**36**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### There's something strange about $\sqrt{d\big(j(\tau)-1728\big)}$

Given the j-function $j(\tau)$, I was looking at,
$$F(\tau) = \sqrt{d\big(j(\tau)-1728\big)}$$
which appears in Ramanujan-type pi formulas. Let $C_d$ be the prime factors of the constant term of the ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**31**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Groups, quantum groups and (fill in the blank)

In the study of special functions there are three levels of objects, classical, basic and elliptic. These correspond to classical hypergeometric functions, basic (q-) hypergeometric functions, and ...

**30**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?)
Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...

**27**

votes

**5**answers

12k views

### Inverse gamma function?

This is an analysis question I remember thinking about in high school. Reading some of the other topics here reminded me of this, and I'd like to hear other people's solutions to this.
We have the ...

**26**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Curious $q$-analogues

Consider the Fibonacci polynomials
$$F_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} \right\rfloor }\binom{n-j}{j} x^{n - 2j} $$
and the Lucas polynomials
$$L_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} ...

**24**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Why are hypergeometric series important and do they have a geometric or heuristic motivation?

Apart from telling that the hypergeometric functions (or series) are the solutions to the (essentially unique?) fuchsian equation on the Riemann sphere with 3 "regular singular points", the wikipedia ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

977 views

### A 14th and 26th-power Dedekind eta function identity?

Given the Dedekind eta function $\eta(\tau)$. Let p be a prime and define $m = (p-1)/2$.
Let p be a prime of form $p = 12v+5$. Then for $n = 2,4,8,14$:
$$\sum_{k=0}^{p-1} \Big(e^{\pi i m k/12} ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

639 views

### Is this combination of generalized polygamma and dilogarithm actually zero? $\Im\;\psi^{(-2)}(1+i)+\frac1{4\pi}\text{Li}_2(e^{-2\pi})-\log\sqrt{2\pi}+\frac{5\pi}{24}+\frac12$

I encountered this quantity in my calculations and tried to simplify it. Approximate numeric calculations suggested it could be zero (more precisely, it is certainly less than $10^{-4\times10^3}$ in ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Trigonometry related to Rogers--Ramanujan identities

For integers $n\ge2$ and $k\ge2$, fix the notation
$$
[m]=\sin\frac{\pi m}{nk+1} \quad\text{and}\quad
[m]!=[1][2]\dots[m], \qquad m\in\mathbb Z_{>0}.
$$
Consider the following trigonometric ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Sum of trigonometric functions

Do somebody know the closed form of the following sum (m is an integer)
$$f(\beta)=\sum _{k=1}^{2m+1} \sin^{2 m+1}\left[\frac{-\beta+k \pi
}{1+2 m}\right]$$
If instead of $n=1+2m$ we put $n=2m$, ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

698 views

### Is there a known solution to $f(x) = (1-x)f(x^2)$?

The functional equation $f(x) = (1-x)f(x^2)$ (with $f(0)=1$) has a simple solution that can be expressed as a rapidly converging infinite product
$$f(x) = \prod_{n=0}^\infty (1 - x^{2^n}) = ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The function $\sum_{0}^{\infty} x^n/n^n$

The function $F(x) = \sum_{0}^{\infty} x^n/n^n$ may be familiar to many readers as an example sometimes used when teaching tests for absolute convergence of entire functions defined by power series. I ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### nth-order generalizations of the arithmetic-geometric mean

The arithmetic-geometric mean,
$a_{k+1}=\frac{a_k+b_k}{2} \quad b_{k+1}=\sqrt{a_k b_k}$
is one of the celebrated discoveries of Gauss, who found out that it is equivalent to computing a (complete) ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### A hypergeometric puzzle

$$
143\,\sqrt {3}\;{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\,1;\,{\frac {3087}{8000}}\right)}=
40\,\sqrt {5}\;
{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{3},\frac{2}{3};\,1;\,{\frac ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How much can one say about this differential equation?

