**11**

votes

**0**answers

300 views

### What kind of random matrices have rapidly decaying singular values?

I've been told that in machine learning it's common to compute the singular value decomposition of matrices in order to throw out all information in the matrix except that corresponding to, say, the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

345 views

### Question from an economist: solving a model of traders' behavior with expectations about the future values of the variable they are currently optimizing

Motivation
I am an economist writing a paper for an academic finance journal. My paper is about the behavior of currency traders, who choose the price at which they will sell currency today, based on ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Testing contrasts in statistics: Is this provably a hard problem, or not?

Scheffé's method for identifying statistically significant contrasts is widely known. A contrast among the means $\mu_i$, $i=1,\ldots,r$ of $r$ populations is a linear combination $\sum_{i=1}^r c_i ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

340 views

### Distribution of maximum of random walk conditioned to stay positive

I have an $n$ step random walk which starts at zero $X_0 = 0 = S_0$ where the steps $X_i$ are independent uniform random variates in $[-1,1]$, but the walk is conditioned on the hypothesis that it ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### First Table of Random Numbers

What was the first table of random numbers of any sort?
The best I can do is Tippett and Pearson's Random Sampling Numbers of 1927.
Can anybody identify an earlier table?
Thanks for any ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

318 views

### Bounding the probability that a random variable is maximal

Suppose we have $N$ independent random variables $X_1$, $\ldots$, $X_N$ with finite means $\mu_1 \leq \ldots \leq \mu_N$ and variances $\sigma_1^2$, $\ldots$, $\sigma_N^2$. I am looking for ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### How fast can extreme eigenvalues of the average of random matrices converge to their expectation?

Suppose that $X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_m$ are $m$ independent $d\times d$ random matrices and let $\overline{X} = \frac{1}{m}\sum_{i=1}^m X_i$. One of the questions studied under the theory of random matrices ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Convergence of Maximum Likelihood Estimator

I apologize for the basic question. If $\{p_\theta(x): \theta\in K\subseteq\mathbb{R}\}$ is a smooth family of distributions, then the MLE $\hat{\theta}_n,$ under suitable regularity conditions ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

737 views

### Taylor approximation of a function of a random variable

Suppose we have a random variable $X$ and a smooth function $g$. We want to calculate the expectation value $\mathbb{E}(g(X))$. To be able to write down at least an approximate solution, we perform a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### What's the variance in the Six Degrees model?

Recall the six degrees of Kevin Bacon game. You can even play the game at The Oracle of Bacon, and their search works via Breadth First Search.
I interpret the punchline as saying that if I start ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### In what sense is the Bayesian posterior mean a “convex combination”?

I asked this on math.stackexchange with no response, I'm hoping someone here might have something.
Suppose I want to estimate $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ from two signals with zero mean, normally ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Inverse moment of the number of inversions of a permutation

Let $\pi$ be a permutation of $\{1,2,...,n\}$. A pair of elements ($\pi_i$,$\pi_j$) is called an inversion if $i$ $>$ $j$ and $\pi_i$ $<$ $\pi_j$. The total number of inversions in $\pi$ is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Given that a conditional measure is Gaussian, how bad can the original measure be?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces, and let $\varphi : X \to Y$ be a continuous linear map. Suppose that $\mathbb P$ is a probability measure on $X$ which satisfies the continuous disintegration ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Positive estimator

Suppose that one knows how to generate (independent) random samples $X_1, X_2, \ldots$ distributed as the random varable $X$ with $\mathbb{E}[X]=\mu \in \mathbb{R}$. It is then easy to construct an ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Maximum of the norm of k-averages of n iid random d-dimensional vectors

Suppose $X_1, ... X_n$ are i.i.d. random vectors in $d$-dimensional space (i.e., $R^d$) with continuous centrally symmetric density function $f(\cdot)$ (i.e., symmetric with respect to the origin). ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

698 views

### Multidimensional Berry-Esseen for probability density functions

This is a follow up to this recent question: Berry Esseen type result for probability density functions
There exists a multidimensional version of the usual Berry-Esseen theorem (for cumulative ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

304 views

### Missing mass estimate

Let $S$ be a finite set with probability distribution $P$. Define the random variable $m_i$ to be the "missing mass" after seeing $i$ iid samples from $S$ under $P$. That is, $m_i$ is the total mass ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Using Fisher Information to bound KL divergence

Is it possible to use Fisher Information at p to get a useful upper bound on KL(q,p)?
KL(q,p) is known as Kullback-Liebler divergence and is defined for discrete distributions over k outcomes as ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Is there a name for this quantity between two distributions?

