# Tagged Questions

**13**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Does a theory of stochastic differential algebras exist?

My question is motivated primarily by finance, where a non-technical student will learn how to approach SDEs using the symbolic manipulation of Itô calculus and the few basic rules of Brownian motion, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

432 views

### When is an ODE a good approximation to an SDE?

Suppose $X_t$ is a weak solution to a stochastic differential equation in the form
$$d X_t = \sigma(X_t) d W_t + \lambda(X_t) dt$$
for smooth functions $\sigma: \mathbb R^d \to L(\mathbb R^d,\mathbb ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

317 views

### Stochastic Integration via Skorohod Representation

I am interested to know if Ito integrals against Brownian motion can also be constructed via Skorohod representation. By this I mean the following: let $S_n$ be a simple random walk started at zero; ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

393 views

### Quadratic variation and predictable quadratic variation for martingales

Let $(M_{t})_{0\le t\le 1}$ be a continuous martingale with respect to the filtration $(\mathcal{F}_{t})_{0\le t\le 1}$. Assume that $E M_1^2<\infty$.
Fix $N$ and consider now a discrete version ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

267 views

### Squaring random Schwartz distributions

Let $\mu$ denote the centered Gaussian measure on $S'(\mathbb{R}^d)$ with covariance
$$
\mathbb{E}
[\phi(f)\phi(g)]=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d} \frac{\overline{\widehat{f}(\xi)}
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Reference request: Stochastic integration and martingale theory on the whole real line

I'm looking for a thorough treatment of stochastic integration and/or martingale theory on the whole real line, i.e. a way to construct a Brownian motion $(B_s)_{s \in \mathbb{R}}$ (if a two-sided BM ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

508 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Stochastic calculus for several inputs

In "On the Gap Between Deterministic and Stochastic Ordinary Differential Equations," The Annals of Probability, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Feb., 1978), pp. 19-41, Hector J. Sussmann showed that a stochastic ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Levy jump measure vs. Levy measure vs. sum of jumps

This question might be a bit basic, but I am struggling to understand the connection between various versions of the Ito's lemma for Levy processes (and semimartingales in general). Could someone ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Geometric Characterization of Martingales

Recently I've read a paraphrasing from Ito saying that he sometimes thinks of martingales as Geodesics in a very large dimensional manifold.
My question is, is there any research studying this idea?
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Existence of martingales given some constraint on laws

Let $X=(X)_{0\le t\le 1}$ be a continuous martingale starting at $0$, then denote by $\mu$ and $\nu$ the probability laws of $\int_0^1X_t \mathrm{d}t$ and $X_1$. Then it is easy to see that the couple ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Expectation of running maximum of diffusion processes

Let $X$ be a one-dimensional Ito diffusion $$X_t=x+ \int_0^t b(X_s)ds + \int_0^t \sigma(X_s)dW_s,$$ where $b,\sigma$ satisfy the usual Lipschitz continuity and linear growth conditions. Define the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### Malliavin calculus w.r.t $G$-Brownian motion

I wonder if it is possible to define a Malliavin calculus w.r.t $G$-Brownian motion defined on a Sublinear Expectation Space available on this link.
G–Brownian motion has a very rich and interesting ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

288 views

### Integrating a Bessel Bridge

Preliminaries
An order-3 Bessel Process is the one-dimensional stochastic process $X$ described by $X(t) = \sqrt{W_1(t)^2 + W_2(t)^2 + W_3(t)^2}$, where each $W_k$ is an independent Brownian Motion. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### stochastic control / geometric mean

Consider the following problem:
Given $\Omega$ and $U$ two symmetric definite positive matrices, choose a matrix $K$ to minimize the expectation $x' \Omega x + x'K'UKx$ when $x$ follows the invariant ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

516 views

### Dynamic programming principle (DPP)

In stochastic control problem, one shall use the measurable selection theorem to prove DPP. It was discussed in discrete time case in [Bertsekas and Shreve 1978]. Is there unified framework in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Proof of Feynman Kac formula

I am trying to write a complete proof of the Feynman Kac formula in the multi-dimensional case. My starting point was the proof of the univariate form on wikipedia, at ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### European call option pricing under mean reverting stock return

Consider the stock price process satisfies the following SDE:
$dS_t=\mu_t S_tdt + \sigma S_t dW_t , S_0=s $
and the mean return $\mu_t$ satisfies the following SDE:
$d\mu_t=(a-\mu_t)dt +dB_t, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### What is the probability of B.M. hitting two disjoint spheres $(d\geq 3)$?

