A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string.

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11
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0answers
195 views

p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...
16
votes
3answers
253 views

Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

How can the interersection number of $2$ $D6$ branes wrapping around a CY manifold be derived?

For two intersecting $D6$ branes $a$ and $b$ wrapped around a $6$ dimensional torus $T^6 = T^2 \times T^2 \times T^2$ specified by $$ \textrm{D6-brane a:}\, (l_1^a,l_2^a,l_3^a) $$ $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity. One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT. Which ...
7
votes
2answers
244 views

What is the definition of picture changing operation?

What is the definition of picture changing operation? What is a standard reference where it is defined - not just used?
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Where is there a treatment of double field theory other than in local coordinates?

The n-lab seems to lack a treatment of double field theory. Where is there a treatment other than in local coordinates? Or at least one which identifies the coordinates as local coordinates for a ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

H-flux by any other name

There are more than a few papers referring to H-flux and/or H-twist etc. Is there anywhere a survey relating these variants?
3
votes
1answer
243 views

The Fuchsian monodromy problem

I want to understand the argument being made from equation 6.1 to 6.5 in this paper between pages 27-28 6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 are completely out-of-the-blue to me and I have no clue as to from where they ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action correspond to some kind of orbifolding?

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action, for example by choosing the light-cone gauge $$ X^{+} = \beta\alpha' p^{+}\tau $$ $$ p^{+} = \frac{2\pi}{\beta} P^{\tau +} $$ ...
5
votes
0answers
247 views

Why does closed string theory have only one dilaton field instead of $22$?

Looking at $5D$ Kaluza-Klein theory, the Kaluza-Klein metric is given by $$ g_{mn} = \left( \begin{array}{cc} g_{\mu\nu} & g_{\mu 5} \\ g_{5\nu} & g_{55} \\ \end{array} \right) $$ ...
7
votes
0answers
182 views

The space-time dimension of the N-superstring theory?

Let $\mathfrak{W}$ be the Lie algebra generated by $d_{n} = ie^{in\theta}\frac{d}{d\theta}$ and $\mathfrak{Vir} = \mathfrak{W} \oplus C \mathbb{C}$ its central extension: $$ ...
18
votes
1answer
680 views

Has the conformally field theoretic metric on a Calabi-Yau variety been proved to exist?

Let $(X,g)$ be a compact Kähler manifold. Physics allows us to consider a supersymmetric sigma model with target $(X,g)$, which is a N=2 two-dimensional field theory. From the two-dimensional point ...
5
votes
1answer
304 views

Proof of the general expression for anomaly in a CFT and its partition function

I think the statement is that for any dimensional CFT the following is true, $$\langle T^{\mu}_\mu \rangle = \sum B_n I_n - 2(-1)^{d/2}AE_d,$$ where $E_d$ is the `"Euler density" and $I_n$ are ...
8
votes
6answers
684 views

What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers, Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...
22
votes
6answers
4k views

Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

CFTs corresponding to affine Lie algebras

I want to know how one can write down a CFT such that its conserved currents will satisfy some chosen (affine) Lie algebra $G$. On the few pages leading up to page 192 in here one can see see the ...
17
votes
0answers
354 views

On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...
31
votes
7answers
3k views

The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Physics in Mathematics. Why ? What/how to catch?

Starting from 80-ies the ideas either coming from physics, or by physicists themselves (e.g. Witten) are shaping many directions in mathematics. It is tempting to paraphrase E. Wigner, saying about ...
5
votes
0answers
166 views

Seiberg-Witten curve for product SU(2)^N gauge theories

In equation 2.10 of this article, the author gives the Seiberg-Witten curve for a $U(N)$ gauge theory with $L<2N$ massive flavours with masses given by $m_i$ as: $y^{2}=\left\langle ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

About the massless supermultiplets in $2+1$ dimensional supersymmetry [closed]

I thought of cross-linking here this question that I had asked on physicsstackexchange. It would be a great help if someone can answer that.
15
votes
2answers
875 views

Are Donaldson-Thomas invariants “A-model” or “B-model” ?

Donaldson-Thomas invariants are the (virtual) Euler characteristics of moduli spaces of elements of the derived category of coherent sheaves (with some fixed Chern class, satisfying some stability ...
22
votes
7answers
4k views

Why does bosonic string theory require 26 spacetime dimensions?

I do not think it is possible really believe or experimentally check (now), but all modern physical doctrines suggest that out world is NOT 4-dimensional, but higher. The least sophisticated ...
1
vote
3answers
375 views

Computing chern classes for products of varieties

I'm currently facing the problem of computing chern classes for Varieties. More precisely the product of such varieties. Let $C_i$ be a variety in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ given by the Weierstraß $\wp$-map. I ...
7
votes
1answer
457 views

what is the stringy Kähler moduli space?

I saw the stringy moduli space mentioned in a few papers but with little no explanation. I vaguely understand it is supposed to be the moduli space of complex structures on the mirror manifold. Could ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Advice on doing physics under the umbrella of mathematics and the converse

Note: This is a question directly copied from Theoretical Physics SE primarily to get the advice of people indulged in mathematics. In the current scenario of research in QFT and string theory (and ...
7
votes
0answers
426 views

Physicists Euler number conjecture

Physicist's Euler number conjecture says: If $G \subset SL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is a finite group, $X=\mathbb{C}^n/G$ is the quotient space and $f:Y \rightarrow X$ a crepant resolution (always exists for ...
8
votes
1answer
409 views

Multiple Hodge integrals and integrability

It is known that a generating function of the linear Hodge integrals is a tau function of the KP hierarchy, namely a one-parameter deformation of the Kontsevich-Witten tau-function (see Kazarian). ...
8
votes
2answers
513 views

Elliptic genus for manifolds with boundary

Let M be a closed spin manifold of dimension $d$. One form of the elliptic genus of $M$ is $$ F(q)=q^{-d/8} \hat A(M) {\rm ch} \otimes_{k=1/2,3/2,\cdots} \Lambda_{q^k}T \otimes_{\ell=1}^\infty ...
42
votes
3answers
2k views

What exactly is the relation between string theory and conformal field theory?

