The spectral-graph-theory tag has no wiki summary.

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### Eigenvalues of a graph and its one-edge-delation graph

Let $G$ be any graph with at least one edge and let $e$ be any edge of $G$. Let $G-e$ denote the subgraph of $G$ obtained by deletion of the edge $e$. Assume that $G$ has $n$ vertices.
Suppose ...

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### Must distinct tree eigenvalues be relatively far apart?

How close to each other can two distinct eigenvalues of a tree be, as a function of the number $n$ of nodes ?
For example, the path $P_n$ exhibits a gap of order $\frac{2\pi^2}{n^2}$ asymptotically ...

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### How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs.
A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...

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### interpretation of generalized eigenvalue/vectors in spectral graph theory

Let us say I have a symmetric graph adjacency matrix A, a degree matrix D, a laplacian L (D-A). I have a generalized eigenvalue equation $Av=\lambda Lv$. Does the eigenvalue/vectors produced in this ...

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### Coherence between different ranking methods of a graph's vertices

Given a (connected) graph $G$ it is natural to want to rank its vertices, with the more "central" vertices ranked higher.
Two natural ways of doing it are:
By the degrees.
By the entries in a ...

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### How can I prove that a particular family of graphs is integral?

I'm working with an infinite family of graphs that seems to always have all integral eigenvalues, and I'd like to find some way to prove that (if it's true). Call the graphs $G_{n,k}$ and define them ...

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### The spectral radius of a modified graph

Let $H$ be a graph and let $G=H \vee K_{1}$ be obtained by creating a new vertex and joining it to every vertex in $H$.
This situation has many different names: $G$ is called the cone or the ...

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### Spectral radius of a proper subgraph

I came across a Chinese reference in the paper "On the spectral radius of trees with ﬁxed diameter" by Guo and Shao. The attribute the following to Q. Li, K.Q. Feng in: "On the largest eigenvalue of ...

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### Which graph topology has the greatest eigenvalue?

I am looking at comparing multiple graph topologies based on their spectra. From the set of all $N\times N$ adjacency matrices, is there any result which points to the adjacency matrix with the ...

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### Number of trees with the same matching number

Let $\sigma(n,m)$ be the number of trees with $n$ vertices $\{ v_1, \dots, v_n \}$ such that the matching number (the size of a maximum matching) is $m$.
I have been trying to compute the value of ...

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### Is the Laplacian on a manifold the limit of graph Laplacians?

Here's the sort of thing I have in mind. Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, compact if it helps, and let $\Delta_M$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Choose a sequence of triangulations of $M$ so ...

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### Reflexive (hyperbolic) graphs

Is there an effective description of the graphs such that exactly one eigenvalue (of the conventional adjacency matrix) is $>2$ whereas all others are $\le2$?
By "effective" I mean something ...

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### How could I prove this eduality for eigenvalues of Laplacian matrix?

I would be glad if you have some comments that how I could prove following statement.
Suppose that graph $G =(N, E)$ be given. The the following program computes the $k$-smallest eigenvalues of the ...

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### spectrum of an adjacency matrix

The adjacency matrix of a non-oriented connected graph is symmetric, hence its spectrum is real.
If the graph is bipartite, then the spectrum of its adjacency matrix is symmetric about 0. A few ...

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### Graph of Grassmannian

Let p be an integer, and let G be the graph $(V=Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n),E)$
where: $Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n)$ is the set of all subspace of $\mathbb{F}_q$ of dimension k, and $E=\{ W_1,W_2 \in V | ...

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### If two graphs have same Laplacian spectrums, are they the similar graphs?

If graph A and graph B have exactly the same Laplacian spectrums, can I just say they are same graphs? (only with scaling edge weights and node index reordering) I don't know if there is any explicit ...

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### Constructing a digraph from its spectrum

This is related to the following question from cs theory stack exchange:
http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/3742/reverse-graph-spectra-problem
So it seems as if given a sequence of real ...

