Many special functions appear as solutions of differential equations or integrals of elementary functions. Most special functions have relationships with representation theory of Lie groups.

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Integrals involving trigonometric functions and polynomes

Let $P(x)$ be a real polynome. Specify all such $P(x)$ that one of the next integrals converge: $$ \int_0^{\infty} sin(P(x))dx, \int_0^{\infty} cos(P(x))dx ? $$ Among special cases are such ...
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2answers
830 views

Does the Gamma function preserve integers?

Does the Gamma function $\Gamma: \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}$ preserve the Kummer ring $\mathbb{Z}[\exp(2\pi\imath/m)]$? And if not, then what about the Gaussian integers $\mathbb{Z}[\imath]$ or the ...
8
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2answers
297 views

On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation ...
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1answer
134 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( ...
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34 views

Boersma and Glasser formula

In http://iopscience.iop.org/0305-4470/38/8/005 (A differentiation formula for spherical Bessel functions) Boersma and Glasser proved the following interesting formula ...
3
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1answer
59 views

lambert W function solution for $\ln x=a+bx^{-1}$

Is is possible to solve the equation $\ln x=a+bx^{-1}$ using the Lambert W function? I understand that the lambert W function is the solution for equations like $\ln x=bx^{-1}$, which does not apply ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Special Function, Series Expansion, or Simpler Form of a Certain Infinite Product?

$\prod _{n=1}^{\infty } \left(1+a (c+n)^b\right)$ where a > 0, b < -1, and c >= 0 Is there a special function, series expansion, or other simpler (or maybe just interesting) representation of ...
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1answer
87 views

Inversion of incomplete elliptic integral of third kind

I would like to know whether there is any solution available on the inversion of elliptic integrals of the third kind (incomplete)? That means that given $\Pi(n,u,m) = f(x)$, I would like to obtain ...
5
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1answer
161 views

How to prove an elementary functional equation for polylogarithms?

Let $Li_s(z)$ denote the usual polylogarithm. The elementary functional equation $$Li_{-n}(z)=(-1)^{n-1}Li_{-n}(1/z)$$ holds for $n\geq 1$. I remember only that the proof used some reproducing ...
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1answer
54 views

The asymptotic distribution of a subset of Bessel function zeroes

For a research problem I am working on in PDE, I need to obtain asymptotics for the counting function of $$\{0<\alpha <\lambda: \exists n\in \mathbb{N} \textrm{ such that }J_n(\alpha)=0 \textrm{ ...
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1answer
76 views

What function is “$U_{\nu}(\cdot, \cdot)$”?

I was searching in the Prudnikov (vol. 2) how to solve an integral and I finally found it. However, I didn't recognized a function that appears in the answer. Integral 1.8.2.4: $$ \int_0^x x^{\nu+1} ...
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1answer
1k views

Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...
6
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1answer
187 views

Logarithm of the hypergeometric function

For $F(x)={}_2F_1 (a,b;c;x)$, with $c=a+b$, $a>0$, $b>0$, it has been proved in [1] that $\log F(x)$ is convex on $(0,1)$. I numerically checked that with a variety of $a,\ b$ values, $\log ...
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2answers
51 views

Integral involving exponential and Marcum-Q function

Do you have any suggestions to solve the following integral: $\int\limits_0^\infty {{e^{ - a{x^2}}}{Q_1}\left( {bx,cx} \right)dx}$ Thank you very much.
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1answer
315 views

Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials ...
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1answer
139 views

Existence of bounded $n-$th derivative of the solution of differential equation

This question is the copy from mat.stackexchange.com here. I requestioned here due to the very limited responses there. Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be the standard normal density, ...
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146 views

A hypergeometric puzzle

$$ 143\,\sqrt {3}\;{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\,1;\,{\frac {3087}{8000}}\right)}= 40\,\sqrt {5}\; {\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{3},\frac{2}{3};\,1;\,{\frac ...
4
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1answer
69 views

Legendre Q(n,x) function coefficients in terms of P(n,x) coefficients

Empirically, the Legendre functions of second kind, $Q_n(x)$, appear to be of form $$ Q_n(x)=\frac{P_n(x)}{2} \cdot\ln(\frac{1+x}{1-x})+p_n(x), $$ with $P_n(x)$ the Legendre polynomials of first kind ...
5
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2answers
647 views

On a polynomial related to the Legendre function of the second kind

The Legendre function of the second kind, $Q_n(z)$, along with the usual Legendre polynomial $P_n(z)$, are the two linearly independent solutions of the Legendre differential equation. $Q_n(z)$ can ...
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2answers
1k views

How much can one say about this differential equation?