Let $f$ be a probability density on a compact domain $D$, and say that $x_1,\dots,x_n$ are samples from $f$. If we wanted to compute the Wasserstein distance between $f$ and the empirical ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### power laws emerging from the sandpile model

Is there a rigorous proof that the abelian sandpile model generates a power law distribution of avalanche lengths?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

287 views

### An integral with respect to the Haar measure on a unitary group

Let $A,D\in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ be diagonal matrices. I need to calculate
$$\int_{U(n)}\det{(A-HDH^\dagger)}\,\mathrm{d}H$$
where $dH$ is the unit invariant Haar measure on the group of unitary ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Optimization problem involving Multivariate Normal

I use $\phi(t)$ to describe the standard normal distribution density and $\Phi(t)$ as the normal distribution CDF and would like to prove that for all
$n\geq3$, the function:
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Pettis Integrability and Laws of Large Numbers

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb P)$ be a probability space, and let $V$ be a topological vector space with a dual space that separates points. Let $v_n : \Omega \to V$ be a sequence of Pettis ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

292 views

### Probability distribution function for singular value sum of Gaussian random matrix

Let $\mathbf{X}$ be an $N \times N$ random matrix with IID Gaussian entries. They can be standard normal, but $N$ is not large: that is $N$ $<$ 6, typically. Call its singular value decomposition ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Pair of two-variable polynomial equations of high order

I have the following pair of equations to be solved for two variables $\rho$ and $D$ resulting from a certain Maximum Likelihood Estimation for a time series $X_n > 0$, $n=0, \ldots, N+1$ with $N ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

376 views

### Inverse Fourier Transform involving a Bessel Function, Exponential, and Power

I'm interested in this integral as a function of $r$ for various spectral densities $S(s)$:
$\frac{2 \pi}{r^{p/2}-1} \int_{0}^{\infty} S(s) J_{p/2-1}(2 \pi r s) s^{p/2} ds $, where $J_{p/2-1}$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### envelope function for a linear combination of gaussian distributions

Given a distribution $F$ defined as a linear combination of Gaussian distributions:
$F = \sum_{i=1}^n C_i*N(\mu_i,\sigma_i)$ with $\sum_{i=1}^n C_i = 1$
I want to find a Gaussian function $Q = ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Importance sampling of finite path of stochastic difference equation

Before passing to question, let me briefly recap what's importance sampling of random variables is about. Suppose $\xi$ is a real-valued random variable with density $f$, and let $g:\Bbb R\to \Bbb R$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

313 views

### Another generalized coupon collector's problem

Suppose there are $L$ types of coupons, the probabilities that they appear are $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_L$ respectively, $\sum_i^La_i=1$. Each of them is associated with a constrain number ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Has anyone used reflection in bootstrapping methods for one parameter hypothesis tests?

Here's my idea for a bootstrapping method for testing hypotheses about one parameter. Please tell me if you have seen this somewhere before. If not, I'd appreciate pointers for direction of further ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

712 views

### Compressed Sensing with an Unusual Basis

I'm wondering if compressed sensing can be applied to a problem I have in the way I describe, and also whether it should be applied to this problem (or whether it's simply the wrong tool).
I have a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

346 views

### A Local CLT with large variance

For n an even integer, $0 \leq i \leq$ ${n} \choose{j}$, $1 \leq j \leq n$ let $X_{i,j}$ be a
random variable taking values $\frac{n}{2}-j,0,j - \frac{n}{2}$ with equal probability. Let $S_{n}$ be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Kullback Leibler “variance”: does that divergence have a name?

