Stochastic calculus provides a consistent theory of integration for stochastic processes and is used to model random systems. Its applications range from statistical physics to quantitative finance.

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Processes with the same finite dimensional distributions as the solutions to SDEs

Consider a sequence of stochastic processes $\{\tilde{x}^n\}$, $\tilde{x}^n = \tilde{x}^n_t(\omega)$, and Brownian motions $\{\tilde{w}^n\}$. Suppose that for each $\tilde{x}^n$ solves the stochastic ...
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53 views

Brownian motion - probability of hitting an open subset of the sphere

Consider a Brownian particle in $\mathbb{R}^n$, starting at the origin. Let $\mathbb{P}_t(A)$ be the probability of the particle striking $A \subset S^{n - 1}$ within time $t$, where $A = \{ (x_1, ...
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1answer
103 views

Transition probabilities for the symmetric random walk on the integers

I found that most references for the symmetric random walk on the integers are for the discrete time case, i.e. the ones that gives us explicit transition probabilities. Now, I am looking at a random ...
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87 views

Does a theory of stochastic differential algebras exist?

My question is motivated primarily by finance, where a non-technical student will learn how to approach SDEs using the symbolic manipulation of Itô calculus and the few basic rules of Brownian motion, ...
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0answers
50 views

Circular process ergodic?

Let us define a continuous-time Markov process on a circle consisting of $m-$ equally spaced points, i.e. every point has two neighbours. Now, we define a space of functions $S:= ...
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1answer
83 views

Weak convergence of process

Background: I am trying to compute the weak limit of the following model from mathematical biology that is supposed to exist: Let $$L(f)(\eta)= \sum_{x \in \mathbb{Z}}\frac{1}{2}\left(1_{\eta(x+1) ...
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0answers
68 views

Malliavin differentiability of solutions to SDEs

In Bass's book on Diffusions and Elliptic Operators, the author gives a brief introduction into Malliavin Calculus. He calls a functional $F:C([0,1],\mathbb{R})\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ $L^p-$smooth if ...
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1answer
50 views

Definition: Grigelionis Process?ch [closed]

Background I've been reading this article and it keeps referring to "Grigelionis processes", which apparently generalize Levy processes. However the paper does not define these object clearly and ...
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1answer
82 views

Malliavin derivative under change of measure

Let $\widetilde{B}$ be a Brownian Motion under the measure $\mathbb{P}$. Let $\theta$ be a stochastic process fulfilling the Novikov's condition and $Z_\theta$ the relative Radon–Nikodym derivative ...
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1answer
45 views

Quadratic variation and the variance of a semimartingales

I will describe an example that seemingly contradicts the following Theorem For a local martingale $M$, let $[M,M]_t$ be its quadratic variation at $t$. For any $t$, if $E[[M,M]_t]<\infty$, then ...
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0answers
42 views

Holomorphic solution to SDE

Consider the SDE $dZ_t = \mu(t,x) d_t + \sigma(t,x) dW_t$. Are there any known (necessary and) sufficient conditions on $\sigma(t,x)$ and on $\mu(t,x)$ guaranteeing that $f(T):=\mathbb{E}[\int_0^T Z_t ...
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2answers
152 views

Brownian motion in $\mathbb{R}^n$, probability of hitting a set

Consider a particle undergoing Brownian motion in $\mathbb{R}^n$, starting at the origin, and let $B(t)$ denote its position at time $t$. Let $X$ be an arbitrary subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am trying ...
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0answers
60 views

Example of progressively measurable process that is not predictable

Is there an example of progressively measurable process that is not predictable? This question is motivated by Revuz-Yor, Continuous Martingales and Brownian Motion ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Malliavin Calculus: directional derivatives of cylinder functions exist in what sense?

Denote by $P_0(\mathbb{R}^d)$ the sets of continuous paths over $[0,1]$ started at $x=0$ with values in $\mathbb{R}^d$, we equip this space with the sup-norm and make it into a probability space by ...
4
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0answers
103 views

Geometric Characterization of Martingales

Recently I've read a paraphrasing from Ito saying that he sometimes thinks of martingales as Geodesics in a very large dimensional manifold. My question is, is there any research studying this idea? ...
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0answers
96 views

Full version of Soucaliuc's research announcement “Réflexion entre deux diffusions conjuguées”

Florin Soucaliuc published the following research announcement in 2002 containing some results from his thesis on reflected diffusion processes: [1] F. Soucaliuc, Réflexion entre deux diffusions ...
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1answer
68 views

