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### The cyclic subfactors theory: a quantum arithmetic?

Context: First recall some results:
- Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type $II_{1}$ factor $R$ (Jones 1980).
- A Galois correspondence for depth 2 irreducible subfactors ...

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### Non-“weakly group theoretical” integral fusion categories?

Is there an integral fusion category of global dimension $210$, such that the simple objects have dimensions $\{1,5,5,5,6,7,7\}$ and the following fusion matrices?
$\small{\begin{smallmatrix}
1 & ...

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### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

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### Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors.
First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...

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### Products of maximal inclusions of finite groups with a non-obvious intermediate

Let $(H_1 \subset G_1)$ and $(H_2 \subset G_2)$ be core-free maximal inclusions of finite groups.
Their product, the inclusion $(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$, admits four obvious ...

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### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

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### Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant.
Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...

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### Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $.
It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $.
It's cyclic if its lattice of ...

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112 views

### Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is every integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors planar algebra, the intermediate of an irreducible finite index depth $2$ subfactors planar algebra?
In other words, of the following form ...

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### What are the intermediate subfactors of the tensor product of two maximal subfactors?

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two maximal subfactors.
Their tensor product, the subfactor $(N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2)$, admits four obvious intermediate ...

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### Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring.
A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...

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### Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there.
Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...

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310 views

### Are subfactor planar algebras hard to classify at index 6?

Given a finite index inclusion, $N\subset M$, of $II_1$ factors we can construct two towers of finite dimensional algebras known as the $\textit{standard invariant}$. For low index, this has allowed ...

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### Normal intermediate subgroup and normal core

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup.
The normal core of $H$ in $G$ is $core_G(H) := \bigcap_{g \in G}g^{-1}Hg$
Definition: $K$ is a normal intermediate subgroup of the inclusion $(H ...

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392 views

### A second isomorphism theorem for the inclusions of groups

The usual second isomorphism theorem for groups is: let $G$ be a group, $S$ and $N$ subgroups with $N$ normal, then $SN$ is a subgroup of $G$, $S\cap N$ is a normal subgroup of $S$ and $SN/N \simeq ...

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### Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at fixed finite index?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $.
Question: Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at ...

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209 views

### An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras:
The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...

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### Existence of a Kac algebra for a given fusion ring in a particular class

A $n$-dimensional Kac algebra (i.e., a Hopf C*-algebra), admits finitely many irreducible representations, whose cardinal $r$ is called its rank, the increasing sequence $(d_{1},d_{2},d_{3}, ..., ...

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### Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-Hölder theorem for groups:
Theorem (Jordan-Hölder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...

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### What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$
is normal if the biprojections ...

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### An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups.
I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone.
A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...

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### What's the relation between fusion and coproduct?

For an irreducible finite depth finite index subfactor $(N \subset M)$, there is a structure of fusion category given by the even part of its principal graph. The simple objects $(X_i)_{i \in I}$ of ...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors.
Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...

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### $\mathcal{L}(H_i \subset G_i)$ distributive $\Rightarrow$ $\mathcal{L}(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$ modular?

Let $\mathcal{L}( G)$ be the lattice of subgroups of $G$ and $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G)$ the lattice of intermediate subgroups.
Definitions: A lattice $(L, \wedge, \vee)$ is distributive if, ...

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841 views

### Subfactor summer reading list

Many people I talk to lament the nonexistence of a coherent source for learning the theory of subfactors.
Could someone suggest a nice (ordered) list of books/papers to work through to obtain a ...

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### Is there a finite-index finite-depth II$_1$ subfactor which is more than $7$-super-transitive?

Background: See Noah and Emily's posts on subfactors and planar algebras on the Secret Blogging Seminar.
There are plenty of examples of $3$-super-transitive (3-ST) subfactors; Haagerup, $S_4 < ...

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### Subfactor theory and Hilbert von Neumann Algebras

There seem to be intimate connections between the different definitions of von Neumann module. The two that I'm aware of are Hilbert von Neumann modules and correspondences (in the sense of Connes). I ...

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### Are all the R-R-bimodules completely reducible?

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor and let $X$ be any $R$-$R$-bimodule.
Question: Is $X$ completely reducible (i.e. a direct integral of irreducible $R$-$R$-bimodules)?
Example: If $(N ...

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### What's the natural equivalence of subfactors in general?

Let $A$ be a factor and $\mathcal{C}_{A}$ be the category of all the subfactors $(M \subset N)$ such that $M$ and $N$ are isomorphic to $A$. The most famous of them is perhaps $\mathcal{C}_{R}$ with ...

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### Are there workable numerical approaches for the pentagon equation?

Warning: this post is the "numerical" analog of
Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?
I've replaced "algebraic geometry" by "numerical" in its content,
...

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### Image, kernel, quotient and first isomorphism theorem, in a category of monoid objects

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a monoidal category and Mon$_{\mathcal{C}}$ the category of monoids (also called algebra objects) on $\mathcal{C}$.
Questions: are there definitions of image and kernel for a ...

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### The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys.
In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...

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### Is there a non-trivial Hopf algebra without left coideal subalgebra?

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra over an algebraically
closed field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $0$.
A subalgebra $I$ of $H$ is called a left coideal subalgebra if $\Delta(I) \subset H \otimes I$.
$H$ is ...

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### What's the ratio of inclusions of finite groups with a distributive lattice?

Definition: Two inclusions of finite groups are equivalent, $(A \subset B) \sim (C \subset D)$, if: $(A/A_B \subset B/A_B) \simeq (C/C_D \subset D/C_D)$ with $A_B$ the normal core of $A$ in $B$.
...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant and trivial intersection generate $B(H)$?

Let $H$ be an $\infty$-dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}'$, ...

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### The coproduct on the 2-boxes space of the group-subgroup subfactor planar algebras

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
Let the subfactor $(\mathcal{R} \rtimes H \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes G)$ with $\mathcal{R}$ the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$ factor, and its planar ...

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236 views

### Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...

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201 views

### Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors :
Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...

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### Are there infinitely many amenable Hadamard-Petrescu subfactors?

The complex Hadamard matrices of dimension $n$ are used to build index $n$ subfactors through the commuting square construction. For more details, see the paper Subfactors and Hadamard Matrices by ...

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### Are the two-side TLJ subfactors maximal?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors, with the following principal graph (called two-side TLJ)
Question: Is $(N \subset M)$ a maximal subfactor?

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### The planar algebra generated by the biprojections

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two irreducible finite index subfactors.
Let $\mathcal{B}_i$ be the set of all the biprojections of $\mathcal{P}_{2+}(N_i \subset M_i)$.
Let ...

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### Is the coproduct of central operators, also central?

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an irreducible finite index-depth subfactor planar algebra. The $2$-boxes space $\mathcal{P}_{2,+}$ is equipped with the coproduct $(a,b) \mapsto a*b = ...