The hitting probability for spheres centered at origin is $P_{x}(T_{B_{r}(0)}<\infty)=\frac{r^{d-2}}{|x|^{d-2}}>0$, where $|x|>r$.
1)So I was wondering how can one compute ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Hitting time of two dimensional continuous martingale

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$ be a probability space, on which $\mathcal{F}_t$ is filtration satisfying general conditions. $W_{t}=\left(W_{t}^{1},W_{t}^{2}\right)^{T}$ is a two dimensional Brownian ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Numerical Methods for stochastic PDE, from rough paths to backward equations

this question is about some literary references regarding the state of the art in terms of numerical methods for SPDE's. In particular,
Have the numerical implications, if any, of the results in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Generalization of Ito's formula

If $f:R\to R$ is a convex function then we have Ito-Tanaka formula. Now my question is that if we are given a function $u: R\times R_+\to R$ such that $u(s,\cdot)$ is smooth for every $s\in R$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### How can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation?

isHow can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation? For example, let us consider the following stochastic transport equation:
$$
dy(t,x) + y_x(t,x) + ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### The distribution of Jump gaps of Levy process

Assume $X_{t}$ is a Levy process with triplet $(\sigma^{2}, \lambda, \nu)$, here $\nu$ is the Levy measure of $X_{t}$. Define $\tau_{1},\tau_{2},\dots$ be the time gap between the successive jumps ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Existence of predictable quadratic covariation for a special pair of local martingales

In Limit theorems for stochastic processes, by Jacod and Shiryaev we have the existence of a predictable quadratic covariation process stated as the following theorem
$\mathbf{Theorem}$ To each ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Tail for the integral of a diffusion process

I would like to compute the following tail,
$$
\mathbb{P}\left(\int_{0}^{T} f(X_t)\mathrm{dt}>x\right),
$$
assuming
$$
\mathbb{P}[f(X_t)>x] = x^{-\alpha} \log(x),
$$
and $X$ is a diffusion ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Time reversibility of Stratonovich Diffusion: Reference Request

Please consider the Stratonovich stochastic differential equation (SDE)
$$
dX = b(X)\circ dB
$$
where $B$ is standard Brownian motion and $X(0)=X_0$. This corresponds to the Ito (SDE)
$$
dX = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Joint distribution of Ito integral and its quadratic varation

Any idea on solving the joint distribution of
$X_T=\int_0^T \alpha_t dZ_t$ and $Y_T=\int_0^T \alpha_t^2 dt$ ? Here $X_T$ is an Ito integral and $Z_t$ is a standard Brownian process. When $\alpha_t$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### Observing drift of a Levy process

It is a well known fact, that it is very difficult to estimate the drift of a Brownian motion with drift from looking at a single path over a finite interval $[0, T]$. Is it the case with Levy ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Characterizing polyhedron from Brownian particle collisions with a boundary

Please imagine that we have an ordinary 2-sphere, of radius $r_{sphere}$, and some three-dimensional polygon that has all of its points fixed at positions strictly internal to the sphere's surface. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

+50

### Transition semigroup of Ito diffusion on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$

I am considering the transition semigroup $P_t$ associated with the Ito diffusion process
$$dX_t=b(X_t)dt+\sigma(X_t)dB_t,$$
where the coefficients are assumed to be Lipschitz continuous.
I hope to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Expected value and variance of a stochastic process

I would like to ask if there is a way to find the expected value and the variance of the following process
$$
dv_t=(a-be^{\alpha v_t})dt+\sigma dW_t, \quad v_t=v_0
$$
where $a\in (-\infty,+\infty), ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Hypergeometric function

Suppose that $V$ follows the mean reverting process $$dV=η( ̅V-V)Vdt+σVdz$$
I want to find the optimal investment rule, and using Itos's lemma I get that the differential equation that $F(V)$ must ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Holomorphic solution to SDE

Consider the SDE $dZ_t = \mu(t,x) d_t + \sigma(t,x) dW_t$.
Are there any known (necessary and) sufficient conditions on $\sigma(t,x)$ and on $\mu(t,x)$ guaranteeing that $f(T):=\mathbb{E}[\int_0^T Z_t ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Non-existence for a sort of probability measures

