**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### explicit characterization of the stochastic integrand

Let $V$ be a cadlag positive supermartingale with the following decomposition:
$$V_t=V_0+\int_0^tH_sdX_s-K_t$$
where $X$ is a cadlag local martingale and $K$ is an adapted increasing process with ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

383 views

### Convergence of iterated stochastic matrices

It is well-known that for a stochastic aperiodic matrix $M$,
the sequence $(M^n)_n$ converges.
Here I would like to a have a more precise analysis. Consider now a sequence of stochastic matrices ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

223 views

### Looking for a limit related to the series in a previous post

Can any one show that the following limit?
$$
\lim_{z\rightarrow \infty} \sqrt{z} \: e^{-z}\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{z^k}{k! \sqrt{k}} \quad \stackrel{?}{=} \quad\sqrt{2}-1.
$$
If one uses the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### question about Doob-Meyer decomposition

Given a filtered probability space and let $X$ be a cadlag local martingale defined on this space. Let $V$ be a cadlag supermartingale and assume we know the following decomposition:
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

393 views

### How to integrate an exponential function of an exponential function?

Does any one know how to calculate the following integration?
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}} \left(\exp(z \: e^{-y^2})-1\right)^2 dy=?,\quad z>0.
$$
This post is related to my previous question here , ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

427 views

### Fictitious density of paths of diffusion processes outside the Cameron--Martin space

Let $X_t$ be an $n$-dimensional diffusion process satisfying the following Itō SDE over $[0,1]$:
$$dX_t = f(X_t)\,dt + dW_t,$$
where $W_t$ is an $n$-dimensional Wiener process and $f$ is of class ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

177 views

### On the solution of a stochastic partial differential equation

Consider a simple SPDE as follows:
$\partial_t u(t,x)=\partial_x^2 u(t,x)+V(u(t,x))+\dot{W}(t,x)$, $t>0$, $x\in(0,1)$,
$u(t,0)=u(t,1)=0$,
$u(0,x)=v(x)$,
where $V$ is a bounded, smooth ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### The probability of Levy process staying at a point

Assume $X_{t}$ is a 1-dimensional Levy process on a probability $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$. For a fixed point $x$ in the state space and fixed $t\neq 0$, what's the value of $ P(\omega: ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

421 views

### Can every discrete martingale be embedded in a continuous martingale?

Let $(X_k)_{k=0,1,..., n}$ be a discrete martingale defined on some probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$. I would like to know whether there exists a (continuous) martingale ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

558 views

### What are the difference between modeling with stochastic differential equations (SDE) and ordinary differential equations (ODE) with a random force?

There are lots of differences between SDE and ODE. From the theoretical point of view an also from the numerical algorithms used for simulations. But I am interested in knowing if there is a point ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### The jump and the left martingale of semimartingale

Let $X_{t}$ be a semimartingale. Define
$\Delta X_{t} = X_{t}- X_{t-}$.
For fixed $s> 0$, $\Delta X_{s}$ and $X_{s-}$ are two random variable. Are they independent to each other? I think the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### The regularity of Levy process

There is a property for continuous Markov process that each point $y$ in its state space is hit with positive probability one starting from any interior point $x$.
This property is called the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### The distribution of Jump gaps of Levy process

Assume $X_{t}$ is a Levy process with triplet $(\sigma^{2}, \lambda, \nu)$, here $\nu$ is the Levy measure of $X_{t}$. Define $\tau_{1},\tau_{2},\dots$ be the time gap between the successive jumps ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Can this two-dimensional process self intersect?

I would like to know more about the two-dimensional processes derived from Brownian motion by the following stochastic differential equation (in the Ito sense)
$$dX_t = f(X_t) dt + ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Ito formula for max(X,0) where X is a semimartingale

Has anyone ever applied the Ito formula on $|X^+|^2$ for $X^+ = \max(X,0)$ with
$X(t) = X(0) + M(t) + V(t)$, where $M(t)$ is a local martingale and $V(t)$ is bounded variation process. I found it in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### a dominated convergence theorem for martingale (II)

The question is presented in
a dominated convergence theorem for martingale
Let $\{(X_1^n, X_2^n)\}_n$ be a sequence of martingales defined some probability space. (which means ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Domino Shuffling and Warren's process

In this paper by Nordenstam, it is shown that a certain interlacing particle process that arises from uniformly random Aztec diamond tilings is amazingly similar to Warren's process. One of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Can $<.>$ of a martingale determine it only?

