**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Hitting time of two dimensional continuous martingale

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$ be a probability space, on which $\mathcal{F}_t$ is filtration satisfying general conditions. $W_{t}=\left(W_{t}^{1},W_{t}^{2}\right)^{T}$ is a two dimensional Brownian ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Question about Skorokhod embedding problem

Let $B=(B_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion on some probability space. Now for every centered probability distribution $\mu$ on $R$, i.e. $\int_{R}|x|d\mu(x)<+\infty$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Numerical Methods for stochastic PDE, from rough paths to backward equations

this question is about some literary references regarding the state of the art in terms of numerical methods for SPDE's. In particular,
Have the numerical implications, if any, of the results in ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### Numerical solution of SDEs with colored noise

I am trying to numerically solve an SDE with both white and colored noise that models a non-linear circuit:
$$
dX_t = f(X_t) dt + \sigma_w dW + \sigma_c dC
$$
where $W$ is a standard Brownian motion ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### mismatch between CT and DT system (sampled CT system)

Suppose we have a CT system with dynamics:
$\dot{x}(t)=ax(t)+bu(t)+w(t)$
where $w(t)\sim N(0, n)$. Using sampling period $\tau$ to sample the system and denoting $\tilde{x}(n)=x(n\tau)$, we have for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

133 views

### relationship of SDE in Langevin equation form and Ito form

A formal SDE can be written in a way as (ito form):
$dx(t)=ax(t)dt+dw(t)$
where $w(t)$ is brownian motion.
Another way is to write the SDE (Langevin equation form) is
$\frac{dx(t)}{dt}=ax(t)+w(t)$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Generalization of Ito's formula

If $f:R\to R$ is a convex function then we have Ito-Tanaka formula. Now my question is that if we are given a function $u: R\times R_+\to R$ such that $u(s,\cdot)$ is smooth for every $s\in R$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### The distribution of maximum of fraction Brownian motion over finite time interval

Suppose that $\{B_t^H,\ t\geq 0\}$ is a fractional Brownian motion with Hurst exponent $H$, I wonder if there are explicit expressions for the joint distribution of
$(\sup_{0\leq t\leq ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Unusual augmentation of a filtration

consider a probablity space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}, \mathcal{P})$ and a filtration $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$. In general $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$ doesn't satisfy the usual conditions (it is not both complete at ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### An identity for the exponential of a martingale

I am trying to understand a Lemma in Olav Kallenberg's book "Foundations of Modern Probability" (Lemma 26.19 in the second edition or 23.19 in the first edition).
The part of the lemma that I do not ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

251 views

### Girsanov theorem with Geometric Brownian Motion

I am not a student in mathematics, but I am trying to use the following Theorem 8.6.6 (Girsanov theorem II) of Oksendal's SDE with geometric Brownian motion $S_{t}$ instead of the standard Brownian ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Stochastic integration by parts to obtain Kailath Segall identity for iterated stochastic integrals?

If $(M_t)_{t \geq 0}$ is a continuous local martingale, one can define the iterated integrals $I_0=1$, $I_1(t)=M_t$ and for $n \geq 2$ $$I_{n}(t) = \int_0^t I_{n-1} (s) \mathrm{d} M_s.$$ By noting ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Reference request: Stochastic integration and martingale theory on the whole real line

I'm looking for a thorough treatment of stochastic integration and/or martingale theory on the whole real line, i.e. a way to construct a Brownian motion $(B_s)_{s \in \mathbb{R}}$ (if a two-sided BM ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Probability that d-Brownian Motion ,$d\geq 3$, avoids a fixed set A

In other words, the probability that Brownian motion stays within $A^{c}$.
What about for connected and fixed compact sets ? Would that involve solving a heat equation? How can I condition it, so ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### weak convergence of the solutions to stochastic heat equation

$W(t,x)=\sum_ic_ie_i(x)B^i_t$ is a Brownian motion in $L^2(R^d)$, where $\{e_i\}$ is the standard orthogonal basis and $\sum_ic_i^2<\infty$.
$$\partial_t u(t,x)=\Delta u(t,x)+u(t,x)\dot{W}(t,x)$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### On the superior of generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process

Let us consider a generalized O-U process $X_t \in L^2[0, 1]$ defined by the following spde:
$dX_t = \frac{1}{2}\partial_x^2X_t + dW_t, $
$\partial_x X_t(0) = \partial_x X_t(1) = 0, $
$X_0 = 0, $
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

