Stochastic calculus provides a consistent theory of integration for stochastic processes and is used to model random systems. Its applications range from statistical physics to quantitative finance.

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382 views

Iterated Ito Integral, Gaussian Volterra Process

Let me define $$ J^f_{n}(t) = \, \int_0^t \int_0^{t_1} \ldots \int_0^{t_{n-1}} f(t, t_1, \ldots, t_n) \; dB_{t_n} ...dB_{t_1} $$ where $f:[0,1]^{n+1} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a nice deterministic ...
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1answer
360 views

Expected value with a kronecker product and Gaussian distributional assumption

What is the expected value, $ \mathbb{E}\left[ I \otimes \left( \operatorname{diag}(ZZ^T\mathbf{1}) - ZZ^T\right)\right]$ where $Z \sim N(0, \sigma^2I) $? The kronecker product is where the confusion ...
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108 views

Time integral of a diffusion

Define $\bar\sigma^2_t=\frac{1}{t}\int_0^t\sigma^2(X_s)ds$ where $\sigma(x)\geq0$ is a measurable function and $X_t$ a diffusion process defined by \begin{equation} ...
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87 views

Attractors and solutions to these generalized Ornstein–Uhlenbeck processes?

This is a question about generalized Ornstein–Uhlenbeck processes I asked on MSE, but I haven't received replies about their attractors and solutions yet. So I would appreciate if someone could give ...
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195 views

What conditions on a filtration guarantee that a (sub)martingale has a continuous modification?

There is a theorem as follows: Theorem. Let $\mathcal{F}_t$ be a filtration which is right-continuous and complete. Assume $M_t$ is a submartingale adapted to $\mathcal{F}_t$ such that $t \mapsto ...
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2answers
958 views

When are two operators simultaneously diagonalisable?

I am reading a paper and they have diagonalised both operators in an equation, on a separable Hilbert space, with respect to the same basis. My question is, when can two operators be simultaneously ...
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3answers
341 views

Ito formulae for stochastic processes with finite cubic, quartic … n-tic variation

Many stochastic processes that you encounter are kind of well-behaved, i.e. have infinite variation, yet finite quadratic variation. My question revolves around stochastic processes that have ...
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1answer
485 views

Good books on stochastic partial differential equations?

I have a system of 2 PDEs, one with a probabilistic right side, and kind of stuck on what to read about those things.. Any good books around? Both analytical (if any) and numerical methods are ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Upper bound concerning Snell envelope

Consider, on a filtred probability space $ \left (\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F , \mathbb P \right )$ where $ \mathbb F = \left(\mathcal F_ t \right )_ {t\geq 0}$ is filtration satisfying the usuual ...
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1answer
271 views

On martingale representation theorem

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$ be a probability space and $(\mathcal{F_{t}})_{0\le t\le T}$ a filtration generated by standard Brownian motion $W_t$. Let $f(x)$ be $C^1$ function such that $|f'(x)| ...
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2answers
463 views

Converse to Girsanov's theorem?

Roughly speaking, Girsanov's theorem says that if we have a Brownian motion $W$ on $[0,T]$, we can construct a new process with a modified drift that has an equivalent law to $W$ (subject to ...
2
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1answer
193 views

Limit of a Wiener integral

How to show that $$ \lim_{\alpha \rightarrow \infty} \sup_{t \in \left [0,T \right]} \left | e^{-\alpha t} \int _ 0 ^t e^{\alpha s} ~ dB_s \right | =0, \ \ \text{a.e.}$$ where $\left (B_s ...
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1answer
101 views

Concerning Jump process (Lévy process)

Consider $X= \left( X_t \right)_{t\geq 0}$ is a Lévy process whose characteristic triplet is $\left( \gamma, \sigma ^2, \nu \right)$ and where its Lévy measure is $$ \nu \left( dx\right) = A ...
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1answer
248 views

Compute the expected value of the product between a Lebesgue–Stieltjes type integral and an Ito integral

Hi, I have the following expected value to compute $E[ \int_{o}^{T} f(t) dt \int_{o}^{T} H(s) dW(s)]$, where $f(t)$ and $H(s)$ are two stochastic processes adapted to the filtration generated by the ...
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53 views

Maximal Principle for stochastic heat equation

Consider $\partial_{t}u=\partial_{xx}u$ with Neumannboundary conditon $u_{x}(0,t)=u_{x}(1,t)=0$ and initial condition $u(x,0)=f(x)\geqslant0$. Then up to time $T$, the maximal value of $u$ should be ...
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0answers
144 views

Cameron-Martin like RKHS

Hello, I know that $k(x,y)=min(x,y)$ is the reproducing kernel of the Cameron Martin space of all i.i.d. RVs of Brownian motion at different times, with the $cov$ inner product. What is the RKHS ...
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1answer
127 views

Can we express a one-dimensional raised Bessel Bridge as a function of a single Brownian Motion?

