**2**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### A question on Ramanujan's $1/\pi$ formulas

It is known that Ramanujan discovered a number of formulas fo $1/\pi$. All of these formulas are of the form $$\frac{1}{\pi}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(1/2)_n(s)_n(1-s)_n}{(1)_n^3}(a+bn)z^n,$$where ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

597 views

### Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it.
Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form
$$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1}
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

29 views

### Proving injectivity of a multivariable function

Let $I$ denote the interval $(0,\infty)$, we define the function $f:I^2\to I^2$ by,
$$f(x,y)=\left({\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(y)\over {\Gamma(2x+y)}^2},{\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(2x+y)\over ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Closed Form Expression for Nested Series Summation?

Just wandering if there are any criteria that can decide whether a finite series summation has closed form or not. for example, In the following nested summation, $n$ is some even integer that will be ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

420 views

### On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

956 views

### Geometric meaning of trigonometric relations

According to a paper by Zhiqin Lu in the Mathematical Gazette (the British publication, not the Boston-area newsletter, if that still exists (or even if it doesn't)) in 2007(?), if $u+v+w=\pi$ and ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

370 views

### Roots of characteristic function of “reciprocal gamma measure”

Let us call a measure $\mu$ on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\mathfrak{B}_{(0,\infty)}$ of subsets of $(0,\infty)$ a reciprocal gamma measure if it is absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

28 views

### Rearrangement of summation expression

Referring to the spherical harmonics expansion in this article:
Méléard, P., Pott, T., Bouvrais, H., & Ipsen, J. H. (2011). Advantages of statistical analysis of giant vesicle flickering for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Rearrangement of a spherical harmonics expansion

Referring to this article:
http://i.stack.imgur.com/sfQ1C.png
and
http://i.stack.imgur.com/LelKb.png
How is it that they get from equation 2 to equation 3?
Whenever I do it, I get only cosine ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### system with solutions $\{x-a:0\leqslant a\leqslant z-1\}$ [closed]

What must be $F$ there where $0=F(1,x,0)=F(x-0,x,z)=F(x-1,x,z)=F(x-2,x,z)=F(x-3,x,z)=$ $\dots$ $=f(x-z-1,x,z)=0$?
Define $F$ in the domain where a continuous function exists that behaves so for ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### An identity of complicated combinations of gamma functions (related to hypergeometric functions)

Can somebody help me in proving the following equation?
\begin{align*}&\textstyle \sum _{d=0} ^{n} \frac{1}{d!(n-d)!} \frac{\Gamma (b+d) \Gamma (b+n-d) \Gamma (c-n+d) \Gamma (c-b+1-n + 2d) ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

817 views

### Proof that derivative of Hurwitz Zeta by the first argument is not expressable in terms of Hurwitz Zeta

The set of elementary functions is defined so that it to be closed against operation of differentiation. It is also evidently close against discrete differentiation.
In the discrete calculus there is ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

170 views

### Integrals involving the Tricomi hypergeometric function

I am looking for a reference for the two following equalities involving the Tricomi function $U$ and the Meijer function $G$. I have found these formulas on the website http://functions.wolfram.com/, ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

322 views

### What conditions imply that a function over $\mathbb{Z}$ is a polynomial? [closed]

How would one prove that a function is a polynomial? I can't seem to find anything about this on the internet. I would like to know if there are any unique properties that only polynomials can ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

139 views

### Conway's box function iterated to produce a hierarchy of nested sets of real numbers

Conway's box function is the inverse of Minkowski's question mark function. It maps the dyadic rationals on the unit interval to the rationals using the Stern-Brocot tree (Farey sequence). When the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Geometric meaning of a trigonometric identity

It follows from the law of cosines that if $a,b,c$ are the lengths of the sides of a triangle with respective opposite angles $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$, then
$$
a^2+b^2+c^2 = 2ab\cos\gamma + 2ac\cos\beta ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal

Good day!
Can anyone help me find articles on similar topics "Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal" (I have links to one article on this subject)?
article, that I have
Especially ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Special Function, Series Expansion, or Simpler Form of a Certain Infinite Product?

