**3**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Strong Law of Large Numbers for arrays of partly dependent random variables

Suppose $X_1$, $X_2$ are two independent real-valued random variables. Let $F$ be a continuous (unbounded) function from $\mathbb{R^2}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that the necessary measurability and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

16 views

### Is it possible to find an asymptotic distribution for the LRT without the ML estimators being consistent?

I'm reading a comment(last page) to a paper, and the author states that sometimes, even though the estimators (found by ML or maximum quasilikelihood) may not be consistent, the test may be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### How to check if a symmetric random variables is the difference of two iid symmetric random variables

I have the continuous symmetric random variable $X$ in $\mathbb{R}$. If I know its distribution function $F(x)$ what are the conditions on $F(x)$ so that $X=Y_1 - Y_2$ where $Y_i$ are also iid ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

13 views

### Dirichlet distribution: Normalization of alpha values [migrated]

I'm a programmer and currently trying to apply the Latent Dirichlet Allocation algorithm by Blei et al. on a text mining problem. I am using a library called gensim for this, which takes, among ...

**1**

vote

**5**answers

864 views

### Estimating the number of clusters

For a collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^n$, is there a statistic that I can compute which will estimate the number of clusters with some level of confidence?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Closure of random rotations

Are matrix Fisher random variables closed under multiplication?
For those unfamiliar with the jargon, let me unpack the terms above and repose my question.
This is a question about probability ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

259 views

### A. Markov's papers?

A. Markov published several papers on his chains, starting in 1906, so it is written, in the journal:
(1) Извѣстія Физико-математического общества при Казанском университете
I am surprised by the ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Inference using Topological Data Analysis: Is it worth it for a regular statistician to learn TDA?

After having read Gunnar Carlsson's http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2009-46-02/S0273-0979-09-01249-X/S0273-0979-09-01249-X.pdf I feel enthusiastic to use some topological data analysis (TDA) methods ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Statistics, probability [closed]

A statistician-gone-mad has concocted the following multi-part experiment. For the first part of the experiment, a fair, seven sided die is rolled and the upper-most facing number is noted. If the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

268 views

### Consistent price index

This question came out of a discussion with a colleague from economics about price indices. Here is MattF's formulation of the question which differs somehow from the original problem.
Let ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Variance along the regression line [closed]

I'm doing computational geometry on 3D surfaces, a $z = f(x,y)$ type of situation, where I have a set of gradients associated with a vertex for which I want to be able to measure if the gradients make ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What is quantum Brownian motion?

It seems that the current state of quantum Brownian motion is ill-defined. The best survey I can find is this one by László Erdös, but the closest the quantum Brownian motion comes to appearing is in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Proof for power-law tail of Poisson-Dirichlet distribution (Pitman-Yor process & Zipf's law)

I'm trying to understand the motivation of using Pitman-Yor (PY) processes in language modeling, in particular Teh's hierarchical LM based on PY processes. A motivation frequently stated in research ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Mutual information decrease with coarse-graining

Let $X,A,Y,B,C,D$ be random binary variables. $D$ is independent from $X,A,C$ and $C$ is independent from $Y,B,D$.
Is it true that:
If $I(Y:B|D=0)\leq \epsilon$ then $I(X\oplus Y:A\oplus ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Independence of Eigenvalues of Wishart

This question regards a previous post, but it is not immediately obvious the two are related, so I ask it anyways: are the eigenvalues of a Wishart matrix $\mathbf{S}$ $=$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Is there an efficient algorithm for sampling from the negative hypergeometric distribution? [closed]

I'm writing a small statistics library currently. One of the algorithms I'm implementing has two variants: one that samples the hypergeometric distribution and one that samples the negative ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

72 views

### Is a function of complete statistics again complete?

suppose $T$ is a complete stats for a parameter $\theta$.
Is any function $f(T)$ again complete?
It sounds weird but the definition seems to confirm that $f(T)$ is indeed complete..

