A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string.

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4
votes
2answers
385 views

What does it mean to take the diagonal of the group $SU(2) \times SU(2) $?

I am reading Witten's paper on topological field theories, in specific the topological twist in page 359. In order to perform the twist he takes the diagonal subgroup of $K = SU(2)_{\text{Right}} ...
5
votes
0answers
201 views

Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory: On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

BCOV's holomorphic anomaly equation at genus one

BCOV in their famous paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9309140) state the genus one holomorphic anomaly equation (on page 53) to be $$\partial_i \partial_{\bar{j}} F_{1} = ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

AKSZ sigma models for higher spin

The AKSZ framework constructs 2D sigma models in the BV formalism. Is there a generalization of the AKSZ approach to higher spin?
0
votes
0answers
91 views

How exactly do we construct the $T^2\times \mathbb{R}$ toric Calabi-Yau three-fold?

I am trying to understand why and how the functions $r_{a}(z) = |z_1|^2 - |z_3|^2$, $r_{b}(z)=|z_2|^2 - |z_3|^2$ and $r_{c}(z)=\Im(z_1z_2z_3)$ "generate" the toric CY threefold $T^2 \times \mathbb{R}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
398 views

space at the Planck scale [closed]

All models of space that I know from physics use real or complex manifolds. I was just wondering if it is still the case at the level of Planck scale. In string theory, physicists still use strings ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

book about string theory a la Von Neumann [duplicate]

Can we summarize string theory (in its actual state) in some principles and fundamental equations like electromagnetism, general relativity, quantum mechanics and classical mechanics ? I am looking ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Generalized spin connection and dreibein in higher spin gravity

I am studying higher spin gravity and I would like to know the mathematical and physical meaning of generalized spin connection and generalized dreibein that appear in this theory. It is well known ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

computation with Hilbert scheme of $n$ points on $\mathbb C^2$ [closed]

How can we show that $$\sum_{n = 0}^\infty q^n \operatorname{char}_T S^n(\mathbb C[x,y])= \prod_{p_1,p_2\geq 0}\frac{1}{1-t_1^{p_1}t_2^{p_2}q}$$ where $\operatorname{char}_T V$ denotes the character ...
4
votes
1answer
532 views

Mathematica package for supergravity and string theory

I am looking for a Mathematica package that can manipulate tensors for supergravity, string theory or M-theory. I am particularly looking for a package that can do spinor and Clifford algebra ...
8
votes
2answers
520 views

Free Boson Correlator $ \langle X(z)X(w) \rangle =- \ln |z - w| $

In physics papers, the massless free boson has a definition involving an action: $$ S(X) = \frac{1}{8\pi} \int d\sigma^2\, \partial X \overline{\partial X}$$ The random functions $X(z)$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

SYZ mirror symmetry for K3 surfaces

My question is essentially related to this post, but let me formulate it again. Let $f:S \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ be an elliptic fibration, then this can be a SLAG fibration with respect to another ...
12
votes
0answers
204 views

K-theoretic version of Artin-Mazur formal groups?

An Artin-Mazur formal group is, when it exists, the deformation theory of ordinary cohomology of some degree, on some algebraic variety. My question here is: Has the generalization of the theory of ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

This is the reanimation of a question which already got an answer, that I did not fully understand. Coming back to it, after let it sit in a corner for some time, I keep not getting the point. I would ...
20
votes
0answers
654 views

Calabi-Yau cohomology?

My question here is going to be this -- but I'll give a bit of background to explain myself in a moment: What has been done/what results are available on Calabi-Yau cohomology in degree $n \geq 3$ ...
9
votes
0answers
317 views

State of the art of BPS and Donaldson-Thomas invariants for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds

I am trying to understand what has been done with regards to computing BPS invariants and Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau threefolds. To make the question more focused, let's say that I ...
18
votes
0answers
531 views

p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...
5
votes
1answer
461 views

What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...
18
votes
3answers
621 views

Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

How can the interersection number of $2$ $D6$ branes wrapping around a CY manifold be derived?

For two intersecting $D6$ branes $a$ and $b$ wrapped around a $6$ dimensional torus $T^6 = T^2 \times T^2 \times T^2$ specified by $$ \textrm{D6-brane a:}\, (l_1^a,l_2^a,l_3^a) $$ $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity. One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT. Which ...
7
votes
2answers
319 views

What is the definition of picture changing operation?

What is the definition of picture changing operation? What is a standard reference where it is defined - not just used?
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Where is there a treatment of double field theory other than in local coordinates?

The n-lab seems to lack a treatment of double field theory. Where is there a treatment other than in local coordinates? Or at least one which identifies the coordinates as local coordinates for a ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

H-flux by any other name

There are more than a few papers referring to H-flux and/or H-twist etc. Is there anywhere a survey relating these variants?
3
votes
1answer
357 views

The Fuchsian monodromy problem

I want to understand the argument being made from equation 6.1 to 6.5 in this paper between pages 27-28 6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 are completely out-of-the-blue to me and I have no clue as to from where they ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action correspond to some kind of orbifolding?

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action, for example by choosing the light-cone gauge $$ X^{+} = \beta\alpha' p^{+}\tau $$ $$ p^{+} = \frac{2\pi}{\beta} P^{\tau +} $$ ...
5
votes
1answer
433 views

Why does closed string theory have only one dilaton field instead of $22$? [closed]

Looking at $5D$ Kaluza-Klein theory, the Kaluza-Klein metric is given by $$ g_{mn} = \left( \begin{array}{cc} g_{\mu\nu} & g_{\mu 5} \\ g_{5\nu} & g_{55} \\ \end{array} \right) $$ ...
7
votes
0answers
242 views

The space-time dimension of the N-superstring theory?