$\prod _{n=1}^{\infty } \left(1+a (c+n)^b\right)$ where a > 0, b < -1, and c >= 0
Is there a special function, series expansion, or other simpler (or maybe just interesting) representation of ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Sums of arctangents

$$
\begin{align}
\arctan(x) & = \arctan(1) + \arctan\left(\frac{x-1}{2}\right) \\
& {} - \arctan\left(\frac{(x-1)^2}{4} \right) + \arctan\left(\frac{(x-1)^3}{8}\right) - \cdots
\end{align}
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Four kinds of generalized hypergeometric formulas for $\pi$

Given,
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|}
\hline
n&a_n&b_n&c_n\\
\hline
1 & 6541681608 & 163096908 & -640320^3\\
\hline
2 & 85840 & 4492 & -14112^2\\
\hline
3 & 28302 ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

459 views

### An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found
$$
P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n}
\sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}}
\left[
{\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s})
\right]^{x}_2
\tag{7}
...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

441 views

### Connection between Infinite continued fractions and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean.
$$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### expression for infinite series with powers of factorial in denominator

The series
$$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{\exp(c k \beta)}{(k!)^\beta} $$
has come up when I'm trying to apply the methodology in this paper (http://www.ism.ac.jp/~eguchi/pdf/Robustify_MLE.pdf) to Poisson ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

418 views

### A (likely) positivity property of the Lerch zeta-function

The problem is to show that $\Re L(b/2,1/2,p+1)>0$ for all real $b\ne0$ and all real $p>-1$, where
$$L(\lambda,c,s):=\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{\exp(2\pi i\lambda k)}{(k+c)^s}$$
is the Lerch ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### What is a “generalized zeta function”?

Out of procrastination I computed $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty k^{-k^2}\sim 1.06255080549625593786944593879.$$
The inverse symbolic calculator identified this number as "From generalized Zeta function". I do ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $j'_{n+1/2,1}$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

522 views

### Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written:
$$
\frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1}
$$
and so by symmetry:
$$
\frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

152 views

### On Bohr-MollerupTheorem [closed]

In http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Bohr-MollerupTheorem.html, Bohr-Mollerup Theorem is given where it is stated that $\Gamma$ function is the unique log convex function that satisfies ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

468 views

### What is the advantage of inverting elliptic integrals?

In the case of the circle I can hardly make any conclusions from the integral $(1)$, most of the theorems come from geometrical considerations. It's not clear how to prove periodicity from this ...

**-2**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Factorial of 3/2? [closed]

How do you compute the factorial of something like $3/2$ or $-2$? Wolfram Alpha gives an answer, but how does it arrive at that point?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Approximation of $ _2F_1((b-1)a,b;ba;x) $

Is there any (simple) approximation of this Hypergeometric function: $ _2F_1((b-1)a,b;ba;x) $, where $0<x<1$ and $b>a>1$.
Thanks!

**5**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Elementary function relative to erf

The modified Bessel function of the 1st kind $I_0$ is defined by
$$
I_0(z)=\frac1\pi\int_0^{2\pi}e^{z\cos\theta}\,d\theta
$$
and arises, among other places, in the probability density function of a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Asymptotic behavior of a sequence of functions

For $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $q\in(0,1)$, define
$$f_{n}(q):=\sum_{i_{1},i_{2},\dots,i_{n}=1}^{\infty}\frac{q^{i_1+i_2+\dots+i_n}}{(1-q^{i_1+i_2})(1-q^{i_2+i_3})\dots(1-q^{i_{n-1}+i_n})(1-q^{i_n+i_1})}.$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### monotonicity of functions related to modified Bessel function