Consider the ODE $y^{\prime \prime}(x) = \cos(x) y(x)$ with boundary value conditions $y(0)=1$, $y(1)=2$. Solving it results in a linear combination of Mathieu functions, but what I find more ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Can a harmonic number be a rational number for non-integer rational argument?

Define harmonic numbers for a complex argument $z$ as $H_z=\frac{\Gamma'(z+1)}{\Gamma(z+1)}-\Gamma'(1)$.
For $n\in\mathbb{N}$, $H_n$ are usual harmonic numbers $\sum^n_{k=1} k^{-1}$ . They are ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Geometric meaning of a trigonometric identity

It follows from the law of cosines that if $a,b,c$ are the lengths of the sides of a triangle with respective opposite angles $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$, then
$$
a^2+b^2+c^2 = 2ab\cos\gamma + 2ac\cos\beta ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Is there something wrong with Hörmander's theorem on stationary phase method

It is well-know that the Bessel function has the asymptotic expansion $J_n(\omega) \sim \left( \frac 2 {\pi \omega} \right)^{1/2} \left( \cos \left(\omega -\frac 1 2 n \pi - \frac 1 4 \pi\right) - ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

414 views

### Schur functors generalization to “Jack”, “Hall-Littlewood”, “Macdonald” functors ?

Schur functors are functors from the category of vector spaces to itself.
If we take an operator $M: V->V$ and apply a Schur functor to it and then calculate trace $Tr(M^{\Lambda})$ we will get ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

379 views

### On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

774 views

### The complete list of continued fractions like the Rogers-Ramanujan?

I have two questions about q-continued fractions, but a little intro first. Given Ramanujan's theta function,
$$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}a^{n(n+1)/2}b^{n(n-1)/2}$$
then the following,
...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

396 views

### Connection between Infinite continued fractions and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean.
$$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...

**9**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### A good reference to grok hypergeometric functions?

When I was introduced during my degree to special functions, I made friends with a number of nice functions - Laguerre, Legendre, Hermite, Bessel, and whatnot - but I made only a passing acquaintance ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

885 views

### Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series.
$$
\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}.
$$
In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$.
...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

849 views

### Which trigonometric identities involve trigonometric functions?

Another question that's getting no answers on stackexchange:
Once upon a time, when Wikipedia was only three-and-a-half years old and most people didn't know what it was, the article titled ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $x_n$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$.
My ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

487 views

### The fraction of the sphere a fixed distance from a subspace

The following problem has a beautiful geometric interpretation in terms of the proportion of points on the Euclidean sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that lie at least a certain distance away from a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

325 views

### Linear eta product identities - how many are there?

For the Dedekind eta function, defined as usual by $\eta(q) = q^{\frac1{24}} \prod\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{n}) $, let for brevity $e_k:=\eta(q^k)$. With this notation, a blog entry of Michael ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

840 views

### No simple duplication formula for factorials?

Many special functions including the gamma function have a duplication formula of some sorts. In the case of the gamma function it reads:
Gamma(2z) = Gamma(z) Gamma(z+1/2) 22z-1/Gamma(1/2)
On ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

785 views

### Is this sequence of polynomials well-known?

While working on a problem in p-adic Hodge theory, and needing to write down a solution to a certain equation involving p-adic power series, I stumbled across a certain sequence of polynomials. Define ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

882 views

### Is there a “right” proof of Riemann's Theta Relation?

Let $\theta$ denote the usual Jacobi Theta function (with auxiliary parameter $\tau = i$, for simplicity), i.e.
$$
\theta(z) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} \exp(-\pi (a + n)^2 + 2 \pi i n z) \ .
$$
I'm ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### a dilogarithm identity: known or new?