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### Upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algorithm

I'm stuck trying to get upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algroithm for finding first eigenvalue of adjacency matrix $A$ given tolerance value. I've tried to figure something out ...

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### On the existence of Graph Monomorphism

A graph monomorphism is an injective graph homomorphism. Determining existence of Graph monomorphism between graph pairs is computationally hard.
Assume we talk only about classes of undirected ...

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### When does graph Laplacian have eigenvalue -1?

Consider an undirected graph $G$ with (symmetric) adjacency matrix $A \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ and degree sequence $d = (d_i)$ where $d_i = \sum_{j} A_{ij}$. Assume that every node has degree at ...

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### normalized laplacian spectrum of trees

Is it known for which class of graphs the normalized laplacian has only simple eigenvalues (i.e., with multiplicity one)? In particular, are there trees (or perhaps a specific class of trees) whose ...

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### Cospectrality and dimension of graphs

Firstly, I apologize if the question is long. I appreciate any helpful answers and ideas.
In the following all graphs are simple and connected.
Let $G$ be graph with vertex set ...

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### a new lower bound for the chromatic number of a graph?

Let S+(G) denote the sum of the squares of the positive eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of a graph G. Let S-(G) denote the sum of the squares of the negative eigenvalues and q the chromatic ...

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### Generalization or Improvement of Cheeger inequality on Graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph with vertex set $V$ and edge set $E$. Let $A$ denote the adjacency matrix of $G$ and $D$ denote the diagonal matrix such that $D_{i,i}$ equals to the degree $d_i$ ...

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### PR[$\lambda_2 > x$] in $G_{np}$ model

Hi!
Does anyone know of any statement relating the probability that the second largest eigenvalue of a random graph is bigger than $x$ to the parameter $p$ in the $G_{np}$ model?

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### What is the state of the art on triangle-free strongly regular graphs?

From what I've read I've gathered the following facts:
There are seven known such graphs.
Certain parameter sets are ruled out by the Krein conditions and the absolute bound.
Beyond that, little or ...

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### Are trees spectrally determined?

Are trees (connected acyclic graphs) determinable up to isomorphism by their spectra or characteristic polynomials? If not, what other pieces of information may help determine the tree?

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### A problem on graph theory and complex numbers!

Let ${\mathcal G} = ({\mathcal V},{\mathcal E})$ be a simple connected undirected graph with $n$ vertices. Also let $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in {\mathbb C}$ be complex numbers such that
$$
||z_1||=\ldots = ...

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### Spectral theory of graph Laplacian besides $\lambda_2$

Most of what I've seen about the spectral theory of the graph Laplacian concentrates on $\lambda_2$, the second-smallest eigenvalue. This eigenvalue contains information regarding the connectivity of ...

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### Variant of an Expander graph: Probability that S random points cast a shadow/projection of size at most S/2 on each face of a cube.

Consider an integer cube of size $\sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k}$, where $k$ is an asymptotically large perfect square number. Place k points in this cube at uniformly random locations, ...

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### Graph Laplacian simple eigenvalues

Is there a class of graphs (besides the path graphs) for which we know that the Laplacian L = D - A (where D is the degree matrix and A is the adjacency matrix) has simple spectrum, i.e. all Laplacian ...

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### Small eigenvalues and spectral clustering

Let $L$ be the discrete Laplacian associated to an undirected graph. It is well-known that the spectral gap of $L$, i.e. the smallest nonzero eigenvalue, is a measure of how well connected the graph ...

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### Decomposition of $K_{10}$ in copies of the Petersen graph

It is a well-known and cute exercise in algebraic graph theory to show that $K_{10}$ cannot be written as the edge-disjoint union of three copies of the Petersen graph $P$. Indeed, the graph $G$ whose ...

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### Effect of removing a Hamiltonian cycle on the Laplacian spectrum

Notation: $\lambda_{\max}(G)$ is the largest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph $G$ (aka the Laplacian index of $G$).
Now suppose $G$ is a Hamiltonian graph with Hamiltonian cycle $C$.
...

