-planar algebra structure, and Theorem 4.3.1 establishes that spherical ...
4
votes
2answers
629 views

Operator Valued Weights

One of the basic tools in subfactors is the conditional expectation. If $N\subset M$ is a $II_1$-subfactor (or an inclusion of finite factors), then there is a unique trace-preserving conditional ...
4
votes
3answers
428 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors. First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...
4
votes
2answers
462 views

The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys. In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras: The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...