A stochastic process is a collection of random variables usually indexed by a totally ordered set.

**11**

votes

**2**answers

448 views

### Error term for renewal function

Consider a sequence of independent uniform $[0,1]$ random variables, and for nonnegative real $t$, let $m(t)$ be the expected number of terms in the first partial sum that exceeds $t$. For instance ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

445 views

### Birkhoff Ergodic Theorem and Ergodic Decomposition Theorem for Continuous-Time Markov Processes

I have a couple of questions regarding ergodicity for Markov processes in continuous time. (In particular, the first question seems like it should be particularly basic, and yet I haven't managed to ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Drawing natural numbers without replacement.

Suppose we start with an initial probability distribution on $\mathbb{N}$ that gives positive probability to each $n$. Let's call this random variable $X_1$ so we have $P(X_1=n)=p_{1,n}>0$ for all ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

8k views

### Maximum of Gaussian Random Variables

Let $x_1,x_2,…,x_n$ be zero mean Gaussian random variables with covariance matrix $\Sigma=(\sigma_{ij})_{1\leq i,j\leq n}$.
Let $m$ be the maximum of the random variables $x_{i}$
$$
...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

471 views

### An “inchworm-like” random walk on an integer interval

Imagine I place $k$ stones on an infinite one-dimensional integer interval $Z$ s.t. no stone is more than some distance $d$ from any other stone. For example, if $d=1$ and $k = 5$, we might place the ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### A Markov process which is not a strong markov process?

Can anyone give an example of a Markov process which is not a strong Markov process? The Markov property and strong Markov property are typically introduced as distinct concepts (for example in ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Gaussian processes, sample paths and associated Hilbert space.

Given a Gaussian process on some topological space $T$, with a continuous covariance kernel
$C(\cdot,\cdot)\colon T\times T\to R$, we can associate a Hilbert space, which is the reproducing kernel ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

546 views

### A non-degenerate martingale

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$ be a probability space, on which
$\mathcal{F}_t$ is filtration satisfying general conditions.
$W_t$ is
a standard Brownian motion.
Let $Y_t$ be a martingale given by
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

901 views

### Finite time hitting probabilities for Brownian motion in the plane

Consider a Brownian particle in the plane with a circular trap at the origin. If we give the particle enough time it falls into the trap (since Brownian motion is space filling in 2D). However, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

327 views

### Wiener measure and Bochner Minlos

I am reading probability theory and I have a question. The Bochner-Minlos theorem roughly says that if we have $E \subset H \subset E^*$ where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then there is a unique measure ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Density for Translated Process

Let $M$ be a (compact) Riemannian manifold. Let $v$ be a smooth vector field on $M$ with flow $\Theta_t$. Let $L$ be an elliptic second order differential operator on $M$ that generates the Ito ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### How does the distribution of Erdős number evolve over time ? How to build a model to fit the real data ?

Let $E(n,t)$ be the number of mathematicians with finite positive Erdős number $n$ at time $t$. As old mathematicians leave, and new mathematicians come, how does $E(n,t)$ change over time ?
We can ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

480 views

### Calculating the probability of an event defined by a condition on a Gaussian random process

Although the question itself can be expressed succinctly, I couldn't come up with a nice self-explanatory title - suggestions are welcome.
Motivation/Background
I was investigating whether it would ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

750 views

### One can earn nothing on the Brownian motion, true ?

Consider any discrete time stochastic process $p(n)$ (price) with independent increments $\xi_k$ and $E(\xi_k)=0$. E.g. Brownian motion (i.e. $\xi_k = N(0,1)$).
Consider some "trading strategy" ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### Liverani's CLT (a question)

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$ be a probability space where $\Omega$ is a complete separable metric space, let $T:\Omega\to \Omega$ ` be an ergodic transformation, let $\hat{T}:L^{2}_{_P}(\Omega)\to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Concurrency related problems in $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues

Queueing Model:
Consider $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues with identical arrival rate $\lambda$ and service rate $\mu$. For each $M/M/1$ queue, we use the FCFS (First Come First Served) ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

227 views

### Generalization of Lévy's continuity theorem for nuclear spaces

I am interested in a generalization of the following finite-dimensional results in infinite dimensional vector-space with nuclear structure, especially for the cases of the spaces of distributions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

905 views

### A stochastic process that is 1st and 2nd order (strictly) stationary, but not 3rd order stationary

I asked this question on stats.stackexchange.com a little while back but didn't get an answer. It was suggested that I post it here at the time. There appears to be some migratory problems going on ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### stopping time expectation for gambler's ruin

2 players A and B start with x & y dollars respectively, and they bet against each other 1 dollar each time by tossing a fair coin.
I let $X_n = x + \sum_{i=1}^{n}\xi_i$ where $\xi_i$ are i.i.d. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Do the Birkhoff averages of a measurable stationary homogeneous Markov process in continuous time “converge to the right limit”?

