# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Eigenvectors of asymmetric graphs

Let $G$ be an asymmetric connected graph. Then is it always the case that at least one of the eigenvectors of its adjacency matrix $A$ consists entirely of distinct entries?
Thanks!

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### expansion with respect to p-norms for p other than 2

Suppose I have an $d$-regular expander graph with $n$ vertices, where the stochastic version of its adjacency matrix $A$ (with entries $1/d$ and zero) has second eigenvalue $\lambda$.
Let $x \in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Number of trees with the same matching number

Let $\sigma(n,m)$ be the number of trees with $n$ vertices $\{ v_1, \dots, v_n \}$ such that the matching number (the size of a maximum matching) is $m$.
I have been trying to compute the value of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### inverse M-matrix times mixed-sign vector

Recently a colleague and I came across this unusual phenomenon.
Take $M\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ a singular irreducible M-matrix, and $b\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that the system $Mx=b$ is solvable ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### Repeated Second Eigenvalue of the Adjacency Matrix of a Graph

This question is motivated by a talk I went to earlier today.
Suppose we have a $d$-regular graph $G$ with $n$ vertices, with adjacency matrix $A$.
Let $$\lambda_1\geq \lambda_2 \geq\dots \geq ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

127 views

### In what probability does cospectra of Cayley graph imply isomorphism of the corresponding group

In what probability does cospectra of adjacent matrix of Cayley graph imply isomorphism of the corresponding group?
Further more,In what probability does cospectra of adjacent matrix imply isomorphism ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

616 views

### Convexity of spectral radius of Markov operators, Random walks on non-amenable groups

Let $P_1,P_2$ denote stochastic transition matrices on a countable set $I$.
Consider $P_1,P_2$ as operators on $\ell^2(I)$ given by multiplication.
Question
Under which conditions can we show that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

285 views

### Simple Laplacian versus simple adjacency matrix eigenvalues

If the eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix of a graph G are all simple, is it always the case that the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of G are all simple as well?
Thanks in advance!

**0**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### A graph eigenvalue problem

This is motivated by a graph problem considered by me. For a directed graph $G$ on nodes ${1,\cdots,N}$, denote its graph Laplacian by $L$($l_{ij}=-1$ iff there is an directed edge $j\rightarrow i$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

671 views

### equitable partitions

It is well known that if $\pi$ is an equitable partition of a graph, then the spectrum of the corresponding partition matrix is a subset of the spectrum of the graph's matrix (where the matrix can be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Graphs which are “distance-regular” with respect to a vertex (but not distance-regular)

A distance-regular graph (DRG) is, in essence, a graph $\Gamma$ of diameter $d$ for which there are integers $c_i, a_i, b_i, (0 \le i \le d)$ such that for all vertices $x$ of $\Gamma$ and for all ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

568 views

### Positive semidefinite decomposition, Laplacian eigenvalues, and the oriented incidence matrix

Suppose $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ is Hermitian and positive semidefinite with some decomposition $A=BB^*$, where $B=(b_{ij})\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times m}$ (not necessarily the Cholesky decomposition). ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

427 views

### Diophantine elements in SU(2)

Following notions from [1], call a set of elements $g_1, \dots, g_k \in G = SU(2)$ Diophantine if it satisfies the following property: there exists a constant $D$ such that for every word $W_m$ of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

405 views

### Decomposition of $K_{10}$ in copies of the Petersen graph

It is a well-known and cute exercise in algebraic graph theory to show that $K_{10}$ cannot be written as the edge-disjoint union of three copies of the Petersen graph $P$. Indeed, the graph $G$ whose ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### Isoperimetric dimension of Graphs.

According to the wikipedia page on "Isoperimetric dimension", the isoperimetric dimension is invariant under quasi-isometries, even between manifolds and graphs:
"[...] the isoperimetric dimension is ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### a new lower bound for the chromatic number of a graph?

Let S+(G) denote the sum of the squares of the positive eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of a graph G. Let S-(G) denote the sum of the squares of the negative eigenvalues and q the chromatic ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Estimation of DS graph growth

We know that $DS$ graphs are such connected graphs that determinable by their adjacency spectrum.
Suppose $DS(n)$ and $G(n)$ show the number of $DS$ graphs and all graphs with $n$ ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

495 views

### Non-isomorphic graphs with the same numbers of closed walks

Can somebody help me to construct two family of finite simple connected graph $G_i$ and $H_i$, $i=1, 2, \cdots,n$ ($n$ possibly large), such that:
$1)$ $G_i\ncong H_i$ for $i=1, 2, \cdots, n$
$2)$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

268 views

### Operation on Isospectral graphs

Suppose $G$ and $H$ are two isospectral connected graphs. Can we say anything about isospectrality of graphs that obtain by binary operation between $G$ and $H$?
For example,in special case, is ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

351 views

### cospectral graphs

The simple connected graph $G$ has $n$ vertices and we have:
1) $|E(G)|\geq \frac{n(n-1)}{3}$
2) we have the spectrum and degree sequence of $G$
3) $Spectrum(G)=Spectrum(H)$
Is $G \cong H$?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

246 views

### spectrum and degree sequence

We have the spectrum and the degree sequence of one graph.
Can we uniquely determine the graph with these given information?

