**0**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Hypothesis test beyond simple hypotheses (mathematical statistics) [on hold]

In mathematical statistics, the following problem (simple hypothesis test) is considered: given a data sample, test the hypothesis $H_0$ stating that all sampled values are values of a random variable ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### A statistical conundrum [on hold]

I have a statistical problem in a domain that I can not talk about due to a NDA. However, I have worked out how to describe an exactly analogous problem as follows.
You are in charge of record ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

19 views

### Relation between Aitchison Distance on a Simplex and Geodesic distance on the multinomial manifold

I am trying to understand the difference/relation between the Aitchison distance on a simplex
$$\left[ \sum^D_{k=1} (\log{\frac{x_{ik}}{g(\mathbf{x}_i)}} - \log{\frac{x_{jk}}{g(\mathbf{x}_j)}})^2 ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Hoeffding's lemma for unbounded r.v with bounded exponential map

Let $X$ be a real r.v with $E[e^{\lambda X}] < \infty $ for all $\lambda \in [-c,c]$.
Is it possible to get an Hoeffding's lemma like bound on $E[e^{\lambda(X-EX)}]$. That is, an upper bound: ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Test correlation between 3 variables by hand [on hold]

Do the three areas (courtside, lower deck, upper deck) differ in soda sales per hour?
Courtside Lower Deck Upper Deck
38 35 11
42 37 25
40 ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Chain Rule for Maximal Correlation

Let a pair of random variables $(X,Y)$ be defined over finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$ with joint distribution $P_{XY}$. The maximal correlation $\rho(X;Y)$ between $X$ and $Y$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### An inequality for Maximal Correlation over a Markov Chain

Let a pair of random variables $(X,Y)$ be defined over finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$ with joint distribution $P_{XY}$. The maximal correlation $\rho(X;Y)$ between $X$ and $Y$ is ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### Computing preference using mean and variance? [closed]

I have 10 Items, which are available for me to interact with. Interaction with them yields me some reward.I have an expectation/mean/probability and variance/uncertainty of the reward for each item. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### Monte Carlo Simulation - efficient simulation of tail outcomes [closed]

When running Monte Carlo type simulations in situations where you're only interested in tail outcomes, do you know of a way to only simulate those outcomes, so that you can come up with more reliable ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Independence of two random variable

Let $W$ and $S$ are two positive valued continuous random variable. Suppose
$g: [0,\infty)\rightarrow [0,\infty)$ is a convex function with a constraint that $g$ can't be of the form $g(x)=cx$, $c$ ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

626 views

### Concentration inequalities for the maximum of the rescaled/normalized sum of iid random variables

I am interested in concentration inequalities for the maximum of the rescaled/normalized sum of iid random variables.
Let $X_1,..., X_n$ be i.i.d random variables, $S_n$ their centered sum and $M_n$ ...

**24**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Inference using Topological Data Analysis: Is it worth it for a regular statistician to learn TDA?

After having read Gunnar Carlsson's Topology and Data I feel enthusiastic to use some topological data analysis (TDA) methods in my current research, mostly in social sciences. We often handle huge ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### A Generalized Version of Maximal Correlation and Hypercontractivity of Conditional Expectation Operator

Given a pair of random variables $(X,Y)$ over a product space $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$, the maximal correlation coefficient is defined as
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Probability distribution derived from gamma function - does it have a name?

Consider the complex gamma function, denoted by $\Gamma(\sigma+it)$.
Now, let's fix $\sigma$ and let t vary. Then consider the following expression:
$$|\Gamma(\sigma+it)|^2$$
For any choice of ...

**1**

vote

**4**answers

5k views

### Is it alright for STD error bars to be below zero?

I have some statistical data from which I want to graph the means and use the standard deviations as error bars. However this produces a graph with some of the error bars passing below zero. A ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### An Inequality of KL Divergence

Given two probability distributions $P$ and $Q$ defined over a finite set $\mathcal{X}$, one can define the KL divergence between $P$ and $Q$ as
$$D(P||Q):=\sum_{x\in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

38 views

### Supremum of centered jointly generalized chi-square random variables

Let $\zeta_n$ be a sequence of centered jointly generalized chi-square random variables, i.e. $\zeta_n = \sum_{k=1}^{m_n} a_{k,n}(\xi_{k,n}^2 - E[\xi_{k,n}^2])$, and $\xi_{k,n}$ are centered jointly ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### assumptions on local rademacher complexities

A lot of the work on Local Rademacher complexities of Koltchinskii, and Bartlett for fast rates of convergence is based on Bousquet's version of Talagrand's inequality [1] (Theorem 2.11). However the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### Bound on principal angle of uniform random subspaces of different dimensions?