I was playing around with dilogarithms and numerically found the following dilogarithm identity:
$$\text{Li}_2\left(\frac{2 m}{m^2+m-\sqrt{((m-3) m+1)
\left(m^2+m+1\right)}-1}\right)$$
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

861 views

### Does the Gamma function preserve integers?

Does the Gamma function $\Gamma: \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}$ preserve the Kummer ring $\mathbb{Z}[\exp(2\pi\imath/m)]$? And if not, then what about the Gaussian integers $\mathbb{Z}[\imath]$ or the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### Asymptotics of the $q$-harmonic series as $q\to1$

The following (very simply looking!) problem occurs in regularization
of the harmonic series
which can be formally thought of as the limit as $q\to1$, $|q|<1$, of
$$
...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Recent work on hypergeometric functions

Does anyone know of a monograph/survey on the modern history of (basic or elliptic) hypergeometric functions and their applications?
I haven't had much time to search the literature, and because it ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Determining the asymptotic behavior of a series

I am trying to determine the behavior of the following series as $n\to\infty$. Let $0<\mu<1$ be fixed and for every positive integer $n\geq 1$, consider the function $f_n(t)$ of a real variable ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

476 views

### Trig functions based on convex curves

Pardon my naivety, but I wonder if
much use has been found for
trigonometric functions
defined in terms of a centrally symmetric convex curve $K$ replacing
the circle $C$.
For example, here is the ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Estimating the probability that one Poisson RV is larger than another

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Poisson random variables with means $\lambda$ and $1$, respectively. The difference of $X$ and $Y$ is a Skellam random variable, with probability density function
$$\mathbb P(X - Y ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Inequality for Laguerre polynomials

Let $L_n$ be the $n$-th Laguerre polynomial defined by
$\quad
L_n
(x)=\frac{e^x}{n!}\frac{d^n}{dx^n}(x^n e^{-x}).\quad
$
I want to prove that
$$
\forall n\in \mathbb N,\forall x\ge 0,\quad \sum_{0\le ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

237 views

### Is there an oscillating analog of the Gaussian distribution?

It frequently happens that, in some famillies of polynomials with positive coefficients, the coefficients of large polynomials look like a bell curve and tend to the distribution function of the ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

954 views

### Conformal Mappings for hyperbolic polygon

I am searching for a conformal mapping from the upper halfplane onto a hyperbolic polygon, i.e. the sides of the polygon have to be geodesics.
The classical Schwarz Christoffel theorem does the job ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

902 views

### Is there a known formula for fractional derivative of cot x?

I wonder if there any established formula for fractional derivative of a function $\pi \cot (\pi x)$.
I derived the following expression:
$(\pi \cot (\pi ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Duality of eta product identities: a new idea?

Looking at the collection of Eta Function Product Identities by Michael Somos, it seems like generally those identities come in pairs:
let's call two eta product identities $\sum\limits_{i=1}^r ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Errata for Emil Artin's 'The Gamma Function'?

In the English translation of The Gamma Function by Emil Artin (1964 - Holt, Rinehart and Winston) there appears to be a mistake in the formula given for the gamma function on page 24:
$$\Gamma(x) = ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

549 views

### Relation between full elliptic integrals of the first and third kind

I am working on a calculation involving the Ronkin function of a hyperplane in 3-space.
I get a horrible matrix with full elliptic integrals as entries. A priori I know that the matrix is symmetrical ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

331 views

### Inequality between incomplete beta and gamma functions; or when is binomial distribution function above/below its limiting Poisson

Please note: this question was posted first (September 4) in math.stackeschange.com and then (September 16) in stats.stackeschange.com. It got no answers in neither of those sites.
Let the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

612 views

### On Stark's conjecture for imaginary quadratic fields

In the famous paper "L-Functions at s = 1. IV. First Derivatives at s = 0" of Stark from 1980, it is shown that in the case of an imaginary quadratic field $K$ certain numbers of the form ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### How to prove an elementary functional equation for polylogarithms?

Let $Li_s(z)$ denote the usual polylogarithm. The elementary functional equation $$Li_{-n}(z)=(-1)^{n-1}Li_{-n}(1/z)$$ holds for $n\geq 1$. I remember only that the proof used some reproducing ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### Strange pattern in rounding errors?

This will look at first like a posting about trigonometry, then maybe about statistics, then finally about peculiarities of either
a certain random process; or
the pseudorandom number generator that ...