If you consider two probability distributions $p$ and $q$, one way to measure the distance between the two is the Kullback-Leibler divergence:
$$KL(p,q)=\int p \log (p/q) = E_p(\log p/q)$$
and this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Sum of the entries of the inverse covariance matrix

Let $T \in\left(0,1\right)$, $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $e_n = [1,\ldots,1]\in\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the covariance matrix $\mathfrak{A}_n = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Donsker's Theorem for triangular arrays

I should mention that I already posed this question on Math Stack Exchange, but didn't receive much feedback.
Assume we have a sequence of smooth i.i.d. random variables $(X_i)_{i=1}^{\infty}$. Given ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

255 views

### Maximization of a total variation distance subject to another total variation distance in Markov chain

Suppose two dependent random variables $X$ and $V$ from finite alphabets $\mathcal{V}$ and $\mathcal{X}$ with known joint and marginal distributions are given. Let $P_{XV}$ and $P_X$ and $P_V$ are the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Quantile convergence

Let $X^1,\dots,X^n$ be a sample of (not necessarily iid) random variables and denote
$$F^n(x)=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n \mathbf 1_{X^i\leq x}$$
the empirical distribution function. Suppose that we know ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### A simplified MCMC / MH algorithm. Are there known convergence results?

Hi, I hope this isn't too basic. We were working on a simulation using a Monte Carlo Within Metropolis algorithm and noticed that the whole thing could be expressed in the form below and simplified ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Find a minimum entropy code for a simple gibbs random field.

Just to make precise what I am talking about, I will include the definition of a minimum entropy code. I will then define the precise markov random field I am asking about.
In the rest of this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

314 views

### Bochner's theorem, in stages

Bochner's theorem (for the real line version) asserts an infinite tower of inequalities, as a positivity condition. Taking each one, what do they mean, in an elementary fashion (at least at the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Is a parametric family which is universally consistent for multiple quantiles impossible?

Suppose I am dead-set on using Bayesian inference on independent and identically distributed data, but I'm lazy and insist on using a parametric likelihood function come what may. I'd be reassured to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

469 views

### On error probability bounds in Bayesian hypothesis testing

In the Bayesian version of (binary) hypothesis testing one has to decide which of two hypotheses $A$ and $B$ holds true. The two hypotheses are given prior probability $p(A)$ and $p(B)$, summing up to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### representing vine copulas

Vine copulas is a way to represent multidimensional distributions (n-densitys)
as a product of the n 1-marginal densities and a product of (n choose 2) bivariate copulas, where som of them are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Iterated Kumaraswamy distributions

The Kumaraswamy distribution has cdf $F(x;a,b) = 1-(1-x^a)^b$.
Does anyone know any formulas or properties relating to iterations of this on itself, meaning
$$ F_i(x;a,b) = 1-(1-F_{i-1}^a)^b$$
If ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

498 views

### A combinatorial bound involving Stirling numbers of the second type

My previous question was solved in a very elegant way, hopefully this (seemingly more complicated) case is also easy for experts.
I need the inequality
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### The plane cut by grids

Suppose that one has an infinite two-dimensional regular grid of spacing one. When laid on the plane it cuts it into unit squares. Now take a second (identical) grid and place it with random shift ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

529 views

### Has the Lie group preserving a probability distribution been used in Bayesian statistics?

For a (possibly signed) nondegenerate probability measure $\pi$ on $\{1,\dots,n\}$ define
$$\langle \pi \rangle := \{R \in \operatorname{STO}(n): \pi R = \pi \}.$$
Here $\operatorname{STO}(n)$ denotes ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### Is there some kind of lower bound for estimation error of the estimation of (near) low-rank matrices in high-dimension?

I'm reading S.Negahban and M.J.Wainright's paper, ESTIMATION OF (NEAR) LOW-RANK MATRICES WITH NOISE AND HIGH-DIMENSIONAL SCALING. In the paper, they give a upper bound for estimation error of the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Implication of MGF inequality

Let X and Y be two random variables. Denote by $F_X(x)$ and $F_Y(y)$ their CDFs and by $M_X(t)$ and $M_Y(t)$ their MGFs.
It is known that X and Y have the same CDF iff they have the same MGF.
My ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Derivation of gradient of SSE in Geodesic Regression

On page 79 (or page 5) of this this paper the gradient of the SSE of the Geodesic model is described explicitly. My question is how are these equitations derived in detail; where can I find the ...