Dear colleagues,
I recently met some problems related to the modified Bessel funtions of the first kind and the second kind. I want to know if there exist some results on the monotonicity of
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Upper bound for a ratio of modified Bessel functions

I am looking for an upper bound for the ratio of Bessel I functions $\dfrac{|I_\nu'(z)|}{|I_\nu(z)|}$ where $\nu$ is complex, and $z$ is a positive real number. Do you know any results about it? Thank ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

202 views

### What is the status on questions related to Bhargava's factorial function?

In Manjul Bhargava's The Factorial Function and Generalizations he motivates a new type of factorial $n!_S$ using by generalizing a few theorems like:
For $k, l \in \mathbb{Z}$, we have $k! \times ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

134 views

### Is there any simpler form of this function

Assume that $n$ is a positive integer. Is there any simple form of this hypergeometric value $$_2\mathrm{F}_1\left[\frac{1}{2},1,\frac{3+n}{2},-1\right]?$$

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### What is $\int (1-e^{-x})^n dx$? [closed]

For my purposes, $n$ is a non-negative integer, and $x > 0$. I didn't know how to evaluate this integral, so I plugged it into Mathematica. It told me the solution is
$(-1)^n B(e^x; -n, n+1)$
I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### How to prove that $(1-x)^b$ $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ can be approximated to $1-\alpha x$ (with $\alpha \approx 1$) for $x\ll 1$ in this specific case

After multiple plots I noticed that function $h(x)= (1-x)^b$ $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ can be approximated to $1-\alpha x$ (with $\alpha \approx 1$), for $x\ll 1$ (specifically $0<x<0.1$) and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### A hypergeometric identity [closed]

Is there any simple proof of this identity
$${_4F_3}[\{\frac{1}{2}+\frac{n}{4},1+\frac{n}{4},-p,p\},\{\frac{1}{2},\frac{3}{2},\frac{1}{2}+\frac{n}{2}\},1]=\frac{\Gamma[\frac{1+n}{2}] ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### q-Hermite polynomials

It is well known that the q-Hermite polynomials defined by $$H_n(\theta; q)= \sum\limits_{k=0}^n \frac{(q;q)_n}{(q;q)_k(q;q)_{n-k}}e^{i(n-2k)\theta}$$
are orthogonal in $\theta \in [0, \pi]$ with ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### How to calculate one Cauchy type determinant

As we know, a Cauchy determinant of size n admits the following explicit formula:
$$\det \left(\frac{1}{x _i+y _j}\right) _{1\le i,j \le n}=\frac{\prod _{1\le i < j\le n} (x _j-x _i)(y _j-y ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

559 views

### How to prove this identity on double summation series?

I suspect the following identity is valid, but I can not prove it. I just calculate it numerically.
...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### a dilogarithm identity: known or new?

I was playing around with dilogarithms and numerically found the following dilogarithm identity:
$$\text{Li}_2\left(\frac{2 m}{m^2+m-\sqrt{((m-3) m+1)
\left(m^2+m+1\right)}-1}\right)$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Integral Transform with associated Legendre Function of second kind as kernel

In my research the following equation appeared:
$$\frac{1}{4\pi}\int_{0}^{1}\frac{t^{s-1}(1-t)^{s-1}}{(\rho-t)^s}dt=\int_0^{\infty} f(a) Q^{i\sqrt{a}}_{s-1}(2\rho-1) da,$$
where $\rho,s>1$, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

333 views

### Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as,
$$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$
and the Dedekind eta function,
$$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

201 views

### Legendre polynomials and formal groups

Let $P_n(x)$ be Legendre polynomials:
$$\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-2tx+t^2}}=\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty}P_n(x)t^n.$$
Usual arguments from the theory of formal groups allow to
prove that for any $n$
...

**9**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### A good reference to grok hypergeometric functions?

When I was introduced during my degree to special functions, I made friends with a number of nice functions - Laguerre, Legendre, Hermite, Bessel, and whatnot - but I made only a passing acquaintance ...