A Bessel Bridge is a Brownian Motion, conditioned such that $B(0) = B(1) = 0$ and $B([0, 1]) \ge 0$. A raised Bessel Bridge is a generalization of this: it's a Brownian Motion conditioned such that ...
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1answer
150 views

log-likelihood of ito diffusion

Consider a diffusion process: $ \text{d}X_t = f(X_t)\text{d}t + \text{d}W_t$ I've seen it given that the log-likelihood of the path is proportional to the Onsager-Machlup functional $ \int_0^T ...
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1answer
286 views

Trajectorial version of Doob's $L^2$ inequality

In the paper http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~schachermayer/pubs/preprnts/prpr0154.pdf you can find a trajectorial version of Doob's inequality. It is given by: ...
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2answers
179 views

Properties of the Euler Discretization of a diffusion

Let $X$ be a continuous 1-d diffusion: $$ dX_t = a(X_t)dt + b(X_t)dW_t, X_0 = x. $$ W is a standard Brownian Motion and $a(\cdot)$ and $b(\cdot)$ can have nice regularity properties. Let ...
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1answer
78 views

Parameter Sensitivity of Stochastic Process

How do I compute the derivative \frac{\partial X_t}{\partial \sigma}? Where dX_t=\theta (\mu-X_t)dt+\sigma \sqrt{X_t}dZ_t
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154 views

Computing a density function for the integral of a stochastic process, given its transition function

$P$ is a one-dimensional Markov stochastic process that runs on time interval $[0, t_f]$. I know its transition function: $P(0) = x_0$ and for any $0 \le t_a < t_b \le t_f$, the function $f(x_b | ...
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179 views

Integrating a Bessel Bridge

Preliminaries An order-3 Bessel Process is the one-dimensional stochastic process $X$ described by $X(t) = \sqrt{W_1(t)^2 + W_2(t)^2 + W_3(t)^2}$, where each $W_k$ is an independent Brownian Motion. ...
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1answer
808 views

Bochner integral of stochastic process = path by path Lebesgue integral?

After some helpful comments, I realized that I had to repost this question in a more systematic way. On a complete probability space, let $\mathcal{H}_0$ denote the Hilbert space of square ...
2
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1answer
158 views

contraction property for conditioned SDEs

Consider a strictly convex potential $U: \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}$ and the Langevin diffusion $$dX = -\nabla U(X) dt + dW \qquad (*)$$ where $W$ is a standard Brownian motion. If $(X_t)_{t \geq 0}$ ...
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1answer
327 views

Solving an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck-like SDE $y(t,T)=H_t + \mathbb{E}[\int_t^T y(s-,T)dX_s|\mathcal{F}_t]$

I have asked a similar question involving some finance background some time ago here math.stackexchange, however no really good answer came up. I was able to find a solution at least for a special ...
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2answers
343 views

Representation theorem for continuous uniformly integrable martingales

For some time $u$ and positive continuous process $a_t$ adapted to $\mathcal{F}_t$ I have a (continuous-time) martingale defined as: $$M_t(u) = \mathbb{E}[a_u | \mathcal{F}_t]$$ for $t\leq u$. I ...
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1answer
226 views

SDE-removal of the diffusion coefficients

from math.stackexchange I'm currently looking at stochastic differential equations with irregular coefficients such as $W^{1,p}_{loc}$. If I have \begin{align} dX_t=b(X_t)dt+\sigma dW_t, \end{align} ...
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73 views

Potentials of class D

A potential $\pi_t$ is a positive supermartingale with the condition that $\mathbb{E}[\pi_t]\rightarrow 0$ as $t \rightarrow 0$. What are the necessary/sufficient conditions for a potential to be of ...
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2answers
179 views

market completion in stochastic volatility model

Hi all, Consider a stochastic volatility model. As there are two sources of risk and one asset only, this is an imcomplete market. One can complete the market by considering a derivative V1 used to ...
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105 views

stochastic volatility valuation equation

I'm trying to derive the valuation equation under a general stochastic volatility model. What one can read in the litterature is the following reasonning: One consider a replicating self-financing ...
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1answer
331 views

A wrong proof of Squared Bessel process

The squared Bessel process with $\delta$-dimension for $\delta>0$, denoted by $BESQ^\delta(y)$, is given by $$d Y_t = \delta t + 2 \sqrt{Y_t} d B_t, \ Y_0 = y\ge 0$$ where $B_t$ is BM under ...
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203 views

Is this process strictly positive?

