Many special functions appear as solutions of differential equations or integrals of elementary functions. Most special functions have relationships with representation theory of Lie groups.

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106 views

A calculation involving Lerch Transcendents

The Lerch Transcendent is defined here as $$\Phi(z,s,a):=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{z^k}{(k+a)^s}.$$ I am interested in the case $z=\frac 12,$ $s=1.$ The following limit showed up in estimating uniform ...
2
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1answer
73 views

M-Wright function asymptotics

Let $M(z;\nu):= \frac{1}{\pi}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-z)^{n-1}}{(n-1)!}\Gamma(\nu n)\sin(\nu n\pi)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\text{H}_a}\exp(\sigma -z\sigma^{\nu})/\sigma^{1-\nu} d\sigma$, ...
1
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2answers
112 views

Evaluate an integral or Fourier coefficients

Consider an integral $$ \int_0^\pi \frac{\cos(kx)}{\cosh(ax)}\ dx $$ there $k\in \mathbb{Z}, a\in \mathbb{R}.$ Of course that is Fourier coefficient for the function $f(x)=\frac{1}{\cosh(ax)}.$ ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Integral of Bessel function of 1st kind with complex exponential

Does someone know the solution (simple closed form) of one of theses integrals: $$\int_0^t J_l(s) e^{-iA(t-s)}ds$$ $$\int_0^t \frac{J_l(s)}{s} e^{-iA(t-s)}ds$$ with $l>0$, $t>0$, $\Re(A)>0$, ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Abel's five terms relation from Yang-Baxter equation?

Can the famous Abel's five terms relation satisfied by the dilogarithm be derived from (a particular case of) the theory of Yang-Baxter equations? If yes, how? Thanks for any help.
3
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1answer
150 views

Computing Reciprocal Gamma

Reciprocal Gamma $1/\Gamma(z)$ is an entire function and so it has a convergent Taylor series expansion which was given in its wikipedia article. ...
0
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1answer
109 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( ...
9
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1answer
243 views

Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $x_n$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$. My ...
2
votes
1answer
313 views

A functional inequality

$g:[0,1]\to[0,1]$ continuously differentiable and increasing such that for all integers $t>0$ and for all $r\in(0,1)$, $g(r^{t+1})>g(r)\cdot g(r^t)$. Does this imply that for all ...
3
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1answer
152 views

An inequality involving Bessel functions of imaginary order

The following inequality: $$\frac{\pi k}{\sinh{(\pi k)}}\;|J_{ik}(\tau)|^2\le 1,\;\;\;k,\tau\ge 0,$$ for Bessel function $J_{ik}(\tau)$, I found in http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2F1.558677 ...
1
vote
3answers
191 views

State of the Art in Approximating Fresnel Integrals

Background of my question is, that I need to calculate Clothoids and I found an AMS article "Chebyhev Approximations for Fresnel Integrals" by W.J. Cody from 1968 ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Numerical Evaluation of Some Triple Integral involving Negative Powers

Let $\beta_i\in (-1/2,0)$, $i=1,2,3,4$. I'm interested in obtaining numerical value of the following integrals: $$ \int_{0<u_1<u_2<u_3<1} (1-u_1)^{\beta_1}(1-u_2)^{\beta_2} ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

Recognize this sum

I have strong feeling that the above function $$f_\alpha (x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!\Gamma(1+n\alpha)}$$ is a known special function but I can't seem to recognize it. Here $\Gamma(x)$ ...
8
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2answers
270 views

On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Homeomorphisms that admit a decomposition

Let $I^n:=[0,1]^n$ and $T$ be a homeomorphism on $I^n$. If $T$ admits a decomposition of $I^n=A\cup B\cup C$ with $A,B,C$ Lebesgue measurable and mutually disjoint such that $$T(A)=B, T(B)=A \ ...
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2answers
132 views

Under what conditions does the Mittag-Leffler function ${E_{\alpha ,1}}(z),(0 < \alpha < 1)$ has no real zero?

I want to know under what conditions does the Mittag-Leffler function ${E_{\alpha ,1}}(z),(0 < \alpha < 1)$ has no real zero, where ${E_{\alpha ,1}}(z) = \sum\limits_{k = 0}^\infty ...
1
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2answers
209 views

Looking for a limit related to the series in a previous post

Can any one show that the following limit? $$ \lim_{z\rightarrow \infty} \sqrt{z} \: e^{-z}\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{z^k}{k! \sqrt{k}} \quad \stackrel{?}{=} \quad\sqrt{2}-1. $$ If one uses the ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Inversion of incomplete elliptic integral of third kind?