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### Recovering a partition from spectral properties of the graph Laplacian

Let $G$ be a weighted graph with vertices $V$. Let $W$ be its real-valued, non-negative, $|V|\times|V|$ adjacency/affinity matrix. Let $L = \mathrm{diag}(W\mathbf1)-W$ be the (unnormalized) graph ...

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### What is the largest possible operator norm of a sparse (0,1)-matrix?

Inspired by this question, I was wondering about the following problem:
Consider all $n\times n$ $(0,1)$-matrices with $k$ ones. Which of these matrices has the largest operator norm? And how does ...

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### Relaxation = absorption?

Let $A$ be a stochastic matrix, that is, the entries are non-negative and each row adds to $1$. Assume that it is primitive, that is, $A^n$ has only positive entries for sufficiently large $n$. We ...

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### Spectrum gap of large random weighted semiregular bipartite graph

Hi
I need the bound for the spectrum gap of random semiregular ($\ell$, $r$)-bipartite graph. This paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.5216) gives the bound for $\ell$-regular bipartite graphs (with ...

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### Proving a lower bound for the maximal eigen-value of a non-negative, irreducible, integer matrix

$A$ is a non-negative, integer, irreducible, $m$ by $m$ matrix. It is well known (Perron-Frobenius) that $A$ has a positive eigen value (denote it by $\lambda$) with a positive eigen vector ($x$). It ...

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### Random walk on the hypercube

Consider the hypercube $Q_4$. I would like to know how to compute the number of steps of a random walk in this graph such that the probability to be at a vertex is a given number $x$. I think I just ...

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### Spectrum of composition of graphs( lexicographic product)

I was wondering how to relate the spectra of the composition of two graphs in term of the factors...someone can help me?

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### How many distinct eigenvalues does a random graph have?

It is well-known that a random graph a.e. has diameter 2. It is also well-known that the number of distinct eigenvalues of a graph is at least the diameter plus one.
But what is known about the ...

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### Global solution for spectral clustering

I used spectral clustering for directed graphs suggested by Dengyong Zhou paper to partition the graph.I selected the eigen vectors corresponding to k largest eigen values and then I use kmeans or FCM ...

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### Ramanujan Digraphs?

In Gowers' paper on quasirandom groups, he suggests a spectral theory of bipartite graphs employ the singular values of the bipartite adjacency matrix. Accordingly, singular values appear to be a ...

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### signing a strongly regular graph

Let $A$ be the adjacency matrix of a strongly regular graph. When is it possible to sign $A$ (i.e. replace some of the +1 entries by -1) so that the resulting matrix has exactly two eigenvalues?
I ...

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### Dimension of Specht Modules $S^\lambda$

In the study of representation theory of $S_n$, we know that the irreducible characters of $\chi_\lambda$ of $S_n$ are indexed by partitions $\lambda \vdash n$. There are several methods in ...

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### Eigenvalues of directed Laplacian matrix $L$ and $DL$, where $D$ is a diagonal matrix with positive entries

I have a weighted Laplacian matrix $L$ of a strongly connected directed graph and a diagonal matrix $D$ with positive entries. Since the graph is directed, $L$ is non-symmetric real. Further, since ...

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### Spectral gap for random bipartite regular graphs

For a graph $G$, let its Laplacian be $\Delta = I - D^{-1/2}AD^{-1/2}$, where $A$ is the adjacency matrix, $I$ is the identity matrix and $D$ is the diagonal matrix with vertex degrees. I'm interested ...

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### Spectra of lifts?

Hi everyone, we know that the lifted(covering) graph inherits every eigenvalue of the base graph. Friedman called eigenvalues of base graph the "old eigenvalues" of its lift. My question is, what can ...

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### How to identify bridge nodes between nearly connected graph components in partitioned adjacency matrices?

I have adjacency matrices which have nearly connected components. That is partitions with a dense number of edges between nodes in the same group and few edges acting as bridges between these groups. ...