I am studying a physical process generating data which projects nicely into two dimensions with non-negative values. Each process has a (projected) track of $x$-$y$ points -- see the image below. ...
Context: I want to compare the sample probability distributions (PDFs) of two datasets (generated from a dynamical system). These datasets depend on a set of parameters, and I want a concise way to ...
Many of the methods of physics are vastly more general than their use in that discipline. For example, information theory overlaps with a lot of statistical mechanics, and the latter actually ...
I would like to estimate the distribution of a very large population of known size but unknown mean and variance. I cannot assume anything about the underlying distribution. The values of observations ...
I want a list of the sort of mathematics/mathematical tools that are applied to the study of complex and probabilistic systems in order to make quantitative and qualitative observations about their ...
This should probably be community wiki, but I don't know how to set that myself. I'm looking for examples or Markov chains that are used in statistics or statistical physics, and which are known to ...