I would like to know whether there is any solution available on the inversion of elliptic integrals of the third kind (incomplete)? That means given $\Pi(n,u,m) = f(x)$, I would like to obtain $u$ as ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Jacobi triple product for multidimensional lattices

The Jacobi triple product identity gives as a special case a product formula for the theta function of a 1-dimensional lattice. Is there a more general product formula for the theta function of an ...
9
votes
1answer
803 views

Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series. $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}. $$ In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$. ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Inequality for Laguerre polynomials

Let $L_n$ be the $n$-th Laguerre polynomial defined by $\quad L_n (x)=\frac{e^x}{n!}\frac{d^n}{dx^n}(x^n e^{-x}).\quad $ I want to prove that $$ \forall n\in \mathbb N,\forall x\ge 0,\quad \sum_{0\le ...
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2answers
183 views

Is there a class of functions closed against differentiation besides elementary? [closed]

Is there a finite set $P$ of non-elementary functions $f_n$ such that the derivative of any function $f$ from that set is not elementary, but expressible with functions from the same set $P$ plus ...
1
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1answer
77 views

The asymptotic behavior of hypergeometric function around -1

Recently, in studing some specific orthogonal polynomials on unit circle, I was lead to study the asymptotic behavior of the following hypergeometric function at the neighberhood of $-1$: $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
997 views

Goin' with the flow with Kummer and Pascal: Combinatorics and geometry underlying the logarithm of the derivative operator

In a MO-Q111165 and associated MSE-Q125343, I present a pair of raising / lowering (creation / annihilation) operators $R_x = log(D)$ and $L_x = -x·D$ with $D=d/dx$ (for a sequence of functions ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Asymptotic expansion of modified Bessel function $K_\alpha$

An integral representation for the Bessel function $K_\alpha$ for real $x>0$ is given by $$K_\alpha(x)=\frac{1}{2}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{\alpha h(t)}dt$$ where ...
7
votes
4answers
205 views

Is there an oscillating analog of the Gaussian distribution?

It frequently happens that, in some famillies of polynomials with positive coefficients, the coefficients of large polynomials look like a bell curve and tend to the distribution function of the ...
4
votes
2answers
474 views

What is known about this power series?

In the course of some calculations, I came across the following powers series. For fixed $C>1$ let $$ f_C(u)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{u^k}{C^{k^2}}. $$ This series converges for all $u\in\mathbb C$, ...
6
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1answer
232 views

Under which constraints are there only finite numbers of irreducible eta product identities?

For the Dedekind eta function, defined as usual by $\eta(q) = q^{\frac1{24}} \prod\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{n})$, let for brevity $e_k:=\eta(q^k)$. An eta product identity (or eta identity for ...
15
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2answers
677 views

Is there a known solution to $f(x) = (1-x)f(x^2)$?

The functional equation $f(x) = (1-x)f(x^2)$ (with $f(0)=1$) has a simple solution that can be expressed as a rapidly converging infinite product $$f(x) = \prod_{n=0}^\infty (1 - x^{2^n}) = ...
0
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0answers
63 views

What function is “$U_{\nu}(\cdot, \cdot)$”?

I was searching in the Prudnikov (vol. 2) how to solve an integral and I finally found it. However, I didn't recognized a function that appears in the answer. Integral 1.8.2.4: $$ \int_0^x x^{\nu+1} ...
1
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2answers
126 views

Quantifying simplicity, in the case of trigonometric and exponential functions

The pair of identities the sine and cosine of a sum of two terms as functions of the sines and cosines of the terms separately is not as simple as the identity that expresses the exponential of a sum ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Inverse Barnes G(n) function?

It is known that Barnes $G$-function is an analytic continuation of the $G$-function defined in the construction of the Glaisher-Kinkelin constant. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BarnesG-Function.html ...
3
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0answers
155 views

Solvable parametric $7$th and $13$th degree equations using $\eta(q)/\eta(q^p)$?

