**9**

votes

**2**answers

492 views

### The fraction of the sphere a fixed distance from a subspace

The following problem has a beautiful geometric interpretation in terms of the proportion of points on the Euclidean sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that lie at least a certain distance away from a ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

309 views

### trigonometric identity needed for sums involving secants

I am looking for a closed-form formula for the following sum:
$\displaystyle \sum_{k=0}^{N}{\frac{\sin^{2}(\frac{k\pi}{N})}{a \cdot ...

**-1**

votes

**3**answers

432 views

### problem related to Airy functions [closed]

I have solved the Schrödinger equation for a triangular well potential and the solution comes in terms of Airy functions...now i am facing the following problems:
What are the normalization ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

692 views

### Integral representation of the modified Bessel functions of the second kind and asymptotic expansion

The modified Bessel function (Macdonald function) $K_\alpha(z)$ is known to have the following asymptotic expansion for large positive $z$:
$$
K_\alpha(z)=\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2z}}e^{-z}\sum_{k=0}^\infty ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Is there any heartbeat like function? [closed]

I'm looking for a function, where the result is something like this:
image
I tried to figure it out myself, but I have no idea how to manage it.
f(x) = ...
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

479 views

### An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found
$$
P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n}
\sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}}
\left[
{\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s})
\right]^{x}_2
\tag{7}
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Are numbers $h_{r,s} = \sum_{k} P(r;s;k) \frac{1}{n^{2k}} \bigg(1-\frac{1}{n}\bigg)^{n-2k}$ irrational?

I asked this question on MSE and Mike Spivey gave an insightful answer. I decided to put it here nevertheless in case someone else gets interested. If this violates rules on MO, please let me know, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

349 views

### Proof of generalized Cauchy formula

I would like to know if there is a proof for the identity used in the superconformal index of 4d ${\cal N}=2$ gauge theory. In the paper by Rastelli el al, it was discovered that Eq. (10) is equal to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### “Known” Pythagorean identity? (reference request)

Let $e_k$ be the $k$th-degree elementary symmetric polynomial in $\tan\theta_1,\tan\theta_2,\tan\theta_3,\ldots$ (and if the sequence of $\theta$s is finite remember that the $k$th-degree elementary ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

488 views

### Integral of Modified Bessel Function of the Second Type

Given the identity
$$ \int^\infty_0 K_v\left(\alpha\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right) \frac{x^{2\mu+1}}{\left(\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right)^v}\:\mathrm{d}x = \frac{2^\mu \Gamma(\mu+1)}{\alpha^{\mu+1}z^{v-\mu-1}} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

607 views

### trigonometric non-identity

a <- (runif(2000) * (40-10) + 10) * pi/180
b <- (runif(2000) * (40-10) + 10) * pi/180
c <- (runif(2000) * (40-10) + 10) * pi/180
This chooses 2000 (pseudo-)random numbers in $(0,1)$ and ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

459 views

### Connection between Infinite continued fractions and AGM

It is known that at $x=1$, the following continued fraction represents $\frac{4}{\pi}$ and can be approximated rapidly using Gauss' Arithmetic Geometric mean.
$$C(x) = x + \frac{1^{2}}{2x + ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

457 views

### A “known” tangent half-angle formula?

In another posting I wrote about a trigonometric relation I had derived, but that ended up not being the main point of the posting:
Strange pattern in rounding errors?
So as long as we're here, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

466 views

### Strange pattern in rounding errors?

This will look at first like a posting about trigonometry, then maybe about statistics, then finally about peculiarities of either
a certain random process; or
the pseudorandom number generator that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

435 views

### Parabolic cylinder functions - explicit estimates?

I need estimates for the parabolic cylinder functions $U(a,z)$ (first studied by Whittaker).
Most work in the literature focuses on $a$ real. As it happens, I am interested in $U(a,z)$ on a strip in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

433 views

### Asymptotic expansion of integral (Bessel function really)

The integral
$$I = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{-\varepsilon x^2}} { \sqrt{1+x^2} } dx$$
is convergent for $\varepsilon > 0$ and can even be given in terms of the Bessel function $K_0$. As ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Dertivative of a Special Function with respect to Order

