A stochastic process is a collection of random variables usually indexed by a totally ordered set.

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10 views

Zeros of non-lipschitz functions (when noisy estimates are available only)

Given noisy (martingale difference) of a Lipschitz continuous function $f$ it is known how to compute zeros of it. It is the stochastic approximation approach (by Borkar, Kushner and Yin etc.). Is ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Regularity of finite variation kernels in the (intersection) of the semimartingale spaces $H^p$

Suppose you have a continuous semimartingale $S_t=M_t + A_t$ where $A_t$ is the continuous finite variation part which has the form $A_t = \int_0^t b_s \, \mathrm{d} s$, where $\int_0^{\infty} |b_s| ...
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41 views

Stochastic integration by parts to obtain Kailath Segall identity for iterated stochastic integrals?

If $(M_t)_{t \geq 0}$ is a continuous local martingale, one can define the iterated integrals $I_0=1$, $I_1(t)=M_t$ and for $n \geq 2$ $$I_{n}(t) = \int_0^t I_{n-1} (s) \mathrm{d} M_s.$$ By noting ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Fractional Brownian motion via Hilbert space

The Brownian motion has the following (Levy-Ciesielski?) construction via Hilbert space isomorphisms: Let $\{ Z_i \}_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}$ be i.i.d. $N(0,1)$ random variables defined on $(\Omega, ...
3
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0answers
86 views

Birkhoff Ergodic Theorem and Ergodic Decomposition Theorem for Continuous-Time Markov Processes

I have a couple of questions regarding ergodicity for Markov processes in continuous time. (In particular, the first question seems like it should be particularly basic, and yet I haven't managed to ...
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1answer
110 views

Stability of convergence in distribution under randomization

Suppose you have a sequence of non-negative stochastic processes $(X^n)_{t \in \mathbb{R}}$, $n \geq 1$, with continuous paths and continuous in $t$ such that $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} X^n_t \, ...
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1answer
128 views

Can't figure out “standard application” of the Garsia-Rodemich-Rumsey Lemma

I'm currently reading the paper http://arxiv.org/abs/0908.2473 and can't figure out what they call a "standard application" of the Garsia-Rodemich-Rumsey lemma (see p.8). Summed up, they have a ...
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51 views

application of functional analysis in the field of Stochastic Approximation/Optimization [closed]

This question is not a technical one. Sorry for that. I want to know about the application of functional analysis in the field of Stochastic Approximation/Optimization.
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46 views

Approximating the probability of an event by finite-dimensional distributions [migrated]

Let $(X(t))_{t\ge 0}$ be a stochastic process on $\mathbb{R}^d$, say an Ito diffusion (with continuous sample paths). Let $A\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a measurable set and $t>0$. Does the following ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Almost sure transversality of smooth random maps

I still am novice as far as probability is concerned and after fruitlessly Googling for an answer for a few days I thought I might have a better chance with MO. Let me first formulate the ...
2
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0answers
57 views

Reference request: Stochastic integration and martingale theory on the whole real line

I'm looking for a thorough treatment of stochastic integration and/or martingale theory on the whole real line, i.e. a way to construct a Brownian motion $(B_s)_{s \in \mathbb{R}}$ (if a two-sided BM ...
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1answer
75 views

Measurable functions lifted onto a space of point measures are measurable

I've been reading [1] and attempting to prove statements given without proof. In the paper the authors construct a measurable space of measures over a base space, and as an aside show an elegant way ...
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2answers
304 views

Brownian motion of every point in the plane

Suppose every point in the plane undergoes brownian motion for a time t. What is the probability n particles ended up at 0? For n finite, countable or uncountable? What proportion of the plane does ...
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2answers
75 views

When does a stochastic process have its sample paths a.s. in the reproducing kernel hilbert space (RKHS) induced by its covariance function?

Let $T$ be a compact metrizable space. Consider a centered second order measurable process $(X_t\colon t\in T)$ with continuous covariance function $c(t,s):= \mathbb{E}X_t X_s$. Are there any known ...
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0answers
40 views

Reference for “Newtonian capacity estimates probability that A is hit by a Brownian motion”

I am looking for the following statement "In fact, the Newtonian (logarithmic) capacity gives an estimate, up to a constant factor, the probability that A is hit by a Brownian motion started, say, ...
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5answers
3k views

Escape the zombie apocalypse

Consider zombies placed uniformly at random over $\mathbb{R}^2$ with asymptotic density $\mu$ zombies/area. You are placed at a random point and can move with speed $1$. Zombies move with speed $v\leq ...
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0answers
72 views

Probability that d-Brownian Motion ,d>3, avoids a set A

In other words, the probability that Brownian motion stays within $A^{c}$. So far I found that it is 1, for random cylinders and thorns (http://www.math.upenn.edu/~pemantle/papers/burdzy.pdf). What ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Mutual information staying constant under composition of channels

Consider the following scenario: one has 2 communication channels $C_1$ and $C_2$. Denote by $p(x)$ the input probability distribution. The mutual information between the input and the output of ...
3
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2answers
83 views

Is this generating family of a measurable space of point measures a pi-system?

