Many special functions appear as solutions of differential equations or integrals of elementary functions. Most special functions have relationships with representation theory of Lie groups.

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26
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1k views

Curious $q$-analogues

Consider the Fibonacci polynomials $$F_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} \right\rfloor }\binom{n-j}{j} x^{n - 2j} $$ and the Lucas polynomials $$L_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} ...
19
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1k views

Trigonometry related to Rogers--Ramanujan identities

For integers $n\ge2$ and $k\ge2$, fix the notation $$ [m]=\sin\frac{\pi m}{nk+1} \quad\text{and}\quad [m]!=[1][2]\dots[m], \qquad m\in\mathbb Z_{>0}. $$ Consider the following trigonometric ...
10
votes
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376 views

Connection between Infinite continued fractions and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean. $$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...
9
votes
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310 views

Linear eta product identities - how many are there?

For the Dedekind eta function, defined as usual by $\eta(q) = q^{\frac1{24}} \prod\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{n}) $, let for brevity $e_k:=\eta(q^k)$. With this notation, a blog entry of Michael ...
7
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285 views

Inequality between incomplete beta and gamma functions; or when is binomial distribution function above/below its limiting Poisson

Please note: this question was posted first (September 4) in math.stackeschange.com and then (September 16) in stats.stackeschange.com. It got no answers in neither of those sites. Let the ...
7
votes
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602 views

On Stark's conjecture for imaginary quadratic fields

In the famous paper "L-Functions at s = 1. IV. First Derivatives at s = 0" of Stark from 1980, it is shown that in the case of an imaginary quadratic field $K$ certain numbers of the form ...
6
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136 views

Evaluating an infinite product of q-exponentials

For the $q$-exponential $$e_q(u) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{u^n}{[n]_q!}$$ with $[k]_q=\frac{1-q^k}{1-q}$ and $[n]_q! = [n]_q [n-1]_q \cdots [1]_q$, we don't have the property $e_q(u) e_q(v) = e_q ...
5
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261 views

Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as, $$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$ and the Dedekind eta function, $$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
5
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209 views

Identification of a curious function

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange, but there were no replies. During computation of some Shapley values (details below), I encountered the following function: $$ f\left(\sum_{k ...
5
votes
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426 views

Parabolic cylinder functions - explicit estimates?

I need estimates for the parabolic cylinder functions $U(a,z)$ (first studied by Whittaker). Most work in the literature focuses on $a$ real. As it happens, I am interested in $U(a,z)$ on a strip in ...
4
votes
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234 views

Why does the plastic constant appear in the snub icosidodecadodecahedron?

The golden ratio, $$\phi =\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$$ appears (among other polyhedra) in the Platonic solids icosahedron and dodecahedron, and it's quite easy to see the significance of the discriminant ...
4
votes
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308 views

The Riemann Zeta Function summing over the Gamma Function

Has anyone studied a function of the form $$\eta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(n)^{s}} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{k!^s}$$ This series is appearing in my research on the volumetric ...
4
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408 views

hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$

The hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$ appears in many different situations. For instance, it counts the number of integer points within a sphere in the $l_1$ norm, i.e., $$_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2) ...
4
votes
0answers
243 views

A coincidence concerning Fermat primes, binomial sums, and eta quotients?

Let $w_k$ be a primitive k th root of unity, where k is a power of 2. In response to a question, Robert Israel gave the solution, $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{\binom{kn}{kn/2}} = ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$: $$ \begin{align}x ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Boersma and Glasser formula

In http://iopscience.iop.org/0305-4470/38/8/005 (A differentiation formula for spherical Bessel functions) Boersma and Glasser proved the following interesting formula ...
3
votes
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169 views

Solvable parametric $7$th and $13$th degree equations using $\eta(q)/\eta(q^p)$?

Q: Why is that some polynomial relations between eta quotients have a solvable Galois group, even if the deg is $n>4$? For example, we have the well-known modular equation, $$u^6 - v^6 + ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

Generalization of Frobenius formula involving Macdonald polynomials

Given a vector $\vec k=(k_1,k_2,\cdots)$ with $k_i$ are non-negative integers, the Newton polynomial $p_{\vec k}(x)$ is defined as \begin{equation} p_{\vec k}(x)=\prod_{j=1}^n p_j^{k_j}(x)~, ...
3
votes
0answers
397 views

An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found $$ P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n} \sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}} \left[ {\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s}) \right]^{x}_2 \tag{7} ...
3
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135 views

Are numbers $h_{r,s} = \sum_{k} P(r;s;k) \frac{1}{n^{2k}} \bigg(1-\frac{1}{n}\bigg)^{n-2k}$ irrational?