**0**

votes

**0**answers

15 views

### Significance of Eigenvectors of a Covariance matrix [migrated]

In PCA and in many other problems of machine learning we use Eigenvectors of covariance matrix of the data. How do we visualize Eigenvectors of Covariance matrix? The Principal Eigenvector ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Size of KL-divergence neighbourhoods

I am new here. I was reading another
post
here and this got me wondering what can be said about the size of the following kl divergence neighborhoods.
Consider these two kl-divergence neighbourhood ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

28 views

### Bounds on Product of CDF or Beta function

I have functions of the form
\begin{align}
I_i = \int_0^\infty F_0(x)^aF_1(x)^b(1-F_0(x))^c(1-F_1(x))^ddF_i(x)~~~~i = 0,1
\end{align}
$F_0(x)$ and $F_1(x)$ are CDFs corresponding to the random ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Mean and variance of a general multivariate skew normal distribution

I have a problem about a general multivariate skew normal distribution. There is a $p\times 1$ vector, $\mathbf{y}=(\mathbf{y}_1',\mathbf{y}_2',\ldots,\mathbf{y}_n')',p>n$, which has the density as
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

93 views

### Third order central moment of a positive linear combination of log-normal random variables

What is the sign (+tive/-tive) of the third order central moment of a positive linear combination of log-normal random variables?
It seems to be a common notion that the skewness of random variables ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

43 views

### Linear least squares with unordered response variable

In the classical linear regression model one considers the equation
$$ y = X \beta + \epsilon.$$
I was wondering whether there are also results when the ordering of the response variable $y$ is not ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Correlation between spatial variables

I am trying to understand what type of statistical test I can use to check if two or more variables that vary spatially are correlated.
Suppose I have data acquired inside a company building, e.g., ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Mathematics of simple performance testing [migrated]

I have a set of sorted tables T that have known but different dimensions. There are two types of functions in this system:
f(T)
g(T, n), where n is an integer parameter.
... and two types of costs ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

50 views

### How to extend Dirichlet distribution to Dirichlet process

For a Dirichlet process, there are two parameter $\alpha$ and $H$, and the Dirichlet process $X$ is defined as
$$(X(B_1),\cdots,X(B_n))\sim Dir(\alpha H(B_1),\cdots,\alpha H(B_n))$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Merging regions of function with similar mean and deviation using statistical test

I have got a question related to statistical tests that I would like to use in a new algorithm I am developing. Given an action space $x$, the algorithm would identify the regions in the function ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Distribution of Wishart Sample Eigenvalues for Multiple Roots

I am interested in finding an asymptotic approximation to the latent roots $l_1>\dots>l_p$ of a white noise Wishart matrix $nS\sim W_p(n,I)$ as $n\rightarrow\infty$ (where $p$ is fixed). In ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

600 views

### Proof of no unbiased estimation of standard deviation.

It is well known that for iid random variables $X_1, \ldots, X_n$ with variance $\sigma^2$ that
$$\frac{1}{n-1} \sum_{i=1}^n (X_i - \overline X)^2$$
gives an unbiased estimator for $\sigma^2$, but
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Unbiased sample from a product

Let $X = (x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ be an i.i.d sample from distribution $F%$ and let $y = \prod_{i=1}^n x_i$
Can we derive a randomized, unbiased. estimator $\hat{y}$ of $y$ that on average considers only a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

280 views

### Random Vornoi Diagrams (particular measures)

This is my second question about Random Voronoi diagrams, in my first question was given some excellent advice but i was not clear in explaining what i was looking for.
I'm interested to know ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

609 views

### Random Voronoi Diagrams

I'm interested in what research has already been done with regards to the statistics of random voronoi diagrams. I have had a look on google scholar and results are a little inconclusive. I'm ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### Distribution of a random walk on a directed line

Is there a closed formula for the distribution of $x_t$ in the following random process, describing a random walk on a directed line?
$x_0 = n$
$x_t$ is a uniformly random integer between 1 and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

