# Tagged Questions

Questions related to the spectrum of graphs, defined using one of the possible variants of the discrete Laplace operator or Laplacian matrix. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrete_Laplace_operator

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### Connection between PageRank and Fiedler vector

This question is on graph clustering. In its simplest form, the eigenvector corresponding to the second smallest eigenvalue of the normalized Laplacian of a graph provides a relaxed solution to the ...
148 views

### Does an expander remain an expander after removing few vertices and edges?

Consider a sequence of expander graphs ($G_n$); say $G_n$ has $n$ vertices. Remove $o(n)$ vertices (and the edges emanating from these vertices) and cut $o(n)$ edges. Call $G'_n$ the largest connected ...
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### best known bounds for spectral radius [closed]

There are many bounds for the spectral radius of graphs in terms of no. of vertices, maximum degree, chromatic number etc. I wish to know till date what are the best lower and upper bound for the ...
58 views

### Largest eigenvalue of signed graph

Let us consider a graph where edges can have weight 1 or -1, such a graph is called signed graph. In a signed graph, a cycle is called balanced cycle when product of weights on its edges is positive ...
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### Spectrum of adjacency matrix of block graph

Let us consider a graph $G$ having $m$ number of complete sub-graphs $K_{n_1},K_{n_2},...,K_{n_m}$ which have size $n_1,n_2,...,n_m$ respectively. Further $\forall i$, one vertex of $K_{n_i}$ is ...
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### Lower bound for smallest eigenvalue of symmetric doubly-stochastic Metropolis-Hasting transition matrix

For my master's thesis research, I stumbled upon a question concerning the Metropolis-Hasting transition matrix $W$. Context $\quad$ Let me start with some context. I consider connected undirected ...
543 views

### Minimum negative eigenvalue of zero-one matrices

The following question must have been answered decades ago. For $n$ fixed, what is the most negative eigenvalue among all trace zero zero-one matrices (that is, all entries are either zero or one, ...
102 views

### Behaviour of eigenspaces of adjacency matrices after a single change to the graph

Say I know the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of an adjacency matrix of an unweighted graph. Can I say anything about the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of an adjacency matrix of a graph with one extra ...
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### Size of connected components of a graph via its spectrum

I know that we can determine the number of connected components of a graph from the eigenvalues of its Laplacian matrix. My question is: Is there a way to understand the size of each connected ...
198 views

### exact definition of Fiedler vector

For a given N-vertex similarity graph $G=(V,A)$ the eigenvalues of the unrenormalized (graph) Laplacian may be denoted as $$0= \mu_0 \leq \mu_1 \leq ... \leq \mu_N$$ where the corresponding ...
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### Spectral radius of a non-negative matrix after moving and replicating an element

Let $A$ be a non-negative square matrix and its spectral radius (i.e., it's largest eigenvalue) be $\rho(A)$. I need to do the following operation to $A$ and compare the resulting spectral radii. ...
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### Spectral radius of perturbed bipartite graphs

I am looking into how perturbation(s) on a bipartite graph affect its spectrum (specifically its spectral radius or largest eigenvalue). Actually, I'm not exactly looking into bipartite but my ...
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### Reasons for difficulty of Graph Isomorphism and why Johnson graphs are important?

In http://jeremykun.com/2015/11/12/a-quasipolynomial-time-algorithm-for-graph-isomorphism-the-details/ it is mentioned: 'In discussing Johnson graphs, Babai said they were a source of “unspeakable ...
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### Do product distributions (or graph products) eventually cluster as more products are taken?