The marcum Q-function is defined by
$$ Q_m(a,b) = \int^\infty_b x \left(\frac{x}{a}\right)^{m-1} \exp\left(-\frac{x^2+a^2}{2}\right)
I_m\left(a x\right)
\:\mathrm{d} x,$$
where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ , ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Error Function limes

How can i calculate
$\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}{erf(n)} $ with $erf(z) = \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_0^z e^{-z^{2}} \mathrm{d}z$? I know it's something like 0,84.
And i see that only the first terms are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

159 views

### an infinite series expansion in terms of the polylogarithm function

we have the complex valued function :
$$f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}Li_{-n}(z)$$
we wish to recover the coefficients $a_{n}$ . the only thing i though would work is to try and come up with a function ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Series representation of ratio of two Meijer G-functions

Let me use the notation from Maple http://www.maplesoft.com/support/help/Maple/view.aspx?path=MeijerG for the Meijer G-function. Then let me define,
$f_+(x) = MeijerG( [[+1/2],[]], [[0,0],[]], x )$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### Lambert W-function

I asked this question MSE, but didn't get any answers. Maybe here someone can help.
I need to solve
$$
\theta \rho^{\theta}+r \theta>v
$$
where $\theta \in \mathbb{R}^{+}, -1 < r,v<1, \ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

575 views

### hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$

The hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$ appears in many different situations. For instance, it counts the number of integer points within a sphere in the $l_1$ norm, i.e.,
$$_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2) ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### The function $\sum_{0}^{\infty} x^n/n^n$

The function $F(x) = \sum_{0}^{\infty} x^n/n^n$ may be familiar to many readers as an example sometimes used when teaching tests for absolute convergence of entire functions defined by power series. I ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

557 views

### Dilogarithm, tetrahedrons, and hyperbolic space

The Bloch-Wigner function $D(z)$, gives the volume of a ideal tetrahedron in hyperbolic space $\mathbb H3$, where z is the cross-ratio (z1,z2,z3,z4) parametrizing the tetrahedron in $\mathbb CP1$.
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

810 views

### The complete list of continued fractions like the Rogers-Ramanujan?

I have two questions about q-continued fractions, but a little intro first. Given Ramanujan's theta function,
$$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}a^{n(n+1)/2}b^{n(n-1)/2}$$
then the following,
...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A 14th and 26th-power Dedekind eta function identity?

Given the Dedekind eta function $\eta(\tau)$. Define $m = (p-1)/2$ and a $24$th root of unity $\zeta = e^{2\pi i/24}$.
Let p be a prime of form $p = 12v+5$. Then for $n = 2,4,8,14$:
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

610 views

### Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it.
Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form
$$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1}
...

**30**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?)
Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Convolution operators defined by compactly supported distribtion

Let $\mu_{n}$ be the unit measure over $S^{n-1}$,and consider the convolution operator$$Tf=\mu_{n}\ast f,\quad f\in \mathcal{S}$$
then,it's well-known that T can be extend to a bounded operator on ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Inequality with even powers of trigonometric functions

For $m>0$,
$0 < n\leqslant m+1$ ($m,n\in \mathbb{Z} $) , and $0 < a < 1$ , prove that
$$2^{n}\cdot \left( a^{n}\cos ^{2m}\dfrac {\pi a} {2}+\left( 1-a\right) ^{n}\sin ^{2m}\dfrac {\pi ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Numerical Computation of arcsin and arctan for real numbers [closed]

I'm coding some numerical methods and I do not know what the correct analysis would be for choosing the implementation for $arcsin$ and $arctan$ for real numbers. Here's what I know:
Both functions ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

527 views

### The zeros of the digamma function

I wonder what work have been done on the zeros of the digamma function and on the values of the gamma function at such points (on the negative real axis). Any help please :)

**1**

vote

**1**answer

408 views

### Product of densities of a wrapped normal distribution

The density of a wrapped normal distribution is given by
$$\frac{1}{\sigma \sqrt{2\pi} }\sum _{k=-\infty }^{\infty }\text{Exp}\left[\frac{-(\theta -\mu -2\pi k)^2}{2\sigma^2}\right]$$
Considering two ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

