2
votes
1answer
59 views

Eigenvalues of a graph and its one-edge-delation graph

Let $G$ be any graph with at least one edge and let $e$ be any edge of $G$. Let $G-e$ denote the subgraph of $G$ obtained by deletion of the edge $e$. Assume that $G$ has $n$ vertices. Suppose ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Must distinct tree eigenvalues be relatively far apart?

How close to each other can two distinct eigenvalues of a tree be, as a function of the number $n$ of nodes ? For example, the path $P_n$ exhibits a gap of order $\frac{2\pi^2}{n^2}$ asymptotically ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

interpretation of generalized eigenvalue/vectors in spectral graph theory

Let us say I have a symmetric graph adjacency matrix A, a degree matrix D, a laplacian L (D-A). I have a generalized eigenvalue equation $Av=\lambda Lv$. Does the eigenvalue/vectors produced in this ...
12
votes
3answers
248 views

How can I prove that a particular family of graphs is integral?

I'm working with an infinite family of graphs that seems to always have all integral eigenvalues, and I'd like to find some way to prove that (if it's true). Call the graphs $G_{n,k}$ and define them ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

The spectral radius of a modified graph

Let $H$ be a graph and let $G=H \vee K_{1}$ be obtained by creating a new vertex and joining it to every vertex in $H$. This situation has many different names: $G$ is called the cone or the ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Which graph topology has the greatest eigenvalue?

I am looking at comparing multiple graph topologies based on their spectra. From the set of all $N\times N$ adjacency matrices, is there any result which points to the adjacency matrix with the ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Reflexive (hyperbolic) graphs

Is there an effective description of the graphs such that exactly one eigenvalue (of the conventional adjacency matrix) is $>2$ whereas all others are $\le2$? By "effective" I mean something ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

spectrum of an adjacency matrix

The adjacency matrix of a non-oriented connected graph is symmetric, hence its spectrum is real. If the graph is bipartite, then the spectrum of its adjacency matrix is symmetric about 0. A few ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Graph of Grassmannian

Let p be an integer, and let G be the graph $(V=Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n),E)$ where: $Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n)$ is the set of all subspace of $\mathbb{F}_q$ of dimension k, and $E=\{ W_1,W_2 \in V | ...
7
votes
0answers
182 views

Coherence between different ranking methods of a graph's vertices

Given a (connected) graph $G$ it is natural to want to rank its vertices, with the more "central" vertices ranked higher. Two natural ways of doing it are: By the degrees. By the entries in a ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

If two graphs have same Laplacian spectrums, are they the similar graphs?

If graph A and graph B have exactly the same Laplacian spectrums, can I just say they are same graphs? (only with scaling edge weights and node index reordering) I don't know if there is any explicit ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Constructing a digraph from its spectrum

This is related to the following question from cs theory stack exchange: http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/3742/reverse-graph-spectra-problem So it seems as if given a sequence of real ...
2
votes
0answers
183 views

On the existence of Graph Monomorphism

A graph monomorphism is an injective graph homomorphism. Determining existence of Graph monomorphism between graph pairs is computationally hard. Assume we talk only about classes of undirected ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

When does graph Laplacian have eigenvalue -1?

Consider an undirected graph $G$ with (symmetric) adjacency matrix $A \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ and degree sequence $d = (d_i)$ where $d_i = \sum_{j} A_{ij}$. Assume that every node has degree at ...
8
votes
1answer
264 views

normalized laplacian spectrum of trees

Is it known for which class of graphs the normalized laplacian has only simple eigenvalues (i.e., with multiplicity one)? In particular, are there trees (or perhaps a specific class of trees) whose ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Cospectrality and dimension of graphs

Firstly, I apologize if the question is long. I appreciate any helpful answers and ideas. In the following all graphs are simple and connected. Let $G$ be graph with vertex set ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

What is the state of the art on triangle-free strongly regular graphs?

From what I've read I've gathered the following facts: There are seven known such graphs. Certain parameter sets are ruled out by the Krein conditions and the absolute bound. Beyond that, little or ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs. A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Are trees spectrally determined?

