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### Connes Embedding Conjecture and Fusion Categories

I was recently introduced to Connes' Embedding Conjecture (CEC) which states:
Every separable type $II_{1}$ factor is embeddable into $R^{\omega}$. Where $\omega$ is a generic free ultrafilter on ...

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### Is 6 the smallest index for an irreducible subfactor to have a principal graph with a multiplicity >1 edge?

The irreducible subfactor $(R^{S_3} \subset R)$, of index $6$, admits a principal with a multiplicity $2$ edge because the group $S_3$ admits an irreducible complex representation of dimension $2$.
...

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### Is there a non-solvable integral fusion category of square-free dimension?

A finite group of square-free order is solvable (see here).
You can find the definition for a solvable fusion category in this paper.
Question: Is there a non-solvable integral fusion category of ...

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### Is there a perfect integral fusion category with PFdim = 2 mod 4?

A finite group $G$ is perfect if $G = G^{(1)} := \langle [G,G] \rangle$.
Proposition: A finite group $G$ is perfect iff any $1$-dimensional complex representation of $G$ is trivial.
proof: First if ...

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### Chinese remainder theorem for cyclic subfactor planar algebras

This post was inspired by an exchange with the indian woman mathematician Ajit Iqbal Singh.
The chinese remainder theorem can be stated as follows:
Let $n_1, \dots, n_r \ge 2$ be positive integers ...

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### A constraint on the indices of irreducible finite depth subfactors

Let $(A \subset B)$ and $(C \subset D)$ be two finite index finite depth irreducible subfactors.
Question: Is it true that $[B:A] \cdot [D:C]$ is an integer iff $[B:A]$ and $[D:C]$ are integers?
...

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### On the correspondence sub-N-N-bimodules and 2-box projections

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite index irreducible subfactor, and $P = P(N \subset M)$ its planar algebra.
We can see $M$ as an algebraic $N$-$N$-bimodule, it decomposes into irreducible algebraic ...

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### Examples of non-extremal subfactors

Every subfactor $(N \subset M)$ in this post are supposed to be finite index inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors.
Definition (here p64): Such a subfactor is called extremal if $tr_{N'} = tr_M$ on ...

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### What's the relation between spin model for subfactors theory and physics?

In the sense of subfactor theory, a spin model is a commuting square of the form
$$\begin{matrix}
\Delta &\subset & M_n(\mathbb{C})\cr
\cup &\ &\cup\cr
\mathbb{C} &\subset ...

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### The completely reducible bimodules coming from subfactors

This post is a sequel of: Are all the R-R-bimodules completely reducible?
Question: For which (as general as possible) class of subfactors $(N \subset M)$, the bimodule $_NM_M$ is known completely ...

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### Is the (hyperfinite) TLJ subfactor unique at fixed index (if it exists)?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an inclusion of hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$ factors, with the following principal graph (called TLJ)
Question: Is such a subfactor unique (up to ${\rm W}^*$-isomorphism) at fixed ...

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### Are the two-side TLJ subfactors maximal?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors, with the following principal graph (called two-side TLJ)
Question: Is $(N \subset M)$ a maximal subfactor?

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### Is there no extra intermediate subfactor for the basic construction?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors, the basic construction is $N \subset M \subset M_1 = \langle M , e^M_N \rangle$.
Question: For any intermediate subfactor $N \subset P ...

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### Are there infinitely many amenable Hadamard-Petrescu subfactors?

The complex Hadamard matrices of dimension $n$ are used to build index $n$ subfactors through the commuting square construction. For more details, see the paper Subfactors and Hadamard Matrices by ...

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### A short problem with minimal projections and biprojections

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite index irreducible subfactor, $P=P(N \subset M)$ its planar algebra.
Notation: For $a,b \in P_{2,+}$ positive operators, then $\langle a,b \rangle$ is the biprojection ...

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### How to generalize multiplication and addition to cyclic subfactors?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite index irreducible subfactor and $P=P(N \subset M)$ its subfactor planar algebra.
Definition: $(N \subset M)$ is cyclic if its lattice of intermediate subfactors ...

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### A process generating series of new subfactors

Consider the following process:
Take a maximal finite depth-index irreducible subfactor planar algebra $P^{(1)} = P(A^{(0)} \subset A^{(1)})$.
Choose a composition with itself such that there is no ...

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### Skein theory: How axiomatizing a 2-box space?

Let $(A,+,\times, *)$ with an adjoint operation compatible with $+$, $\times$ and $*$, such that $(A,+,\times)$ and $(A,+,*)$ are finite dimensional ${\rm C}^{*}$-algebras.
What are the axioms on ...

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### Is there an irreducible subfactor with an infinite homogeneous single chain lattice?

We know that we can build an irreducible subfactor realizing a finite single chain lattice containing any finite index irreducible maximal subfactors, by using the free composition (see here).
Now ...

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### Is every irreducible subfactor planar algebra a quotient of the planar algebra of tangles?

Let $\mathcal{T}_{n,\pm}$ be the vector space generated by the planar tangles (up to isomorphism) having $2n$ intervals on their "ouput'' disk and a white (or black) shaded marked interval. Then the ...

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### Can any finite lattice with at most six elements be realized as an intermediate subfactor lattice?

The paper Lattices of Intermediate Subfactors of Y. Watatani, received on December 1994, finishes by:
Prop. 6.2. $ \ $ Any finite lattice with at most five elements can be
realized as an ...

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### The planar algebra generated by the biprojections

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two irreducible finite index subfactors.
Let $\mathcal{B}_i$ be the set of all the biprojections of $\mathcal{P}_{2+}(N_i \subset M_i)$.
Let ...