We suppose $X$ solves our SDE $dX_{t}=-X_{t}dt+dW_{t}$ for $t\geq0$ with initial condition $X_{0}=0$ w.r.t to our measure $P$ on $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$.
$W_{t}$ is standard Wiener.
This solution is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### integrability of Brownian motion stopped at some stopping time

Let $B=(B_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion starting at zero and denote by $S=(S_t)_{t\ge 0}$ its running maximum, i.e. $S_t=\sup_{0\le s\le t}B_s$. Given a fixed number $p>1$, define the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### The existence of stationary measures for certain Markov process

My question is that:For a discrete-time random process $\{x_{t}\}_{t=1}^{\infty}$ and $x_{t} \in \Omega$ where $\Omega$ is a general state space(If $\Omega$ is a discrete space, it is a discrete-time ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Deriving HJB equation (why $\frac{dZ_t}{dt}=0$?)

I am trying to derive the HJB equation in a stochastic setting. Let
me exemplify my problem with the simplest case where there is no control,
just one state variable. Assume the payoff is given by
$$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Question about the characteristics of semimartingales

Let $D=D([0,1,R)$ be the space of cadlag (right-continuous with left limits) functions defined on [0,1] and $X:=(X_t)_{t\in [0,1]}$ be the canonical process on $D$, i.e. $X_t(x)=x(t)$ for all $x\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Sobolev Bundle on Wiener Space

Right now I am learning about analysis of stochastic processes and the Malliavin calculus. It seems though, that most of the theory works for Brownian motion in $\mathbb{R}^n$, and it seems ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Existence of 1-1 mapping/homeomorphism

Let $B$ be a standard 2-D Brownian motion, and $\sigma: \Omega\times \mathbb R^{+} \mapsto \mathbb R^{2 \times 2}$ is an $\mathcal F_{t}$ adapted process satisfying, for some constants ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### The distribution of maximum of fraction Brownian motion over finite time interval

Suppose that $\{B_t^H,\ t\geq 0\}$ is a fractional Brownian motion with Hurst exponent $H$, I wonder if there are explicit expressions for the joint distribution of
$(\sup_{0\leq t\leq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

242 views

### Fundamental theorem of calculus for iterated stochastic integrals

I'm trying to find the rate (or a bound for it) with which an iterated integral of the type
$$\int_{-h}^0 \int_{-h}^{t} A_s d B_s A_t d B_t$$
converges to zero (in probability/distribution) for $h ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### On the infinitesimal generator of a 1-dimensional stochastic heat equation: core and explicit form

Denote $E = C([0, 1])$. I am consider a 1-dimentional stochastic heat equation on $h$:
$\partial_tu(t, x) = \partial_x^2u(t, x) - V'(u(t, x)) + \dot{W}(t, x)$, for all $(t, x) \in (0, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### a generalization of Monge-Kantorovich Problem

I am thinking about the martingale version of Monge-Kantorovich Problem.
Let $\mu(x)$ and $\nu(y)$ denote two density laws on $\mathbb{R}$, and define $M(\mu,\nu)$ the set of densities $f(x,y)$ on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

637 views

### distribution of integral of exponential of wiener process

I am absolute newbie to stochastic calculus and have to solve a weighted hazard rates integral, where the hazard rates are stochastic, their logarithm governed by arithmetic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Supermartingale inequality on a particular event

Say, I have a supermartingale $Y_t$ with respect to the filtration $F_t$. Let $T$ and $S$ two stopping times greater than $t>0$ such that on the event $A$, $T>S$, then since $Y_t$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Lyapunov function of exponential growth for existence of a solution of an SDE

Let
$$dX_t = a(X_t) dt + b(X_t) dW_t$$
be a one-dimensional stochastic differential equation, where the coefficients $a,b: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ satisfy for every ball $B_R$ the following ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Cameron-Martin like RKHS

Hello,
I know that $k(x,y)=min(x,y)$ is the reproducing kernel of the Cameron Martin space of all i.i.d. RVs of Brownian motion at different times, with the $cov$ inner product.
What is the RKHS ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### Computing a density function for the integral of a stochastic process, given its transition function

$P$ is a one-dimensional Markov stochastic process that runs on time interval $[0, t_f]$. I know its transition function: $P(0) = x_0$ and for any $0 \le t_a < t_b \le t_f$, the function $f(x_b | ...