[I've decided to rewrite the question, to make the essential point clearer.]
Let $\,\mathbb{R}^{[0,\infty)}:=\{(x_t)_{t \geq 0} : x_t \in \mathbb{R} \ \, \forall t\}$. We say that a set $Y \subset ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

708 views

### Hitting time probability in a Random Walk with possibility to die.

A Random Walker can move of one unit to the right with probability $p$, to the left with probability $q$ and it can jump again to the starting point with probability $r$ and die. Naturally $p+q+r=1$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Right-continuity of natural filtrations

My question: Is the natural filtration of a right-continuous process also right-continuous?
I would say yes, but don't know where to start proving it.
Thanks for your help/ideas!

**4**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### A queuing process where customers must be detected

Imagine a scenario where customers arrive in some queue according to a Poisson process with rate parameter $\lambda_{arr}$, and where the process of responding to the customers has a kind of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Characterizations of the GOE/GUE family of distributions

This question is somewhat related to this one. Loosely speaking, when should I expect a GOE/GUE distribution? The angle of my approach to this is not through statements such as "there is a natural ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Casino does not win, while clients do lose ? Prob_loss(T) = 1 - .8/sqrt(T)?

Setup. Let casisno generate a color: black or red with equal probability.
Let client try to guess the color. If guess is correct - he earns 1 coin from casino, if not - he gives one to casino. If he ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

725 views

### Topological conditions of Kolmogorov Extension Theorem

KET is often used to construct stochastic processes in continuous time when the state space is $\Bbb R^d$. As far as I am familiar with its proof, it uses standard monotonic class-like arguments ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Empirical estimator fot the total variation distance on a finite space

I have two probability measures $p$ and $p'$ on a finite set $X$ which I do not know precisely, but which I can sample from. I would like to estimate their total variation (omitting multiplier $2$):
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

388 views

### Probability that a “closable” self-avoiding random walk forms a polygon

Consider a self-avoiding random walk on an infinite graph (for concreteness, the grid of 2-dimensional lattice points $\mathbb{Z}^2$), in which on each step, the next position is chosen uniformly at ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

148 views

### Arc Sine law for Random Walk conditioned to non-absorption or not?

Let $S_n$ be simple symmetric Random walk on the integers in $[-N,N]$ with states $N$ and $-N$ absorbing. Let $\tau$ be the time to absorption when $S_0 = 0$.
Is the $E(S^{2}_{n}| \tau \geq n)$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Scaling of First-passage times for Random Walk on integer lattices

Consider simple symmetric random walk $S_{n} = (S_{n}^{(1)},\dots,
S_{n}^{(d)})$ on the d-dimensional integer lattice with starting point the origin.
Let $\tau_{N}$ be the first time $S_{n}$ exits ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Is it true that all stationary measurable stochastic processes are “measurably stationary”?

(Philosophically, the following question is of a similar flavour to A stochastic process that is 1st and 2nd order (strictly) stationary, but not 3rd order stationary, but more "advanced".)
Let ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

650 views

### Change of time or change of measure

Consider simple diffusion $dX_t = \sigma dw_t$ and a parameter $a>0$ and $X_0=x$. Let us denote $Y_t = X_{at}$ - thus we made a change of time. Let us denote an original measure as $P$. How to find ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

401 views

### Representation theorem for continuous uniformly integrable martingales

For some time $u$ and positive continuous process $a_t$ adapted to $\mathcal{F}_t$ I have a (continuous-time) martingale defined as:
$$M_t(u) = \mathbb{E}[a_u | \mathcal{F}_t]$$
for $t\leq u$. I ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Property of relative entropy [closed]

For $X$ a measurable space and $P,Q$ two probability measures on $X$ s.t. $Q$ is absolutely continuous with respect to $P$, the relative entropy is defined as
$$D(Q\|P)=\int_X \log(\frac{dQ}{dP})dQ,$$
...