Among simple Lie groups, $Spin(8)$ is the most symmetrical one in the sense that $Out(Spin(8))$ is the largest possible group. A description of this outer automorphism groups is as follows. $Spin(8)$ ...
In "Spin geometry" by Lawson and Michelsohn it is defined the Clifford algebra $Cl(g)$ associated to a symmetric bilinear form $g$ in general, including the degenerate case. But the rest of the book ...