I asked this question on MSE and Mike Spivey gave an insightful answer. I decided to put it here nevertheless in case someone else gets interested. If this violates rules on MO, please let me know, ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Error Function limes

How can i calculate $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}{erf(n)} $ with $erf(z) = \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_0^z e^{-z^{2}} \mathrm{d}z$? I know it's something like 0,84. And i see that only the first terms are ...
3
votes
0answers
169 views

Can Bernoulli polynomials be extended to fractional orders without losing elementarity?

Can Bernoulli polynomials $B_s(x)$ be extended to fractional $s$ in such a way so that for any given $s$ the function $B_s(x)$ still could be expressed in elementary functions of $x$?
3
votes
0answers
507 views

Can one represent a generalized hypergeometric function 1F2 as a product of two confluent hypergeometric functions?

I am trying to somewhat simplify a series, whose coefficients feature generalised hypergeometric functions ${}_1F_2(1;a,a+1;z)$. I was unable to find useful functional relations for this specific ...
3
votes
0answers
456 views

Mathematica package for obtaining hypergeometric function

In my current research in electromagnetics I am encountering integrals of the form $$ \int_0^\infty dt J_0( r t) \frac{\exp(-h \sqrt{t^2 - a^2})}{\sqrt{t^2 - b^2}} t . $$ $a$ and $b$ are complex ...
3
votes
0answers
304 views

Why is Mellin-inverse of Gamma periodic?

Specific Case The periodicity is obvious from computation: $$\cal{M}^{-1}\{\Gamma\}(x) := \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{c}\Gamma(s)x^{-s}d s=e^{-x}$$ However, is there a way to see directly from the integral ...
2
votes
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59 views

Jacobi triple product for multidimensional lattices

The Jacobi triple product identity gives as a special case a product formula for the theta function of a 1-dimensional lattice. Is there a more general product formula for the theta function of an ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Associated Legendre/Gegenbauer functions with complex degree at larger order

I am interested in approximating the associated Legendre function (also known as conical function) \begin{equation} P_{-1/2 + i p}^{\frac{2-N}{2}}(x) \end{equation} when $N \to \infty$. The real ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

From Selberg integral to Dyson integral

My question is from the drivation from Slberg integral to Dyson integral in this paper: Selberg integral : $$ S_n(\alpha,\beta,\gamma) = \int_0 ^1 \cdots \int_0 ^1 \prod_{i=1}^n ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

A generalization of Macdonald functions?

I am interested in finding a set of functions $f(z_1,\cdots ,z_k;q,\,t)$, conjecturally polynomials, which depend on two parameters $(q,t)$ and an integer $k$, and are orthogonal under the following ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Closed form for a simple hypergeometric q series

I've run across an interesting hypergeometric q-series that I feel must have been found before: $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^n$$\frac{e^{n b y}}{\prod_{k=1}^{n}(e^{\pi k b^2}-e^{\pi k b^{-2}})} = ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

A second polylogarithm ladder for the tribonacci and n-nacci constants

In "A seventeenth-order polylogarithm ladder", on page 6 (eq 25), Bailey et al give a dilogarithmic ladder that begins with, $$0 = ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

An integral with Gamma functions (Part 2)

I was wondering if there is a generalization of the integral discussed here to a case like, \begin{equation}\int \frac{d^dq}{q^{\nu_1}\vert \vec{q} \pm \vec{k}_1\vert ^{\nu_2}\vert \vec{q} \pm ...
2
votes
0answers
735 views

Proof that derivative of Hurwitz Zeta by the first argument is not expressable in terms of Hurwitz Zeta

The set of elementary functions is defined so that it to be closed against operation of differentiation. It is also evidently close against discrete differentiation. In the discrete calculus there is ...
2
votes
0answers
275 views

About a Christoffel-Darboux-type sum

Hi! I've been using the Christoffel-Darboux identity for the Hermite polynomials, $$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^n n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y},$$ for some ...
2
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0answers
672 views

Cubic polynomials with “nice” roots, which can be expressed by trig functions of rational angles

