**26**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Curious $q$-analogues

Consider the Fibonacci polynomials
$$F_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} \right\rfloor }\binom{n-j}{j} x^{n - 2j} $$
and the Lucas polynomials
$$L_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Trigonometry related to Rogers--Ramanujan identities

For integers $n\ge2$ and $k\ge2$, fix the notation
$$
[m]=\sin\frac{\pi m}{nk+1} \quad\text{and}\quad
[m]!=[1][2]\dots[m], \qquad m\in\mathbb Z_{>0}.
$$
Consider the following trigonometric ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

379 views

### Connection between Infinite continued fractions and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean.
$$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

316 views

### Linear eta product identities - how many are there?

For the Dedekind eta function, defined as usual by $\eta(q) = q^{\frac1{24}} \prod\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{n}) $, let for brevity $e_k:=\eta(q^k)$. With this notation, a blog entry of Michael ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

298 views

### Inequality between incomplete beta and gamma functions; or when is binomial distribution function above/below its limiting Poisson

Please note: this question was posted first (September 4) in math.stackeschange.com and then (September 16) in stats.stackeschange.com. It got no answers in neither of those sites.
Let the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

603 views

### On Stark's conjecture for imaginary quadratic fields

In the famous paper "L-Functions at s = 1. IV. First Derivatives at s = 0" of Stark from 1980, it is shown that in the case of an imaginary quadratic field $K$ certain numbers of the form ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Evaluating an infinite product of q-exponentials

For the $q$-exponential $$e_q(u) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{u^n}{[n]_q!}$$ with $[k]_q=\frac{1-q^k}{1-q}$ and $[n]_q! = [n]_q [n-1]_q \cdots [1]_q$, we don't have the property $e_q(u) e_q(v) = e_q ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$
Now ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as,
$$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$
and the Dedekind eta function,
$$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Identification of a curious function

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange, but there were no replies.
During computation of some Shapley values (details below), I encountered the following function:
$$
f\left(\sum_{k ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

427 views

### Parabolic cylinder functions - explicit estimates?

I need estimates for the parabolic cylinder functions $U(a,z)$ (first studied by Whittaker).
Most work in the literature focuses on $a$ real. As it happens, I am interested in $U(a,z)$ on a strip in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Why does the plastic constant appear in the snub icosidodecadodecahedron?

The golden ratio,
$$\phi =\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$$
appears (among other polyhedra) in the Platonic solids icosahedron and dodecahedron, and it's quite easy to see the significance of the discriminant ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### The Riemann Zeta Function summing over the Gamma Function

Has anyone studied a function of the form
$$\eta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(n)^{s}} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{k!^s}$$
This series is appearing in my research on the volumetric ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

401 views

### An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found
$$
P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n}
\sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}}
\left[
{\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s})
\right]^{x}_2
\tag{7}
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

418 views

### hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$

The hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$ appears in many different situations. For instance, it counts the number of integer points within a sphere in the $l_1$ norm, i.e.,
$$_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2) ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### A coincidence concerning Fermat primes, binomial sums, and eta quotients?

Let $w_k$ be a primitive k th root of unity, where k is a power of 2. In response to a question, Robert Israel gave the solution,
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{\binom{kn}{kn/2}} = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$:
$$
\begin{align}x ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Boersma and Glasser formula

In http://iopscience.iop.org/0305-4470/38/8/005 (A differentiation formula for spherical Bessel functions) Boersma and Glasser proved the following interesting formula ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Solvable parametric $7$th and $13$th degree equations using $\eta(q)/\eta(q^p)$?

Q: Why is that some polynomial relations between eta quotients have a solvable Galois group, even if the deg is $n>4$?
For example, we have the well-known modular equation,
$$u^6 - v^6 + ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Generalization of Frobenius formula involving Macdonald polynomials

Given a vector $\vec k=(k_1,k_2,\cdots)$ with $k_i$ are non-negative integers, the Newton polynomial $p_{\vec k}(x)$ is defined as
\begin{equation}
p_{\vec k}(x)=\prod_{j=1}^n p_j^{k_j}(x)~,
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Are numbers $h_{r,s} = \sum_{k} P(r;s;k) \frac{1}{n^{2k}} \bigg(1-\frac{1}{n}\bigg)^{n-2k}$ irrational?