Consider the ODE $y^{\prime \prime}(x) = \cos(x) y(x)$ with boundary value conditions $y(0)=1$, $y(1)=2$. Solving it results in a linear combination of Mathieu functions, but what I find more ...
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6answers
2k views

Why are hypergeometric series important and do they have a geometric or heuristic motivation?

Apart from telling that the hypergeometric functions (or series) are the solutions to the (essentially unique?) fuchsian equation on the Riemann sphere with 3 "regular singular points", the wikipedia ...
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0answers
52 views

L2 norm of a M-Whittaker function

Let $M_{\kappa,\mu}(z)$ be the Whittaker function, as defined here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whittaker_function. Does any one know the evaluation of the following integral? ...
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3answers
387 views

About Turan`s problem(inequality) in multivariable

Hi. I have a question related to Turan`s problem, that is Find a sequence of polynomial $P_n(x)$ satisfying $P_{n+1}(x)P_{n-1}(x) < P_{n}^2(x)$. I am considering the generalized question for ...
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2answers
140 views

Estimate of a ratio of two incomplete gamma functions

I would like to bound from above the expression $$ \frac{\Gamma(\alpha,x)-\Gamma(\alpha,y)}{\Gamma(\beta,x)-\Gamma(\beta,y)} $$ for $x>y>0$. By plotting the above expression I have found that ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Inequality related to regularized incomplete beta function

I am trying to analyze the following inequality related to regularized incomplete beta function $I$: $$p^{c}/2\geq I_{\frac{p}{1+p}}(\alpha,\alpha)= ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Sharp upper bounds on hypergeometric function ${}_2F_1[a,b,c;z]$ when $|z|\geq1$

Generally, hypergeometric function ${}_2F_1[a,b,c;z]$ is defined using Gauss series ${}_2F_1[a,b,c;z]=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(a)_n(b)_n}{(c)_nn!}z^n$ with $|z|<1$, and there seems to be a lot of ...
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0answers
58 views

A solution of a q-difference equation

Is it possible to find a solution of the $q$-difference equation $$f(q^{-1}x)-f(qx)=x(a-x)f(x),$$ with $f(0)=1$, (perhaps) in terms of basic hypergeometric series? Or in another rather explicit form? ...
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2answers
120 views

A calculation involving Lerch Transcendents

The Lerch Transcendent is defined here as $$\Phi(z,s,a):=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{z^k}{(k+a)^s}.$$ I am interested in the case $z=\frac 12,$ $s=1.$ The following limit showed up in estimating uniform ...
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1answer
81 views

M-Wright function asymptotics

Let $M(z;\nu):= \frac{1}{\pi}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-z)^{n-1}}{(n-1)!}\Gamma(\nu n)\sin(\nu n\pi)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\text{H}_a}\exp(\sigma -z\sigma^{\nu})/\sigma^{1-\nu} d\sigma$, ...
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2answers
119 views

Evaluate an integral or Fourier coefficients

Consider an integral $$ \int_0^\pi \frac{\cos(kx)}{\cosh(ax)}\ dx $$ there $k\in \mathbb{Z}, a\in \mathbb{R}.$ Of course that is Fourier coefficient for the function $f(x)=\frac{1}{\cosh(ax)}.$ ...
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0answers
76 views

Integral of Bessel function of 1st kind with complex exponential

Does someone know the solution (simple closed form) of one of theses integrals: $$\int_0^t J_l(s) e^{-iA(t-s)}ds$$ $$\int_0^t \frac{J_l(s)}{s} e^{-iA(t-s)}ds$$ with $l>0$, $t>0$, $\Re(A)>0$, ...
6
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1answer
166 views

Abel's five terms relation from Yang-Baxter equation?

Can the famous Abel's five terms relation satisfied by the dilogarithm be derived from (a particular case of) the theory of Yang-Baxter equations? If yes, how? Thanks for any help.
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1answer
171 views

Computing Reciprocal Gamma

Reciprocal Gamma $1/\Gamma(z)$ is an entire function and so it has a convergent Taylor series expansion which was given in its wikipedia article. ...
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3answers
442 views

A “known” tangent half-angle formula?

