**5**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Recurrence Formula for Zernike polynomials

I'm not sure if this is research level, so if this result is known, please excuse the intrusion. I am trying to find a relation between solutions of the Laplacian equation in $4$ dimensions and those ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

173 views

### Integrals involving trigonometric functions and polynomials

Can one describe all the real polynomials $P(x)$ such that the following integrals converge:
$$
\int_0^{\infty} \sin(P(x))dx, \int_0^{\infty} \cos(P(x))dx ?
$$
Among special cases are such ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### A special function solution of a fourth-order ODE

I want to consider the solutions of the following fourth-order ODE:
$$
f^{(4)}(t)+a tf^{(1)}(t)+b f(t)=0,
\tag{$\ast$}$$
where $a,b$ are complex parameters. It turns out that with a Fourier ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### Asymptotic expansion of Mellin transform of products of modified Bessel function K

Let $n\ge 1$ be an integer, let
$$F(x,y)=\int_0^\infty u^{n(x+y)} (K_{x-y}(u))^n du$$
for $x,y\ge 0$.
When $n=1$, this is just Mellin transform of the Bessel K function. When $n=2$, $F(x,y)$ has ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### An extreme of Jacobi elliptic function on an interval

Consider the Jacobi elliptic function $sn(\cdot,k)$ restricted to the interval $(0,2K)$, where $K=K(k)$ is complete elliptic integral of the first kind. If $0<k<1$, then it is well known the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### On a Sum of Gamma Functions

I am working on a problem where the following sum appears:
$$F(s, t)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(1+2\alpha)}\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}{\frac{s^{n} ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

675 views

### Bounds on remainder term of power series of elementary functions

This is mainly a question about the remainder term of power series for elementary functions.
I'm very interested in aspects of calculating or computing elementary operations and functions, by which I ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

705 views

### An identity for the cosine function

Let $x = \pi/(2k+1)$, for $k>0$.
Prove that
$$
\cos(x)\cos(2x)\cos(3x)\dots\cos(kx) = \frac{1}{2^k}
$$
I've confirmed this numerically for $n$ from $1$ to $30$.
I'm finding it surprisingly ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Inverse Mellin of the exponential of the digamma function

I'm looking for a function $f_p(x)$ with real parameter $p>0$ satisfying
$$ \int_0^\infty f_p(x)x^{s-1}dx=e^{-p\psi(s)} $$
where $\psi(s)$ is the usual digamma function. The inverse Mellin formula ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

315 views

### A hypergeometric puzzle

$$
143\,\sqrt {3}\;{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\,1;\,{\frac {3087}{8000}}\right)}=
40\,\sqrt {5}\;
{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{3},\frac{2}{3};\,1;\,{\frac ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### What is the connection between the Riemann Xi-function and n-sphere? [closed]

Riemann's Xi-function is defined as
$$\xi(s) = \pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\ \zeta(s)$$
At the same time we have the following formulas for n-sphere's area and volume:
...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Why does $\sum_{p=1}^n \exp\left(\frac{i\pi p l}{2m}\right)/\prod_{k=1,k\neq p}^n\sin\left(\frac{\pi (k-p)}{2m}\right)$ vanish?

While trying to prove some identities for generating functions, I ended up needing to show that
$$\sum_{p=1}^n \exp\left(\frac{i\pi p l}{2m}\right)\prod_{\substack{k=1\\k\neq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Challenging problems concerning Jacobian elliptic functions with complex modulus

I study some qualitative properties of Jacobian elliptic functions. Consider, for example, function $sn(u,k)$. In most applications, modulus $k\in(0,1)$ and then everything is very clear, since ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

438 views

### On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

408 views

### p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers

We can define p-adic Bernoulli polynomials by using q-integral on $\mathbb{Z}_p$ and Taekyun Kim's method.
But how can we define p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers and polynomials by using integral on ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

458 views

### A question on Ramanujan's $1/\pi$ formulas

It is known that Ramanujan discovered a number of formulas for $1/\pi$. All of these formulas are of the form $$\frac{1}{\pi}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(1/2)_n(s)_n(1-s)_n}{(1)_n^3}(a+bn)z^n,$$where ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### The asymptotic behavior of hypergeometric function around -1

Recently, in studing some specific orthogonal polynomials on unit circle, I was lead to study the asymptotic behavior of the following hypergeometric function at the neighberhood of $-1$:
$$ ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A 14th and 26th-power Dedekind eta function identity?