This paper derives the distribution of the largest principal angle between two subspaces sampled (independently) uniformly from the Grassmanian manifold of $p$-dimensional subspaces in $\mathbb{R}^d$, ...

**7**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Uniformly Sampling from Convex Polytopes

How to choose a point uniformly from a convex polytope $P \subset [0,1]^n$ defined by some inequalities, Ax < b ? (Here A is an m-by-n matrix, x is n-by-1 and b is m-by-1.) I imagine that you ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### How to prove a CAN estimator is also root n-consistent?

Given a consistent asymptotically normal estimator $\hat{\theta_n}$ of an unknown parameter $\theta$, how to prove that $\hat{\theta_n}$ is also a $\sqrt{n}$-consistent estimator of $\theta$?
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Prediction with positive weights?

Consider a covariance function (positive definite function) on $\mathbb{Z}$:
$$
\gamma(k)=(1+|k|)^{-\alpha},\quad \alpha>0.
$$
It is guaranteed to be positive definite by Polya's criterion ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Persistent homology of Gaussian Fields in Euclidean space

If you generate points in $\mathbb R^n$ via a process that respects a Gaussian normal distribution, then compute the persistent homology / barcodes, to my eye something fairly regular seems to be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Convergence of a test statistic

I'm reading a paper of Shao and Zhang:
Testing for Change Points in Time series.
In this paper they claim the following:
The are testing whether there is a change in the mean of a time series. So
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Size of KL-divergence neighbourhoods

I am new here. I was reading another
post
here and this got me wondering what can be said about the size of the following kl divergence neighborhoods.
Consider these two kl-divergence neighbourhood ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### How similar are discrete stable RVs to their continuous analogues?

The generalized central limit theorem of Gnedenko-Levy describes the asymptotic behavior of a sum of IIDRVs which may not have finite mean or variance. Only a small class of limit laws can be ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

824 views

### Table with the most seated customers in Chinese restaurant process

Suppose we have some initial configuration of people seated at some tables. We start taking new customers and seat them following Chinese restaurant process. Is there some known work on finding the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### Large deviations for sums of random variables whose correlation function decays exponentially

Let $X_1, \ldots, X_N$ be a string random variables taking values $X_i \in [-1,1]$ and jointly distributed according $P(X_1, X_2, \ldots, X_{N-1}, X_N)$, which is invariant under cyclic permutations ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Ordinary least square and random projection

Let $X$ be a given $d \times T$ matrix, and let $M$ be an $n \times d$ random matrix (say i.i.d. centered coefficients). Define $Y=MX$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $H=Y'(YY')^{-1}Y$, where $'$ denotes the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Bounds on product of CDF or Beta function

I have functions of the form
\begin{align}
I_i = \int_0^\infty F_0(x)^aF_1(x)^b(1-F_0(x))^c(1-F_1(x))^ddF_i(x),~~~~i = 0,1.
\end{align}
$F_0(x)$ and $F_1(x)$ are CDFs corresponding to the random ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### Asymptotic results for functions of order statistics

There are $n$ ($n \ge 3$) iid random variables $\{ {c_i}\} _{i = 1}^n$ on the interval $[\underline c,\bar c]$ ($\underline c>0$). The cdf $F(\cdot)$ and pdf $f(\cdot)$ are unkown to us, but we ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Characterization of certain families of functions

For $R$ equal $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{Z}$, let $D^+_R:=\{(x,y)\in R^2\colon x<y\}$. For each natural $n$, let $F_{n,R}$ denote the set of all Borel-measurable functions $f\colon ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Proof of conditional copula relation to the marginal copulas

Hello
I am trying to derive the second equation displayed in section 7.1 (or p. 41) of this article or equation (6.3) of this book. I've seen this in many documents discussing conditional sampling ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### About the boundary conditions of the Black-Scholes-Merton PDE [closed]