In another posting I wrote about a trigonometric relation I had derived, but that ended up not being the main point of the posting: Strange pattern in rounding errors? So as long as we're here, ...
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1answer
101 views

The asymptotic behavior of hypergeometric function around -1

Recently, in studing some specific orthogonal polynomials on unit circle, I was lead to study the asymptotic behavior of the following hypergeometric function at the neighberhood of $-1$: $$ ...
9
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1answer
248 views

Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $x_n$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$. My ...
4
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1answer
159 views

Homeomorphisms that admit a decomposition

Let $I^n:=[0,1]^n$ and $T$ be a homeomorphism on $I^n$. If $T$ admits a decomposition of $I^n=A\cup B\cup C$ with $A,B,C$ Lebesgue measurable and mutually disjoint such that $$T(A)=B, T(B)=A \ ...
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1answer
326 views

A functional inequality

$g:[0,1]\to[0,1]$ continuously differentiable and increasing such that for all integers $t>0$ and for all $r\in(0,1)$, $g(r^{t+1})>g(r)\cdot g(r^t)$. Does this imply that for all ...
4
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3answers
504 views

Monotonicity of a combination of Bessel functions

Prove that the following function is decreasing (as a function of a) for a > 0 when 0 < r < 1: $${K_2(ar)I_2(a)-I_2(ar)K_2(a)\over I_2(a)}I_2(ar).$$ The problem arose in the analysis of a model ...
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5answers
11k views

Inverse gamma function?

This is an analysis question I remember thinking about in high school. Reading some of the other topics here reminded me of this, and I'd like to hear other people's solutions to this. We have the ...
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2answers
688 views

Is there a known solution to $f(x) = (1-x)f(x^2)$?

The functional equation $f(x) = (1-x)f(x^2)$ (with $f(0)=1$) has a simple solution that can be expressed as a rapidly converging infinite product $$f(x) = \prod_{n=0}^\infty (1 - x^{2^n}) = ...
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1answer
837 views

Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series. $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}. $$ In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$. ...
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3answers
233 views

State of the Art in Approximating Fresnel Integrals

Background of my question is, that I need to calculate Clothoids and I found an AMS article "Chebyhev Approximations for Fresnel Integrals" by W.J. Cody from 1968 ...
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3answers
177 views

A definite integral of hypergeometric function 2F1

I am wondering whether there exists a closed form for the definite integral $$F(x)=\int_0^1t^{-a}(1-t)^{N}(1-xt)^{-a}{}_2F_1(-a,k-a-1/2,k-a;4xt(1-xt))dt,$$ where $a\in(0,1)$ and $N,k$ are positive ...
9
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7answers
1k views

A good reference to grok hypergeometric functions?

When I was introduced during my degree to special functions, I made friends with a number of nice functions - Laguerre, Legendre, Hermite, Bessel, and whatnot - but I made only a passing acquaintance ...
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1answer
199 views

Conjectured bound on Kummer's function (confluent hypergeometric function)

I believe the following bound to be correct: ${}_1F_1(-a;1+a;-z) a z^{-a} \gamma(a,z) \leq 1$ for real-valued a > 0 and z $\geq 0$. $\gamma(a,z)$ is the lower incomplete gamma function. Apart from ...
3
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1answer
164 views

An inequality involving Bessel functions of imaginary order

The following inequality: $$\frac{\pi k}{\sinh{(\pi k)}}\;|J_{ik}(\tau)|^2\le 1,\;\;\;k,\tau\ge 0,$$ for Bessel function $J_{ik}(\tau)$, I found in http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2F1.558677 ...
3
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1answer
142 views

Numerical Evaluation of Some Triple Integral involving Negative Powers

Let $\beta_i\in (-1/2,0)$, $i=1,2,3,4$. I'm interested in obtaining numerical value of the following integrals: $$ \int_{0<u_1<u_2<u_3<1} (1-u_1)^{\beta_1}(1-u_2)^{\beta_2} ...
6
votes
1answer
240 views

Under which constraints are there only finite numbers of irreducible eta product identities?

For the Dedekind eta function, defined as usual by $\eta(q) = q^{\frac1{24}} \prod\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{n})$, let for brevity $e_k:=\eta(q^k)$. An eta product identity (or eta identity for ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

Recognize this sum

I have strong feeling that the above function $$f_\alpha (x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!\Gamma(1+n\alpha)}$$ is a known special function but I can't seem to recognize it. Here $\Gamma(x)$ ...