Consider the cubic polynomial $x^3-ax+b$ for $a,b\in\mathbb N$. It has three real roots which, by Cardano's formula, can of course be written in closed form using thirds of angles or cube roots of ...
2
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0answers
766 views

Bessel functions in wave propagation and scattering

Is there a way to scale Bessel J(n,.) (Bessel of first kind) and Bessel H(n,.) (Bessel of third kind or Hankel)? I am having computer problems with higher orders (higher vlaues of n) and small ...
2
votes
0answers
471 views

Generalization of repeated error function integral

Is there a name for the following integral? $f(x, y, n) = \int_y^\infty (t - x)^n \exp(-t^2) dt$ The parameter $n$ is positive. The first priority is integer $n$, but more generally the case of ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Request for reference about bound on zeroes of the Laguerre polynomials

Consider the sequence of polynomials given as, $p^{a}_k (x) = (1 - a \frac{d}{dx})^k x^n $ for some parameter $a>0$ and $k$ being a positive integer. For any positive integer $d$ it seems to be ...
1
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0answers
61 views

L2 norm of a M-Whittaker function

Let $M_{\kappa,\mu}(z)$ be the Whittaker function, as defined here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whittaker_function. Does any one know the evaluation of the following integral? ...
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80 views

Quadratic transformation of hypergeometric function 2F1

I want to know whether there is some transformation between $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ and $_2F_1(a',b';c';x(1-x))$. Here is an example called the Kummer quadratic transformation, which may be known to most of ...
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0answers
147 views

Simplify this expression with modified Bessel functions of the second kind

I'm interested in the function $$\frac{K^{(0,2)}(0,x)}{K(0,x)}$$ where the numerator is the modified Bessel function of the second kind twice differentiated with respect to $\alpha$ and taken at ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Sufficient conditions for sums of Laguerre polynomials to be non-negative

I am interested in sufficient conditions on non-negative sequences of coefficients $\{c_{2n}\}_{n\ge 0}$ guaranteeing that $$%\begin{equation}\label{cond} \sum_{n=0}^\infty c_{2n} L_{2n}^{(1)}(x)\ge ...
1
vote
0answers
263 views

complex contour integral calculation after Möbius transformation

Good day to everyone. In my scientific research I've got stuck with a contour integration problem. I would like to evaluate the following integral: $$I=\int_0^{\infty } \frac{e^{\frac{\alpha -\mathrm ...
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168 views

Can the series $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$ be expressed in terms of theta functions?

Let $F_0=0,F_1=1,...$ be the Fibonacci numbers. Is there a known closed form for the sum $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$? By closed form, I mean in terms of well-known functions, the first ones to ...
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0answers
227 views

Whether does the following equation have only one finite zero?

Dear MOs, Here is a calculus problem which bored me for sometime. Let $a>0$ and $b<0$ be fixed.Define the following function (EDIT: Following the comment by Barry Cipra, you may only consider ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

an infinite series expansion in terms of the polylogarithm function

we have the complex valued function : $$f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}Li_{-n}(z)$$ we wish to recover the coefficients $a_{n}$ . the only thing i though would work is to try and come up with a function ...
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0answers
204 views

solving a sum of Hypergeometric function 2F3

I am trying to find a closed form solution for the two sums given by $$\sum^n_{k=0}\frac{y^k}{k!}(-a+n)_k \left(\frac{2}{z} \right)^k {}_2F_3\left({-\frac{k}{2}, \frac{1 - k}{2}}; {-k, -a+n,1+a-k-n}; ...
1
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0answers
321 views

P-Adic poly Bernoulli numbers

we can define p-adic Bernoulli polynomials by using q-integral on $Z_p$ and T.Kim's method, But how can we define p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers and polynomials by using integral on $Z_p$ ?
1
vote
0answers
261 views

Finite sum of modified bessel function of the second type

I have a sum of the form $\sum^n_{i=0} \frac{{t}^{i} z^{i}}{i!}K_{a+i}(z), \quad\quad z\in\mathbb{R},z>0$ where $K$ is the modified Bessel function of the second type and $a$ is an integer, ...
1
vote
0answers
397 views

An infinte series involving the Modified Bessel Function of the second kind

The following series has had me held up for the past one week: $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(2m)_n m^n}{(2m+1/2)_n n!}A^{3n/2} t^n K_{2m+n-1/2}(2\sqrt{A}t)~~~~ A>0, ~t>0, ~m\geq1/2 $$ where ...