Weak existence for modified Tanaka SDE

Tanaka's theorem (wikipedia) implies that $X_t = |B_t|$ is a weak solution to the SDE $dX_t = dW_t + dL_t^0(X_t)$, where $W_t$ is a Brownian motion and $L_t^0(X_t)$ is the local time of $X_t$ at ...
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71 views

Expected value of product of Ito integrals

Assume that we have a process $F(t,T)$ that fulfills the following SDE. $$ dF(t,T) = \sigma(t,T)F(t,T)dW(t) $$ where $t$ is the running time and $T>t$ is called the delivery-time. $\sigma(t,T)$ is ...
2
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1answer
124 views

using Feynman-Kac formula

I've been learning about Feynman-Kac recently and I understand the underlying ideas. I am stuck however in actually computing explicit solutions for specific problems. For example, suppose I have the ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Differentiability of value function

Suppose $X$ is a process given by - $dX_t = db_t$ where $b_t$ is a standard Brownian motion with its filtration $(\mathcal{F}_t)$. Suppose an agent earns a payoff given by $V(x) = \mathbb{E} ...
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82 views

Onsager-Machlup function for special matrix-valued diffusion process

Potentially useful background info For standard vector-valued diffusion processes the following result is well-known: Suppose we have a diffusion $X_{t}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ given by \begin{align*} ...
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1answer
123 views

Intuition about Skorohod integral

I'm teaching myself Malliavin calculus and Skorohod integrals and with this kind of math I find myself following the logic through but lacking solid intuition about what is going on. In particular ...
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1answer
318 views

What is the derivative of this integral?

I have asked this question here http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1536018/how-to-find-derivative-of-this-intergral but still has no response. Might I ask it here ? Let $\alpha(t)\in\{0,1\}: ...
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1answer
106 views

Change of variable for integration with respect to Haar measure

I know how to estimate the integral* (see the update) \begin{gather} \int f(Ub)d\mu(U), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ [2] \end{gather} where ...
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32 views

How the diffusion in the unit ball induce the boundary process on the boundary directly?

This is Example 1.2.3 from Fukushima, Masatoshi, Oshima, Yoichi and Takeda, Masayoshi's book "Dirichlet Forms and Symmetric Markov Processes". In this example, we define a Dirichlet form in the unit ...
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76 views

European call option pricing under mean reverting stock return

Consider the stock price process satisfies the following SDE: $dS_t=\mu_t S_tdt + \sigma S_t dW_t , S_0=s $ and the mean return $\mu_t$ satisfies the following SDE: $d\mu_t=(a-\mu_t)dt +dB_t, ...
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45 views

Non-existence for a sort of probability measures

We suppose $X$ solves our SDE $dX_{t}=-X_{t}dt+dW_{t}$ for $t\geq0$ with initial condition $X_{0}=0$ w.r.t to our measure $P$ on $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$. $W_{t}$ ist standard Wiener. This solution is ...
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1answer
65 views

Compactness of cadlag martingales w.r.t. to the point-wise topology

Given a sequence of cadlag (right-continuous with left limits) martingales $X^n=(X^n_t)_{0\le t\le 1}$, we may use the well known criteria to determine whether it is weakly convergent, i.e. subtract a ...
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49 views

Expectation, exponential of an additive functional of Brownian motion

I have a question about an additive functional of Brownian motion. Let $d \in \mathbb{N}$. Let $b:\mathbb{R}^{d}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a measurable function and $(X_{t})_{t \in [0,\infty[}$ be a ...
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1answer
64 views

Hitting time of a stochastically continuous process [closed]

Suppose $X$ is 1-d stochastically continuous process with $X(0) = 0$, i.e. $X_s \to X_t$ in probability as $s\to t$ for all $t\ge 0$. Let $\tau = \inf\{t>0: |X_t|>1\}$. [Q.] Is $\tau>0$ ...
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2answers
90 views

A question about Skorokhod embedding problem

The Skorokhod Embedding Problem is well known and has many solutions. Now let $B=(B_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion and $\tau$ be an embedding to the centered distribution $\mu$, i.e. the ...
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1answer
105 views

Generalized Ito's lemma

I have the following quantity: $$ g(t)=(f(t))^{M_{t}}, $$ where $M_{t}$ is a jump process neither Markovian nor Levy and $f(t)$ is a positive, increasing but limited, right-continuous function. How ...
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54 views

Modify exponential family representation to a semimartingale

Given a filtered space $(\Omega, F,\mathcal{F}_{t})$ with rightcontinous filtration. We have a class of probability measures $P=\{P_{\theta}:\theta \in \Theta\}$ definied on the filtered space. We ...
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2answers
189 views