87 views

### Numerical computation of Skorokhod integral

How can I numerically compute the Skorokhod integral of a non-adapted process? If it is adapted, that is easy since the integral is just an Ito integral.
I have found that computing the Malliavin ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

235 views

### Inflated independent samples for Monte Carlo estimation

In my particular problem, running an MCMC is too expensive, so I'm looking for a simple MC estimator, which would partially inherit the correlated samples of MCMC, yet would not require computing ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

551 views

### Strong Markov property for Poisson point process

The question is thoroughly contained in the title. I just say that I would only like to find a reference for this question. I have searched in some books, to no avail.
Here is what I mean exactly. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### How can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation?

isHow can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation? For example, let us consider the following stochastic transport equation:
$$
dy(t,x) + y_x(t,x) + ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

156 views

### Is $\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty}\sum_{k=0}^{n} \frac{|(1-\frac{n p_n}{n})|^{n-k}- e^{- \lambda}|}{k!}=0$?

I am currently the convergence of different processes. Doing this, I ended up with this expression and was wondering whether it is true that$$\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty}\sum_{k=0}^{n} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### question related to Tanaka Formulae

Supposse $X=(X_t)$ is a cadlag martingale taking values in $\mathbb{R}$. If $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ is a convex function, then we have Tanaka Formulae. Now let $g: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

48 views

### question about the optimal decomposition of supermartingale

Given a filtered probability space $(\Omega, \mathbb{F}, \{\mathcal{F}_t\}_{0\le t\le 1}, \mathbb{P})$, let $X$ be a cadlag martingale and $V$ be cadlag supermartingale. Suppose $V$ has the following ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Monte Carlo estimator with autocorrelated samples

Given an integration problem $I=\int{f(x)dx}$, we can construct an ordinary Monte Carlo estimator as
$E[I]=\sum\limits_i\frac{f(x_i)}{p(x_i)}$
where the samples $x_i$ are usually i.i.d. and drawn ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Expectation of running maximum of diffusion processes

Let $X$ be a one-dimensional Ito diffusion $$X_t=x+ \int_0^t b(X_s)ds + \int_0^t \sigma(X_s)dW_s,$$ where $b,\sigma$ satisfy the usual Lipschitz continuity and linear growth conditions. Define the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

199 views

### Fundamental theorem of calculus for iterated stochastic integrals

I'm trying to find the rate (or a bound for it) with which an iterated integral of the type
$$\int_{-h}^0 \int_{-h}^{t} A_s d B_s A_t d B_t$$
converges to zero (in probability/distribution) for $h ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

337 views

### Invariant measure of Euler-Maruyama Discretisation of an Ito diffusion

Let $(X_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be a diffusion process with dynamics governed by the stochastic differential equation
\begin{equation}
dX_t = b(X_t)dt + \sigma(X_t)dW_t, ~~ X_0 = x_0,
\end{equation}
where ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

73 views

### a special filtration satisfying $0$-$1$ law

Let $\xi$ be a uniformly random variable on $[0,1]$ defined on some probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$. Define the process $\xi_t:=\min(\xi,t)$ for $0\le t\le 1$. And let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Running supremmum of a Levy process

Let X be a cadlag Lévy process with $X_0=0$ and let $p$ be a real number in $[1,\infty)$. Then, the following are equivalent.
1): $X$ is $L^p$-integrable.
2): $X^*_t= \mathop{\sup}_{0\leq s\leq t} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### a question about the modification of a supermartingale

Let $\mathbf{D}\subset\mathbf{D}([0,1],\mathbb{R}_+)$ denote the space of positive cadlag functions $\mathbf{x}$ defined on $[0,1]$ with $\mathbf{x}(0)=1$. Define the canonical process
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### explicit characterization of the stochastic integrand

Let $V$ be a cadlag positive supermartingale with the following decomposition:
$$V_t=V_0+\int_0^tH_sdX_s-K_t$$
where $X$ is a cadlag local martingale and $K$ is an adapted increasing process with ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### Convergence of iterated stochastic matrices

It is well-known that for a stochastic aperiodic matrix $M$,
the sequence $(M^n)_n$ converges.
Here I would like to a have a more precise analysis. Consider now a sequence of stochastic matrices ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