Given the Dedekind eta function $\eta(\tau)$. Define $m = (p-1)/2$ and a $24$th root of unity $\zeta = e^{2\pi i/24}$.
Let p be a prime of form $p = 12v+5$. Then for $n = 2,4,8,14$:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Asymptotic behaviour of an integral

For $k\in\mathbb{N}_{0}$ and $x\in\mathbb{R}$, define
$$I_{k}(x):=\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\cos(xg(\theta))\sin^{2k}\theta\,\mathrm{d}\theta$$
where
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Root Polylogarithm Dominance Questions

Motivation: I am trying to work on a problem related to computing the roots of a certain family of polynomials related to integer partition theory. In particular, I have been trying to ``Bridge the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Jacobi elliptic functions with modulus on the unit circle

I am gathering some available informations on Jacobi elliptic functions $sn(z,k)$, $cn(z,k)$, $dn(z,k)$ with $k\in\mathbb{C}$, $|k|=1$. I can not find much on them in standard references ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Is there a nice way to invert this expression?

Let us first define the Euler polynomials to be the polynomials $P_n(q)$ that satisfy
$$
\frac{qP_n(q)}{(1 - q)^{n+1}} = \Big(q\frac{d}{dq}\Big)^n\frac{q}{1 - q}.
$$
For example, $P_0(q) = P_1(q) = ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Modern comprehensive account of the Barnes G-Function

I previously put this forward on the math.stackexchange community with little luck:
I am looking for a comprehensive account of the properties and applications of the Barnes G-Function. Everything ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Resource needed on Lerch's transcendent

I am looking for resources in english which discuss basic properties of the Lerch's transcendent function.
The Lerch Transcendant is defined by:
...

**35**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

620 views

### Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it.
Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form
$$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1}
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Proving injectivity of a multivariable function

Let $I$ denote the interval $(0,\infty)$, we define the function $f:I^2\to I^2$ by,
$$f(x,y)=\left({\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(y)\over {\Gamma(2x+y)}^2},{\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(2x+y)\over ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Closed Form Expression for Nested Series Summation?

Just wandering if there are any criteria that can decide whether a finite series summation has closed form or not. for example, In the following nested summation, $n$ is some even integer that will be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

961 views

### Geometric meaning of trigonometric relations

According to a paper by Zhiqin Lu in the Mathematical Gazette (the British publication, not the Boston-area newsletter, if that still exists (or even if it doesn't)) in 2007(?), if $u+v+w=\pi$ and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### Roots of characteristic function of “reciprocal gamma measure”

Let us call a measure $\mu$ on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\mathfrak{B}_{(0,\infty)}$ of subsets of $(0,\infty)$ a reciprocal gamma measure if it is absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Rearrangement of summation expression

Referring to the spherical harmonics expansion in this article:
Méléard, P., Pott, T., Bouvrais, H., & Ipsen, J. H. (2011). Advantages of statistical analysis of giant vesicle flickering for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Rearrangement of a spherical harmonics expansion

Referring to this article:
http://i.stack.imgur.com/sfQ1C.png
and
http://i.stack.imgur.com/LelKb.png
How is it that they get from equation 2 to equation 3?
Whenever I do it, I get only cosine ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

175 views

### system with solutions $\{x-a:0\leqslant a\leqslant z-1\}$ [closed]

What must be $F$ there where $0=F(1,x,0)=F(x-0,x,z)=F(x-1,x,z)=F(x-2,x,z)=F(x-3,x,z)=$ $\dots$ $=f(x-z-1,x,z)=0$?
Define $F$ in the domain where a continuous function exists that behaves so for ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### An identity of complicated combinations of gamma functions (related to hypergeometric functions)