Let $\Omega$ be the space of continuous functions defined on $[0,1]$. Define the canonical process $B$ by
$$B_t(\omega)=\omega_t,~ \forall\omega\in\Omega$$
Let us equip $\Omega$ with the usual ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### a $L^1$ convergence for backward martingale

I have a question which may be naive, but I can not find the related result in the classical reference such as "Foundations of Modern Probability" and "Probability"(Billingsley). So if someone knows ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

238 views

### On the existence and uniqueness of solution to SPDE with nonlinear growth coefficients

Consider the SPDE $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t}u_t(x) = \frac{\kappa}{2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}u_t(x) + u_t(x)(K-u_t(x)) + \sigma u_t(x) \xi(t,x),$$
where $(t,x)\in {\mathbb R}_+\times ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

578 views

### Any suggestions on a rigorous stochastic differential equations book?

I have been looking through some books and they are not very rigorous. Any suggestions would be great.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### On the infinitesimal generator of a 1-dimensional stochastic heat equation: core and explicit form

Denote $E = C([0, 1])$. I am consider a 1-dimentional stochastic heat equation on $h$:
$\partial_tu(t, x) = \partial_x^2u(t, x) - V'(u(t, x)) + \dot{W}(t, x)$, for all $(t, x) \in (0, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### On the expected value of a random integral:

Is it possible to find the expected value of $u(t)$ in terms of the following information:
$$u(t)=\int_{0}^{t}(t-s)(f(s)+(T-s)Y)X_sds$$
where:
$X_s$ is a wide sense stationary process with known ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Stochastic calculus for several inputs

In "On the Gap Between Deterministic and Stochastic Ordinary Differential Equations," The Annals of Probability, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Feb., 1978), pp. 19-41, Hector J. Sussmann showed that a stochastic ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Multiplicative version of Novikov inequality for Ito integral

It is clear that Ito isometry
$E(∫^t_0fdW)^2=E(∫^t_0f^2dt)$
can be written in the multiplicative form as
$E(∫^t_0fdW\cdot∫^t_0gdW)=E(∫^t_0f⋅gdt).$
Is it possible to obtain the multiplicative version ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### Law of the $L^2$ norm of a Brownian motion and related

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian motion with variance 1. We know that $\int_0^1 B(t) \mathrm{d} t \sim \mathcal{N}(0,1/3)$. I am interested to know what we can say about the law of the two random variables
$X ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

528 views

### When is a continuous path stochastic process be representable as diffusion or Ito process?

When can a continuous path (Markovian) stochastic process in one dimension be represented as an Ito or a diffusion process? What are the examples when it can not be?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Time change for non-homogeneous Markov processes

Background: Let $C$ be the space of continuous function on $[0,T]$, $f, \sigma \in C$ bounded with $\sigma^2 \geq \varepsilon > 0$ and let $X=(X_t)_{t\in [0,T]}$ be a diffusion process of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### construction of a approximate martingale

everyone.
Given a probabilistic space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}_t, \mathbb{P})$ and a martingale $(M_t)_{t\leq 1}$ on it. Suppose
$$M_1\stackrel{\mathbb{P}}{\sim}\mu$$
where $\mu$ is a probability ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

291 views

### Stochastic integral with respect to discontinuous martingale

in my research, I need to deal with a stochastic integral with respect to a compensated poisson process, namely,
$ \int_0^t f(X_t) dM_t,$
where $M(t) = N(t) - \int_0^t \lambda(s)ds$.
The integrand ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

707 views

### On the pathwise uniqueness of solutions of SDEs(Stochastic Differential Equations)

Suppose that $(\Omega,\mathscr{F},P)$ is a complete probability space equipped a filtration $\{\mathscr{F}_t\}$ satisfying the usual conditions. $B_t$ is a 1-dimentional Brownian motion with respect ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### Probability of winding number of 2D Brownian Motion

Let $B_t$ be a 2D Brownian Motion with $B_0 = (1,0)$. Now, express $B_t$ in polars, that is, $B_t = (r(t), \theta(t))$. Let $\tau = \inf\{t > 0 : \theta(t) \geq 2 \pi \}$. What is $\mathbb{P}[\tau ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### a generalization of Monge-Kantorovich Problem