616 views

### Proof of a combinatorial identity (possibly using trigonometric identities)

For integers $n \geq k \geq 0$, can anyone provide a proof for the following identity?
$$\sum_{j=0}^k\left(\begin{array}{c}2n+1\\\ 2j\end{array}\right)\left(\begin{array}{c}n-j\\\ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### cyclic polygons & trigonometry

I posted this question to stackexchange, where it's generated some comments but no progress toward answering it. I'm going to say somewhat more here than I did there.
At one vertex of a pentagon ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

790 views

### Request for the proof of a result from Ramanujan's letter to Hardy.

Srinivasa Ramanujan in his first letter to G.H. Hardy stated many results for which he didn't give proofs. Among them the result taken from this link seems interesting :
If ...

**10**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### A good reference to grok hypergeometric functions?

When I was introduced during my degree to special functions, I made friends with a number of nice functions - Laguerre, Legendre, Hermite, Bessel, and whatnot - but I made only a passing acquaintance ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Can Bernoulli polynomials be extended to fractional orders without losing elementarity?

Can Bernoulli polynomials $B_s(x)$ be extended to fractional $s$ in such a way so that for any given $s$ the function $B_s(x)$ still could be expressed in elementary functions of $x$?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

251 views

### solving a sum of Hypergeometric function 2F3

I am trying to find a closed form solution for the two sums given by
$$\sum^n_{k=0}\frac{y^k}{k!}(-a+n)_k \left(\frac{2}{z} \right)^k {}_2F_3\left({-\frac{k}{2}, \frac{1 - k}{2}}; {-k, -a+n,1+a-k-n}; ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

408 views

### p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers

We can define p-adic Bernoulli polynomials by using q-integral on $\mathbb{Z}_p$ and Taekyun Kim's method.
But how can we define p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers and polynomials by using integral on ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

543 views

### Resources for special functions, integral identities

In the past weeks, I have struggled with finding suitable tables for integral indentities for Beta functions, Chebyshev polynomials and their like.
I would like to ask for online/offline resources ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### A coincidence concerning Fermat primes, binomial sums, and eta quotients?

Let $w_k$ be a primitive k th root of unity, where k is a power of 2. In response to a question, Robert Israel gave the solution,
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{\binom{kn}{kn/2}} = ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### Schur functors generalization to “Jack”, “Hall-Littlewood”, “Macdonald” functors ?

Schur functors are functors from the category of vector spaces to itself.
If we take an operator $M: V->V$ and apply a Schur functor to it and then calculate trace $Tr(M^{\Lambda})$ we will get ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

651 views

### Can one represent a generalized hypergeometric function 1F2 as a product of two confluent hypergeometric functions?

I am trying to somewhat simplify a series, whose coefficients feature generalised hypergeometric functions ${}_1F_2(1;a,a+1;z)$. I was unable to find useful functional relations for this specific ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### An inverse Laplace transform involving Error function

Dear MOs,
I need to calculate the inverse Laplace transform of the following function
$$
g_a(z) = \frac{e^{a z}\: \text{erfc}(\sqrt{a z})}{\sqrt{z}-2},\quad a>0.
$$
I have checked, among many ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### A certain sum with q by the power of binomial (n 2)

Is there a closed form to the following sum: $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a^nq^{n(n-1)/2}$
for all $a>0$ and $0\lt q\lt 1$ ?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Fourier and Bessel

Oliver Heaviside, on page 387 of Electrical Papers, Vol. I, Macmillan and Co., 1892, available here, writes
$$v = 1 - \frac{n^2r^2}{2^2} + \frac{n^4r^4}{2^2 4^2} - \frac{n^6r^6}{2^24^26^2} + \ldots ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

498 views

### Trig functions based on convex curves

Pardon my naivety, but I wonder if
much use has been found for
trigonometric functions
defined in terms of a centrally symmetric convex curve $K$ replacing
the circle $C$.
For example, here is the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

718 views

### q-Pochhammer Symbol Identity

Is this identity or an equivalent one already referenced in the litterature? In particular, is it even true?
${\frac{\left ( -1 ; e^{-4\pi} \right) ^2_{\infty}}{\left ( e^{-2\pi} ; e^{-2\pi} \right) ...