Let $\mathfrak{W}$ be the Lie algebra generated by $d_{n} = ie^{in\theta}\frac{d}{d\theta}$ and $\mathfrak{Vir} = \mathfrak{W} \oplus C \mathbb{C}$ its central extension: $$ ...
19
votes
1answer
768 views

Has the conformally field theoretic metric on a Calabi-Yau variety been proved to exist?

Let $(X,g)$ be a compact Kähler manifold. Physics allows us to consider a supersymmetric sigma model with target $(X,g)$, which is a N=2 two-dimensional field theory. From the two-dimensional point ...
5
votes
1answer
386 views

Proof of the general expression for anomaly in a CFT and its partition function

I think the statement is that for any dimensional CFT the following is true, $$\langle T^{\mu}_\mu \rangle = \sum B_n I_n - 2(-1)^{d/2}AE_d,$$ where $E_d$ is the `"Euler density" and $I_n$ are ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers, Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...
26
votes
6answers
5k views

Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...
4
votes
2answers
422 views

CFTs corresponding to affine Lie algebras

I want to know how one can write down a CFT such that its conserved currents will satisfy some chosen (affine) Lie algebra $G$. On the few pages leading up to page 192 in here one can see see the ...
18
votes
0answers
490 views

On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...
38
votes
7answers
4k views

The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Physics in Mathematics. Why ? What/how to catch?

Starting from 80-ies the ideas either coming from physics, or by physicists themselves (e.g. Witten) are shaping many directions in mathematics. It is tempting to paraphrase E. Wigner, saying about ...
30
votes
6answers
6k views

Mathematician trying to learn string theory

I'm a mathematician. I want to be able to read recent ArXiv postings on high energy physics theory (String theory) (and perhaps be able to do research). I want to understand compactifications, ...
5
votes
0answers
239 views

Seiberg-Witten curve for product SU(2)^N gauge theories

In equation 2.10 of this article, the author gives the Seiberg-Witten curve for a $U(N)$ gauge theory with $L<2N$ massive flavours with masses given by $m_i$ as: $y^{2}=\left\langle ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

About the massless supermultiplets in $2+1$ dimensional supersymmetry [closed]

I thought of cross-linking here this question that I had asked on physicsstackexchange. It would be a great help if someone can answer that.
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Are Donaldson-Thomas invariants “A-model” or “B-model” ?

Donaldson-Thomas invariants are the (virtual) Euler characteristics of moduli spaces of elements of the derived category of coherent sheaves (with some fixed Chern class, satisfying some stability ...
27
votes
7answers
8k views

Why does bosonic string theory require 26 spacetime dimensions?

I do not think it is possible really believe or experimentally check (now), but all modern physical doctrines suggest that out world is NOT 4-dimensional, but higher. The least sophisticated ...
1
vote
3answers
552 views

Computing chern classes for products of varieties

I'm currently facing the problem of computing chern classes for Varieties. More precisely the product of such varieties. Let $C_i$ be a variety in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ given by the Weierstraß $\wp$-map. I ...
7
votes
1answer
767 views

what is the stringy Kähler moduli space?

I saw the stringy moduli space mentioned in a few papers but with little no explanation. I vaguely understand it is supposed to be the moduli space of complex structures on the mirror manifold. Could ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Advice on doing physics under the umbrella of mathematics and the converse

Note: This is a question directly copied from Theoretical Physics SE primarily to get the advice of people indulged in mathematics. In the current scenario of research in QFT and string theory (and ...
7
votes
0answers
452 views

Physicists Euler number conjecture

Physicist's Euler number conjecture says: If $G \subset SL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is a finite group, $X=\mathbb{C}^n/G$ is the quotient space and $f:Y \rightarrow X$ a crepant resolution (always exists for ...
8
votes
1answer
448 views

Multiple Hodge integrals and integrability

It is known that a generating function of the linear Hodge integrals is a tau function of the KP hierarchy, namely a one-parameter deformation of the Kontsevich-Witten tau-function (see Kazarian). ...
8
votes
2answers
583 views

Elliptic genus for manifolds with boundary

Let M be a closed spin manifold of dimension $d$. One form of the elliptic genus of $M$ is $$ F(q)=q^{-d/8} \hat A(M) {\rm ch} \otimes_{k=1/2,3/2,\cdots} \Lambda_{q^k}T \otimes_{\ell=1}^\infty ...
45
votes
3answers
4k views

What exactly is the relation between string theory and conformal field theory?

Maybe it would be helpful for me to summarize the little bit I think know. A 2D CFT assigns a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$ to a circle and an operator $$A(X): {\cal H}^{\otimes n}\rightarrow {\cal ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Donaldson-Thomas Invariants in Physics

First of all, I am sorry for there are a bunch of questions (though all related)and may not be well framed. What are the DT invariants in physics. When one is computing DT invariants for a Calabi-Yau ...
30
votes
6answers
6k views

Book on mathematical “rigorous” String Theory?

I've been looking high and low for a mathematical Book on String Theory. The only Book I could find was "A Mathematical Introduction to String Theory" by Albeverio, Jost, Paycha and Scarlatti. I only ...