Are trees (connected acyclic graphs) determinable up to isomorphism by their spectra or characteristic polynomials? If not, what other pieces of information may help determine the tree?
3
votes
0answers
209 views

A problem on graph theory and complex numbers!

Let ${\mathcal G} = ({\mathcal V},{\mathcal E})$ be a simple connected undirected graph with $n$ vertices. Also let $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in {\mathbb C}$ be complex numbers such that $$ ||z_1||=\ldots = ...
9
votes
0answers
207 views

Spectral theory of graph Laplacian besides $\lambda_2$

Most of what I've seen about the spectral theory of the graph Laplacian concentrates on $\lambda_2$, the second-smallest eigenvalue. This eigenvalue contains information regarding the connectivity of ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Effect of removing a Hamiltonian cycle on the Laplacian spectrum

Notation: $\lambda_{\max}(G)$ is the largest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph $G$ (aka the Laplacian index of $G$). Now suppose $G$ is a Hamiltonian graph with Hamiltonian cycle $C$. ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Recovering a partition from spectral properties of the graph Laplacian

Let $G$ be a weighted graph with vertices $V$. Let $W$ be its real-valued, non-negative, $|V|\times|V|$ adjacency/affinity matrix. Let $L = \mathrm{diag}(W\mathbf1)-W$ be the (unnormalized) graph ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

What is the largest possible operator norm of a sparse (0,1)-matrix?

Inspired by this question, I was wondering about the following problem: Consider all $n\times n$ $(0,1)$-matrices with $k$ ones. Which of these matrices has the largest operator norm? And how does ...
-1
votes
1answer
190 views

Upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algorithm

I'm stuck trying to get upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algroithm for finding first eigenvalue of adjacency matrix $A$ given tolerance value. I've tried to figure something out ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Spectrum gap of large random weighted semiregular bipartite graph

Hi I need the bound for the spectrum gap of random semiregular ($\ell$, $r$)-bipartite graph. This paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.5216) gives the bound for $\ell$-regular bipartite graphs (with ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Proving a lower bound for the maximal eigen-value of a non-negative, irreducible, integer matrix

$A$ is a non-negative, integer, irreducible, $m$ by $m$ matrix. It is well known (Perron-Frobenius) that $A$ has a positive eigen value (denote it by $\lambda$) with a positive eigen vector ($x$). It ...
1
vote
2answers
190 views

Random walk on the hypercube

Consider the hypercube $Q_4$. I would like to know how to compute the number of steps of a random walk in this graph such that the probability to be at a vertex is a given number $x$. I think I just ...
11
votes
1answer
234 views

Variant of an Expander graph: Probability that S random points cast a shadow/projection of size at most S/2 on each face of a cube.

Consider an integer cube of size $\sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k}$, where $k$ is an asymptotically large perfect square number. Place k points in this cube at uniformly random locations, ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Spectrum of composition of graphs( lexicographic product)

I was wondering how to relate the spectra of the composition of two graphs in term of the factors...someone can help me?
4
votes
1answer
460 views

How many distinct eigenvalues does a random graph have?

It is well-known that a random graph a.e. has diameter 2. It is also well-known that the number of distinct eigenvalues of a graph is at least the diameter plus one. But what is known about the ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Global solution for spectral clustering

I used spectral clustering for directed graphs suggested by Dengyong Zhou paper to partition the graph.I selected the eigen vectors corresponding to k largest eigen values and then I use kmeans or FCM ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

How to identify bridge nodes between nearly connected graph components in partitioned adjacency matrices?

I have adjacency matrices which have nearly connected components. That is partitions with a dense number of edges between nodes in the same group and few edges acting as bridges between these groups. ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

Find edge weights that fit given node weights

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a connected simple graph (unweighted, undirected, no selfloops) on $n$ nodes. Let $\mathbf{d} := (d_1, d_2, ..., d_n) \in \mathbb{R}_{>0}^n$ be a vector of arbitrary given node ...
0
votes
1answer
783 views

Can the first non-zero eigenvalue of a Laplacian matrix with more than 1 zero valued eigenvalue be used to reorder an adjacency matrix?

I have a graph with multiple connected components, and its adjacency matrix. I form the Laplacian matrix (wiki Laplacian matrix), and from the 1K nodes there around ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

The cliques of cospectral graphs

There are some facts that can be found by the spectrum of adjacency matrix of graph.For example, the number of edges and vertices, is bipartite or not, is complete multipartite or not and so on. Can ...
0
votes
2answers
250 views

Confused about orbits

I am trying to apply the main theorem of this paper to a certain kind of graph and keep getting confused. The theorem uses $rank(Aut\Gamma)$ which is defined as "the number of $Aut \Gamma$ orbits on ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

The smallest eigenvalue from an equitable partitions

Suppose that $G$ is a connected graph with equitable partition $\pi$. Then the eigenvalues of the divisor multigraph $G / \pi$ are all eigenvalues of $G$. (Perhaps excluding some pathological cases) ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

“Nice” eigenvectors for (square of) adjacency matrix of a bipartite graph?

Let $G$ be a bipartite graph, and let $A$ be its adjacency matrix. I was wondering in this case whether $A^2$ will have nice eigenvectors that reflect combinatorial structure of the graph. I'd be ...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

Extreme Laplacian eigenvalues

For each undirected (and unweighted) graph $G$ we define the Laplacian matrix by $L(G) = D(G)-A(G)$, where $A(G)$ should denote the adjacency matrix and $D(G)$ the diagonal matrix, where $D(G)_{ii}$ ...
5
votes
0answers
134 views

When can the Cheeger constant be well-approximated by ``Hamming balls''?

Given a graph G, the Cheeger constant is defined by $$ \DeclareMathOperator{\Vol}{Vol} h_G := \min_{S \subseteq V, \Vol S \leq (\Vol G)/2} \frac{|\partial S|}{\Vol S}. $$ Here, $\Vol S$ is the sum of ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

a variation on the theory of equitable partitions for graphs

Assume you have a graph with an equitable partition with respect to cells $V_1,\ldots,V_n$. Accordingly, you can take the cellwise average value of a function on the node set - in other words, the ...
5
votes
2answers
240 views

Number of trees with the same matching number

Let $\sigma(n,m)$ be the number of trees with $n$ vertices $\{ v_1, \dots, v_n \}$ such that the matching number (the size of a maximum matching) is $m$. I have been trying to compute the value of ...
5
votes
1answer
330 views

Repeated Second Eigenvalue of the Adjacency Matrix of a Graph

This question is motivated by a talk I went to earlier today. Suppose we have a $d$-regular graph $G$ with $n$ vertices, with adjacency matrix $A$. Let $$\lambda_1\geq \lambda_2 \geq\dots \geq ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

In what probability does cospectra of Cayley graph imply isomorphism of the corresponding group

In what probability does cospectra of adjacent matrix of Cayley graph imply isomorphism of the corresponding group? Further more,In what probability does cospectra of adjacent matrix imply isomorphism ...
1
vote
1answer
491 views

equitable partitions

It is well known that if $\pi$ is an equitable partition of a graph, then the spectrum of the corresponding partition matrix is a subset of the spectrum of the graph's matrix (where the matrix can be ...
4
votes
0answers
211 views

Graphs which are “distance-regular” with respect to a vertex (but not distance-regular)

A distance-regular graph (DRG) is, in essence, a graph $\Gamma$ of diameter $d$ for which there are integers $c_i, a_i, b_i, (0 \le i \le d)$ such that for all vertices $x$ of $\Gamma$ and for all ...
2
votes
2answers
482 views

Positive semidefinite decomposition, Laplacian eigenvalues, and the oriented incidence matrix

Suppose $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ is Hermitian and positive semidefinite with some decomposition $A=BB^*$, where $B=(b_{ij})\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times m}$ (not necessarily the Cholesky decomposition). ...
2
votes
2answers
347 views

Decomposition of $K_{10}$ in copies of the Petersen graph

It is a well-known and cute exercise in algebraic graph theory to show that $K_{10}$ cannot be written as the edge-disjoint union of three copies of the Petersen graph $P$. Indeed, the graph $G$ whose ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

Isoperimetric dimension of Graphs.

According to the wikipedia page on "Isoperimetric dimension", the isoperimetric dimension is invariant under quasi-isometries, even between manifolds and graphs: "[...] the isoperimetric dimension is ...