I am thinking about the martingale version of Monge-Kantorovich Problem.
Let $\mu(x)$ and $\nu(y)$ denote two density laws on $\mathbb{R}$, and define $M(\mu,\nu)$ the set of densities $f(x,y)$ on ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Example of Girsanov change of density with finite relative entropy, but with infinite integral over squared changed drift

Let $(\Omega, (\mathcal F_t), \mathbb P)$ denote the usual Wiener space where $\Omega = C[0,\infty)$, etc., and where $(W_t)_{t \geq 0}$ denotes the Wiener process.
Let $Z \in L^1(\mathbb P)$ with $Z ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

345 views

### distribution of integral of exponential of wiener process

I am absolute newbie to stochastic calculus and have to solve a weighted hazard rates integral, where the hazard rates are stochastic, their logarithm governed by arithmetic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Is there a theory of SDEs whose coefficients are themselves adapted processes (i.e. “may depend on the past”)?

Is there an existence and uniqueness theorem for SDEs of the following type:
$dW_{t}=d\tilde{W}_{t}+\mu\left(\left(W_{s}\right)_{0\le s\le t},t\right)dt$,
where $\tilde{W}_{t}$ is say ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Markov Chain: state reduction

Hi I am trying to understand a proof in a paper (written by Isaac Sonin), I don't know if anyone could give me a clarification on the following:
Firstly we have a Markov chain $\{Y_k\}$ with finite ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Upper bound on the maxima of ratio of expectation of quantities under Gaussian measure

Let $\lambda,\eta >0$ be given, and $u:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a real valued function. Define
$$\Delta(u)= \frac{\int u(h) \exp(-\eta ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Feynman-Kac for jump-diffusion

I'm looking for a more general Feynman-Kac formula that works in the case of jump-diffusion processes.
I know that, given a pure diffusion process like
$$dS_t=\mu_tdt+\sigma_tdW_t,$$ if $u(t,s)$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Asymptotic behavior of solutions of stochastic differential equations

I am studying a risk model whose dynamic is specified by a first order differential equation with a compound Poisson process on the right hand side. I would like to know whether there are some papers ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Supermartingale inequality on a particular event

Say, I have a supermartingale $Y_t$ with respect to the filtration $F_t$. Let $T$ and $S$ two stopping times greater than $t>0$ such that on the event $A$, $T>S$, then since $Y_t$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Lyapunov function of exponential growth for existence of a solution of an SDE

Let
$$dX_t = a(X_t) dt + b(X_t) dW_t$$
be a one-dimensional stochastic differential equation, where the coefficients $a,b: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ satisfy for every ball $B_R$ the following ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### Malliavin calculus w.r.t $G$-Brownian motion

I wonder if it is possible to define a Malliavin calculus w.r.t $G$-Brownian motion defined on a Sublinear Expectation Space available on this link.
G–Brownian motion has a very rich and interesting ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

451 views

### Solving a SDE with quadratic drift

I am wondering whether the following SDE can be solved explicitly?
$$
d X_t = X_t^2 d t + X_t d B_t
$$
where $B_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. If not, can we say some thing about the moments of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Existence of predictable quadratic covariation for a special pair of local martingales

In Limit theorems for stochastic processes, by Jacod and Shiryaev we have the existence of a predictable quadratic covariation process stated as the following theorem
$\mathbf{Theorem}$ To each ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

256 views

### Colored noise in SDE

I want to numerically study the behavior of a system described by a set of differential equations in the presence of colored noise. It seems that the standard procedure is to use the Langevin ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Conditional law of an Ito's stochastic integral

Consider $B=(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ real $\mathcal F_t$ - brownian motion starting at zero, in a probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, (\mathcal F_t)_{t\geq 0}, \mathbb P)$. Then, consider a new real ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Tail for the integral of a diffusion process

I would like to compute the following tail,
$$
\mathbb{P}\left(\int_{0}^{T} f(X_t)\mathrm{dt}>x\right),
$$
assuming
$$
\mathbb{P}[f(X_t)>x] = x^{-\alpha} \log(x),
$$
and $X$ is a diffusion ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

412 views

### When is an ODE a good approximation to an SDE?

Suppose $X_t$ is a weak solution to a stochastic differential equation in the form
$$d X_t = \sigma(X_t) d W_t + \lambda(X_t) dt$$
for smooth functions $\sigma: \mathbb R^d \to L(\mathbb R^d,\mathbb ...