I have a question about the solution of the Black-Scholes PDE for the European call option when I read the book Stochastic Calculus for Finance II of Steven E.Shreve.
Let $c(t,x)$ be the value of the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Regression with correlation structure

I have a theoretical question about regression models.
Let's say I measured multiple responses from $n$ subjects and these responses are correlated with each other. For example, let's say I measured ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Maximization of specific Likelihood function

N coins have probability $p_n = e^{-t_n/s}$ of heads, $t_n$ being specific for each coin. Coins 1 to m came up heads and m+1 to N came up tails. Now I'm trying to estimate $s$ using the Maximum ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Normal approximation of tail probability in binomial distribution

My problem: From the Berry--Esseen theorem I know, that $$\sup_{x\in\mathbb R}|P(B_n \le x)-\Phi(x)|=O\left(\frac 1{\sqrt n}\right),$$ where $B_n$ has the standardized binomial distribution and $\Phi$ ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### L1 distance between gaussian measures

L1 distance between gaussian measures: Definition
Let $P_1$ and $P_0$ be two gaussian measures on $\mathbb{R}^p$ with respective "mean,Variance" $m_1,C_1$ and $m_0,C_0$ (I assume matrices have full ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### a problem with “Lower bound of Wilson score confidence interval”

Hi,
I am trying to calculate the 'Most helpful' review. I found a solution few days ago on Calculating the "Most Helpful" review
I have a new problem now..
Let's say I have two items. The ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

179 views

### Generate Bernoulli vector with given covariance matrix

I am from different background, so please forgive me if the answer is so well known.
Let $C=(c_{ij})$ be a given $n\times n$ matrix. Do we have a way to generate samples of random Bernoulli vectors ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### How long for a simple random walk to exceed $\sqrt{T}$?

Let $R_n$ be a simple random walk with $R_0 = 0$, and let $T$ be the smallest index such that $k\sqrt{T} < |R_T|$ for some positive $k$.
What is an expression for the probability distribution of ...

**2**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Estimating the mean of a truncated gaussian curve

Say I have a black box generating data samples, and I want to estimate the parameters of the black box from the samples.
The black box works like this: it has a parameter m (a real number), and to ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

79 views

### Gaps between descending order statistics

Let $\{X_{1},X_{2},\cdots,X_{n}\}$ be a random sample of size $n$. Denote $(X_{(1)},X_{(2)},\cdots,X_{(n)})$ to be its descending order statistics. Define gap $g_{i}(n)$ to be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Finding an error estimation for the De Moivre–Laplace theorem with Stirling's formula

Context for my question: For one part of my thesis I try to find an upper bound for the error in the normal approximation of the binomial distribution following the standard proof of the De ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### $\int_0^t f(s)\,dB_s$ normally distributed, mean and variance

Suppose that $f(t)$ is a (non-random) continuous function on $[0, \infty)$. Let$$Z_t = \int_0^t f(s)\,dB_s.$$
How do I see that $Z_t$ is normally distributed?
What is the mean and variance?
I need ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

35 views

### Adding weights to the Brier score

Fix $n > 0$, and consider the space $\cal P$ of probability functions defined over the Boolean closure of a fixed $\cal S = \{ s_1, \ldots, s_n \}$. The Brier score of $P \in \cal P$ at $s_i \in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

82 views

### KL divergence Inequality

I am trying to find a proof for the following inequality, but I did not get anywhere following the references from the paper I was reading.
Consider two probability measures $P$ and $Q$ both ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

484 views

### probability mass function fitting [closed]

I have a probability mass function of some experimental data who's log looks like the following: (please ignore the fact that it is not normalized)
![alt text][1]
[image shack image removed]
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

126 views

### Reference to iterated logarithm law and Smirnov law of empirical CDF

I am reading V. Vapnik's "Statistical Learning Theory". The author layouts following two statistical laws related to empirical CDF. I am looking for reference about proofs on these two laws.
Let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Practical bounds for the Wasserstein distance in 2 dimensions

Let $X_1,\dots,X_n$ be a set of independent samples of a distribution $\mu$ on the unit square, let $\hat\mu_n$ be the empirical distribution on the points $X_1,\dots,X_n$, and let ...