I'm learning some probability and measure theory and working my way through the first few paragraphs of [1]. My question is perhaps too basic for Math Overflow, but I hope it is welcome here. Point ...
3
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0answers
72 views

Progressively measurable vs adapted

I often see in stochastic calculus books the terms 'adapted process' and 'progressively measurable process'. I know there is a small difference between them (every progressively measurable process is ...
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0answers
24 views

Explicit construction of transition semigroup from generator for completely independent spin system (Feller process)

As an example of how to obtain the transition semigroup from the probability generator for a Feller process, I am looking at the easiest spin system, namely with all sites independent. Notationwise, I ...
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0answers
42 views

Jumps of jump diffusions

Let $W$ be a Brownian motion and $N$ a Poisson random measure defined on $\mathbb R_+ \times \mathbb R_0^n$ ($\mathbb R_0^n:=\mathbb R^n-\{0\}$) with compensator $\tilde N(dt,dz):= N(dt,dz) - dt ...
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0answers
62 views

Wiener measure of hitting sets A,B but not C (or easier hitting A but not C)

I am trying to formulate the measure of event $E=\{B[0\infty)\cap A,B \neq \varnothing$ and $B[0\infty)\cap C= \varnothing\}$, where $B[0\infty)$ is a Brownian path and $A,B,C$ are pairwise ...
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1answer
158 views

An efficient method to find the MLE of the combination of two point processes

I have a point process defined in two parts as follows. Consider first the main process which we call $A$ which is homogeneous Poisson process with conditional intensity $$\lambda(t) = \mu$$ For ...
2
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1answer
68 views

weak convergence of the solutions to stochastic heat equation

$W(t,x)=\sum_ic_ie_i(x)B^i_t$ is a Brownian motion in $L^2(R^d)$, where $\{e_i\}$ is the standard orthogonal basis and $\sum_ic_i^2<\infty$. $$\partial_t u(t,x)=\Delta u(t,x)+u(t,x)\dot{W}(t,x)$$ ...
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0answers
23 views

Variance Gamma Distribution and Process

I have read that a variance gamma process $X_t=\theta G_t+\sigma W_{G_t}$ is such that $X_1\sim Variance Gamma(\theta,\sigma,\nu)$ but the variance gamma distribution has 4 parameters: $\mu$, ...
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1answer
37 views

DTMC random walk model [closed]

For a discrete Markov chain random walk with p < 0.5 with state space S= {0,1,2..} What is the stationary distribution? I could use any help. Thank you
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1answer
82 views

Intuition for the definition of a probability generator of a Feller process

I am working with the definition of a probability generator of a Feller process as stated in Liggett's book, "Continuous time Markov processes": Let $S$ be a compact state space and denote by $C(S)$ ...
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1answer
110 views

Approximating Markov chains by Brownian motion

I would like a result along the following lines to be true, but haven't been able to locate it in the literature; pointers would be welcome. Let $X_t$ be a finite-state, irreducible, aperiodic Markov ...
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1answer
91 views

Combine results with different veracity [closed]

I have 3 neural networks processing 3 different vectors of values. Each NN processes a sample of it's vector and gives binary result (y/n) that is correct with given probability. All 3 NNs give answer ...
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0answers
62 views

Branching Brownian Motion and the KPP equation

I have troubles understanding the proof of the connection between BBM and KPP equation. I mean the proof of the next lemma from the lecture notes of Anton Bovier about BBM, link. This is almost whole ...
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1answer
116 views

On the superior of generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process

Let us consider a generalized O-U process $X_t \in L^2[0, 1]$ defined by the following spde: $dX_t = \frac{1}{2}\partial_x^2X_t + dW_t, $ $\partial_x X_t(0) = \partial_x X_t(1) = 0, $ $X_0 = 0, $ ...
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0answers
55 views

Variance of continuous stochastic process

In the paper "Directed Information, Causal Estimation, and Communication in Continuous Time" the author show an example of continuous Gaussian Channel: Let $\{B_t\}$ be a standard Brownian motion and ...
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1answer
66 views

Numerical computation of Skorokhod integral

How can I numerically compute the Skorokhod integral of a non-adapted process? If it is adapted, that is easy since the integral is just an Ito integral. I have found that computing the Malliavin ...
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0answers
87 views

random walk with reflecting barriers [closed]

Consider a random walk on the line 1,...,d. You start at point 1. At each step you flip a coin: heads means go left, tails means go right. If you're at 1 and get a heads, just stay where you are (same ...
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193 views

Inflated independent samples for Monte Carlo estimation

In my particular problem, running an MCMC is too expensive, so I'm looking for a simple MC estimator, which would partially inherit the correlated samples of MCMC, yet would not require computing ...
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3answers
460 views

How to explain “Feller process” to an undergraduate student?

