# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Proof for power-law tail of Poisson-Dirichlet distribution (Pitman-Yor process & Zipf's law)

I'm trying to understand the motivation of using Pitman-Yor (PY) processes in language modeling, in particular Teh's hierarchical LM based on PY processes. A motivation frequently stated in research ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Models for events where position and time are correlated

Apologies in advance if this question is not sufficiently research-level: What are the standard models that are used to describe phenomena in which events that occur at the same time are likely to be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

54 views

### Reference request: seminal paper on the Blumenthal-Getoor index

Numerous papers are referring to the following one
R. M. Blumenthal and R. K. Getoor, Sample functions of stochastic processes with stationary independent increments, J. Math. Mech. 10 (1961), ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Repeatedly changing queue behavior

I'm not sure if this question is suited to MO. I will happily delete if not.
Situation
Consider a general queueing system $\mathscr{S}$, whose customer arrival times are independent, and whose ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Birkhoff Ergodic Theorem and Ergodic Decomposition Theorem for Continuous-Time Markov Processes

I have a couple of questions regarding ergodicity for Markov processes in continuous time. (In particular, the first question seems like it should be particularly basic, and yet I haven't managed to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### Jumps of jump diffusions

Let $W$ be a Brownian motion and $N$ a Poisson random measure defined on $\mathbb R_+ \times \mathbb R_0^n$ ($\mathbb R_0^n:=\mathbb R^n-\{0\}$) with compensator $\tilde N(dt,dz):= N(dt,dz) - dt ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Strong Markov property for Poisson point process

The question is thoroughly contained in the title. I just say that I would only like to find a reference for this question. I have searched in some books, to no avail.
Here is what I mean exactly. ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### How to calculate $P(\sum_{i=1}^{m}(A_i+S_i)\le L)$ with $A_i,L\sim\text{exp}(\lambda),S_i\sim\text{exp}(\mu)$ and positive integers $\lambda\neq\mu$?

Recently I was stumped by the calculation of the probability
$$\mathbb{P} \big(\sum_{i=1}^{m} (A_i + S_i) \le L < \sum_{i=1}^{m+1} (A_i + S_i) \big)$$
where $A_i \sim \text{exp}(\lambda), S_i \sim ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

114 views

### Reference for a General Theory of Sequences?

Since decades, mathematicians are studying function spaces, discovering new structures more and more adapted for a general theory of functional analysis.
In that works, sequence spaces are generally ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Concurrency related problems in $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues

Queueing Model:
Consider $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues with identical arrival rate $\lambda$ and service rate $\mu$. For each $M/M/1$ queue, we use the FCFS (First Come First Served) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Properties of the time integral of Wiener process

Let $W_t$ be a Wiener process and consider the time integral
$$ X_T:= \int_0^T W_t dt $$
It is often mentionend in literature that $X_T$ is a Gaussian
with mean 0 and variance $T^3/6$.
I am ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### The regularity of Levy process

There is a property for continuous Markov process that each point $y$ in its state space is hit with positive probability one starting from any interior point $x$.
This property is called the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

155 views

### On the existence and uniqueness of solution to SPDE with nonlinear growth coefficients

Consider the SPDE $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t}u_t(x) = \frac{\kappa}{2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}u_t(x) + u_t(x)(K-u_t(x)) + \sigma u_t(x) \xi(t,x),$$
where $(t,x)\in {\mathbb R}_+\times ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### A question about extensions of Markov semigroups

I'm cross-posting this question from MSE. It's the first time I do this so I'm unsure of etiquette regarding how to cross-post, if this irritates anyone please vote this down and I'll delete the post. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Dynamics of Master Equation

I'm going to do research on dynamics of master equation of $n$ states
$$\dot p_i=A_{ij}p_j\qquad i=1\ldots n$$
where $p_i$ is the $i$-th component of probability vector and $A_{ij}$ is transition rate ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Master Equation to Fokker-Planck for a Jump-Diffusion

Does anyone know if there is a derivation of the Master Equation approximation by a Kolmogorov backward equation (Fokker-Planck) to a jump-diffusion with a compensated Poissonian integral? If not, can ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Coupling of non-probability/sub-probability measures

A coupling of two probability measures $P,\tilde P$ on a Borel space $X$ is any probability measure on $X^2$ whose one-dimensional marginals are $P$ and $\tilde P$. In particular, for any such ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### How fast is discrete-time diffusion on a continuous set?

This question is inspired by Joseph O'Rourke's beautiful answer to my previous question.
Let $\mathbb{S}^{d\times n}$ denote the set of real $d\times n$ matrices whose columns have unit norm and sum ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### A simplified MCMC / MH algorithm. Are there known convergence results?

Hi, I hope this isn't too basic. We were working on a simulation using a Monte Carlo Within Metropolis algorithm and noticed that the whole thing could be expressed in the form below and simplified ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

167 views

### What conditions on a filtration guarantee that a (sub)martingale has a continuous modification?

There is a theorem as follows:
Theorem. Let $\mathcal{F}_t$ be a filtration which is right-continuous and complete. Assume $M_t$ is a submartingale adapted to $\mathcal{F}_t$ such that $t \mapsto ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Maximal probability of “infinitely often” over MDP

Let us consider a Markov Decision Process (MDP) with a Borel state space $X$. Often, the optimization problems over MDP involve optimization of some objectives dependent on the reward function
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

139 views

### First moment of a function of a normally distributed random variable

I'm trying to find the first moment of the following function:
$f(x) = \frac{(-ax+\sqrt{1-a^2})(-bx+\sqrt{1-b^2})}{\sqrt{x^2+1}}H(-ax+\sqrt{1-a^2})H(-bx+\sqrt{1-b^2})$ where $H(x)$ denotes the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Does the law of a Feller Process on a non-locally-compact Polish space depend continuously on the initial condition (in Skorohod path-space)?