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### Has a subfactor with lattice $B_3$, a singly generated identity biprojection?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an irreducible finite index subfactor.
If its lattice of intermediate subfactors is equivalent to $B_3$ (the lattice of divisors of $n=p_1p_2p_3$ square free):
...

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### Is there a non-trivial maximal Hopf algebra?

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra over an algebraically
closed field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $0$.
Maximal means without left coideal subalgebra $I$ (i.e. $\Delta(I) \subset H \otimes I$) other than ...

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### Is there a tangle encoding the fusion rules?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an irreducible finite index depth $n$ subfactor. Let $P = P(N \subset M)$ its planar algebra.
Let $(B_i)$ be the finite sequence of $N$-$N$-bimodules appearing in the principal ...

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### Is there a Frobenius reciprocity for the coproduct?

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an irreducible finite index-depth subfactor planar algebra. The $2$-boxes space $\mathcal{P}_{2,+}$ is equipped with the coproduct $(a,b) \mapsto a*b = ...

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### Is the coproduct of central operators, also central?

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an irreducible finite index-depth subfactor planar algebra. The $2$-boxes space $\mathcal{P}_{2,+}$ is equipped with the coproduct $(a,b) \mapsto a*b = ...

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### Image, kernel, quotient and first isomorphism theorem, in a category of monoid objects

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a monoidal category and Mon$_{\mathcal{C}}$ the category of monoids (also called algebra objects) on $\mathcal{C}$.
Questions: are there definitions of image and kernel for a ...

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### Is a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor, intermediate of a depth ≤ 3 one?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite depth-index irreducible subfactor.
Main question: Is $(N \subset M)$ the intermediate of a finite index depth $\le 3$ irreducible subfactor?
(In others words, is ...

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### Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is it known whether or not the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors (planar algebra) are Kac-coideal subfactors: $(R^{\mathbb{A}} \subset R^{\mathbb{I}})$, with $\mathbb{A}$ a finite ...

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### What are the first non-maximal non-group-subgroup simple irreducible subfactors?

Definition: For an irreducible (finite index) subfactor $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{M})$, an intermediate $(\mathcal{N} \subset \mathcal{P} \subset \mathcal{M})$
is normal if the biprojections ...

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### Uniqueness of the tensor product decomposition of subfactors

A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is indecomposable if (for $N_i \subset M_i)$: $$(N \subset M) = (N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2) \Rightarrow \exists i \ N_i = M_i$$
Then, a subfactor $(N ...

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### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

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### What's the relation between fusion and coproduct?

For an irreducible finite depth finite index subfactor $(N \subset M)$, there is a structure of fusion category given by the even part of its principal graph. The simple objects $(X_i)_{i \in I}$ of ...

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### The coproduct on the 2-boxes space of the group-subgroup subfactor planar algebras

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
Let the subfactor $(\mathcal{R} \rtimes H \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes G)$ with $\mathcal{R}$ the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$ factor, and its planar ...

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### What's the ratio of inclusions of finite groups with a distributive lattice?

Definition: Two inclusions of finite groups are equivalent, $(A \subset B) \sim (C \subset D)$, if: $(A/A_B \subset B/A_B) \simeq (C/C_D \subset D/C_D)$ with $A_B$ the normal core of $A$ in $B$.
...

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### Infinite amenable group subfactors

Let amenable groups $\Gamma$ and $\Gamma'$. They act outerly of only one manner on the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$-factor $\mathcal{R}$.
Question: $(\mathcal{R} \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes \Gamma) ...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors.
Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = ...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant and trivial intersection generate $B(H)$?

Let $H$ be an $\infty$-dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}'$, ...

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### Are there workable numerical approaches for the pentagon equation?

Warning: this post is the "numerical" analog of
Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?
I've replaced "algebraic geometry" by "numerical" in its content,
...

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### Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring.
A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...

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### The link between the subfactors and the motives as enriched Galois theories? [closed]

On 29th March 2007, at the "École normale supérieure" of Paris, the mathematician Vaughan Jones, gave a conference (in French) entitled "Les sous-facteurs : une théorie de Galois enrichie" (see here), ...

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### Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...

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### Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there.
Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...

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### A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...

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### A second isomorphism theorem for the inclusions of groups

The usual second isomorphism theorem for groups is: let $G$ be a group, $S$ and $N$ subgroups with $N$ normal, then $SN$ is a subgroup of $G$, $S\cap N$ is a normal subgroup of $S$ and $SN/N \simeq ...

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### Normal intermediate subgroup and normal core

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup.
The normal core of $H$ in $G$ is $core_G(H) := \bigcap_{g \in G}g^{-1}Hg$
Definition: $K$ is a normal intermediate subgroup of the inclusion $(H ...

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### $\mathcal{L}(H_i \subset G_i)$ distributive $\Rightarrow$ $\mathcal{L}(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$ modular?

Let $\mathcal{L}( G)$ be the lattice of subgroups of $G$ and $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G)$ the lattice of intermediate subgroups.
Definitions: A lattice $(L, \wedge, \vee)$ is distributive if, ...

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### Products of maximal inclusions of finite groups with a non-obvious intermediate

Let $(H_1 \subset G_1)$ and $(H_2 \subset G_2)$ be core-free maximal inclusions of finite groups.
Their product, the inclusion $(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$, admits four obvious ...

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### Existence of inclusions of finite groups with a particular lattice property

Definition : Let $\sim$ be the equivalence relation on inclusions of finite groups, generated by :
$(H \subset G) \sim (\phi(H) \subset \phi(G))$, with $ \phi: G \to L$ a finite group morphism and ...