Maybe it would be helpful for me to summarize the little bit I think know. A 2D CFT assigns a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$ to a circle and an operator $$A(X): {\cal H}^{\otimes n}\rightarrow {\cal ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Donaldson-Thomas Invariants in Physics

First of all, I am sorry for there are a bunch of questions (though all related)and may not be well framed. What are the DT invariants in physics. When one is computing DT invariants for a Calabi-Yau ...
24
votes
6answers
4k views

Book on mathematical “rigorous” String Theory?

I've been looking high and low for a mathematical Book on String Theory. The only Book I could find was "A Mathematical Introduction to String Theory" by Albeverio, Jost, Paycha and Scarlatti. I only ...
3
votes
1answer
601 views

vector multiplet/hypermultiplet moduli space of String Theory

What is vector multiplet and hypermultiplet moduli space associated to IIA/B string theory (or in general to a N = 2 Supersymmetric theory) ? The vector multiplet moduli space is special Kahler while ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is a 2d TQFT formulated as a functor?

Usual mathematical formulation of a 2d (closed) TQFT is as a functor from the category of 2-dim cobordisms between 1-dim manifolds to the category of vector spaces (satisfying various properties.) ...
1
vote
0answers
253 views

genus one Gromov-Witten invariants of Calabi-Yau 3-folds

In http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/hep-th/pdf/9302/9302103v1.pdf physicists calculate (predict) genus one GW invariants of quintic (Table 1) and some other cases (Table 2). Can any body explain to me ...
16
votes
3answers
974 views

What do whitehead towers have to do with physics?

First let me say something that I don't completely understand, since I do not know enough physics. If I say anything wrong, someone please tell me: For the spinning particle, there is a sigma-model, ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Does $SO(32) \sim_T E_8 \times E_8$ relate to some group theoretical fact?

It is well known the existence of a T duality between the two heterotic string theories, $SO(32) \sim_T E_8 \times E_8$. Beyond the trivial point that both groups have the same dimension (496, which ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Outer automorphism for $U_q(\mathfrak{su}(2|2))$

It is known that Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{su}(2|2)$ (and only this one, not arbitrary $\mathfrak{su}(n|n)$) has the nontrivial central extension which forms an $\mathfrak{sl}_2$ triplet, let's call ...
-1
votes
1answer
554 views

monodromy defects and Chern-Simons

In the context of string theory I recently read "The formulation of Chern-Simons theory in terms of monodromy defects can be carried through all the dualities of the present paper, leading to ...
7
votes
0answers
644 views

triangulated/derived categories in Physics and algebraic geometry

Why do physicists care about the triangulated/derived categories? I mean what are the problems we want to approach using the machinery of triangulated/derived categories. e.g. in homological mirror ...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

The influence of string theory on mathematics for philosophers.

I've agreed, perhaps unwisely, to give a talk to Philosophers about string theory. I'd like to give the philosophers an overview of the status and influence of string theory in physics, which I feel ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

String theory “computation” for math undergrad audience

I am giving a talk on String theory to a math undergraduate audience. I am looking for a nice and suprising mathematical computation, maybe just a surprising series expansion, which is motivated by ...
7
votes
0answers
510 views

Matrix integral identity

1) How to prove that $N\times N$ matrix integral over complex matrices $Z$ $$ \int d Z d Z^\dagger e^{-Tr Z Z^\dagger} \frac{x_1\det e^Z -x_2 \det ...
7
votes
1answer
479 views

Mirror symmetries for generalized geometries ?

For Calabi-Yau three-folds we have $\mathcal{mirror \ symmetry}$: a map that associates most Calabi-Yau three-folds $M$ another Calabi-Yau three-fold $W$ such that $ h^{1,1}(M) = h^{2,1}(W)$ and $ ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

M24 moonshine for K3

There are recent papers suggesting that the elliptic genus of K3 exhibits moonshine for the Mathieu group $M_{24}$ (http://arXiv.org/pdf/1004.0956). Does anyone know of constructions of $M_{24}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
529 views

Are there non-supersymmetric and/or non-Calabi-Yau topological sigma models?

I am reading some aspects of Mirror Symmetry and in mirror symmetry the $N=2$ SCFT on a Calabi Yau Manifold can be divided into two sectors each of which is a topological sigma model, A-Model and ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

What are D-branes, really?

In the past couple years, I've read many words pertaining to "D-branes" without feeling I have fully comprehended them. In broad terms, I think I get what they're about: They're supposed to serve as ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Generalized geometry

What role do generalized geometries (in terms of Dirac structures, for instance, symplectic, Poisson, complex, and generalized complex structures in the sense of Hitchin, Cavalcanti, and Gualtieri) ...
4
votes
0answers
192 views

q-deformation of the unitary group integral

There is a well-known orthogonality property of $U(N)$ group characters $$ \int d U \chi_{\mu}(U)\chi_\lambda(U^\dagger V)=\delta_{\mu\lambda}\frac{\chi_\mu(V)}{\dim_\mu} $$ where the integral is ...
4
votes
1answer
432 views

Gromov-Witten and integrability 2.

This is a followup of my previous question Gromov-Witten and integrability. As I have learned from the answer (but guessed before), GW potentials of the point and $P^1$ (with different modifications) ...