222 views

### Looking for a limit related to the series in a previous post

Can any one show that the following limit?
$$
\lim_{z\rightarrow \infty} \sqrt{z} \: e^{-z}\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{z^k}{k! \sqrt{k}} \quad \stackrel{?}{=} \quad\sqrt{2}-1.
$$
If one uses the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

371 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### question about Doob-Meyer decomposition

Given a filtered probability space and let $X$ be a cadlag local martingale defined on this space. Let $V$ be a cadlag supermartingale and assume we know the following decomposition:
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

392 views

### How to integrate an exponential function of an exponential function?

Does any one know how to calculate the following integration?
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}} \left(\exp(z \: e^{-y^2})-1\right)^2 dy=?,\quad z>0.
$$
This post is related to my previous question here , ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Fictitious density of paths of diffusion processes outside the Cameron--Martin space

Let $X_t$ be an $n$-dimensional diffusion process satisfying the following Itō SDE over $[0,1]$:
$$dX_t = f(X_t)\,dt + dW_t,$$
where $W_t$ is an $n$-dimensional Wiener process and $f$ is of class ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

170 views

### On the solution of a stochastic partial differential equation

Consider a simple SPDE as follows:
$\partial_t u(t,x)=\partial_x^2 u(t,x)+V(u(t,x))+\dot{W}(t,x)$, $t>0$, $x\in(0,1)$,
$u(t,0)=u(t,1)=0$,
$u(0,x)=v(x)$,
where $V$ is a bounded, smooth ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### The probability of Levy process staying at a point

Assume $X_{t}$ is a 1-dimensional Levy process on a probability $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$. For a fixed point $x$ in the state space and fixed $t\neq 0$, what's the value of $ P(\omega: ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

404 views

### Can every discrete martingale be embedded in a continuous martingale?

Let $(X_k)_{k=0,1,..., n}$ be a discrete martingale defined on some probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$. I would like to know whether there exists a (continuous) martingale ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

464 views

### What are the difference between modeling with stochastic differential equations (SDE) and ordinary differential equations (ODE) with a random force?

There are lots of differences between SDE and ODE. From the theoretical point of view an also from the numerical algorithms used for simulations. But I am interested in knowing if there is a point ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

79 views

### The jump and the left martingale of semimartingale

Let $X_{t}$ be a semimartingale. Define
$\Delta X_{t} = X_{t}- X_{t-}$.
For fixed $s> 0$, $\Delta X_{s}$ and $X_{s-}$ are two random variable. Are they independent to each other? I think the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### The regularity of Levy process

There is a property for continuous Markov process that each point $y$ in its state space is hit with positive probability one starting from any interior point $x$.
This property is called the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### The distribution of Jump gaps of Levy process

Assume $X_{t}$ is a Levy process with triplet $(\sigma^{2}, \lambda, \nu)$, here $\nu$ is the Levy measure of $X_{t}$. Define $\tau_{1},\tau_{2},\dots$ be the time gap between the successive jumps ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Can this two-dimensional process self intersect?

I would like to know more about the two-dimensional processes derived from Brownian motion by the following stochastic differential equation (in the Ito sense)
$$dX_t = f(X_t) dt + ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Ito formula for max(X,0) where X is a semimartingale

Has anyone ever applied the Ito formula on $|X^+|^2$ for $X^+ = \max(X,0)$ with
$X(t) = X(0) + M(t) + V(t)$, where $M(t)$ is a local martingale and $V(t)$ is bounded variation process. I found it in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### a dominated convergence theorem for martingale (II)

The question is presented in
a dominated convergence theorem for martingale
Let $\{(X_1^n, X_2^n)\}_n$ be a sequence of martingales defined some probability space. (which means ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Domino Shuffling and Warren's process

In this paper by Nordenstam, it is shown that a certain interlacing particle process that arises from uniformly random Aztec diamond tilings is amazingly similar to Warren's process. One of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Can $<.>$ of a martingale determine it only?

Let $\Omega$ be the space of continuous functions defined on $[0,1]$. Define the canonical process $B$ by
$$B_t(\omega)=\omega_t,~ \forall\omega\in\Omega$$
Let us equip $\Omega$ with the usual ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### a $L^1$ convergence for backward martingale

I have a question which may be naive, but I can not find the related result in the classical reference such as "Foundations of Modern Probability" and "Probability"(Billingsley). So if someone knows ...