**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Zeroes of trigonometric-like function

Consider a function $f(z)=\cos(z)\cosh(az)+\sin(z)\sinh(bz)$ for $z\in \mathbb{Z}, a,b \in \mathbb{R}$. Denote $D\subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ being the set of such pairs $(a,b)$ of parameters so that NOT ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Rotation invariance of an integral

Consider the integral depending on 2 parameters
$$f(\tau,x):=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{dp}{\sqrt{p^2+1}}e^{-\sqrt{p^2+1}\tau+ipx},$$
where $\tau >0,x\in \mathbb{R}$. This integral absolutely ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

88 views

### Analytic continuation of a specific integral with respect to a parameter

The following integral absolutely converges for $Re(z)<0$ and is analytic in this domain:
$$F(z):=\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin r}{r}e^{\sqrt{r^2+m^2}z}dr ,$$
where $m>0$ is fixed.
Question. To ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Functional equations associated with addition theorems for elliptic functions

I'm trying to read the article "Functional equations associated with addition theorems for elliptic functions and two-valued algebraic groups" by Bukhshtaber,V. M. Russian Mathematical ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Is there any heartbeat like function? [closed]

I'm looking for a function, where the result is something like this:
I tried to figure it out myself, but I have no idea how to manage it.
f(x) = ...
Thanks in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Challenging problems concerning Jacobian elliptic functions with complex modulus

I study some qualitative properties of Jacobian elliptic functions. Consider, for example, function $sn(u,k)$. In most applications, modulus $k\in(0,1)$ and then everything is very clear, since ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

400 views

### Is there a closed form of $\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$?

For naturals $n\ge m$, define
$$I(n,m):=\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$
with $\text{arcsinh}\ x=\ln(x+\sqrt{1+x^2} )$, so $\text{arcsinh} \frac12=\ln \frac{\sqrt{5}+1}2 $.
Is it ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### About eigen-functions of the Gaussian kernel

If I look at the Guassian kernel function $e^{- \frac {\vert x - y\vert_2^2 }{2 w^2 } }$ for $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$. Then w.r.t the Gaussian measure $N(\mu,\sigma)$ I believe it is true that this has a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### Alternating binomial Dirichlet series

I have come across the following deceptively simple expression:
$$ H_n^s=\sum_{j=1}^n(-1)^{j-1}\left(\begin{array}{c}n\\j\end{array}\right)j^{-s} $$
We have (using eg mathematica, though probably ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Estimate of incomplete binomial integral

Let $0\le k \le n$. Prove that
$$
n\binom{n}{k}\int_{0}^{\frac{k}{n+1}}t^k(1-t)^{n-k}\,dt \le 1/2.
$$
As far as I know
1) it is proved for $\frac{k}{n+1}\le 1/2$ and
2) not proved for $1/2 ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### What is the relationship between solutions for the parameterised second order differential equations

Let us consider the following parameterised complex-valued second order differential equations, and $u(x,\lambda)$ be the solution for
$$
u''+u'-i\lambda V(x)u=0, \, x\in [0,1],
$$
What is the ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Summation of series involving $\sinh$ of a square root

Consider the following series:
$$
S = \sum_{\text{odd } n} \sum_{\text{odd } m} \frac{(-1)^{(n+m)/2}}{nm} \frac{\sinh( \pi \sqrt{n^2 + m^2}/2)}{\sinh( \pi \sqrt{n^2 + m^2})}
$$
From the physical ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

516 views

### Connection between Infinite continued fractions, elliptic integrals and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean.
$$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Christoffel-Darboux type identity

The classical Christoffel-Darboux identity for Hermite polynomials reads
$$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^{n+1} n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y}.$$
I am ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

69 views

### Definite intergal with two K-Bessel functions and x

I would like to calculate the definite integral with K-Bessel funcitons and a and b complex (n and k integers):
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} x \;K_{a}(nx) \; K_{b}(kx) \; dx$$
I could not find it in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Functional equations about Conway's box function

Conway's box function is the inverse of Minkowski's question mark function. It maps the dyadic rationals on the unit interval to the rationals using the Stern-Brocot tree (Farey sequence).
The ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Riemann theta function with asymptotically large Toeplitz Matrix

As a follow up to
How to compute $\sum_{x \in \mathbb{Z}^n} e^{-x^TMx}$ efficiently
Suppose that $M$ is a large Toeplitz matrix. With a suitable scaling $K^{-n}$ for some $K$, what will the Riemann ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