I had to explain in informal terms what a Feller process was, to undergraduate students who understand Markov property, Poisson processes and such. It was easy to define Levy process as generalisation ...
5
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185 views

Strong Markov property for Poisson point process

The question is thoroughly contained in the title. I just say that I would only like to find a reference for this question. I have searched in some books, to no avail. Here is what I mean exactly. ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Markov decision processes: action set revealed at point of decision

I have a problem which looks like a finite horizon Markov decision process (MDP), except the action space at each time is revealed at the decision making point. There is no way to know before hand the ...
5
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0answers
236 views

Do isonormal Gaussian processes have measurable sample paths?

Let $H$ be a real separable Hilbert space. Let $W=\{W(h):h\in H\}$ be a real-valued stochastic process defined on a complete probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$. Assume that $W$ is a centered ...
5
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1answer
397 views

References for a physicist migrating to stochastic processes

I've studied "Markov Chains" - Norris and "Measure, Integral and Probability" - Capinski, Kopp. Now, I'm looking for a couple of books (or other references) that help me bridging these two topics. ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Increasing stochastic process

I have the following, seemingly simple question: Consider a stochastic process $(X_t)$ satisfying $X_t\le X_s$ a.s. for all $t\le s.$ My question is: Does there exist a modification $\tilde{X}$ of ...
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1answer
205 views

“Average” Voronoi diagrams without probability?

A plane Poisson process with uniform intensity scatters "sites" about the plane. If I'm not mistaken, in a sense the "average" Voronoi diagram of that set of sites is a honeycomb. I know it's been ...
2
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2answers
167 views

How to calculate $P(\sum_{i=1}^{m}(A_i+S_i)\le L)$ with $A_i,L\sim\text{exp}(\lambda),S_i\sim\text{exp}(\mu)$ and positive integers $\lambda\neq\mu$?

Recently I was stumped by the calculation of the probability $$\mathbb{P} \big(\sum_{i=1}^{m} (A_i + S_i) \le L < \sum_{i=1}^{m+1} (A_i + S_i) \big)$$ where $A_i \sim \text{exp}(\lambda), S_i \sim ...
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1answer
153 views

maximum of certain Gaussian processes

Let $\mathbf{a}_k\in\mathbb{C}^n$ for $k=1,2,\ldots,m$ be i.i.d. standard complex normal random vectors with distribution $c\mathcal{N}(0,\mathbf{I})$. I am interested in a tight upper bound on the ...
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0answers
18 views

Examples of POMDPs where the actions impact the transitions of the underlying markov Chain

I am not sure if the following is a legitimate question for this board. I am looking for examples of Partially observed Markov decision processes (preferably infinite horizon, Discrete time, Discrete ...
5
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2answers
265 views

Properties of the algebraic self-difference set of Brownian motion zeros

As I was trying to exhibit new interesting(?) path transformations of Brownian motion, I became interested in the (random) set of times $t$ such that $B(t)=B(t+1)=0$, where $B(t)$ denotes a standard ...
2
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1answer
155 views

Equicontinuity and $L^2$ convergence imply uniform convergence

I'm currently working through an old Paper of Garsia, Rodemich and Rumsey (A Real Variable Lemma) and theres one thing i don't get. Suppose $(f_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ is a sequence of continuous real ...
2
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1answer
65 views

What are the generalized Gaussian laws that are infinitely divisible?

We consider the probability density, often called a generalized Gaussian density, $$f_{p,\lambda}(t) = \kappa_{p,\lambda} \exp (- \lambda |t|^p),$$ with parameter $0<p<\infty$ and $\lambda > ...
2
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1answer
29 views

probabilistic distribution of given data

let us consider following model $$y(t)=A_1 \sin(\omega_1 t+\phi_1) + A_2 \sin(\omega_2 t+\phi_2) + A_3 \sin(\omega_3 t+\phi_3)+ \ldots +A_p \sin(\omega_p t+\phi_p)+z(t)$$ we have three parameter ...