**1**

vote

**2**answers

346 views

### Lovasz theta function of circulant graphs

Let $G$ be a cirulant graph with no loops at vertices and vertex degree $d$. Is the Lovasz theta function of this graph given by:
$\vartheta(G) = \max_{i}\frac{-N\epsilon_{i}}{-\epsilon_{i}+d-1}$?
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Lovasz theta function - uses

Lovasz theta function bounds the Shannon capacity of graphs. What are some other uses of the function - especially in asymptotic coding theory and optimization problems?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Counting walks on proper colorings of odd cycles

Let $G$ be an undirected odd cycle. Let $f$ be a proper 3-coloring of $G$. If $w=v_1v_2...v_k$ is a walk on $k$ vertices of $G$, let $f(w)=f(v_1)f(v_2)...f(v_k)$. Let $W_k=\{f(w)|w$ is a walk on ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

815 views

### Groups with a rational generating function for the word problem

This question comes more from curiosity than a specific research problem. Let G be a group and S a finite symmetric generating set. By the WP(G,S) I mean the set of all words in the free monoid on S ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

442 views

### Bounds on maximal eigenvalue of a k-regular graph

Given a k-regular graph $G$ (every vertex is of degree k), one defines its Laplace operator as
$L(G)=D-A=kI-A$, where $I$ is identity matrix and $A$ adjacency matrix of $G$.
Let $\lambda_{1}\leq ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

544 views

### Effect of different graph operations on spectrum of graph laplacian?

The algebraic connectivity of a graph G is the second-smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of G. This eigenvalue is greater than 0 if and only if G is a connected graph. The magnitude of this ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Random bipartite graphs

Consider the following situation: I have a set $A$ of $n$ vertices and a set $B$ of $N = n^2$vertices. I consider the bipartite graph $(A, B)$ and put at random $M = n^{1 + \varepsilon}$ edges (or I ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

598 views

### Eigenfunctions of random graphs

Consider a random $d$-regular graph on $n$ vertices. What can be said about its nontrivial (i.e. orthogonal to the constant) eigenfunctions? For example, I'm interested whether there are "nodal ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Second eigenvalue of suspension of a graph

Suppose I have some $d$-regular graph $G$. Let $\lambda = \max\{\lambda_2(G), |\lambda_n(G)|\}$ be the second largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of $G$. Now take $\tilde{G}$, the suspension of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

794 views

### Complex Eigenvalues of Directed Graphs

I have been computing eigenvalues of adjacency matrices for several directed (not necessarily strongly connected) graphs and one remarkable property seemed to hold (each graph that I have examined ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

674 views

### Spectral radius of a proper subgraph

I came across a Chinese reference in the paper "On the spectral radius of trees with ﬁxed diameter" by Guo and Shao. The attribute the following to Q. Li, K.Q. Feng in: "On the largest eigenvalue of ...

**32**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is the Laplacian on a manifold the limit of graph Laplacians?

Here's the sort of thing I have in mind. Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, compact if it helps, and let $\Delta_M$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Choose a sequence of triangulations of $M$ so ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

685 views

### Spectral gap for random bipartite regular graphs

For a graph $G$, let its Laplacian be $\Delta = I - D^{-1/2}AD^{-1/2}$, where $A$ is the adjacency matrix, $I$ is the identity matrix and $D$ is the diagonal matrix with vertex degrees. I'm interested ...

**15**

votes

**8**answers

4k views

### The first eigenvalue of a graph - what does it reflect?

A big-picture question: what "physical properties" of a graph, and in particular of a bipartite graph, are encoded by its largest eigenvalue? If $U$ and $V$ are the partite sets of the graph, with the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

184 views

### PR[$\lambda_2 > x$] in $G_{np}$ model

Hi!
Does anyone know of any statement relating the probability that the second largest eigenvalue of a random graph is bigger than $x$ to the parameter $p$ in the $G_{np}$ model?

**6**

votes

**3**answers

597 views

### Generalization or Improvement of Cheeger inequality on Graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph with vertex set $V$ and edge set $E$. Let $A$ denote the adjacency matrix of $G$ and $D$ denote the diagonal matrix such that $D_{i,i}$ equals to the degree $d_i$ ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

397 views

### Classes of graphs for which isospectrum implies isomorphism ?

The spectrum of a graph is the (multi)set of eigenvalues of its adjacency matrix (or Laplacian, depending on what you're interested in). In general, two non-isomorphic graphs might have the same ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

695 views

### Spectrum of the Laplacian on G(n, p) and G(n, M)

A random graph in $G(n, p)$ model is a graph on $n$ vertices in which for each of the $n\choose{2}$ edges we independently flip a coin, then take the edge with probability $p$ or remove it with $1 - ...