46 views

### Upper-bounding the value of a generalized Laguerre polynomial (using recurrence relation?)

I would like to produce an easily-interpretable explicit upper bound (i.e. no unspecified constants) for the function
$$
f(n) := L_n^{\left(-n-\frac{d}{2}\right)}\left(-\frac{1}{2}\right), \quad n,d ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Integral over error function and normal distribution

Help me understand why
$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{2}[1+\operatorname{erf}(\frac{\theta-x}{\sqrt{2q^2}})]\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi\sigma^2}}{\exp(-\frac{(x-\mu)^2}{2\sigma^2})}dx \approx ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Hypergeometric function asymptotics

I came across the following hypergeometric function recently:
$$
_2F_1(1-n,p-2n+1;p-n+1;x)
$$
where $p > 0$ is a non-integer constant, $n$ some large positive integer, and $x > 0$ a small ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Division of half-integer Legendre functions of the second kind with different arguments

I'm in search of a formula for:
$\frac{Q_{n-\frac{1}{2}}(\chi_1)}{Q_{n-\frac{1}{2}}(\chi_2)}= ??$
where I am hoping the result to be a function of $\frac{\chi_1}{\chi_2}$.
Does anyone know of such ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Combination of Generating Functions

Suppose I have the following generating functions:
$$\frac{x^ke^{\left(z-\frac{1}{N}\right)x}}{N^{k-1}k!\sum_{j=0}^{N-1}w_N^{-jk}e^{\frac{w_N^jx}{N}}}=\sum_{j=0}^\infty H_{N,k,j}(z)\frac{x^j}{j!}$$
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Asymptotics of a special function

In my research, I came up with a special function which I denote by $B(q)$ and is defined by the integral
$$B(q)\equiv \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### How to show monotonocity and the limit? [closed]

Let me reformulate my recent question.
Let $n, N$ denote density and cdf of Gaussian distribution. Let us consider its modification, given by density:
$$\phi(x) = C\left\{ \begin{array}{lcc}
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### A generalization of Rogers-Ramanujan identity

The generalized Rogers-Ramanujan identity has the following form
$$\sum_{k_1\geq\cdots\geq k_r\geq 0}\frac{x^{k_1^2+\cdots +k_r^2+k_i+\cdots +k_r}}{(x)_{k_1-k_2}\cdots ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Inverse Laplace transform of a hypergeometric function

This is a repost from Math Stack-exchange where I did not manage to get an answer.
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1491027/inverse-laplace-transform-of-a-hypergeometric-function
I managed to ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

425 views

### Complex proof of $B(a,b)=\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)/\Gamma(a+b)$

It is a question in spirit of this one.
Is there a way to prove Euler's formula
$$
\int_0^1 x^{a-1}(1-x)^{b-1}dx=\frac{\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)}{\Gamma(a+b)}
$$
using contour integration (and maybe ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### A connection between basic hypergeometric series and number theory

I am studying functions given by the power series:
$$f(z)=1+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{z^n}{(1-q)(1-q^2)\cdots(1-q^{n})}.$$
The parameter $q$ is usually assumed to be such that $|q|<1$. Then it is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

340 views

### Investigation of $\sum \limits_{k=-\infty}^\infty \frac{x^{k+n}}{ \Gamma(k+n+1)}$ where $n \in C$? [closed]

$$e^x=\sum \limits_{k=0}^\infty \frac{x^k}{k!}$$
We can rewrite the equation as
$$e^x=\sum \limits_{k=0}^\infty \frac{x^k}{ \Gamma(k+1)} \tag{1}$$
because $x!=\Gamma(x+1)$ where $x$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### An extreme of Jacobi elliptic function on an interval

Consider the Jacobi elliptic function $sn(\cdot,k)$ restricted to the interval $(0,2K)$, where $K=K(k)$ is complete elliptic integral of the first kind. If $0<k<1$, then it is well known the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

637 views

### Generalized trigonometric functions $Cos(n) v$ and $Sin(n) v$.

I just discovered a paper from 1948, Eine Verallgemeinerung der Kreis-und Hyperbelfunktionen by R. Grammel which introduces functions he calls Cos(n) and Sin(n), representing a parameterization of the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### numerical stability of root identification via Newton-Raphson iteration of Stieltjes residue sums

I have asked several questions on math.SE in order to compute numerically the poles of high-degree Padé approximations for $e^{-x}$, because a computation directly from the polynomial ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