I am sure this is written down somewhere but cannot find it.
Consider a Polish space $E$ and a strong Markov process $(X_t)_{t\ge 0}$ with values in $E$ and cadlag paths. More precisely, we have a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

152 views

### Tail of solutions of a stochastic differential equation

As we know, solution to $dX_t=\mu dt+\sigma dW_t$ is normal distributed and is light tailed; solution to $dX_t=\mu X_tdt+\sigma X_t dW_t$ is log-normal distributed and is heavy tailed. Is there any ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

108 views

### time derivative of the median of a stochastic process

Suppose you have a cumulative distribution that is changing with time, namely $ P_t(x) $. Assume $ P_t $ is monotone increasing and smooth enough so that we can define $ x_t(P) = P_t^{-1} $. We want ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

845 views

### Optimal pebble-packing shape

Suppose you throw many ($n$) congruent convex bodies (in $\mathbb{R}^3$) of unit volume (or of unit area in $\mathbb{R}^2$) into a large container, and shake it until little else changes.
Q. ...

**35**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Tetris-like falling sticky disks

Suppose unit-radius disks fall vertically from $y=+\infty$,
one by one, and create a random jumble of disks above the $x$-axis.
When a falling disk hits another, it stops and sticks there.
Otherwise, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

494 views

### Midpoint lattice polygons

Midpoint polygons (a.k.a Kasner polygons) have been studied, and their behavior is well understood.
I am considering a variant, which I call midpoint lattice polygons.
Start with a sequence of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

625 views

### Finite time hitting probabilities for Brownian motion in the plane

Consider a Brownian particle in the plane with a circular trap at the origin. If we give the particle enough time it falls into the trap (since Brownian motion is space filling in 2D). However, ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

267 views

### Asking for a Fourier inverse transform, which is related to stable laws

Dear friends,
Denote the function
$$
G_a(x)=\mathcal{F}^{-1}\left(e^{-|\xi|^a}\right)(x)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_R \exp\left(-i x \xi - |\xi|^a\right)d\xi\;.
$$
It is well known that if $a\in ]0,2]$, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Gluing Markov processes

I am looking for a reference on the gluing together of strong Markov processes to get a new one.
Here is an example of what I have in mind. Let $B^1, B^2, \ldots $ be independent one-dimensional ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Mixing time of unitary Brownian motion

Let $B_t$ be the unitary Brownian motion, i.e. Brownian motion on the unitary group $U(N)$. What is known about the mixing time of $B_t$, that is, how fast does the measure $B_t(\delta_{\{Id\}})$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Applications of this project

Hi Guys,
Just wondering if you could suggest applications of distribution of the supremum of a fractional Brownian motion process with a drift ?
Also if you could possibly recommend how to approach ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

297 views

### Tanaka stochastic differential equation and Kolmogorov equation

Given Tanaka sde
$$dX_t=[a{\rm sign}(X_t)+b]dW_t$$
is there associated a diffusion process and so a Kolmogorov (Fokker-Planck) equation? What is this equation?
References answering the question are ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

538 views

### Is there a fair coin?

I attended a course on stochastic processes a few years ago. During the course the lecturer mentioned that there is a mathematical proof (with some assumptions, naturally) of non-existence of a fair ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Passage Time Distributions for Poisson processes.

Let $(X_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be a standard Poisson process with intensity $\mu$. Let $\tau_b = \inf ( t>0 : X_t= at + b)$, where $a>0$ and $b<0$, and let $\sigma = \inf (t>0 : X_t \geq at)$. ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

813 views

### Growing random trees on a lattice $\rightarrow$ Voronoi diagrams

Imagine growing trees from $k$ seeds on a square $n \times n$ region
of $\mathbb{Z}^2$.
At each step, a unit-length edge $e$ between two points of
$\mathbb{Z}^2$ is added.
The edge $e$ is chosen ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Coin Pusher Game

While doing laundry at my local laundromat, I saw a coin pusher game. Below is a picture, and here is a video depicting how it works (disregard non-coins).
Essentially, one has a distribution of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Extending state space to make a process Feller

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space, and let $Y_t$ be a continuous Markov process on $X$ with transition function $P(t, x, \Gamma) := \mathbb{P}_x (Y_t \in \Gamma)$. Let $T_t$ be the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

496 views

### What would be a fractional Poisson Process like

Hi all,
I think that the definition of fractional Brownian Motion is widely known (for example as a Gaussian Process with particular variance covariance stucture parametrized by the so-called Hurst ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

909 views

### Time integrals of diffusion processes

I was wondering if someone could recommend a reference that deals with time integrals of diffusion processes.
Suppose $X$ is an Ito diffusion process with dynamics
$dX_t = \mu(X_t)dt + ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Two dimensional brownian motion first passage time

Hello,
I am looking for information on how to solve/compute first passage time for two dimensional Brownian motion.
any papers, references, books or web links for study will be helpful.
thanks
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

501 views

### “continuous” and “discontinuous” phase transitions in branching processes.

Consider a Galton-Watson branching process, with offspring distribution
$\mathbf{p}=(p_0, p_1, \dots, p_n, \dots)$.
Let $O$ be the root of the branching process.
Write $\eta=P(\text{process survives ...