I asked this question on MSE and Mike Spivey gave an insightful answer. I decided to put it here nevertheless in case someone else gets interested. If this violates rules on MO, please let me know, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Error Function limes

How can i calculate
$\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}{erf(n)} $ with $erf(z) = \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_0^z e^{-z^{2}} \mathrm{d}z$? I know it's something like 0,84.
And i see that only the first terms are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Can Bernoulli polynomials be extended to fractional orders without losing elementarity?

Can Bernoulli polynomials $B_s(x)$ be extended to fractional $s$ in such a way so that for any given $s$ the function $B_s(x)$ still could be expressed in elementary functions of $x$?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

531 views

### Can one represent a generalized hypergeometric function 1F2 as a product of two confluent hypergeometric functions?

I am trying to somewhat simplify a series, whose coefficients feature generalised hypergeometric functions ${}_1F_2(1;a,a+1;z)$. I was unable to find useful functional relations for this specific ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

457 views

### Mathematica package for obtaining hypergeometric function

In my current research in electromagnetics I am encountering integrals of the form $$ \int_0^\infty dt J_0( r t) \frac{\exp(-h \sqrt{t^2 - a^2})}{\sqrt{t^2 - b^2}} t . $$ $a$ and $b$ are complex ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### Why is Mellin-inverse of Gamma periodic?

Specific Case
The periodicity is obvious from computation:
$$\cal{M}^{-1}\{\Gamma\}(x) := \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{c}\Gamma(s)x^{-s}d s=e^{-x}$$
However, is there a way to see directly from the integral ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Jacobi triple product for multidimensional lattices

The Jacobi triple product identity gives as a special case a product formula for the theta function of a 1-dimensional lattice. Is there a more general product formula for the theta function of an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Associated Legendre/Gegenbauer functions with complex degree at larger order

I am interested in approximating the associated Legendre function (also known as conical function)
\begin{equation}
P_{-1/2 + i p}^{\frac{2-N}{2}}(x)
\end{equation} when $N \to \infty$. The real ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### From Selberg integral to Dyson integral

My question is from the drivation from Slberg integral to Dyson integral in this paper:
Selberg integral :
$$ S_n(\alpha,\beta,\gamma) =
\int_0 ^1 \cdots \int_0 ^1
\prod_{i=1}^n ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### A generalization of Macdonald functions?

I am interested in finding a set of functions $f(z_1,\cdots ,z_k;q,\,t)$, conjecturally polynomials, which depend on two parameters $(q,t)$ and an integer $k$, and are orthogonal under the following ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Closed form for a simple hypergeometric q series

I've run across an interesting hypergeometric q-series that I feel must have been found before:
$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^n$$\frac{e^{n b y}}{\prod_{k=1}^{n}(e^{\pi k b^2}-e^{\pi k b^{-2}})} = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### A second polylogarithm ladder for the tribonacci and n-nacci constants

In "A seventeenth-order polylogarithm ladder", on page 6 (eq 25), Bailey et al give a dilogarithmic ladder that begins with,
$$0 = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### An integral with Gamma functions (Part 2)

I was wondering if there is a generalization of the integral discussed here to a case like,
\begin{equation}\int \frac{d^dq}{q^{\nu_1}\vert \vec{q} \pm \vec{k}_1\vert ^{\nu_2}\vert \vec{q} \pm ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

735 views

### Proof that derivative of Hurwitz Zeta by the first argument is not expressable in terms of Hurwitz Zeta

The set of elementary functions is defined so that it to be closed against operation of differentiation. It is also evidently close against discrete differentiation.
In the discrete calculus there is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

279 views

### About a Christoffel-Darboux-type sum

Hi!
I've been using the Christoffel-Darboux identity for the Hermite polynomials,
$$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^n n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y},$$
for some ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