Let $W_t$ is standard Brownian motion under probability measure $P$. Consider 1-D stochastic differential equation $$ dY_t = dt + \sigma(Y_t) dW_t, \ Y_0 = y\ge 0.$$ We assume $\sigma(0) = 0$, and ...
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97 views

Does this series stopping times marching forward?

Let $W_t$ is standard Brownian motion under probability measure $P$. Consider stochastic differential equation $$ dY_t = dt + Y_t dW_t, \ Y_0 = 0.$$ Note that, the above SDE has a strong non-negative ...
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1answer
255 views

Stochastic processes with random matrices

I am currently working on complex networks. I consider a matrix $\cal N$ with random entries $\delta_{ik}$. These entries are varying randomly in time and so I have a sequence of random matrices that ...
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1answer
159 views

References/Papers on analytic solutions to SDEs

Does anyone know of any good references/research papers on finding analytic solutions to stochastic differential equations and/or finding approximating solutions to such a system? I am particularly ...
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683 views

surprisingly difficult filtration problem

I am interested in a proof of the following statement which seems intuitive, but is somehow really tricky: Let $X$ be a stochastic process and let $(\mathcal{F}(t) : t \geq 0)$ be the filtration ...
2
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1answer
110 views

change the sign of volatility

Assume the time inhomogeneous SDE $dX(t)=\mu(t,X(t))dt+\sigma(t,X(t))dW(t)$ has a solution $X(t)$. If we replace $\sigma$ with its absolute value, does the new SDE ...
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245 views

What is the optimal growth of the constant in BDG?

Let $X$ be a continuous local martingale, and $\langle X \rangle$ be its quadratic variation process. The "standard" proof of Burkholder-Davis-Gundy inequalities found in books yields $(\mathsf{E} ...
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170 views

Expected value of a logarithm of a Levy process

I have a strictly positive Levy process $(L_t)$ with no Brownian part, drift $\gamma$ and jump measure $\nu$. Is it possible to calculate the expected value of the logarithm of this process, so ...
3
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1answer
622 views

karhunen-Loeve expansion of Poisson process

Let $X_t, t\geq 0$ be a Poisson process with rate parameter $\lambda$. Compute the karhunen-loeve expansion of $X$ in interval [0, T]. How about the KL expansion of the centered process $X_t-\lambda ...
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178 views

Time reversibility of Stratonovich Diffusion: Reference Request

Please consider the Stratonovich stochastic differential equation (SDE) $$ dX = b(X)\circ dB $$ where $B$ is standard Brownian motion and $X(0)=X_0$. This corresponds to the Ito (SDE) $$ dX = ...
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Joint distribution of Ito integral and its quadratic varation

Any idea on solving the joint distribution of $X_T=\int_0^T \alpha_t dZ_t$ and $Y_T=\int_0^T \alpha_t^2 dt$ ? Here $X_T$ is an Ito integral and $Z_t$ is a standard Brownian process. When $\alpha_t$ ...
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1answer
352 views

Calculate $\mathbb{E}[\int_o^T N_{t-}dS_t]$ - what went wrong?

First note, I had asked a similar question here, but the thread seems to have died, so I'll revive it here with more details. As a simplification of my real problem, I want to compute ...
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149 views

stochastic control / geometric mean

Consider the following problem: Given $\Omega$ and $U$ two symmetric definite positive matrices, choose a matrix $K$ to minimize the expectation $x' \Omega x + x'K'UKx$ when $x$ follows the invariant ...
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3answers
270 views

Asking for a Fourier inverse transform, which is related to stable laws

Dear friends, Denote the function $$ G_a(x)=\mathcal{F}^{-1}\left(e^{-|\xi|^a}\right)(x)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_R \exp\left(-i x \xi - |\xi|^a\right)d\xi\;. $$ It is well known that if $a\in ]0,2]$, ...
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310 views

Solving SDE's on subsets of $R^n$.

I posted this on mathstackexchange to no avail. It is well-known (see for instance Oskendal's text) that if $T>0$ and $$b(\cdot,\cdot): [0,T] \times \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow ...
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1answer
426 views

Is the Feynman-Kac formula valid for a time-dependent potential

So I'm looking at a diffusion process with killing with a state- and time-dependent killing rate. This is described in Oksendal's Stochastic differential equations pages 143-145 "The Feynman-Kac ...
5
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2answers
382 views

Itô-like calculus for $\alpha$-stable processes $\alpha \neq 2$.

After searching the net, I couldn't find a suitable reference to some extension of the Itô calculus that involves wilder sources of randomness than mere brownian motion. Motivation : Itô calculus is ...
5
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2answers
470 views

Symmetric Feller processes and Dirichlet Forms

Let $(G, \mathcal D)$ be a densely defined operator on $C_0$ (continuous functions vanishing at infinity on some nice topological space) whose closure $\bar G$ generates a Feller semigroup and let $X$ ...