Q: Why is that some polynomial relations between eta quotients have a solvable Galois group, even if the deg is $n>4$? For example, we have the well-known modular equation, $$u^6 - v^6 + ...
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1answer
1k views

There's something strange about $\sqrt{d\big(j(\tau)-1728\big)}$

Given the j-function $j(\tau)$, I was looking at, $$F(\tau) = \sqrt{d\big(j(\tau)-1728\big)}$$ which appears in Ramanujan-type pi formulas. Let $C_d$ be the prime factors of the constant term of the ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

On Continuous Replicative Functions

I asked this question on math.stackexchange here, but it did not receive much attention. Thus, I was suggested to post it here. Knuth, in The Art of Computer Programming Vol. 1, defines a replicative ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Associated Legendre/Gegenbauer functions with complex degree at larger order

I am interested in approximating the associated Legendre function (also known as conical function) \begin{equation} P_{-1/2 + i p}^{\frac{2-N}{2}}(x) \end{equation} when $N \to \infty$. The real ...
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vote
3answers
165 views

A definite integral of hypergeometric function 2F1

I am wondering whether there exists a closed form for the definite integral $$F(x)=\int_0^1t^{-a}(1-t)^{N}(1-xt)^{-a}{}_2F_1(-a,k-a-1/2,k-a;4xt(1-xt))dt,$$ where $a\in(0,1)$ and $N,k$ are positive ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Accurate bounds for derivatives of Legendre polynomials

Let $P_n(x)$ denote the $n$th Legendre polynomial. What bounds can one give for $d_{n,m}(x) = |\frac{d^m}{dt^m}P_n(t)|_{t=x}$ assuming that $|x| \le 1$? Clearly $$d_{n,m}(x) \le d_{n,m}(1) = ...
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0answers
73 views

Quadratic transformation of hypergeometric function 2F1

I want to know whether there is some transformation between $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ and $_2F_1(a',b';c';x(1-x))$. Here is an example called the Kummer quadratic transformation, which may be known to most of ...
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0answers
69 views

From Selberg integral to Dyson integral

My question is from the drivation from Slberg integral to Dyson integral in this paper: Selberg integral : $$ S_n(\alpha,\beta,\gamma) = \int_0 ^1 \cdots \int_0 ^1 \prod_{i=1}^n ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

Generalization of Frobenius formula involving Macdonald polynomials

Given a vector $\vec k=(k_1,k_2,\cdots)$ with $k_i$ are non-negative integers, the Newton polynomial $p_{\vec k}(x)$ is defined as \begin{equation} p_{\vec k}(x)=\prod_{j=1}^n p_j^{k_j}(x)~, ...
3
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1answer
265 views

Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials ...
2
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1answer
167 views

About large z behavior of hypergeometric function $_2F_1(1/2,1/2,1;z)$

The hypergeometric function $_2F_1(\large \frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2},1;\frac{1-\frac{u}{\Lambda^2}} {2} \large)$ at large $\mid u\mid$ can be approximated by $$ -\frac{\Lambda}{\pi} \sqrt{\frac{2}{u}} ...
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0answers
101 views

Simplify this expression with modified Bessel functions of the second kind

I'm interested in the function $$\frac{K^{(0,2)}(0,x)}{K(0,x)}$$ where the numerator is the modified Bessel function of the second kind twice differentiated with respect to $\alpha$ and taken at ...
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0answers
54 views

Sufficient conditions for sums of Laguerre polynomials to be non-negative

I am interested in sufficient conditions on non-negative sequences of coefficients $\{c_{2n}\}_{n\ge 0}$ guaranteeing that $$%\begin{equation}\label{cond} \sum_{n=0}^\infty c_{2n} L_{2n}^{(1)}(x)\ge ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Identifying a special function from its power series

Here is a power series, which looks a bit like a Hypergeometric function series, but I don't think that it is. Has anyone any idea what it is? Here $n,p,r$ are integers with $n\ge 0$ and $p\ge r\ge ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

A generalization of Macdonald functions?

I am interested in finding a set of functions $f(z_1,\cdots ,z_k;q,\,t)$, conjecturally polynomials, which depend on two parameters $(q,t)$ and an integer $k$, and are orthogonal under the following ...
5
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0answers
214 views

Why does the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction $R(q)$ appear in Emma Lehmer's quintic?

Define the Ramanujan theta function $f(a,b)$ as, $$f(a,b) = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} a^{n(n+1)/2}\,b^{n(n-1)/2}$$ and the Dedekind eta function, $$\eta(\tau) = q^{1/24}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Closed form for a simple hypergeometric q series

I've run across an interesting hypergeometric q-series that I feel must have been found before: $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^n$$\frac{e^{n b y}}{\prod_{k=1}^{n}(e^{\pi k b^2}-e^{\pi k b^{-2}})} = ...
7
votes
0answers
236 views

Inequality between incomplete beta and gamma functions; or when is binomial distribution function above/below its limiting Poisson

Please note: this question was posted first (September 4) in math.stackeschange.com and then (September 16) in stats.stackeschange.com. It got no answers in neither of those sites. Let the ...