705 views

### Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it.
Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form
$$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1}
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

70 views

### Inverse error function in Hardy space?

Let $\mathrm{erf}(x) := \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^x \exp(-t^2) \, dt$ be the error function $\mathrm{erf}: \mathbb{R} \to (-1,1)$. It is monotonously increasing and therefore has an inverse ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### Recurrence Formula for Zernike polynomials

I'm not sure if this is research level, so if this result is known, please excuse the intrusion. I am trying to find a relation between solutions of the Laplacian equation in $4$ dimensions and those ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Integrals involving trigonometric functions and polynomials

Can one describe all the real polynomials $P(x)$ such that the following integrals converge:
$$
\int_0^{\infty} \sin(P(x))dx, \int_0^{\infty} \cos(P(x))dx ?
$$
Among special cases are such ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### A special function solution of a fourth-order ODE

I want to consider the solutions of the following fourth-order ODE:
$$
f^{(4)}(t)+a tf^{(1)}(t)+b f(t)=0,
\tag{$\ast$}$$
where $a,b$ are complex parameters. It turns out that with a Fourier ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Asymptotic expansion of Mellin transform of products of modified Bessel function K

Let $n\ge 1$ be an integer, let
$$F(x,y)=\int_0^\infty u^{n(x+y)} (K_{x-y}(u))^n du$$
for $x,y\ge 0$.
When $n=1$, this is just Mellin transform of the Bessel K function. When $n=2$, $F(x,y)$ has ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### On a Sum of Gamma Functions

I am working on a problem where the following sum appears:
$$F(s, t)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(1+2\alpha)}\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}{\frac{s^{n} ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

681 views

### Bounds on remainder term of power series of elementary functions

This is mainly a question about the remainder term of power series for elementary functions.
I'm very interested in aspects of calculating or computing elementary operations and functions, by which I ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

726 views

### An identity for the cosine function

Let $x = \pi/(2k+1)$, for $k>0$.
Prove that
$$
\cos(x)\cos(2x)\cos(3x)\dots\cos(kx) = \frac{1}{2^k}
$$
I've confirmed this numerically for $n$ from $1$ to $30$.
I'm finding it surprisingly ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

255 views

### Inverse Mellin of the exponential of the digamma function

I'm looking for a function $f_p(x)$ with real parameter $p>0$ satisfying
$$ \int_0^\infty f_p(x)x^{s-1}dx=e^{-p\psi(s)} $$
where $\psi(s)$ is the usual digamma function. The inverse Mellin formula ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### A hypergeometric puzzle

$$
143\,\sqrt {3}\;{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\,1;\,{\frac {3087}{8000}}\right)}=
40\,\sqrt {5}\;
{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{3},\frac{2}{3};\,1;\,{\frac ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

137 views

### What is the connection between the Riemann Xi-function and n-sphere? [closed]

Riemann's Xi-function is defined as
$$\xi(s) = \pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\ \zeta(s)$$
At the same time we have the following formulas for n-sphere's area and volume:
...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Why does $\sum_{p=1}^n \exp\left(\frac{i\pi p l}{2m}\right)/\prod_{k=1,k\neq p}^n\sin\left(\frac{\pi (k-p)}{2m}\right)$ vanish?

While trying to prove some identities for generating functions, I ended up needing to show that
$$\sum_{p=1}^n \exp\left(\frac{i\pi p l}{2m}\right)\prod_{\substack{k=1\\k\neq ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

449 views

### On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers

We can define p-adic Bernoulli polynomials by using q-integral on $\mathbb{Z}_p$ and Taekyun Kim's method.
But how can we define p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers and polynomials by using integral on ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### A question on Ramanujan's $1/\pi$ formulas

It is known that Ramanujan discovered a number of formulas for $1/\pi$. All of these formulas are of the form $$\frac{1}{\pi}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(1/2)_n(s)_n(1-s)_n}{(1)_n^3}(a+bn)z^n,$$where ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### The asymptotic behavior of hypergeometric function around -1

Recently, in studing some specific orthogonal polynomials on unit circle, I was lead to study the asymptotic behavior of the following hypergeometric function at the neighberhood of $-1$:
$$ ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A 14th and 26th-power Dedekind eta function identity?

Given the Dedekind eta function $\eta(\tau)$. Define $m = (p-1)/2$ and a $24$th root of unity $\zeta = e^{2\pi i/24}$.
Let p be a prime of form $p = 12v+5$. Then for $n = 2,4,8,14$:
...