Say we have a joint distribution on a finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$. It could be a communication link where we want to send a random message $X$ over a channel, but it gets garbled ...
166 views

### Database of adjacency matrices on cospectral non-isomorphic graph pairs

Is there a repository of cospectral non-isomorphic graphs available somewhere? I am looking for list of $0/1$ adjacency matrix pairs that can be input data in tools such as MATLAB.
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### Laplacian spectrum and size of a graph

Does the Laplacian spectrum of a graph give information on the size of the graph? For example, is it possible that I have two disconnected graphs $G$ and $H$ with the following features: 1) $G$ and ...
159 views

### Sum of the absolute eigenvalues of A>=B

Kindly help me to prove/disprove the following statement. Let $A$ be a symmetric matrix of order $n \times n$ with all the diagonal entry equal to $0$, and other non-diagonal entry equal to $k$ (...
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### Eigenvalue inequality for regular graphs

I recently proved an inequality relating some of the eigenvalues of a regular graph with each other, and I was wondering if it is already known. I was unable to find it online, and a quick skim ...
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### recovering information about a group from the spectrum of its Cayley graph

Suppose you have a finite group and you consider its Cayley graph with respect to some fixed generating set of nonidentity elements closed under inversion. Are there any results known to the effect ...
193 views

### Expansion in strongly regular graphs

Have you seen the following statement proven anywhere? Let $G$ be a strongly regular graph with parameters $(n,k,\lambda,\mu)$ with $\lambda,\mu>0$. Then there is no set $A$ of at least $n/4$ ...
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### Is the laplacian spectral radius of a directed grpah a non-decreasing function?

Given a directed graph G and its respective laplacian matrix $L = D-A$ where $A$ is the adjacency matrix ($A_{ij}=1$ if there is a link from $j$ to $i$ and $A_{ij}=0$ otherwise) and D is the diagonal ...
127 views

### Strongly connected graph and the eigenvalues of the laplacian matrix

Given a directed graph $G$, consider that $G$ is strongly connected iff every vertex $i$ in $G$ has inner degree $k_i\geq 1$. Reformulation of this definition: $G$ is strongly connected iff for any ...
319 views

### Hashimoto Matrix (Non-backtracking operator) and the Graph Laplacian

The question is: how can we recover the graph Laplacian or its spectrum from the Hashimoto Matrix (also commonly called the Non-backtracking operator)? To make the question as self-contained as ...
283 views

### Maps between graphs defined through laplacian operations

Edit: The views/answers ratio on this question tells me that it was too long. As such, I've stripped out examples and now ask the question in brief. For examples, please ask in the comments or look at ...
110 views

### Application of cospectral graphs

Cospectral graphs are graphs having same eigenvalues. Constructions of cospectral graph is an interesting question in graph theory. Now a days we use graph theory in different brunches of Sciences and ...
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### Lp norm estimates for the inverse of the Laplacian on a graph

I am looking at a finite connected graph and I would like to know what is the best [i.e. largest] constant $\lambda_p$ in  \sum_x f(x) =0 \implies \| \Delta^{-1} f\|_{\ell^p} \leq \lambda_p^{-1} \|...
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### Estimating the shift in the $\lambda_{max}$ of a matrix under a diagonal perturbation

Given a matrix $A$ and a diagonal matrix $D$, what ways do we have to estimate, $\lambda_{max}(A+D) - \lambda_{max}(A)$? (Feel free to make other assumptions about the matrices that they are all ...
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### An inequality from the “Interlacing-1” paper

This question is in reference to this paper, http://annals.math.princeton.edu/wp-content/uploads/annals-v182-n1-p07-p.pdf (or its arxiv version, http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.4132) For the argument to ...
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### About the partial expectation polynomials in the Interlacing-I paper and perfect matchings

I am thinking of the polynomials $f_{s_1,s_2,..,s_k}$ as in the definition 4.3 in this paper http://annals.math.princeton.edu/wp-content/uploads/annals-v182-n1-p07-p.pdf In the use of these ...
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### Embedding graphs into hyperbolic spaces

Do we know of a characterization as to when does a graph have a "good" embedding into a hyperbolic space? (And does having such an embedding have a spectral or wavelet analysis signature?) I don't ...
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