Brownian motion in $n$ dimensions

Consider a particle starting at the origin in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and undergoing Brownian motion. Is there an expression known for the probability of the particle hitting the sphere $S^{n - 1}_r = \{x \in ...
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0answers
48 views

skorokhod integral as Weak Integral

Is it possible to express the skorokhod integral on a Banach space $B$ as a special case of the weak (or Pettis) integral over an appropriate Banach space $E$? For example if $E$ is the space of ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Markov-semigroup sobolev inequality

I have a question about the following definition: A probability measure $\mu$, such that the Markov semi-group $e^{Lt} \in L(L^2)$ exists and is symmetric, satisfies the Sobolev inequality iff for ...
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0answers
55 views

Law of motion when initial condition is perturbed

We know how to find the law of motion (Ito process) of the value function: $$V_t(x)=E\Big{[}\int^{T}_te^{-r (s-t)}f(s,X_s)ds+e^{-r (T-t)}g(T, X_{T})|\mathcal{F}_t\Big{]}$$ such that ...
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1answer
79 views

Continuity of expected payoff from a diffusion

Fix a discount rate $r>0$, and let $m,v,f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be bounded measurable functions of locally bounded variation, with $v$ globally bounded below by some strictly positive ...
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1answer
278 views

Time Change of a Brownian motion

We know that for if $X$ is a stochastic integral of the form below - $X_t = \int_0^t v(s,\omega) db(s,\omega)$. then we can use time change formula to claim that $X_t = W_{\alpha(t)}$ where $W$ is ...
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0answers
80 views

strong law of large number for semimartingale

I just want to know if for semimartingale X we have $\lim_{t \rightarrow \infty} \frac{X_{t}}{<X>_{t}}=0$ or when it is possible. i know it is true for brownian motion. Thanks
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0answers
114 views

Uniqueness of the “Gubinelli” Derivative in the Theory of Paracontrolled Distributions

From the theory of Rough Paths it is well known that if we have a truly rough path $X$ and two controlled rough paths $(Y,Y'),(Y,\tilde{Y}')\in\mathcal{D}_X^{2\alpha}$, then we have already $Y' = ...
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57 views

Compute the Gibbs energy

I have a question about Gibbs distribution in Stochastic theory. In which, it defined a clique as a a subset $C$ in the whole image $\Omega$ if two different element of $C$ are neighbors. Figure 2 ...
4
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1answer
195 views

'Nonclassical' abstract Wiener space

Is it possible to construct an abstract Wiener space $(W,H,\mu)$ such that $C^{0,\frac{1}{2}}(\Omega)\subset H$ and $W$ is a normed function space such that the convergence in norm implies convergence ...
2
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0answers
52 views

integrability of Brownian motion stopped at some stopping time

Let $B=(B_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a standard Brownian motion starting at zero and denote by $S=(S_t)_{t\ge 0}$ its running maximum, i.e. $S_t=\sup_{0\le s\le t}B_s$. Given a fixed number $p>1$, define the ...
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1answer
79 views

About the boundary conditions of the Black-Scholes-Merton PDE [closed]

I have a question about the solution of the Black-Scholes PDE for the European call option when I read the book Stochastic Calculus for Finance II of Steven E.Shreve. Let $c(t,x)$ be the value of the ...
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0answers
35 views

Systems of stochastic differential equations with non-Lipschitz coefficients

I am looking for references to any literature which might consider the existence / behavior / regularity of solutions to systems of stochastic differential equations with non-Lipschitz coefficients. ...
4
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0answers
49 views

Existence of martingales given some constraint on laws

Let $X=(X)_{0\le t\le 1}$ be a continuous martingale starting at $0$, then denote by $\mu$ and $\nu$ the probability laws of $\int_0^1X_t \mathrm{d}t$ and $X_1$. Then it is easy to see that the couple ...
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35 views

Proof of Linear Stochastic Sate-Space Model is Gaussian Process

I would like to prove that the vector-linear stochastic state space model $$ \dot{x}(t)=A(t)x(t)+B(t)u(t)+G(t)q(t) \\ y(t)=C(t)x(t)+D(t)u(t)+F(t)r(t) $$ corresponds to a particular multi-output ...
2
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0answers
116 views

The existence of stationary measures for certain Markov process

My question is that:For a discrete-time random process $\{x_{t}\}_{t=1}^{\infty}$ and $x_{t} \in \Omega$ where $\Omega$ is a general state space(If $\Omega$ is a discrete space, it is a discrete-time ...
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68 views

Definition of Ito Integral

In Karatzas and Shreve, the integral for Bounded Progressively measurable processes is defined first. Then, for Bounded measurable and adapted processes ($f(t,\omega)$), the authors say that there ...