22 views

### Optimize the distribution if it is left unsmoothed

I have a question about distribution. Let see my problem
The paper said that the distributions p and q are left unsmoothed, so we can ignore Kernel density. But I don't understand what is left ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### Distance between two distribution of image

I am looking for a common distance method to compare two distribution (ex: histogram of image). Please suggest to me some common method to do it. I found some method ex: Bhattacharyya distance , K-L ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Convergence of Maximum Likelihood Estimator

I apologize for the basic question. If $\{p_\theta(x): \theta\in K\subseteq\mathbb{R}\}$ is a smooth family of distributions, then the MLE $\hat{\theta}_n,$ under suitable regularity conditions ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

24 views

### Multivariate Rayleigh [closed]

What is the closed form formula (pdf) for a multivariate Rayleigh distribution. Is it -
$x^T \Sigma^{-1} x \times \exp(\frac{-x^T \Sigma^{-1} x}{2})$
How do you prove it is from the exponential ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Two matrix Fisher distributions on SO(3)?

After the uniform distribution (normalized Haar measure), the matrix Fisher distribution seems to be the most popular probability distribution on the Lie group SO(3). The density is proportional to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Weighted Kaplan-Meier estimator

Let two samples $(T_1, \ldots ,T_n)\sim F$ and $(C_1, \ldots ,C_n)\sim G$ are given, but not observed. Instead we observe $\tilde T_i = \min (T_i, C_i)$ and $\Delta _i = \mathbf{1}(T_i \leq C_i)$, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### Gaussian expectation of an exponentiated outer product

Given a normal random column vector $\mathbf{x} \sim N(\mu, \Sigma)$, I need the expectation,
$$ E\left[ \exp(\mathbf{xx}^\top)\right]$$
where $\exp(\cdot)$ is element-wise exponential function (not ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Maximizing the “uniformity” of a probability measure, with constraints, via path length minimization

Background
I want to find a probability measure for a continuous random variable, subject to moment constraints, that is maximally "uniform", as defined below:
Definition: Maximally Uniform ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### Markov chain Monte Carlo: why is non-reversible MC MC not as popular?

I am new to methods for simulating Markov chains in order to sample from the target, unknown distribution. After a couple days of reading, I found out that even though people have realized that ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Something like mathoverflow in other sciences [closed]

Are the sites similar to mathoverflow in other sciences related to mathematics? statistics, computer science, physics, economics, etc?
Let me explain what I mean by "similar": those are sites devoted ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

332 views

### Expected value with a kronecker product and Gaussian distributional assumption

What is the expected value, $ \mathbb{E}\left[ I \otimes \left( \operatorname{diag}(ZZ^T\mathbf{1}) - ZZ^T\right)\right]$ where $Z \sim N(0, \sigma^2I) $? The kronecker product is where the confusion ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

41 views

### How are two tailed p values (especially) and one tailed p values useful given the following? [closed]

So I'm a self-learner which is always dangerous because I don't have anything to test if I am understanding things correctly, so I wanted to ask what is wrong/right with my assumptions.
When reading ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Can anything be said of the correlation of X and Y / X? [closed]

I apologize in advance if I overstep my (relatively minimal) statistical knowledge.
I am looking at two random variables X and Y, and am unhappy with the correlation between the two. On a whim, I ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Quantile as solution to minimization problem

I posted this on Math Stack Exchange, but since I got no response, I'm trying my luck here. I'm studying basics of quantile regression now and I have trouble proving that $\tau-$th quantile of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### The difference between Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Factor Analysis (FA)

I am trying to understand the difference between PCA and FA. Through google research, I have come to understand that PCA accounts for all variance, while FA accounts for only common variance and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### An efficient method to find the MLE of the combination of two point processes

I have a point process defined in two parts as follows. Consider first the main process which we call $A$ which is homogeneous Poisson process with conditional intensity
$$\lambda(t) = \mu$$
For ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### forward algorithm Hidden Markov Model

I am studying the the forward-backward algorithm used in Hidden Markov Models. I understand that that you are trying to propagate through a sequence (and the available states) to find the most ...