Can somebody help me in proving the following equation?
\begin{align*}&\textstyle \sum _{d=0} ^{n} \frac{1}{d!(n-d)!} \frac{\Gamma (b+d) \Gamma (b+n-d) \Gamma (c-n+d) \Gamma (c-b+1-n + 2d) ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

822 views

### Proof that derivative of Hurwitz Zeta by the first argument is not expressable in terms of Hurwitz Zeta

The set of elementary functions is defined so that it to be closed against operation of differentiation. It is also evidently close against discrete differentiation.
In the discrete calculus there is ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

180 views

### Integrals involving the Tricomi hypergeometric function

I am looking for a reference for the two following equalities involving the Tricomi function $U$ and the Meijer function $G$. I have found these formulas on the website http://functions.wolfram.com/, ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

327 views

### What conditions imply that a function over $\mathbb{Z}$ is a polynomial? [closed]

How would one prove that a function is a polynomial? I can't seem to find anything about this on the internet. I would like to know if there are any unique properties that only polynomials can ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### Conway's box function iterated to produce a hierarchy of nested sets of real numbers

Conway's box function is the inverse of Minkowski's question mark function. It maps the dyadic rationals on the unit interval to the rationals using the Stern-Brocot tree (Farey sequence). When the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Geometric meaning of a trigonometric identity

It follows from the law of cosines that if $a,b,c$ are the lengths of the sides of a triangle with respective opposite angles $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$, then
$$
a^2+b^2+c^2 = 2ab\cos\gamma + 2ac\cos\beta ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal

Good day!
Can anyone help me find articles on similar topics "Energy Oscillations in a One Dimensional Crystal" (I have links to one article on this subject)?
article, that I have
Especially ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Special Function, Series Expansion, or Simpler Form of a Certain Infinite Product?

$\prod _{n=1}^{\infty } \left(1+a (c+n)^b\right)$ where a > 0, b < -1, and c >= 0
Is there a special function, series expansion, or other simpler (or maybe just interesting) representation of ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Sums of arctangents

$$
\begin{align}
\arctan(x) & = \arctan(1) + \arctan\left(\frac{x-1}{2}\right) \\
& {} - \arctan\left(\frac{(x-1)^2}{4} \right) + \arctan\left(\frac{(x-1)^3}{8}\right) - \cdots
\end{align}
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

110 views

### Four kinds of generalized hypergeometric formulas for $\pi$

Given,
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|}
\hline
n&a_n&b_n&c_n\\
\hline
1 & 6541681608 & 163096908 & -640320^3\\
\hline
2 & 85840 & 4492 & -14112^2\\
\hline
3 & 28302 ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

482 views

### An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found
$$
P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n}
\sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}}
\left[
{\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s})
\right]^{x}_2
\tag{7}
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

464 views

### Connection between Infinite continued fractions and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean.
$$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

380 views

### expression for infinite series with powers of factorial in denominator

The series
$$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{\exp(c k \beta)}{(k!)^\beta} $$
has come up when I'm trying to apply the methodology in this paper (http://www.ism.ac.jp/~eguchi/pdf/Robustify_MLE.pdf) to Poisson ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### A (likely) positivity property of the Lerch zeta-function

The problem is to show that $\Re L(b/2,1/2,p+1)>0$ for all real $b\ne0$ and all real $p>-1$, where
$$L(\lambda,c,s):=\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{\exp(2\pi i\lambda k)}{(k+c)^s}$$
is the Lerch ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

277 views

### What is a “generalized zeta function”?

Out of procrastination I computed $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty k^{-k^2}\sim 1.06255080549625593786944593879.$$
The inverse symbolic calculator identified this number as "From generalized Zeta function". I do ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

341 views

### Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $j'_{n+1/2,1}$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

547 views

### Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials ...