**1**

vote

**1**answer

25 views

### Multivariate Rayleigh [closed]

What is the closed form formula (pdf) for a multivariate Rayleigh distribution. Is it -
$x^T \Sigma^{-1} x \times \exp(\frac{-x^T \Sigma^{-1} x}{2})$
How do you prove it is from the exponential ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Convergence of Maximum Likelihood Estimator

I apologize for the basic question. If $\{p_\theta(x): \theta\in K\subseteq\mathbb{R}\}$ is a smooth family of distributions, then the MLE $\hat{\theta}_n,$ under suitable regularity conditions ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Two matrix Fisher distributions on SO(3)?

After the uniform distribution (normalized Haar measure), the matrix Fisher distribution seems to be the most popular probability distribution on the Lie group SO(3). The density is proportional to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### Markov chain Monte Carlo: why is non-reversible MC MC not as popular?

I am new to methods for simulating Markov chains in order to sample from the target, unknown distribution. After a couple days of reading, I found out that even though people have realized that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Maximizing the “uniformity” of a probability measure, with constraints, via path length minimization

Background
I want to find a probability measure for a continuous random variable, subject to moment constraints, that is maximally "uniform", as defined below:
Definition: Maximally Uniform ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### How to check if a symmetric random variables is the difference of two iid symmetric random variables

I have the continuous symmetric random variable $X$ in $\mathbb{R}$. If I know its distribution function $F(x)$ what are the conditions on $F(x)$ so that $X=Y_1 - Y_2$ where $Y_i$ are also iid ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

233 views

### Gaussian expectation of an exponentiated outer product

Given a normal random column vector $\mathbf{x} \sim N(\mu, \Sigma)$, I need the expectation,
$$ E\left[ \exp(\mathbf{xx}^\top)\right]$$
where $\exp(\cdot)$ is element-wise exponential function (not ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

47 views

### How are two tailed p values (especially) and one tailed p values useful given the following? [closed]

So I'm a self-learner which is always dangerous because I don't have anything to test if I am understanding things correctly, so I wanted to ask what is wrong/right with my assumptions.
When reading ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Can anything be said of the correlation of X and Y / X? [closed]

I apologize in advance if I overstep my (relatively minimal) statistical knowledge.
I am looking at two random variables X and Y, and am unhappy with the correlation between the two. On a whim, I ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Quantile as solution to minimization problem

I posted this on Math Stack Exchange, but since I got no response, I'm trying my luck here. I'm studying basics of quantile regression now and I have trouble proving that $\tau-$th quantile of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### Is there a mistake in Vapnik's “Basic Lemma”?

I have a concern about the "Basic Lemma" which Valdimir Vapnik states and proves in his 1998 book Statistical Learning Theory (ch. 14.3, pp. 574–76): It seems like a certain coefficient should have ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### An efficient method to find the MLE of the combination of two point processes

I have a point process defined in two parts as follows. Consider first the main process which we call $A$ which is homogeneous Poisson process with conditional intensity
$$\lambda(t) = \mu$$
For ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Cholesky decomposition of a large covariance matrix

I have a tricky problem concerning a covariance matrix cholesky decomposition.
What I need is to obtain the cholesky decomposition of the estimated variance matrix of the set of samples stored in a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### higher-level independence of three or more correlated RVs

I'm hoping for some help in nailing down a vague idea about independence. It starts with finding the expectation of a product of three RVs (or more, but I'll stick to three for now). These are not ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### two correlated processes

I apologize if this question is not placed in the right place. But I am having a hard time to figure it out. It would be greatly appreciated if some one could help me out.
Assume that there are two ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### What is the problem with this model parameter estimation algorithm?

In a statistical model with parameters $\theta$ and unobserved laten variables $Z$, the model likelihood is
$$L(\theta;X)=Pr(X|\theta)=\sum_ZPr(X,Z|\theta)$$
The standard way to estimate $\theta$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

39 views

### finite mixture of order statistics

Let $F(u)$ be a n-degree polynomial continuous distribution function in $[0,1]$, with $F(0)=0$, $F(1)=1$, that is $F(u)=\sum_{i=1}^{i=n} a_i u^i$. My question is: is that kind of distributions ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

170 views

### random walk with reflecting barriers [closed]

Consider a random walk on the line 1,...,d. You start at point 1. At each step you flip a coin: heads means go left, tails means go right. If you're at 1 and get a heads, just stay where you are (same ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Distribution of the Gram Matrices

Let $\mathbf{X}$ be an $m\times m$ random matrix full rank matrix, having the density function $f_{\mathbf{X}}(X)$. Also, let $\mathbf{W}$ be a deterministic $k\times m$ matrix of rank $k$ and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Gibbs sampler with linear constraints

My problem concerns the estimation of truncated multivariate normal distributions under constraints.
Let $X_1$ and $X_2$ two random variables following normal distributions ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

232 views

### Inflated independent samples for Monte Carlo estimation

In my particular problem, running an MCMC is too expensive, so I'm looking for a simple MC estimator, which would partially inherit the correlated samples of MCMC, yet would not require computing ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Mutual information decrease with coarse-graining

Let $X,A,Y,B,C,D$ be random binary variables. $D$ is independent from $X,A,C$ and $C$ is independent from $Y,B,D$.
Is it true that:
If $I(Y:B|D=0)\leq \epsilon$ then $I(X\oplus Y:A\oplus ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Expected number of samples above certain value of a normally distributed variable with a given sample mean

Suppose $n$ values, $X_1,...,X_n,$ are generated by a random number generator with normal distribution $N(0,1).$ Suppose that the (sample) mean of $X_1,...,X_n$ is $\mu.$ What is known about the order ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Compound Poisson process and central limit theorem [closed]

If I have a compound Poisson process
$$Y(t) = \sum_{i=1}{N(t)}D_{i}$$
where $ \{\,N(t) : t \geq 0\,\}$ is a Poisson process with rate $\lambda$, and $ \{\,D_i : i \geq 1\,\}$ are i.i.d random ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Distribution of the Gram matrix

Let $\mathbf{X}$ be an $m\times k$ random matrix ($m>k$) of rank $k$, having the density function $f_\mathbf{X}(X)$. What is the distribution of $\mathbf{Y}=\mathbf{XX}^T$? Basically my question is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

22 views

### Minimal rectangular confidence regions

For a given multivariate pdf $f$ (mainly the gaussian one) I'm looking to compute a minimal rectangular confidence region for a given level $\alpha$. For example, I would like to solve problems of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Probability distribution of uAv…

Consider the complex domain ℂ. If U and V are 2 unitary random matrices and A is a deterministic matrix.
What is the distribution of $u^HAv$ ( or $||u^HAv||^2$)
where : u is a column vector of U. v ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

135 views

### Third order central moment of a positive linear combination of log-normal random variables

What is the sign (+tive/-tive) of the third order central moment of a positive linear combination of log-normal random variables?
It seems to be a common notion that the skewness of random variables ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Where to read about this kind of “measure of irredundancy” of a set from a family of sets?

Studying a very practical problem from psychometrics, I encountered the following construction.
Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space; if preferred, you can presume $\mu$ is a probability measure. In any ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

190 views

### Constructing a Bernoulli random variable for ratio of Bernoulli weights

$X$ and $Y$ are Bernoulli random variables with weights $0 < \alpha < 1$ and $0 < \beta < 1$. Is it possible to construct a sampler for the Bernoulli random variable with weight ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

95 views

### Sampling from maximally skewed stable distribution

I am reading a paper which refers to a maximally skewed stable distribution $F(x;1,-1,\pi/2,0)$ . Is there an efficient way to sample from this distribution?
If $X$ has distribution ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Hilbert Schmidt Operators and the Conditional Expectation Operator

Consider the function $\text{E}_W: L_2(\mathbb{R},P_X) \mapsto L_2(\mathbb{R},P_W)$ where $P_X$ and $P_W$ are two different probability measures. They are related in such a way that if $f_X$, $f_W$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

135 views

### Doubts about Bayes' Theorem [closed]

I meet one problem on the probability and statistic theory.
"Assume given a measure space $(X,S)$ with three probability measure $\mu_1,\mu_2,\lambda$ on the space. And there exsit functions ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Inverse moment of the number of inversions of a permutation

Let $\pi$ be a permutation of $\{1,2,...,n\}$. A pair of elements ($\pi_i$,$\pi_j$) is called an inversion if $i$ $>$ $j$ and $\pi_i$ $<$ $\pi_j$. The total number of inversions in $\pi$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Estimating total variation distance from a given distribution

Given a known distribution supported on a finite set of $n$ elements with probabilities $p_1, \dots, p_n$ and an access to an unknown distribution $q$ is it known what is the number of samples from ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Linear Bounds on estimation error

Consider a markov chain on discrete state space $\mathbb{S} = \left\{1,2,..,S \right\}$, with transition probability matrix defined as $A = [a_{ij}]_{S \times S}$ where $a_{ij} = ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Express $cov(X^2,Z)$ in terms of means, variances, and covariance of $X$ and $Z$? [closed]

Suppose $X$ and $Z$ are random variables. Can the covariance of $X^2$ with $Z$ be expressed in terms of the means, population variances, and covariance of $X$ and $Z$ alone?
My attempts at solving ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### How to get the Expectation of the normalization of some log-normal-distributions?

Problem Definition:
Suppose that a random variable of multivariate Gaussian distribution $X \sim N(\Sigma,\mu)$, $\Sigma$ is the covariance matrix, and $\mu$ is the mean. For each $x_i$ from $X$, $x_i ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

72 views

### Averaging function of sum of variables using central limit theorem

I'm trying to evaluate an integral of the following form
$$\int \prod_i \left[ dx_i \,P(x_i) \right] \; f \Big( \frac{1}{N} \! \sum_{i=1}^N x_i \Big)$$
and I know that the distribution of $x$ is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Central limit theorem for independent random variables, with a Gumbel limit

Consider independent random variables $Y_i$, $i>0$, such that $\mathbb{E}(Y_i)\approx \frac{1}{i}$ and $\text{Var}(Y_i)\approx \frac{1}{i^2}$, where $\approx$ means asymptotically equivalent up to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Efficient evaluation of multidimensional kernel density estimate

Edit I have copied this discussion to the stats community site here, since I feel it is more relevant. Please feel free to close this in due course.
I've seen a reasonable amount of literature about ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

133 views

### Bounds for the fat tail after trimming the mean?

I am interested in the quantity $$f(X,t) = \int_t^\infty\negthinspace x\ p(x)\ dx,$$ where $p$ is a probability distribution for a positive variable $X$.
1) Does this quantity $f(X,t)$ have a name? ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Whether r.v. with p.g.f. $\exp [\sum\limits_{i = 1}^\infty {{q_i}({z^i}} - 1)]$ is overdispersion?

When discrete r.v. $X$ is not Poisson distributed and ${\rm{Var}}X,EX < \infty $, I want to know whether r.v. $X$ with p.g.f. $\exp [\sum\limits_{i = 1}^\infty {{q_i}({z^i}} - 1)],({q_i} \in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Optimization problem involving Multivariate Normal

I use $\phi(t)$ to describe the standard normal distribution density and $\Phi(t)$ as the normal distribution CDF and would like to prove that for all
$n\geq3$, the function:
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### How to generalize uncertainty coefficient to set-valued classes?

This question is the reason I asked How to estimate the entropy of a distribution on a power set?
Proficiency (AKA uncertainty coefficient) is an information-theoretic measure of predictor quality, ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

55 views

### Finiteness of “novel variance” from a kernel on a compact space [closed]

Let $c(i,i')$ be a kernel function on a reasonable index space $I$. Choose a dense sequence of points $\{i_1, i_2, \cdots \} \subseteq I$, and define the one-point kernel functions $k_n := c(\cdot, ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

127 views

### How to estimate the entropy of a distribution on a power set?

Given a probability distribution $(X,p)$, its entropy is defined as $H=-\sum_{x\in X} p(x)\log p(x)$.
Given a sample of observations $x_n,n=1..N$, one can estimate $p(x)=\frac{\#\{i:x_i=x\}}{N}$ and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

87 views

### Can I test many p-values with KS or AD

(Sorry if this is a noob question. I'm a mathematician learning statistics.)
I would like to know if it's sound (or advisable) to test many p-values against the continuous uniform distribution using ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Is it possible to determine if these random numbers are not really random? [closed]

I've been given a big ordered list of integer numbers.
Looks like this :
10
-11
-3
-6
-10
-1
.....
.....
.....
Allegedly, these values are random from -12 to +12
However, there has been ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

221 views

### Empirical estimator for total variation distance between two product distributions

Let $X = (X_1, X_2, \ldots , X_n)$ be an $n$-dimensional random variable, where each $X_i$ is a random variable on finite discrete set $S$. In addition, $X_i$ are independent of each other (but not ...