677 views

### Cubic polynomials with “nice” roots, which can be expressed by trig functions of rational angles

Consider the cubic polynomial $x^3-ax+b$ for $a,b\in\mathbb N$.
It has three real roots which, by Cardano's formula, can of course be written in closed form using thirds of angles or cube roots of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

773 views

### Bessel functions in wave propagation and scattering

Is there a way to scale Bessel J(n,.) (Bessel of first kind) and Bessel H(n,.) (Bessel of third kind or Hankel)? I am having computer problems with higher orders (higher vlaues of n) and small ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

473 views

### Generalization of repeated error function integral

Is there a name for the following integral?
$f(x, y, n) = \int_y^\infty (t - x)^n \exp(-t^2) dt$
The parameter $n$ is positive. The first priority is integer $n$, but more generally the case of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Request for reference about bound on zeroes of the Laguerre polynomials

Consider the sequence of polynomials given as, $p^{a}_k (x) = (1 - a \frac{d}{dx})^k x^n $ for some parameter $a>0$ and $k$ being a positive integer. For any positive integer $d$ it seems to be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### L2 norm of a M-Whittaker function

Let $M_{\kappa,\mu}(z)$ be the Whittaker function, as defined here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whittaker_function.
Does any one know the evaluation of the following integral?
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Quadratic transformation of hypergeometric function 2F1

I want to know whether there is some transformation between
$_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ and $_2F_1(a',b';c';x(1-x))$.
Here is an example called the Kummer quadratic transformation, which may be known to most of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Simplify this expression with modified Bessel functions of the second kind

I'm interested in the function
$$\frac{K^{(0,2)}(0,x)}{K(0,x)}$$
where the numerator is the modified Bessel function of the second kind twice differentiated with respect to $\alpha$ and taken at ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Sufficient conditions for sums of Laguerre polynomials to be non-negative

I am interested in sufficient conditions on non-negative sequences of coefficients $\{c_{2n}\}_{n\ge 0}$ guaranteeing that
$$%\begin{equation}\label{cond}
\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_{2n} L_{2n}^{(1)}(x)\ge ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

266 views

### complex contour integral calculation after Möbius transformation

Good day to everyone.
In my scientific research I've got stuck with a contour integration problem.
I would like to evaluate the following integral:
$$I=\int_0^{\infty } \frac{e^{\frac{\alpha -\mathrm ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

169 views

### Can the series $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$ be expressed in terms of theta functions?

Let $F_0=0,F_1=1,...$ be the Fibonacci numbers. Is there a known closed form for the sum $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$? By closed form, I mean in terms of well-known functions, the first ones to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

227 views

### Whether does the following equation have only one finite zero?

Dear MOs,
Here is a calculus problem which bored me for sometime. Let $a>0$ and $b<0$ be fixed.Define the following function (EDIT: Following the comment by Barry Cipra, you may only consider ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

141 views

### an infinite series expansion in terms of the polylogarithm function

we have the complex valued function :
$$f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}Li_{-n}(z)$$
we wish to recover the coefficients $a_{n}$ . the only thing i though would work is to try and come up with a function ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

207 views

### solving a sum of Hypergeometric function 2F3

I am trying to find a closed form solution for the two sums given by
$$\sum^n_{k=0}\frac{y^k}{k!}(-a+n)_k \left(\frac{2}{z} \right)^k {}_2F_3\left({-\frac{k}{2}, \frac{1 - k}{2}}; {-k, -a+n,1+a-k-n}; ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

321 views

### P-Adic poly Bernoulli numbers

we can define p-adic Bernoulli polynomials by using q-integral on $Z_p$ and T.Kim's method, But how can we define p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers and polynomials by using integral on $Z_p$ ?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

261 views

### Finite sum of modified bessel function of the second type

I have a sum of the form
$\sum^n_{i=0} \frac{{t}^{i} z^{i}}{i!}K_{a+i}(z), \quad\quad z\in\mathbb{R},z>0$
where $K$ is the modified Bessel function of the second type and $a$ is an integer, ...